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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: plato

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  • Aristotle Vs Plato On Metaphysics - 1,414 words
    Aristotle Vs. Plato On Metaphysics The Opposing Views of Great Minds The word metaphysics is defined as "The study or theory of reality; sometimes used more narrowly to refer to transcendent reality, that is, reality which lies beyond the physical world and cannot therefore be grasped by means of the senses." It simply asks what is the nature of being? Metaphysics helps us to reach beyond nature as we see it, and to discover the `true nature' of things, their ultimate reason for existing. There are many ways to approach metaphysics. Two of the earliest known thinkers on the topic are Plato and Aristotle. These two philosophers had ideas that held very contrasting differences that can be narr ...
    Related: aristotle, aristotle plato, knowledge plato, metaphysics, plato
  • Crito, Socrates And Plato - 778 words
    Crito, Socrates And Plato Crito, as reported by Plato, is an account by where Crito is attempting to influence Socrates that it is just to escape from prison to avoid certain death by execution. Socrates' argument directly relates to the laws of the state and the role of the individual within it. The Crito exhibits the character of Socrates as a good citizen, who being unjustly condemned is willing to give up his life in obedience to the laws of the State. This report will discuss the major elements in Socrates' argument, regarding the injury and injustice he would cause by escaping from prison prior to his execution. Further discussion will be centered around Socrates' ability to maintain t ...
    Related: crito socrates, plato, socrates, point of view, public opinion
  • Epistemology Plato Vs Aristotle - 1,137 words
    Epistemology - Plato Vs Aristotle Epistemology Plato vs. Aristotle In Republic, Plato defines the ideal government to be one that is set up and run by a philosopher king. This person, having a completely just soul, would be able to organize and run a government that was also completely just. Aristotle also believes that this monarchy run by the perfect ruler that Plato describes would be ideal, if it were possible. However, Aristotle doesnt believe that a perfectly just person exists. On page 81 of The Politics Aristotle says that if such a perfectly just person did exist he would be a God among men, and there are no gods among men. So, Aristotle discounts the possibility of the existence of ...
    Related: aristotle, epistemology, knowledge plato, plato, greek civilization
  • Epistemology Plato Vs Aristotle - 1,086 words
    ... uably caused the civil war. If everyone (in the north and the south) held a similar epistemological view (either Platos or Aristotles) then the civil war wouldnt have taken place. It seems possible that this could happen if nobody broke free from his chains to conceive of a new idea. In this case, everyone would hold a view based on Aristotles epistemology, and there would be no conflict. It seems impossible, however, for everyone to hold a view based on a Platonic epistemology. There will always be people who gain in some way from a current situation, or, because of habituation, simply cant break from their chains to see past the shadows. It seems then, that one problem with Platos epis ...
    Related: aristotle, epistemology, plato, america after, human knowledge
  • Machiavelli And Plato - 1,573 words
    Machiavelli And Plato Niccolio Machiavelli (Born May 3rd, 1469 - 1527 Florence, Italy.) His writings have been the source of dispute amongst scholars due to the ambiguity of his analogy of the 'Nature of Politics" and the implication of morality. The Prince, has been criticised due to it's seemingly amoral political suggestiveness, however after further scrutiny of other works such as The Discourses, one can argue that it was Machiavelli's intention to infact imply a positive political morality. Therefore the question needs to be posed. Is Machiavelli a political amoralist? To successfully answer this it is essential to analyse his version of political structure to establish a possible bias. ...
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  • Machiavelli, Locke, Plato, And The Power Of The Individual - 997 words
    Machiavelli, Locke, Plato, And The Power Of The Individual John Locke and Niccol Machiavelli are political philosophers writing in two different lands and two different times. Lockes 17th century England was on the verge of civil war and Machiavellis 15th century Italy was on the verge of invasion. Yet, students and political philosophers still enthusiastically read and debate their works today. What is it that draws readers to these works? Why, after three hundred years, do we still read Two Treatises on Government, Discourses on Livy, and The Prince? The answer to those questions lies in each text itself, and careful review will produce discourses on those questions and many others. The fo ...
    Related: political power, second treatise, john locke, civil war, stating
  • Machiavelli, Locke, Plato, And The Power Of The Individual - 1,007 words
    ... ccount of external powers (The Prince, 72). In both this text and Lockes Two Treatises, the authors yield an incredible amount of power to the people: the power to both influence the creation of and bring about the destruction of governments. For Machiavelli, the people are a large body of people, viewed as more formidable, and, therefore, more influential, than the great aristocrats in principality building. For Locke, the people exert a similar influence over the building of a commonwealth, since it is from the people that the power of the prince or legislature originates. Moreover, the people can decide to bring about the end of a particular regime of government if they feel that it n ...
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  • Plato - 671 words
    Plato Plato How do we know if love is a god or just a little baby we call cupid that flies around during Valentines? Platos Symposium is a piece of work that is dedicated to Eros the god of love. I choose to disuse Agathons and Socratess speeches because they are both similar in subject, but opposite in opinion. Socratess ideas on Eros, identify him as a spirit in-between beauty and good. He is also in-between love and knowledge. In Socratess form of Eros, Eros is not seen as a god who is contrary to Agathons speech. I defend Socrates because his ideas are thought out and argued in Symposium. Socortess speech starts out with a wise women named Diotima. She tells him how Eros came to be, she ...
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  • Plato - 1,645 words
    Plato And Conservative Christians The views of Plato back in Ancient Greece and that of conservative Christians today about education for children have surprisingly similar views. Plato thought it to be most beneficial for children, if their learning consisted of music and poetry to shape the soul, and of physical training to shape the body. However, only stories that were fine and beautiful should be selected. Stories that co ained falsehoods should be banned along with passages that teach fear of death. The teaching should be done in moderation, only the good endings should be taught and only good deeds of heroes should be told. Conservative Christians today believe in many of the same ide ...
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  • Plato - 632 words
    Plato Plato's theory of knowledge is found in the Republic, particularly in his discussion of the image about the myth of the cave. Plato distinguishes between two levels of awareness: opinion and knowledge. The myth of the cave describes individuals chained deep within the recesses of a cave. Bound so that vision is restricted, they cannot see one another. The only thing visible is the wall of the cave upon which appear shadows cast by models or statues of animals and objects that are passed before a brightly burning fire. Breaking free, one of the individuals escapes from the cave into the light of day. With the aid of the sun, that person sees for the first time the real world and returns ...
    Related: knowledge plato, plato, real world, generally accepted, republic
  • Plato - 1,175 words
    Plato The most comprehensive statement of Platos mature philosophical views appears in The Republic, an extended approach to the most fundamental principles for the conduct of human nature. Using the character Socrates as a fictional spokesman, Plato considers the nature and value of justice and the other virtues as they appear both in the structure of society as a whole, and in the personality of an individual human being. This naturally leads to discussions of human nature, the achievement of knowledge, the distinction between appearance and reality, the components of an effective education, and the foundations of morality. Plato formulates a conception of the complexity of psychological m ...
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  • Plato And Aristotle - 695 words
    Plato And Aristotle Nearly all humans have the goal to live a virtuous and happy life. Two of the world most acknowledged philosophers, Plato and Aristotle, had their own views on this central issue. Plato supported the understanding view; he believed understanding is the key to living a virtuous life. Aristotle supported the habit and action view; he believed that individuals become virtuous by continuous moral actions. By and large both philosophers have a good standpoint; but in my judgment one has a stronger line of reasoning. Plato supports the view of understanding over custom and tradition. He believes that individuals should acquire the knowledge to understand something and then star ...
    Related: aristotle, aristotle plato, plato, doing good, happy life
  • Plato And Aristotle - 1,105 words
    Plato And Aristotle Plato, a Greek philosopher was among the most important and creative thinkers of the ancient world. He was born in Athens in 428 BC to an aristocratic and well-off family. Even as a young child Plato was familiar with political life because hes father, Ariston was the last king of Athens. Ariston died when Plato was a young boy. However, the excessive Athenian political life, which was under the oligarchical rule of the Thirty Tyrants and the restored democracy, seem to have forced him to give up any ambitions of political life. In 388 BC he journeyed to Italy and Sicily, where he became the friend of Dionysius the ruler of Syracuse, and his brother-in-law Dion. The follo ...
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  • Plato And Aristotle - 1,065 words
    ... Greeks of Athens, Sparta, and Thebes. Aristotles father was a physician to the royal court, which allowed him to go up in the upper class. When he was 17, he went to Athens to study at Plato's Academy. He stayed for about 20 years, as a student and then as a teacher. When Plato died, Aristotle moved to Assos, a city in Asia Minor, where a friend of his, Hermias was the ruler. He guided Hermias and eventually married his niece and adopted a daughter, Pythias. Hermias was later captured and executed by the Persians. Aristotle then went to Pella, Macedonia's capital, and became the tutor to the young Alexander the Great. Aristotle eventually went back to Athens and established his own scho ...
    Related: aristotle, plato, plato republic, different aspects, royal court
  • Plato And Aristotle - 339 words
    Plato And Aristotle What is real? What gives life meaning? What happens when we die? These three questions are very common in todays society. Everyone has different beliefs and their answers to these world view questions are different. Greek Philosophers, Aristotle and Plato had very different views and answers to these questions. What is real? Aristotle believed that for something to be real it had to have a substance and a form or a body and a soul. Our senses are also reality. Now Plato on the other hand believed that reality is permanent and our senses cant be trusted. He also believed immortal things are more real than the mortal. For example, Greek gods, immortal souls, and universals ...
    Related: aristotle, plato, greek gods, golden mean, ties
  • Plato And Forms - 1,257 words
    Plato And Forms Platos Forms The influence that Plato, the Greek philosopher born in 427 BC in Athens, has had throughout the history of philosophy has been monumental. Among other things, Plato is known for his exploration of the fundamental problems of natural science, political theory, metaphysics, theology and theory of knowledge; many of his ideas becoming permanent elements in Western thought. The basis of Plato's philosophy is his theory of Ideas, or doctrine of Forms. While the notion of Forms is essential to Plato's philosophy, over years of philosophical study, it has been difficult to understand what these Forms are supposed to be, and the purpose of their existence. When examinin ...
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  • Plato And Gatto On Divisions In Society - 1,243 words
    Plato And Gatto On Divisions In Society F. Joseph MakoDohertyEN101Writing Assignment 1September 22, 1998The Divisions In education and in other fields of life, people are separated and grouped into nice sections. It has been going on for a long time, even before Plato defined his ideal society. The separating of the good and bad, intelligent and stupid, and high and low class will continue to be a part of who we are as a culture, because our educational structure requires students to learn the basic skills. A problem arises because many people do not fit nicely into a box. I didnt want to be in a box. I was not Gattos good student, who waited on the teacher for instruction. (Gatto 169) I was ...
    Related: ideal society, plato, social class, high school, beating
  • Plato And Patricia King - 1,179 words
    Plato And Patricia King 2000 years ago, Plato, one of the forefathers of Western civilization, materialized the foundational ideas on reflective thinking in the "Allegory of the Cave", which stemmed from the "Republic." In his essay, he symbolically shows the stages and value of reaching a higher level of thinking. Being able to reflectively think is so important, it is still being discussed in our modern times. In the essay "How do we know? Why do we Believe?", by Patricia King, the stages of thinking are outlined in order to help educators better teach critical thinking. She describes how people process information and arrive at conclusions. Her aspirations for the essay are to help people ...
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  • Plato Life Plato Was Born To An Aristocratic Family In Athens, Greece When He Was A Child His Father, Ariston, Who Was Believ - 1,802 words
    Plato LIFE Plato was born to an aristocratic family in Athens, Greece. When he was a child his father, Ariston, who was believed to be descended from the early kings of Athens died, and his mother, Perictione married Pyrilampes. As a young man Plato was always interested in political leadership and eventually became a disciple of Socrates. He followed his philosophy and his dialectical style, which is believed to be the search for truth through questions, answers, and additional questions. After witnessing the death of Socrates at the hands of the Athenian democracy in 399 B.C., Plato left Athens and continued to travel to Italy, Sicily, and Egypt. (Internet) In 387 B.C. Plato founded the Ac ...
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  • Plato On Justice - 1,962 words
    Plato On Justice Plato (428-347 BC) The Greek philosopher Plato was among the most important and creative thinkers of the ancient world. His work set forth most of the important problems and concepts of Western philosophy, psychology, logic, and politics, and his influence has remained profound from ancient to modern times. Plato was born in Athens in 428 BC. Both his parents were of distinguished Athenian families, and his stepfather, an associate of Pericles, was an active participant in the political and cultural life of Periclean Athens. Plato seems as a young man to have been destined for an aristocratic political career. The excesses of Athenian political life, however, both under the ...
    Related: plato, human beings, happy life, middle ages, continuing
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