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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: avant garde

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  • Alexander Sandy Calder - 490 words
    Alexander Sandy Calder Alexander Sandy Calder was born into a family of renowned artists who encouraged him to create from a very young age. As a boy, he had his own workshop where he made toys for himself and his sister. He received a degree in mechanical engineering in 1919 but soon after decided to pursue a career as an artist. Calder attended classes at the Art Students League in New York from 1923 to 1926, supporting himself by working as an illustrator. In 1926 Calder arrived in Paris where he developed his Cirque Calder,a work of performance art employing small-scale circus figures he sculpted from wire, wood, cloth, and other materials. Through these elaborate performances, Calder me ...
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  • Arthur Miller And Tennessee Williams, Including A Streetcar Named Desire - 4,340 words
    Arthur Miller and Tennessee Williams, including A Streetcar Named Desire (1947, film, 1951) and Death of a Salesman (1949). He directed the Academy Award-winning films Gentleman's Agreement (1947) and On The Waterfront (1954), as well as East of Eden (1955), A Face in the Crowd (1957), Splendor in the Grass (1961), and The Last Tycoon (1976). His two autobiographical novels, America, America (1962) and The Arrangement (1967), were turned into films in 1963 and 1968. Bibliography: Koszarski, Richard, Hollywood Directors, 1941-1976 (1977). Jolson, Al -------------------------------- (johl'-suhn) The singer Al Jolson, b. Asa Yoelson in Lithuania, c.1886, d. Oct. 23, 1950, immigrated with his fa ...
    Related: arthur, arthur miller, miller, named desire, streetcar, streetcar named, streetcar named desire
  • Breakthroughs In American Jazz - 618 words
    Breakthroughs In American Jazz Breakthroughs in American Jazz The backdrop was New Orleans in the late 19th century, a growing port city with a diverse population of African Americans, whites, displaced French settlers, and immigrants from the West Indies and South America. This hodgepodge of cultures mixed European influenced popular music, such as ragtime, with tradition African music creating the hybrid musical style known as jazz. Jazz, bold and beautiful, in its purest sense demands high instrumentation mastery, creativity, and improvisation combined with low rehearsal and repetition. Unlike opera or symphony music, jazz dates back a little more than a century ago and finds all of its m ...
    Related: american, american jazz, american life, american music, free jazz, jazz, jazz music
  • Buddhism In America - 1,475 words
    Buddhism In America The stresses and intensity of modern American society have influenced many people to adopt and adapt the principles of Buddhism and other Eastern religions. Some recent statistics from the US department of Health and Human Services show that 75% of the General Population experiences at least "some stress" every two weeks (National Health Interview Survey). Half of those experience moderate or high levels of stress during the same two-week period. It is common knowledge that stress can lead to heart disease, high blood pressure, strokes, and other illnesses in many individuals. Stress also contributes to the development of alcoholism, obesity, suicide, drug addiction, ciga ...
    Related: america, buddhism, jack kerouac, human evolution, freely
  • Constantine Brancusi - 1,565 words
    Constantine Brancusi Constantine Brancusi I found it very difficult to find information on Constantine Brancusi in hard copy, therefore, you will see at the end of my paper that all of my sources are websites. The little information I did locate on the artist was very, very little. Therefore, I combined the small amount of information with some research I found on artists that were strongly influenced by Brancusi. Brancusi's imprint on contemporary sculptural practice ranges from the dissemination of furniture-oriented sculpture and the emerging topos of architectural folly to new paradigms for public art. At the same time many postwar artists engaging in a dialogue with his legacy have read ...
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  • Contemporary Design - 490 words
    Contemporary Design Contemporary design is usually client based. The designer usually focuses on the presentation of ideas and statements through the collection rather than designing for any specific occasion. Contemporary design is more conceptual, because of this I am going to concentrate on the concepts and imagery associated with the idea of modern, futuristic clothing. As I begin to think about this I will have to consider the client. Designers these days rely on celebrities, socialites and fashion icons to publicise their clothing. For example, a lesser known designer could shoot to fame should an A-list celebrity wear one of their creations to a party or premier. Recently, fashion has ...
    Related: contemporary, modern design, avant garde, more important, clothes
  • Cubism - 1,057 words
    Cubism Before the twentieth century, art was recognized as an imitation of nature. Paintings and portraits were made to look as realistic and three-dimensional as possible, as if seen through a window. Artists were painting in a flamboyant style. French postimpressionist Paul Czannes flattened still lives, and African sculptures gained in popularity in Western Europe when artists went looking for a new way of showing their ideas and expressing their views. In 1907 Pablo Picasso created the painting Les Damsoilles dAvignon, depicting five women whose bodies are constructed of geometric shapes and heads of African masks rather then faces. This new image grew to be known as cubism. The name ori ...
    Related: cubism, art deco, georges braque, spanish civil war, injured
  • Cubism In Art - 460 words
    Cubism In Art In the world of art, Cubism is probably the most important art movement in the history of 20th Century Art. Cubism brought in new ways of composing pictures and also showed new ways of representing nature. New movement also brought in new attitudes towards the picture surface and the application of paint. The ideas of colour theory were all changed. This caused a liberation of these elements from a merely descriptive function have all featured in the development of Cubism. At the beginning of the first decade of this ending century two young artists emerged trying to make a name for themselves in the highly competitive Avant-Garde of Paris. One of them, Pablo Picasso (1881-1973 ...
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  • Frank Zappa - 1,018 words
    Frank Zappa Frank Zappa was an American singer, composer, arranger, guitarist, bandleader, and all around musician who was one of the greatest iconoclastic musicians of the 20th Century. He also produced over 60 albums in 30 years. Some considered him to have demonstrated a mastery of pop idioms ranging from jazz to rock of every conceivable variety. As astute an entrepreneur as he was a musician, he was impatient with any division between popular and high art; he combined scatological humor with political wit, required of his players an intimidating skill, and displayed consistent innovation in instrumental and studio technology. "I knew there was a big thing here that was unique, because t ...
    Related: frank, vice versa, rock music, white people, rainbow
  • Georgia Okeeffe - 1,003 words
    Georgia O'Keeffe Georgia Totto O'Keeffe was born in the year on November 15, 1887. She was one of seven children and spent most of her childhood on a farm, with the typical farm animals and rolling hills. O'Keeffe's aunt, not her mother, was mostly responsible for raising her. O'Keeffe did not care much for her aunt, she once referred to her as, "the headache of my life." She did, however, have some admiration for her aunt's strict and self disciplined character. O'Keeffe was given her own room and less responsibility. The younger sisters had to do more chores and share close living conditions. A younger sister stated that O'Keeffe always wanted things her way, and if she didn't get them her ...
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  • Hamlet Brutal Truth - 1,127 words
    Hamlet Brutal Truth Annonymous For decades, Guy Debord’s The Society of the Spectacle was only available in English in a so-called 'pirate' edition published by Black & Red, and its informative—perhaps essential—critique of modern society languished in the sort of obscurity familiar to political radicals and the avant-garde. Originally published in France in 1967, it rarely receives more than passing mention in some of the fields most heavily influenced by its ideas—media studies, social theory, economics, and political science. A new translation by Donald Nicholson-Smith issued by Zone Books last year, however, may finally bring about some well-deserved recognition t ...
    Related: hamlet, modern society, modern state, social theory, favoring
  • Heart - 1,759 words
    Heart Of Darkness By Conrad Author: Joseph Conrad Setting: The storyteller, Charlie Marlow, sits on the deck of the Nellie recanting his journey to the Congo and his perception and encounter with Kurtz and Kurtz's intended. Plot: The telling of a remarkable horror tale to the inner darkness of man, Kurtz/Marlow, and the center of the earth, the Congo. Charlie Marlow gives the accounts of the double journey to the passengers on the deck of the Nellie as she is held still by the tides. Key Characters Charlie Marlow "Deviant" [narrator (Conrad) to the reader 1] We are given a visual picture of a ship, the Nellie, going out to sea on the Thames. The narrator describes the Director of Companies, ...
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  • Heart - 1,750 words
    ... mple title, but a unique individual. Quote: 'He is a prodigy.' "Loner" [Kurtz writes 28] Marlow is laying on the deck of the steamer at the central station when he over hears bits and pieces of a conversation between the uncle and the manager. From what Marlow can decipher they are speaking of Kurtz. The uncle feels that if Kurtz is without companionship maybe the climate will kill him. The manager says he is alone, because he sent back his and assistant and a note. The note stated he would rather be without anyone then the incompetent people the central station seemed to be able to spare. Quote: 'I had rather be alone than have the kind of men you can dispose of with me.' "Architect" [M ...
    Related: heart of darkness, the narrator, the manager, bodily harm, referring
  • Heart Of Darkness - 1,760 words
    Heart Of Darkness Title: Heart of Darkness Author: Joseph Conrad Setting: The storyteller, Charlie Marlow, sits on the deck of the Nellie recanting his journey to the Congo and his perception and encounter with Kurtz and Kurtz's intended. Plot: The telling of a remarkable horror tale to the inner darkness of man, Kurtz/Marlow, and the center of the earth, the Congo. Charlie Marlow gives the accounts of the double journey to the passengers on the deck of the Nellie as she is held still by the tides. Key Characters Charlie Marlow Deviant [narrator (Conrad) to the reader 1] We are given a visual picture of a ship, the Nellie, going out to sea on the Thames. The narrator describes the Director o ...
    Related: darkness, darkness marlow, heart of darkness, rime of the ancient mariner, avant garde
  • Heart Of Darkness - 1,750 words
    ... le, but a unique individual. Quote: 'He is a prodigy.' Loner [Kurtz writes 28] Marlow is laying on the deck of the steamer at the central station when he over hears bits and pieces of a conversation between the uncle and the manager. From what Marlow can decipher they are speaking of Kurtz. The uncle feels that if Kurtz is without companionship maybe the climate will kill him. The manager says he is alone, because he sent back his and assistant and a note. The note stated he would rather be without anyone then the incompetent people the central station seemed to be able to spare. Quote: 'I had rather be alone than have the kind of men you can dispose of with me.' Architect [Manager to un ...
    Related: darkness, heart of darkness, good intentions, living conditions, thunder
  • History Of Photography - 545 words
    History of Photography Towards the end of the century there was a growing dissatisfaction with the photographic establishment in England and in America. At the turn of the century Stieglitz was the most important photographer in America. In England this led to a mass of resignations from the Photographic Society, and the formation of a group known as the Linked Ring, whilst in America, in 1902, an avant-garde group of photographers led by Stieglitz, also sought to break away from the orthodox approach to photography, and from what they considered was the stale work of fellow photographers. At the beginning of the twentieth century, Stieglitz had already engaged in his long fight to have phot ...
    Related: history, photography, general public, modern art, whilst
  • Information Age - 1,391 words
    Information Age INFORMATION AGE The 20th century has seen extraordinary growth in technology; however, it has only been in the last decade that this boom in information has been accessible to the entire world through new technologies like computers and the Internet. These new technologies have found their way into areas of modern culture, such as photography, print, and film, enhancing its potential through its creation of CD-ROMs, websites, and computer games, terming the phrase "new media" which "represents the new cultural forms that depend on digital computers for distribution." Consequently, the challenge not only becomes how to accommodate increasing information, but also how to organi ...
    Related: information age, world wide, modern art, computer technology, phrase
  • Is Popular Culture Subservient To High Culture And If So, Why - 817 words
    Is Popular Culture Subservient To High Culture And If So, Why? Is High Culture Superior to Popular Culture, and if so Why? For about a century, Western Culture has really been divided into two cultures, the traditional type of 'high culture' and a 'mass culture' manufactured wholesale for the market. High culture is the arts that require some form of intellect to comprehend, so therefore can only reach a tiny segment of the population, whilst levelling accusations of elitism. High culture includes ballet; the forms of operas, operettas and symphonies; types of film; certain novels; theatre and plays. Mass or popular culture is derived from high culture, so for every item in high culture, the ...
    Related: high culture, mass culture, popular culture, western culture, folk art
  • Jean Arp - 511 words
    Jean Arp Art is a fruit that grows in man, like a fruit on a plant, or a child in its mother's womb, once commented Jean Arp--a remarkable twentieth-century sculptor, painter and poet associated with and a forefather of the Dada and Surrealist movements. The avant-garde artist was born on September 16, 1887 in Strasbourg, France, where he studied at the Ecole des Arts et Mtiers. In 1905, he transferred to the Weimar Academy and then to Paris at the Acadmie Julian in 1908, and subsequent to graduation resumed his painting in Weggis, Switzerland in isolation. By 1912, Jean Arp had become associated with the Blaue Reiter, or Blue Rider, a group of Expressionist artists in Munich, where he exhib ...
    Related: jean, tristan tzara, wassily kandinsky, avant garde, academy
  • Jean Arp - 509 words
    Jean Arp "Art is a fruit that grows in man, like a fruit on a plant, or a child in its mother's womb," once commented Jean Arp--a remarkable twentieth-century sculptor, painter and poet associated with and a forefather of the Dada and Surrealist movements. The avant-garde artist was born on September 16, 1887 in Strasbourg, France, where he studied at the Ecole des Arts et Mtiers. In 1905, he transferred to the Weimar Academy and then to Paris at the Acadmie Julian in 1908, and subsequent to graduation resumed his painting in Weggis, Switzerland in isolation. By 1912, Jean Arp had become associated with the Blaue Reiter, or Blue Rider, a group of Expressionist artists in Munich, where he exh ...
    Related: jean, tristan tzara, avant garde, second wife, cardboard
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