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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: positive reinforcement

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  • Managers Must Have Great Personal Skills - 395 words
    1.) Managers must have great personal skills so that they can effectively communicate goals of the manager to his or her workers. Managers must also be great motivators. If workers are motivated to perform at their best and want to do the best job they can, the results of their work will be better. Managers also must have an excellent and thorough understanding of the job at hand and all of its technical aspects. If managers dont have the skills needed how can he or she effectively lead their subordinates to complete the tasks. 2.) One of the best ways a manager can create a positive work environment is through positive reinforcement. If I, as a worker, completed a task that I felt I had don ...
    Related: the manager, positive reinforcement, work environment, white collar, workers
  • A Silent Childhood - 1,109 words
    A Silent Childhood A Silent Childhood Childhood is such a precious, yet trenchant part of life. We all have memories of our days as children along with stories of lessons learned. Childhood is reflected by most as being a time of bliss and enlightenment. As I recall my childhood an avalanche of mixed feelings suffocates me. Would I be able to interpret these feelings if I had not learned language? More importantly, is it possible to teach language after the critical period has been extinguished? This is the prominent question that arose in my mind as I read A Silent Childhood. The researchers' goal was to establish if Genie was capable of language after eleven years of isolation. Also, how m ...
    Related: silent, physical therapy, human race, noam chomsky, stable
  • Appropriate Punishment - 353 words
    Appropriate Punishment Educational Psychology 9-13-99 Appropriate Punishment I thought it was very interesting when we discussed punishment and positive and negative reinforcement in class. I think it is very important to use positive reinforcement just as much as negative reinforcement. I also found it interesting that when you punish a child, you should do nine good things to make up for the one bad punishment. We discussed spanking in class also. I personally have never been spanked, but that is only because my father was physically abused by his father, so my dad chooses to punish his children in other ways. However, I do not agree with the way my parents chose to punish me. When I was i ...
    Related: punishment, positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, educational psychology, drinking
  • Autism - 1,241 words
    ... only need some support for daily pressures; while others depend on much support from family and professionals. Adults with autism can benefit from vocational training to provide them with the skills needed for obtaining jobs, in addition to social and recreational programs. Adults with autism may live in a variety of residential settings, ranging from an independent home or apartment to group homes, supervised apartment settings, living with other family members or more structured residential care. An increasing number of support groups for adults with autism are emerging around the country. Many self-advocates are forming networks to share information, support each other, and speak for ...
    Related: autism, applied behavior, education program, new jersey, minister
  • Autism - 701 words
    Autism Autism is a disorder that impairs the development of a person's capacity to interact with, communicate with, and also maintain regular "normal" bonds with the outside world. This disorder was described in 1943 by Leo Kanner, an American psychologist. Autism is considered one of the more common developmental disabilities, and appears before the age of three. It is known to be four or five times more common in males than in females. It most cited statistic is that autism occurs in 4.5 out of 10,000 live births. The estimate of children having autistic qualities is reported to be 15 to 20 out of 10,000. The gender statement noted before is not uncommon, since many developmental disabilit ...
    Related: autism, limbic system, fragile x syndrome, positive reinforcement, american
  • Behavior Modification - 402 words
    Behavior Modification Give your cat a manicure, its best to start when its a kitten. Take your cat to a professional groomer or do it yourself. Get your cat accustomed to having you touch its paws. You will need to have a good source of light and you will want to be able to gently, but firmly, control your cat. Only trim the very tip of the cats nail. Scratching and stretching are a natural part of being a cat. You cannot punish your cat for scratching with his claws, however you can provide your cat with a place to scratch that is acceptable for both you and your cat which will re-enforce desirable behaviour. Here are some examples: Either purchase a scratching post or build your own using ...
    Related: behavior modification, modification, humane society, positive reinforcement, prefer
  • Behavioral - 646 words
    Behavioral Conditioning What I want to do is train my dog to shake with either paw upon request. If I say "right" I want him to raise his right paw and the same for the left. I would use operant and classical conditioning to reach the goal of teaching this trick to my dog. I must condition the dog to shake by using positive reinforcement. The dog (Max) already puts his paw on me when I grab his head so I will act like I am going to reach for his head and when he puts his paw on me I will say, "shake." Every time he puts his paw on me after I say shake I will give him a liver treat. Once I have conditioned him to shake it will then be time to differentiate right from left. I want the words, " ...
    Related: behavioral, operant conditioning, unconditioned stimulus, positive reinforcement, interval
  • Behavioral Learning - 982 words
    Behavioral Learning BEHAVIORAL LEARNING THEORIES Educational Psychology Journal Article Presentation Most theorists agree that learning occurs when experience causes a change in a person's knowledge or behavior . Behaviorists emphasize the role of environmental stimuli in learning and focus on the behavior, i.e., an observable response. Behavioral theories are based on contiguity, classical and operant conditioning, applied behavior analysis, social learning theory and self-regulation/cognitive behavior modification. Early views of learning were contiguity and classical conditioning. In contiguity learning, two events are repeatedly paired together and become associated in the learner's mind ...
    Related: behavioral, classroom learning, learning process, learning theories, learning theory, observational learning, social learning
  • Boot Camps - 1,983 words
    ... e said, should be considered when designing any program for youth: Adolescents are fairness fanatics. Running any adolescent group care program is difficult because adolescents are very sensitive to anything they perceive as unfair, particularly anything that applies to the whole group. Adolescents reject imposed structure and assistance. Adolescents respond to encouragement, not punishment. Although they may change their behavior to avoid punishment, their attitudes and behaviors do not change in response to punishment (Andrews, 1990). The implications of these three factors are that youth will defend themselves against what they see as unfair, regardless of the motivation of the adults ...
    Related: boot, boot camps, juvenile court, support system, rehabilitation
  • Buyer Behaviour - 3,094 words
    ... ers. Social surroundings such as the person that the students are with will either increase or decrease search. Health Supplements As decision making for purchasing for health supplements is a very low involvement activity, the consumers may recall their past experiences. The consumer purchases the recalled brand, and habitual decision-making has occurred. For example, a student who has an allergy problem may recall the previous brand of allergy relief they have used previously, therefore the allergy relief is purchased at the nearest store without further information search or evaluation. In other cases, when students have a different health problem to what they have before, they will s ...
    Related: behaviour, buyer, consumer behaviour, long term memory, customer service
  • Computer Monitoring - 747 words
    Computer Monitoring Computer Monitoring is most often intended to improve efficiency and effectiveness in the workplace, but with good intentions comes the opportunity for abuse by employers and employees alike. An example of both can be found in an article taken from The Futurist. Kristen Bell De Tienne's composition " Big Brother or Friendly Giant: Computer Monitoring in the 21st Century" is an exceptional observation as to what the future may hold for those people choosing to enter the technological field such as industry, commerce, medicine and science. As Computer Monitoring increases there comes a concern for the types of effects it may have in the workplace. According to DeTienne, "By ...
    Related: computer systems, monitoring, monitoring system, good intentions, medical costs
  • Diagnostic Summary Paper - 707 words
    Diagnostic Summary Paper Diagnostic Summary Paper AUTISM Autism is a disorder that impairs the development of a person's capacity to interact with, communicate with, and also maintain regular normal bonds with the outside world. This disorder was described in 1943 by Leo Kanner, an American psychologist. Autism is considered one of the more common developmental disabilities, and appears before the age of three. It is known to be four or five times more common in males than in females. It most cited statistic is that autism occurs in 4.5 out of 10,000 live births. The estimate of children having autistic qualities is reported to be 15 to 20 out of 10,000. The gender statement noted before is ...
    Related: diagnostic, summary, federal law, limbic system, auditory
  • Discussion On Classical Conditioning As An Explanation Of Learning - 995 words
    ... ces for the person manipulating them. This theory can explain some of social behaviour and relationships if that is the belief and also its causes us to review our previous acceptance that some people perform act for no personal gain. To a behaviourist, all relationships must provide people with the opportunity of obtaining pleasant outcomes for themselves. There are implications of adopting the assumption about cross- species similarity. (We can infer on how human beings learn by studying behaviour of less complex species) Silfe and Williams (1995) pointed out that reducing experiences e.g. 'loving behaviours' -behaviourists might argue that all animals that demonstrate i.e.. Parental c ...
    Related: classical, classical conditioning, conditioning, explanation, human learning, learning theory, operant conditioning
  • Learning In America - 1,636 words
    Learning In America LEARNING Education is a very broad term in that behaviors, experiences, and environment help form our way of educating ourselves. Not one single element can determine what we learn, but many variables are indeed the basis of our learning. The rate of learning is also unpredictable. But ultimately with the altering of certain aspects of motivation and conditioning on can alter the effectiveness of learning. Although a problem from perception, motivation, or previous experiences may inhibit the learning process, many psychologists agree on a normal learning among species (Kalat 190). A few questions explored in this essay are what will make learning more profitable for chil ...
    Related: america, learning environment, learning process, social learning, school board
  • Mr Joe Hall, Who Is The Former President And Chief Operating Officer Of Food Lion, Spoke About Various Lessons Which He Learn - 600 words
    Mr. Joe Hall, who is the former President and Chief Operating Officer of Food Lion, spoke about various lessons which he learned while dealing with different businesses throughout his life. He spoke about nine lessons in particular that he had discovered. These lessons were about character in the workplace, relationships, trust, relying on rules, understanding business, mentors, patience, initiative, and learning from mistakes. Mr. Hall stated that "every business is a people business" and this is something that you have to apply in every job which you have. In all jobs you will have to deal with people and create some kind of relationship with these people. The key to this is to capitalize ...
    Related: chief, chief operating officer, food lion, officer, operating, spoke
  • Northern Home For Boys - 796 words
    Northern Home for Boys Northern Home for Boys was first known as Northern Home for Friendless Children, which was founded in 1853 by Elizabeth Rutter. The home was dedicated to serving children in distress. Today the home serves neglected and abused boys who are referred through Children and Youth Agencies of Philadelphia and Delaware Counties. Northern Homes is one of the oldest facilities for children. The home offers on ground school, educational and recreational programs, social workers, child care worker, medical/health care and psychological/psychiatric services. I had the pleasure of meeting with Ms. Gale Hite, who escorted me through the various buildings, which house boys between th ...
    Related: social workers, group counseling, positive reinforcement, founded, assist
  • Obasan By Joy Kogawa - 1,757 words
    Obasan By Joy Kogawa Today, society has become a boisterous world of communication. From telephone conversations to live Internet chat and e-mail, the world has never before been quite so in touch. In the novel Obasan, by Joy Kogawa, Naomi Nakane does not have technology to communicate. Instead, she faces the dilemma of communicating at all. From her family, Naomi is shown the many faceted truths of speech and communication. From strong, silent Obasan, to stubborn, resolute Aunt Emily, Naomi finds that one can correspond with others through silence as well as through speech. As a child, Naomi spends much of her life in non-communicative silence, only to help further the distance between hers ...
    Related: family member, mutual recognition, little black, sorrow, replied
  • Psychology Theories - 1,951 words
    ... the superiority complex states mankind tries to better themselves in order to overcome our weaknesses. I agree with this because I am living proof. In everything I do I always try to make myself better. I don't give up until I feel I have completely given it everything I have got. On every weakness that I have especially when it comes to fitness I kill myself everyday to look my greatest and to feel the best that I can feel. This takes much hard work and dedication, but I do not even think about it when I think about how I am going to feel and look when I accomplish my goals. The second part of this theory is the inferiority complex which is when society measures us up to their standards ...
    Related: psychology, carl jung, positive reinforcement, conscious mind, likelihood
  • Retaining Staff Reducing Employee Turnover - 1,177 words
    ... nies offer profit sharing plans. A typical profit sharing award is 5% to 6% of employees' base salary. Lump sum merit awards provide financial recognition for an individual's job performance in lieu of merit-based salary increases. This is an effective way to provide financial recognition, especially to those individuals whose base salary is already relatively high. The lump sum merit award must be re-earned each year and is usually paid during an annual salary review period. Although paying all employees higher than average salaries and bonuses would seem to be a pay strategy that would attract the best employees, there are several drawbacks to this approach. Employees who receive highe ...
    Related: employee, employee benefits, employee turnover, reducing, retaining, staff, turnover
  • Short Term Memory - 1,384 words
    Short Term Memory Memory plays a crucial role in our lives. As you know, there are many deadlines, dates, and names to remember. How do we remember them all? Where does the information go? Memory also plays a very important part in learning. Intelligence is fundamentally based on memory. Learning means a change that causes a system to act differently on the basis of what is contained within it. Our memories are constantly changing. To understand how we learn, it is necessary to learn how we store information. How the memory works is not exactly understood. Before I discuss the different theorists and their ideas on how our memory system works, I will explain the basic areas of our memory. Me ...
    Related: human memory, long term memory, long-term memory, short term, short-term memory, working memory
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