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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: procedural

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  • Objectoriented Programming Vs Procedural Programming - 817 words
    Object-Oriented Programming Vs. Procedural Programming It was way back in the 1970s when Kernighan and Ritchie were working on creating a new programming language they would soon call C. It was called this because a language called B preceded it. C was created with simplicity and flexibility in mind. Its primary use was for writing operating systems, however it became popular for a wide variety of other programs. The one thing that C lacked was support for objects; it was a procedural-oriented program. In a procedural-based programming language, a programmer writes out instructions that are followed by a computer from start to finish. This kind of programming had its advantages, but an objec ...
    Related: object oriented programming, procedural, programming, programming language, operating systems
  • Adoption: Nature Or Nurture - 1,361 words
    Adoption: Nature Or Nurture? Adoption: Nature or Nurture? By Clay Cooper 12/2/00 Are parents those who give birth to a child or those who care for a child? Does nature or nurture make a woman a mother? As more and more heartbreaking tugs-of-war between biological and adoptive parents surface, anyone searching for a baby has good reason for concern(Casey 119). Baby Jessica was raised from infancy by adoptive parents, Jan and Roberta DeBoer. For two and a half years Jessica was at the heart of one of the most bitter custody battles in America, caught between the parents in Michigan who reared her and the parents in Iowa who gave birth to her and wanted her back (Ingrassia and Springen 60). Car ...
    Related: nurture, mary beth, legal system, uniform state laws, american
  • Attentional Capture - 2,008 words
    ... nexpected object were opaque and could occlude each other. If IB in the earlier studies and in this replication were due to some oddity caused by the transparent displays, then subjects should easily detect the umbrella woman and gorilla in these opaque conditions. However, they did not, as approximately 35% of subjects did not see the fully visible umbrella woman and gorilla. In one extra condition, the opaque gorilla stopped halfway across the display, turned to face the camera, thumped its chest, and then exited on the other side of the screen. Even in this condition, half of the observers did not see it. In the static IB paradigm, observers often fail to notice the onset of a new, un ...
    Related: capture, visual perception, video game, bibliography references, vary
  • Boot Camps - 2,059 words
    Boot Camps The questions put forth in this research paper are: whether participants in juvenile boot camps receive the services prescribed for them, what impact juvenile boot camps have on recidivism rates, what benefits juvenile offenders derive from boot camps, and whether juvenile boot camps are cost effective. Other topics that will arise in the course of this paper are the definition of boot camp, and goals of juvenile boot camps. Responding to increasing juvenile arrests, several states and localities established juvenile boot camps. Modeled after boot camps for adult offenders, the first camps emphasized military discipline and physical conditioning. In response to increases in juveni ...
    Related: boot, boot camps, case management, general accounting office, adolescent
  • Business Law - 2,874 words
    Business Law Dr. H. MANSOUR BADM 403 Karim Sobh Farida Khamis INTERNATIONAL COMMERCIAL ARBITRATION Outline A. What is International Arbitration? 1. Defining Characteristics of Commercial Arbitration 2. Special Characteristics of International Commercial Arbitration 3. Legal Framework for International Commercial Arbitration 4. Institutional Arbitration Rules 5. International Arbitration Agreements B. An Overview of the Advantages and Disadvantages of International Arbitration C. An Overview of Leading International Arbitration Institutions and Rules 1. Institutional Arbitration 2. Ad Hoc Arbitration 3. Leading Arbitral Institutions: a. International Chamber of Commerce International Court Of ...
    Related: business law, important role, world wide, latin america, substantial
  • Business Law - 3,088 words
    ... sation paid by the parties to the arbitrators, which is often also set by institutional rules. It is fundamental that arbitral institutions themselves do not arbitrate the merits of the parties' dispute. This is the responsibility of the particular individuals selected by the parties or by the institution as arbitrators. Arbitrators virtually never are employees of the arbitral institution, but are qualified private persons selected by the parties or the orbital institution. The arbitral institution confines itself to the task of an appointing authority, which chooses the arbitrators if the parties cannot agree. 2. Ad Hoc Arbitration Ad hoc arbitration is not conducted under the auspices ...
    Related: business community, business law, dispute resolution, legal framework, counsel
  • Business Law - 1,059 words
    Business Law Final Exam 1. John owned a cat which wandered into his yard. John was charged with violating a local ordinance which read: "It shall be illegal to permits cows, horses, goats, or other animals to wander about in a yard that is not property fenced." The ordinance had been passed over fifty years ago when wandering animals destroyed neighbor's crops. Is John guilty of violating this ordinance? Using two techniques of statutory interpretation, discuss. 2.Suppose that Perry sues Davis on the theory that Davis is so ugly Perry suffers intense emotional distress in his presence. Davis thinks correctly that there is no rule of law allowing Perry to recover. What procedural device shoul ...
    Related: business law, decision making, contract law, nineteenth century, breach
  • Business Process Engineering - 622 words
    Business Process Engineering Benettons formula has been to establish a global franchise operation with very strict standards of control of products, supply. Presentation and stocking in stores. By rethinking the manufacturing process so that garments are dyed as the last step in the manufacturing process so that garments are dyed as the last step in the manugfacturing process, Benetton has minimized variation in manufacture and considerably shortened the supply chain. Further, by making heavy use of information technology, the company has been able to use EPOS information in over 7000 stores worldwode as replenishment orders for manufacturers of products that they have sought to make as unif ...
    Related: business process, engineering, manufacturing process, supply chain, bell atlantic
  • Collective Bargaining In The Workplace - 2,202 words
    Collective Bargaining In The Workplace Britain has one of the most developed systems of collective bargaining in the world, especially amongst manual workers. Its sophistication is one of the main reasons why British workers traditionally pressed less for the statutory provision of basic rights in the work place than their Continental colleagues. Most trade unionists prefer to put a grievance through procedure' rather than go to an industrial tribunal. Dubin has described collective bargaining as the great social invention that has institutionalised industrial conflict' and by the Donovan Commission as right which is or should be the prerogative of every worker in a democratic society'. It c ...
    Related: bargaining, collective, collective action, collective bargaining, workplace
  • Death Penalty - 1,101 words
    Death Penalty what do canadates think? Al Gore Al Gore on Crime : Sep 4, 2000 Use DNA techniques to make death penalty more fair I believe the death penalty is an appropriate and effective punishment for certain offenses. I strongly support, however, the use of new DNA techniques that can make our criminal justice system fairer and more accurate. I believe that we must take every possible precaution to ensure the integrity and fairness of the system when we apply this ultimate penalty. We must be vigilant in not allowing race, class or absence of competent counsel to have any influence in such crucial decisions. Source: Associated Press Source: Associated Press Al Gore on Crime : Feb 21, 200 ...
    Related: death penalty, death row, penalty, enforcement officers, legal counsel
  • Describe The Workings Of The Icj And Assess Its Effectiveness - 1,742 words
    DESCRIBE THE WORKINGS OF THE ICJ AND AssESS ITS EFFECTIVENESS. The International Court Of Justice (ICJ) is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations, which succeeded the Permanent court of International Justice after World War Two. It gains its legitimacy from Article 92 of the UN Charter which allows it to function " in accordance with the annexed Statute, which is based upon the Statute of the Permanent Court of International Justice and forms an integral part of the present Charter". By Article 93 all members of the UN are ipso-facto members of the Statute and that states not members may become parties, on conditions to be determined in each case by the UN General Assembly on rec ...
    Related: assess, effectiveness, international court, small group, unilateral
  • Discrimination And The Death Penalty - 1,838 words
    Discrimination And The Death Penalty Discrimination and the Death Penalty By Katie Matthews Twenty years have past since this court declared that the death penalty must be imposed fairly, and with reasonable consistency, or not at all, and, despite the effort of the states and courts to devise legal formulas and procedural rules to meet this daunting challenge, the death penalty remains fraught with arbitrariness, discrimination, caprice and mistake. --Justice Harry Blackmun, Feb. 22, 1994. Capital punishment is one of the most debatable subjects, in American society. Proponents of the death penalty believe it is justice--retribution for the crimes committed. The reason underlining Americans ...
    Related: death penalty, death row, discrimination, federal death, penalty, racial discrimination
  • History Of Corrections - 1,841 words
    ... ny correctional changes have also happened over the past few years. There was the Prisoners Rights Movement of the 1960s and 1980s. These movements gave prisoners certain right that they have never had before. The received the right to have freedom of speech and religion. They could receive medical care. They got the right to procedural due process and they were allowed to live in proper living conditions. Not all the reforms have resulted in positive effects. Many of the reforms that have happened over the 175 years have decreased the control and power that administrators have over inmates. Prisons have become much more violent because the control of the prisons has changed from the sta ...
    Related: corrections, corrections system, history, the courtroom, prison population
  • International Court Of Justice - 1,742 words
    International Court Of Justice International Court Of Justice (ICJ) is the principal of the United Nations Judicial organ of the United Nations, which succeeded the Permanent court of International Justice after World War Two. It gains its legitimacy from Article 92 of the UN Charter, which allows it to function in accordance with the annexed Statute, which is based upon The Statute of the Permanent Court of International Justice and forms an integral part of the present Charter. By Article 93 all members of the UN are ipso-facto members of The Statute and that states not members may become parties, on conditions to be determined in each case by the UN General Assembly on Recommendation of t ...
    Related: international court, international court of justice, international justice, international law, permanent court
  • Java Vs C - 1,235 words
    Java vs. C++ subject = Freshman title = Java vs. C++ Since their inception, computers have played an increasingly important role in todays society. Advancements in technology have enabled computers to become faster and cheaper. Today, the majority of families own a home computer that is vastly more powerful than giant mainframes of years gone by. Computer hardware has been evolving rapidly with no end in sight, and with all of the advancements in computer hardware come advancements in computer software; gone are the days when FORTRAN and COBOL were the languages of choice. Today,vvv two hot new object oriented programming languages have entered the computer programming arena, Java and C++, t ...
    Related: java, important role, program design, programming language, circle
  • Just War Theory - 1,854 words
    Just War Theory JUST WAR THEORY One of the perennial realities of human existence is war. From the earliest recorded events of human history all the way through to modern times, human communities have engaged in armed conflict as a method of dispute resolution. While war has been a constant part of the human experience, there has also been a tendency within virtually all human civilisations to limit the extent of war and the methods by which warfare may be conducted.(1) In Western civilisation, this limitation on warfare has taken shape as an effort to limit both the determination of when war is appropriate and the means used in battle.(2) Within the Western moral, legal, and political arena ...
    Related: moral theory, war crimes, human existence, modern times, flush
  • Kyllo, Danny V United States - 1,522 words
    Kyllo, Danny V. United States KYLLO, DANNY v. UNITED STATES 99-8508 Appealed From: 9th Circuit Court of Appeals (190 F.3d 1041) Oral Argument: 2000 term (after Jan. 1, 2001) The main subject in the Kyllo case deals with the advance in modern technology and how it relates to constitutional law. The overall question in this case is whether or not the use of thermal imaging technology should be used as a tool for searching the home of a person. The argument by the appellant, Mr. Kyllo, uses the unreasonable search and seizure clause of the Fourth Amendment as a defense against the use of thermal imaging systems without a warrant to search for illegal drug production inside his home. Kyllo v. U. ...
    Related: danny, states district court, states supreme court, united states district, united states district court, united states supreme, united states supreme court
  • Massachusetts Juvenile Justice Reform A Step In The Wrong Direction - 1,587 words
    Massachusetts Juvenile Justice Reform - A Step in the Wrong Direction THESIS STATEMENT: The Great and General Court of Massachusetts has erred in reforming the juvenile justice system by implementing policies and procedures that will harm juveniles and place society at risk. On July 23, 1995, an intruder brutally attacked and stabbed Janet Downing approximately 100 times in her Somerville home. The revolting Downing murder and ensuing arrest of Edward O'Brien Jr., a 15-year-old juvenile whom prosecutors say committed the heinous crime, sent shockwaves through the state. When Somerville District Court Judge Paul P. Hefferman ruled that the Commonwealth try Mr. O'Brien as a juvenile, those sho ...
    Related: justice reform, justice system, juvenile, juvenile court, juvenile crime, juvenile delinquency, juvenile delinquents
  • Oregon V Elstad - 1,798 words
    Oregon V Elstad OREGON v ELSTAD 470 U.S. 298, 105 S. Ct. 1285, 84 L.Ed. 2d 222 (1985) MERITS: Officers Burke and McAllister of the Polk County, Oregon Sheriff's office, on the basis of a witness' statement, obtained an arrest warrant for Michael Elstad, who was suspected of burglary. The officers went to Elstad's home and were escorted to his room by his mother. After instructing the respondent to dress and accompany them to the living room, Officer McAllister took Elstad's mother into the kitchen while Officer Burke stayed with the respondent. Without advising Elstad of his Miranda rights, Officer Burke asked him whether he was aware of the officer's reason for wanting to talk with him, and ...
    Related: oregon, oregon state, appeals court, due process, curb
  • Party Structure Of United States And Great Britain - 1,607 words
    Party Structure Of United States And Great Britain Comparing the Party Structure of the United States and Great Britain When a decision on foreign policy has to be made, looking carefully about the nations' party is especially important. Not just on the basis of their clientele, their programmes and ideology but also on their structural characteristics. In this paper, I would like to focus on comparing the two super powers which are the United States and Great Britain. Both parties of the United States and Great Britain that have established themselves successfully within the party system , and which have managed to win seats at elections , possess three levels of organizational structure. F ...
    Related: american party, britain, democratic party, great britain, labor party, national party, organizational structure
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