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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: personhood

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  • When Is The Beginning Of Personhood - 1,391 words
    When Is The Beginning Of Personhood? Abortion is the termination of pregnancy before birth, resulting in, or accompanied by, the death of the fetus. Some abortions occur naturally because a fetus does not develop normally. Or because the mother has an injury or disorder that prevents her from carrying the pregnancy to a full term. This type of abortion is commonly known as a miscarriage. Other abortions are induced. Induced abortions are intentionally brought on, either because a pregnancy is unwanted or presents a risk to a womans health. Induced abortion has become one of the most ethical and philosophical issues of the late 20th century. Modern medical techniques have made induced abortio ...
    Related: personhood, union of soviet socialist republics, reproductive rights, legal rights, mixed
  • When Is The Beginning Of Personhood - 1,413 words
    ... n 1948, and several Eastern European countries in the 1950s. In the 1960s and 1970s, much of Europe and Asia, along with Canada and the United States, legalized abortion. An estimate of about 50 million people have abortions a year. Of this number a lot of the abortions that are performed are done illegally which lead to immediate deaths. Illegal abortions are more likely to be performed by untrained people, in unsanitary conditions, or with unsafe surgical procedures or drugs. In many European countries it is more likely for woman to have illegal abortions. In countries where abortion is legal less than one percent of pregnancy related deaths are caused by abortion. In the United States ...
    Related: personhood, care providers, womens health, young women, availability
  • Abortion - 1,138 words
    Abortion Abortion has been one of the topics of hot debate for the last three decades in our nation. Since the Roe v/s Wade decision in 1973, some Americans feel the need to ponder whether aborting fetuses is a moral action. On the one hand, some people feel that abortion should be legal because a woman has a right to choose whether she wants to continue a pregnancy or not. It's her body. On the other hand, some feel that fetuses have no advocates and deserve a right to live, so it is immoral to abandon their rights and kill them. This issue is not only at the center of political debate, but philosophical debate as well. In this paper, I will examine and critique Mary Anne Warren's On the Mo ...
    Related: abortion, hierarchy of needs, moral status, right to life, personhood
  • Abortion - 1,236 words
    Abortion "At the heart of liberty is the right to define one's own concept of existence, of meaning, of the universe, and of the mystery of human life. Beliefs about these matters could not define the attributes of personhood were they formed under compulsion of the State."1 U.S. Supreme Court Justices O'Conner, Kennedy and Souter Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania v. Casey Abortion in the United States Before Roe When Roe v. Wade was decided in January 1973, abortion except to save a woman's life was banned in nearly two-thirds of the states.2 Laws in most of the remaining states contained only a few additional exceptions.3 It is estimated that each year 1.2 million women resor ...
    Related: abortion, abortion laws, family planning, human life, secure
  • Abortion And Bible - 835 words
    Abortion And Bible I am for abortion in most cases. It is my personal belief that an unborn fetus is not a living being. At the time of birth, when the fetus is out of the mother's womb and breathing on it's own, then it is to be considered a living being in my opinion. Let me touch on the religious aspect of abortion since the original author has elected to mention it. I did some research on the biblical aspects and was surprised to find some interesting interpretations on the subject. The Bible doesn't seem to tackle the topic of abortion directly. Roy Bowen Ward quotes two anti-abortion books in his essay on the personhood of the fetus: John T. Noonan (1970) said: "The Old Testament has n ...
    Related: abortion, bible, bible says, morality of abortion, the bible
  • Abortion And Murder - 1,060 words
    Abortion And Murder On January 22, 1973, the U.S. Supreme Court, in two separate decisions, Roe v. Wade and Doe v. Bolton, declared that Congress and the states had to adopt a policy on abortion. Since then, abortion has been one of the most controversial issues in our country today. Every time the subject of abortion is raised, the same question always comes up: should people have the right to terminate an unborn child? The answer is no. No person should have the right to terminate an unborn child which has not yet had the chance to live, no matter what the reason is. Abortion is the termination of an alive, unborn child, which can experience pain through the process of an abortion. There i ...
    Related: abortion, national abortion, medical technology, genetic information, worry
  • Abortion And Prolife - 1,826 words
    Abortion And Pro-Life November 14, 1979, with the temperature outside at fifteen degrees, a two pound baby girl was found in a field wrapped up in a wet, dirty, old shirt. The umbilical cord was still attached, and the baby had been aborted twelve weeks prematurely. With little chance of survival, the baby was taken to a medical center. The little girl survived surgery and other efforts to save her. The baby was later adopted by, Susan Morrison, one of the nurses who attended to her. The baby was named Christelle, and now she and her mother talk to thousands of people about abortion and the pro-life movement (Maffet 13-14). This is an example of one person who felt they had the right to kill ...
    Related: abortion, fourteenth amendment, drugs and alcohol, united nations, despair
  • Abortion, The Pope And Peter Singer - 1,563 words
    Abortion, The Pope And Peter Singer Abortion is one of the most controversial issues today. It has become a question of not only ethics, but morals. In the 1973 case of Roe v Wade the Supreme Court ruled that a woman has the right to terminate a pregnancy by abortion within the first six months of the pregnancy. However, conservative Presidents have changed the legislation enough to allow states to restrict abortion in various ways (Practical Ethics, Peter Singer). In the following paper, I will summarize the views on abortion of Pope John Paul II and philosopher, Peter Singer. These two men have very conflicting opinions about abortion. Pope John Paul IIs Argument: This argument is very ada ...
    Related: peter, peter singer, pope, pope john, pope john paul, pope john paul ii, singer
  • Abortion, Wrong Or Right - 913 words
    Abortion, Wrong Or Right? Abortion, Is It Wrong or Right? Amy was scared. No, she was absolutely terrified. She had gone to one little party and done something dumb. It all started when she and her friends started drinking. She met this really cool guy and knew his name but not much else. Because Amy was drunk he had convinced her to have sex with him. Within a couple of days She then found out that she was pregnant ... pregnant at age sixteen. So many thoughts and questions overwhelmed her. Should I tell the boy that got me pregnant? Should I tell my parents? What would my friends and everyone else think of me? Was there some way to just make it all disappear? An abortion, that would take c ...
    Related: right to life, human beings, pro-life movement, life movement, sacred
  • American Skinheads - 1,135 words
    ... of these groups is going to declare war (Anonymous 62). Indeed, an individual who espouses racial intolerance as part and parcel of being a human being is not an individual many others would appreciate being around, that is unless the other person shares the same inclination toward white supremacy. The challenge of living among diversity is to construe morality in such a way that it is flexible enough to accommodate very diverse circumstances and life-styles, but not yet to give up on a vision of a shared conception of the good life. An ethic of responsibility challenges us to recognize that there are alternative visions of the good life that can coexist within a social web of relations ...
    Related: american, skinheads, global history, negative aspects, diverse
  • Dream - 2,256 words
    ... ust stay with all of it. Just notice it. Let yourself feel the sense of all that.■ ⌠It▓s the paper. The paper I am suppose to write over the break. The one I am not doing. The one I am avoiding! I feel it. All sorts of things in my body. ⌠Great. Now what is the handle? What is the word that would describe the quality of this felt sense? Try different things and stay with it till it feels right.■ ⌠Hmmmm┘. Anxious? Yes, but not all. Hmmmm┘.. resentful? ⌠ ⌠It▓s simpler than that. Stay with the felt sense, not your interpretation. Is it sticky? Contracted? Hard?■ ⌠Hmmmmm┘┘tense. Tense and tight. Yes, ti ...
    Related: dream, turning back, carl rogers, culture shock, stars
  • Ethics On Abortion - 1,925 words
    Ethics On Abortion Abortion from an ethical point of view " Describe and evaluate any two contrasting theoretical approaches to the moral debate of abortion." * * * It is widely accepted that the fact of abortion has been a subject of conversation and controversy for many decades. Since the proportion of people who accept abortion as a 'normal' procedure is equal to the proportion of those who think of abortion as a 'crime', through time a lot of measurements have been taken against abortion but concerning it's defense as well. Although the fact of abortion has been examined through it's scientific and religious side, in this assignment we will try and examine abortion from an ethical point ...
    Related: abortion, abortion debate, ethics, morality of abortion, moral agent
  • Gentic Engineering - 2,224 words
    GENTIC ENGINEERING Abstract This paper sets out to defend human genetic engineering with a new bioethical approach, post-humanism, combined with a radical democratic political framework. Arguments for the restriction of human genetic engineering, and specifically germ-line enhancement, are reviewed. Arguments are divided into those which are fundamental matters of faith, or "bio-Luddite" arguments, and those which can be addressed through public policy, or "gene-angst" arguments. The four bio-Luddite concerns addressed are: Medicine Makes People Sick; There are Sacred Limits of the Natural Order; Technologies Always Serve Ruling Interests; The Genome is Too Complicated to Engineer. I argue t ...
    Related: engineering, genetic engineering, authoritarian state, democratic state, diversification
  • In Vitro Fertilization - 1,203 words
    ... is question and its ramification we will look at the viewpoints of some writers, both within and outside the Judeo-Christian ethical tradition, and try to determine whether or not basic notions of humanity are threatened by the artificiality which some have claimed is involved in the process. One argument against IVF is presented by the Roman Catholic Church using natural law as the basis for their argument. The theory of natural law is widely taken to mean that God has visibly set forth Gods laws in nature and humans should obey them (Dyson 52). The primary feature of IVF that comes under scrutiny from natural law is undoubtedly concerned with IVF as "external" fertilization. This is to ...
    Related: fertilization, vitro, vitro fertilization, changing world, judeo christian
  • Philosophy Abortion Rectitude - 1,407 words
    Philosophy - Abortion Rectitude There comes a time in the lives of most women when an ovum, fertilized with sperm, will implant itself into her uterine wall. This is nature's first step in its attempt to continue the human race. Currently, when this implantation occurs, the impregnated woman has the right to allow the embryo to nourish itself into existence or to eliminate all chances of that embryo attaining life through abortion. Every species of plant and animal on earth reproduce in one way or another. How could something as ancient and fundamental as reproduction turn into one of the most hotly contested moral debates in history? The question can only be answered if we first examine the ...
    Related: abortion, morality of abortion, philosophy, mary anne warren, self awareness
  • Racial Profiling - 1,596 words
    Racial Profiling Racial profiling is the tactic of stopping someone because of the color of his or her skin and a fleeting suspicion that the person is engaging in criminal behavior (Meeks, p. 4-5). This practice can be conducted with routine traffic stops, or can be completely random based on the car that is driven, the number of people in the car and the race of the driver and passengers. The practice of racial profiling may seem more prevalent in today's society, but in reality has been a part of American culture since the days of slavery. According to Tracey Maclin, a professor at the Boston University School of Law, racial profiling is an old concept. The historical roots "can be traced ...
    Related: profiling, racial, racial discrimination, racial profiling, american renaissance
  • Re Assingment - 441 words
    Re Assingment Making the decision to terminate a pregnancy or to bring a fetus to term is by far the most wrenching experience I've ever had. The right to choose is not a luxury; it is a responsibility that demands intense introspection and awareness. S. Boyd It is equally as heinous intentionally to kill a human being in existence at fertilization, as to kill a larger pre-born child. Nellie Gray. There are really two, different, very active abortion questions: to do nothing, have the baby and raise it herself (hopefully with help from others). to do nothing, have the baby and give it up for adoption to have an abortion. If a woman finds herself pregnant, she should discuss her options with ...
    Related: supreme court, soviet union, pro-life, religion
  • Same Sex Harassment - 1,523 words
    Same Sex Harassment Joseph Oncale was employed from August to November of 1991 by Sundowner Offshore Services, Inc., as a roustabout on a sea-based oil rig for $7 an hour. He had worked on offshore rigs before (and does today), but says he's never encountered such abusive treatment as when he signed on with Sundowner. Oncale claims that while on the job he was sexually harassed by three male Sundowner employees: John Lyons, his supervisor; and Danny Pippen and Brandon Johnson, two co-workers. Early during Oncale's employment, Lyons, Pippen, and Brandon began threatening Oncale with rape. Oncale endured months of constant harassment and verbal threats while on the job. On October 25, 1991, th ...
    Related: harassment, sexual harassment, men and women, sexual aggression, typically
  • The Right To Die - 1,716 words
    The Right To Die In John A. Robertson's essay, Cruzan: No Rights Violated, he argues that the decision made by the Missouri Supreme Court to deny Nancy Beth Cruzan's parents' request to have their daughter's artificial nutrition and hydration tube removed was not a violation of Nancy Beth Cruzan's right to refuse treatment because she had not personally refused treatment. Robertson also claims that keeping Cruzan alive with this particular medical treatment does not alienate her constitutional rights, or her parents'. Robertson states that, A permanently vegetative patient does not have interests that can be harmed, simply because he/she cannot feel pain and doesn't know his/her present cond ...
    Related: constitutional right, life support, due process, self awareness, waste
  • Thesis One: In Principle A Case Can Be Made On Moral Grounds Both Supporting And Opposing Capital Punishment - 1,311 words
    Thesis One: In principle a case can be made on moral grounds both supporting and opposing capital punishment. Thesis two: Concretely and in practice, compelling arguments against capital punishment can be made on the basis of its actual administration in our society. Two different cases can be made. One is based on justice and the nature of a moral community. This leads to a defense of capital punishment. The second is based on love and the nature of an ideal spiritual community. This leads to a rejection of capital punishment. JUSTICE AND THE NATURE OF MORAL COMMUNITY A central principle of a just society is that every person has an equal right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness ...
    Related: capital punishment, moral community, opposing, punishment, supporting, thesis
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