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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: autism

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  • Autism - 1,818 words
    Autism False Words and False Hope Autism is a childhood disease where the child is in a private world of their own. A description of an autistic child by her mother is: We start with an image---a tiny, golden child on hands and knees, circling round and round a spot on the floor in mysterious self- absorbed delight. She does not look up, though she is smiling and laughing; she does not call our attention to the mysterious object of her pleasure. She does not see us at all. She and the spot are all there is, and though she is eighteen months old, an age for touching, tasting, pointing, pushing, exploring, she is doing none of these. (Groden 2) This is the most important trait in an autistic c ...
    Related: autism, san diego, sexually abused, autistic children, abusing
  • Autism - 4,335 words
    ... We start with an imagea tiny, golden child on hands and knees, circling round and round a spot on the floor in mysterious, self-absorbed delight. She does not look up, though she is smiling and laughing; she does not call our attention to the mysterious object of her pleasure. She does not see us at all. She and the spot are all there is, and though she is eighteen months old, an age for touching, tasting, pointing, pushing, exploring, she is doing none of these. She does not walk, or crawl up stairs, or pull herself to her feet to reach for objects. She doesnt want any objects. Instead, she circles her spot. Or she sits, a long chain in her hand, snaking it up and down, up and down, wat ...
    Related: autism, genetic basis, mentally retarded, mental retardation, spectrum
  • Autism - 875 words
    Autism Autism (pp. 565-570) Autism is a pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) that is very complex and involves many different and separate physical and mental disorders. Researchers have long been puzzled by autism, or childhood autism as it is often referred to. This severely disabling disorder affects approximately 80,000 children in the United States and is usually diagnosed by therapists and psychologists before the onset of two and a half years of age. Doctors note many of the complex disorders and symptoms associated with autism during the months of infancy. Babies who would normally look toward recognizable voices and reach out to people are often times devoid of these social growth ...
    Related: autism, american home, social interaction, social situations, autistic
  • Autism - 1,300 words
    Autism Autism Autism is a complex developmental disability that typically appears during the first three years of life. The result of a neurological disorder that affects the functioning of the brain, autism and its associated behaviors have been estimated to occur in as many as 1 in 500 individuals (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 1997). Autism is four times more prevalent in boys than girls (Autism: Basic Information) and knows no racial, ethnic, or social boundaries. Although autism manifests itself at an early age, it doesnt worsen as a child ages (webofcare.com). Autism impacts the normal development of the brain in the areas of social interaction and communication skills. Ch ...
    Related: autism, college degree, basic information, genetic basis, inadequate
  • Autism - 1,241 words
    ... only need some support for daily pressures; while others depend on much support from family and professionals. Adults with autism can benefit from vocational training to provide them with the skills needed for obtaining jobs, in addition to social and recreational programs. Adults with autism may live in a variety of residential settings, ranging from an independent home or apartment to group homes, supervised apartment settings, living with other family members or more structured residential care. An increasing number of support groups for adults with autism are emerging around the country. Many self-advocates are forming networks to share information, support each other, and speak for ...
    Related: autism, applied behavior, education program, new jersey, minister
  • Autism - 1,018 words
    Autism Autism Throughout the years the diagnosis of autism has changed dramatically. Once, it was mistakenly diagnosed as childhood schizophrenia. Now that much more extensive research has been done, researchers have found distinct characteristics that are typical of autistic individuals. It is most often characterized by difficulty in the child's ability to respond to people, events, and objects. Responses to sensations of light, sound, and feeling may be exaggerated. Delayed speech and language may be associated. Other characteristics include: impairment in ability to make peer friendships, absence of imaginative activity, stereotyped body movements, persistent preoccupation with parts of ...
    Related: autism, cognitive functioning, genetic basis, multiple sclerosis, diagnosed
  • Autism - 1,085 words
    ... ternal pleasure. Another theory is that sudden episodes of self-injury may be caused by sub-clinical seizures. An infection of the middle ear is thought to be a cause of the head banging or ear hitting. The last theory is that some forms of self-injury may be a result of over arousal (such as frustration). It acts as a release, and lowers arousal. The social theorists have a different perspective on self-injurious behavior. They believe that the autistic individuals engage in these behaviors to obtain attention from other people. Research on how to treat autism is a continuous process. It also makes it difficult because each child reacts differently to the various treatments. There is no ...
    Related: autism, occupational therapy, dairy products, immune system, auto
  • Autism - 701 words
    Autism Autism is a disorder that impairs the development of a person's capacity to interact with, communicate with, and also maintain regular "normal" bonds with the outside world. This disorder was described in 1943 by Leo Kanner, an American psychologist. Autism is considered one of the more common developmental disabilities, and appears before the age of three. It is known to be four or five times more common in males than in females. It most cited statistic is that autism occurs in 4.5 out of 10,000 live births. The estimate of children having autistic qualities is reported to be 15 to 20 out of 10,000. The gender statement noted before is not uncommon, since many developmental disabilit ...
    Related: autism, limbic system, fragile x syndrome, positive reinforcement, american
  • I Will Be Discussing The Ways To Receive, Treat, And Cope With The Disease, Autism Autism Occurs In Fifteen Out Of Every Tent - 358 words
    I will be discussing the ways to receive, treat, and cope with the disease, Autism. Autism occurs in fifteen out of every ten-thousand births, and is four times more common in boys than girls. Autism is a severely incapacitating lifelong developmental disability that typically appears during the first three years of life. It has been found throughout the world in families of all racial, ethnic and social backgrounds. No known factors in the psychological environment of a child have been shown to cause autism. Autism is not a genetic disorder, which means it is not passed down from generation to generation, as for example AIDS is. Autism occurs by itself or in association with other disorders ...
    Related: autism, cope, discussing, fifteen, tent
  • Leo Kanner, First Described Autisim, In, The Mysterious Disability Of Autism Is Charactized By A Peculiar Emotional And I - 330 words
    Leo Kanner, first described autisim, in1944, the mysterious disability of autism is charactized by a peculiar emotional and intellectual dtachmnt from other people and the common human world. Autism is a developmental disability of the brain, much like mental retardiation, and though many autistic people appear to act retarded, they are quite frequently intellegent. Two to four out of every 10,000 children are diagnosed with autism: and 75% of them are boys (autism-partI). Autism is usually dagnosed in children before the age of 5. Many autistic infants are differen from birth. Two common factors in the may exhibit are first arching their back away from their caregiver to avoid physical cont ...
    Related: autism, developmental disability, disability, mysterious, social skills
  • Alcoholismnature Or Nuture - 1,570 words
    ... havior. Experiments have shown those males exhibit higher levels of aggression than do females. The aggressive behavior starts in the adolescent stages of life and may continue into adulthood. Where does the aggressiveness originate? Part of the explanation is that children who are sociable and spontaneous exhibit more aggressive behavior than those who do not. Surprisingly, common traits amongst these children are being first born, having a stable family life and a shy temperament. More current, up to date explanation state that aggression is learned response to frustration and by observing others who exhibit the same aggressive behavior. Males also are at greater risk for developing cr ...
    Related: environmental factors, drug abuse, sexual abuse, sitting, dependence
  • Alternative Education - 612 words
    Alternative Education Alternative education caters to multifarious groups of students or unprofessional classified according to their needs and circumstances in life. Alternative education programs were designed because of pressures from concerned parents, teachers, students and government officials to ameliorate substandard education and dangerous environment in most public schools. Seeing its benefits, educators and educational institutions broaden the scope of this alternative to promote education and extend it to working adults to further their training and professionalism. Its main goal is to provide opportunities for millions of students, achievers or not, across the United States to m ...
    Related: alternative education, education programs, home schooling, safe schools, esteem
  • Diagnostic Summary Paper - 707 words
    Diagnostic Summary Paper Diagnostic Summary Paper AUTISM Autism is a disorder that impairs the development of a person's capacity to interact with, communicate with, and also maintain regular normal bonds with the outside world. This disorder was described in 1943 by Leo Kanner, an American psychologist. Autism is considered one of the more common developmental disabilities, and appears before the age of three. It is known to be four or five times more common in males than in females. It most cited statistic is that autism occurs in 4.5 out of 10,000 live births. The estimate of children having autistic qualities is reported to be 15 to 20 out of 10,000. The gender statement noted before is ...
    Related: diagnostic, summary, federal law, limbic system, auditory
  • Ergot - 1,204 words
    Ergot Ergot and its disease ergotism have been a worldwide plague to humans ever since humans have started to harvest and cultivate grains in all their forms. Although outbreaks of ergotism still occur periodically they have all but become nonexistent in the modern era. Ergot has had beneficial effects as well. Ergot has produced medicines, which are vital to the medicine world. Ergot has produced in the world's eyes an ugly stepsister to its medicines: LSD. D-lysergic acid diethylamide known to the world as LSD is a derivative of ergot. Ergot has had a far and wide-ranging impact on man unrealized by most people. Ergot fungi are molds that infect rye and other cereals and wild grasses (Micr ...
    Related: term effects, microsoft encarta, recreational drug, chronic, physiologically
  • Fragile X Syndrome - 623 words
    FRAGILE X SYNDROME Fragile X Syndrome is an inherited genetic condition associated with mental retardation. It is caused by a mutation of the "X" chromosome. Fathers cannot pass the disease onto their sons, because females always give an "x" chromosome where a man gives either an "x" or a "y." If a man gives a "y" chromosome, then the result is a boy baby, and since the disease is only carried in the "x" chromosome, a boy can only inherit this disease from his mother. A girl, on the other hand, can inherit the disease from either her father or mother. Interestingly enough, more boys than girls are affected by this disease. Fragile X syndrome appears in children of all ethnic, racial, and eco ...
    Related: down syndrome, fragile, fragile x syndrome, syndrome, northern california
  • Learning Styles And Mi - 1,557 words
    ... ecially interested in the musical intelligence (Santrock 354). Gardner himself had been a serious pianist and a composition student (Traub 2). His interests in the musical intelligence (Gardner 121) particularly focused on childhood (Santrock 354). Preschool children have the ability to learn musical patterns easily, and they rarely forget them. (Gardner 77). He points out that many adults can still remember tunes from when they were very young. (Gardner 78). Intrapersonal intelligence (Gardner 129) are learners who are very introverted. They are aware of their own strengths and weaknesses. These types of learners use self knowledge to guide decision making (Gardner 129). They have the a ...
    Related: different learning styles, individual learning, learning process, learning style, learning styles
  • Lsd - 1,599 words
    LSD annon Lysergic Acid Diethylamide (LSD) LSD), a potent hallucinogenic drug, also called a psychedelic, first synthesized from lysergic acid in Switzerland in l038. Lysergic acid is a white odorless drug, a component of the mold of ERGOT. Ergot is a product of the fungus Claviceps purpurea. Th e bio-active ingredients of ergot are all derivatives of lysergic acid. LSD is a semi-synthetic derivative of lysergic acid. Thus LSD is an “ergot” - like substance. The drug evokes dreamlike changes in mood and thought and alters the perception of time and space. It can also create a feeling of lack of self-control and extreme terror. Lysergic Acid Diethylamide (LSD) also goes by names lik ...
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  • Mozart Effect - 1,690 words
    Mozart Effect Although it is only in recent times that scientists have started to document the effects of music, the qualities of music were understood even in earliest times. Evidence suggests that dance and song preceded speech, which means that music is the original language of humans. Researcher's have found that about two-thirds of the inner ear's cilia resonate only at the higher frequencies that are commonly found in music (3,000 - 20,000 Hz). This seems to indicate that primitive humans communicated primarily through song or tone. The ancient Greek philosopher Pythagoras, best known for his work in mathematics, thought the whole universe was comprised of sounds and numbers. There has ...
    Related: mozart, mozart effect, international association, written language, psychological
  • Music Therapy - 1,527 words
    Music Therapy Music Therapy During the past thirty years, concepts in the mental health profession have undergone continuous and dramatic changes. A relatively new type of therapy is musical therapy, which incorporates music into the healing process. Music therapy also is changing, and its concepts, procedures, and practices need constant reevaluation in order to meet new concepts of psychiatric treatment. The idea of music as a healing influence which could affect health and behavior is as least as old as the writings of Aristotle and Plato. The 20th century discipline began after World War I and World War II when community musicians of all types, both amateur and professional, went to Vete ...
    Related: american music, background music, music, music therapy, therapy
  • Political Violence - 1,552 words
    Political Violence Political violence is like a festering wound, in that, without the aid of antibiotics the wound has the potential to depress the immune system and eventually overwhelm the individual, leading to death. In this analogy, antibiotics could represent forces that are always looking for the rogue virus's bent on the destruction of the whole body (society). I often wonder why people resort to violence, of any kind, to solve a particular problem. Questions can be asked of the individual(s) involved in carrying out the attacks, but the questions never seem to be answered in a way that will show why violence is needed to resolve conflict. Rather, excuses are rendered in the hopes th ...
    Related: causes violence, political change, political violence, violence, economic status
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