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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: privacy rights
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- Email Privacy Rights In Business - 2,215 words
E-Mail Privacy Rights In Business E-Mail Privacy Rights In Business E-Mail Privacy Rights in Business I. Abstract How far we have come in such a small time. When you think that the personal computer was invented in the early 1980's and by the end of the millennium, several households have two PC's, it is an astonishing growth rate. And, when you consider business, I can look around the office and see that a lot of the cubicles contain more than one PC. It is astonishing to me that such an item has taken control over the information technology arena like personal computers. Consider, however, the items that go along with personal computers: printers; modems; telephone lines for your modem; sc ...
Related: email, employee privacy, legal rights, privacy, privacy protection, privacy rights, right to privacy
- Email Privacy Rights In Business - 2,199 words
... ilter Co. [630 F.2d 414 (5th Cir. 1980).], the courts decided that if the employer had difficulty controlling personal use of business equipment, then a personal call could be intercepted in the ordinary course of business to determine its nature, but not its contents. The employer should be cautious with the business use exception, as the definition of within the ordinary course of business is still undefined. 3. System Providers Where employers provide their own company e-mail system there are two additional thoughts to support the non-relevance of the ECPA to them. The first theory is only available for employers with a system whose messages remain entirely intrastate, and is based on ...
Related: constitutional right, email, employee rights, invasion of privacy, privacy, privacy issues, privacy rights
- Abortion Clinics Should Not Be Closed - 1,231 words
Abortion Clinics Should Not Be Closed $115 Designer Cosmetic Collection From Cosmetique -- Only $1! Abortion Clinics Should Not Be Closed In 1973, the Supreme Courts decision made it possible for women to get safe, legal abortions from well-trained medical surgeons, and therefore led to dramatic decreases in pregnancy-related injury and death ("abortion"). Now there is a new proposal to close abortion clinics. This proposal takes away the privacy rights of American women that are guaranteed by our Constitution. By closing abortion clinics the government is not only taking away womens rights, but is also punishing those whom want to exercise their right of a pro-choice woman. Abortion clinics ...
Related: abortion, privacy rights, another country, health care, pro-choice
- Abortion Clinics Should Not Be Closed In The Us - 1,242 words
Abortion Clinics Should Not be Closed in the U.S. Let American Consumer Counseling Help you Get Out of Debt! Abortion Clinics Should Not be Closed in the U.S. In 1973, the Supreme Courts decision made it possible for women to get safe, legal abortions from well-trained medical surgeons, and therefore led to dramatic decreases in pregnancy-related injury and death ("abortion"). Now there is a new proposal to close abortion clinics. This proposal takes away the privacy rights of American women that are guaranteed by our Constitution. By closing abortion clinics the government is not only taking away womens rights, but is also punishing those whom want to exercise their right of a pro-choice wo ...
Related: abortion, rape victims, liberties union, american consumer, constitution
- Bona Fide Occupational Qualification Bfoq - 1,119 words
Bona Fide Occupational Qualification (Bfoq) INTRODUCTION Title VII states that an employee cannot be treated differently because of sex unless sex is a bona fide occupational qualification (BFOQ). When used as a defense, bona fide occupational qualification (BFOQ) allows an organization to hire and employ individuals on the basis of the qualifications reasonably necessary to the normal operation of that particular business or enterprise. This paper will discuss the necessary steps employers must take in order to justify using sex as a discriminator when hiring employees and review some known cases where BFOQ was used as a defense. DEFINITIONS Sex Discrimination is traditionally defined as sy ...
Related: occupational, qualification, national origin, supreme court, employee's
- Bona Fide Occupational Qualification Bfoq - 1,120 words
... (Kovacic-Fleischer, p 859). The VMI case is one of disparate treatment and disparate impact discrimination. The Court's decision not only required VMI to admit women, but also to make changes in barracks living and physical skill requirements to provide equal opportunity to women. VMI could have avoided these requirements by stating it their admissions policy, "all women willing to live without privacy in the military style barracks and able to perform feats of great upper body strength may apply" (Kovacic-Fleischer, p.859). If the Court had ordered VMI to admit women without changing any of its practices, those practices could have been labeled as neutral practices that have a disparat ...
Related: occupational, qualification, legal issues, district court, elderly
- Databases - 698 words
Databases The Many Faces of Databases Large databases can contain hundreds of interrelated files. Fortunately a database management system can shield users from the complex inner workings of the system, providing them with only the information and commands they need to get their jobs done. In fact, a well-designed database puts on different faces for different classes of users. Downsizing and Decentralizing The earliest file management programs could only do batch processing, which required users to accumulate transactions and feed them into computers in large batches. These batch systems weren't able to provide the kind of immediate feedback we expect today. Today disk drives, inexpensive m ...
Related: database management, database systems, relational database, different faces, privacy protection
- Drug Testing - 1,446 words
Drug Testing Drug testing in the United States began with the explosive use of illegal drugs, in order to curb drug abuse. This began during the Vietnam War with drug use at a climax. In general, Drug testing is a way to detect illegal drug use and deter it, usually by Urinalysis. Drug testing in the United States violates a citizens right to unreasonable search and seizures along with jeopardizing ones freedom. Drug testing is not only an unreliable invasion of a persons privacy but it assumes that one is guilty before submitting to the test. Drug testing began to take place in the mid 1960s when drugs like Marijuana, hallucinogens and other drugs were becoming widespread (Stencel, pp.201). ...
Related: drug abuse, drug control, drug free workplace, drug test, drug testing, illegal drug, national drug
- Free Speech - 1,249 words
Free Speech The first amendment to the constitution guarantees the right of free speech and of the press. Unfortunately, some individuals have used this right to protect themselves from litigation when they produce material that is pornographic, hateful or when they use ethically questionable methods when reporting a story. The government has attempted to intervene through passing laws and imposing regulations. The problem with placing restrictions on free speech is that the question of who will decide what is appropriate and what is not will inevitably be raised. There are two positions when debating this issue : 1) protect free speech even though some people abuse it or 2) freedom of speec ...
Related: free speech, freedom of speech, public interest, life story, aristotle
- Griswold V Connecticut - 1,061 words
... erpreted this ruling, and established marriage, as already stated by Justice Douglas, an association. In addition, the court argues that: (in NAACP v. Alabama) Awe protected the *freedom to associate and privacy in one=s association=, noting that freedom of association was a peripheral First Amendment right.@ Therefore, as marriage being an association, it must have a certain facet of privacy. In dissent of these judgements, were justices Black and Steward. They dissent on the belief that there is no specified Aright of privacy@ in the constitution, but a protection of privacy. In addition, they argue that the other justices are taking the due process clause out of context. AI do not bel ...
Related: connecticut, griswold, state laws, political climate, prohibited
- Human Rights In China - 1,313 words
Human Rights In China One of the first things that come to mind about human rights in China would most likely be the Tiananmen Square massacre, where in 1989 hundreds of student protestors lost their lives to the People's Republic of China. The bloody body of a dead student removed from the street right after the Tiananmen Square crackdown on June 4, 1989. Web page http://www.rjgeib.com/thoughts/china/china.html The name People's Republic of China seems a contradiction of its meaning. If indeed its name is the People's Republic of China than why did it massacre peaceful protestors with tanks and machine guns? But the Chinese government argues that the force was necessary for maintaining a na ...
Related: china, human rights, international human, international human rights, people's republic of china, privacy rights
- They Probably Know More Than You Think - 1,020 words
They Probably Know More Than You Think! They Probably Know More Than You Think! Privacy and freedom are extremely valued in our society, and are to some extent legally guaranteed rights by the constitution. Rapid advances in technology, in conjunction with compelling motives to use this technology to control and exploit aspects of human life in general, as well as the workplace, make urgent the question of what uses of the technology should be permitted. This is a tough questions, but if businesses would realize that their employees are the reason that they stay in business then they would not have to violate the privacy rights of people. Employees and companies need to work together to get ...
Related: everyday life, reward system, big brother, vacuum, stealing
- Wendt V Host - 4,608 words
... actor of likelihood of expansion of product lines weighed in Wendt's and Ratzenberger's favor as the potential existed that in the future, Ratzenberger's endorsement of other beers would be confused with his alleged endorsement of the beers sold at Host's bars.  A reasonable jury could have concluded that most of the factors weighed in favor of Wendt and Ratzenberger, and that Host's conduct created at least the likelihood of consumer confusion. Whether their Lanham Act claim should succeed was a matter for the jury.  In trademark cases, surveys are to be admitted as long as they are conducted according to accepted principles and are relevant. Challenges to methodology go to the ...
Related: host, the courtroom, district court, kansas city, overview
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