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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: organic chemistry

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  • Organic Chemistry - 1,197 words
    Organic Chemistry Organic compounds are covalently bonded compounds containing carbon, excluding carbonates and oxides. Carbon atoms are unique because of their ability to bond by catenation, which is forming long chains and rings from the covalent binding of an element to itself. Besides bonding with itself, carbon atoms are able to bind to elements with similar electronegativities. Organic compounds consist of carbon and these other elements. Hydrocarbons are the simplest organic compounds, composed of only carbon and hydrogen. Saturated hydrocarbons are hydrocarbons in which each carbon atom in the molecule forms four single covalent bonds with other atoms. Hydrocarbons that contain only ...
    Related: chemistry, organic, organic chemistry, food additives, physiological effects
  • Career Review: Pharmacist - 1,380 words
    Career Review: Pharmacist Introduction On the surface, daily routines of Pharmacists may appear to be rather simplified and involves little work hazard and responsibilities. As pharmacists dispense prescribed drug and medicine by doctors or dentists, they may provide assistance to those who seeks help with non-prescribed products. This is a correct yet very generalized view of pharmacist, this career interacts with many different industries. As an example, technology plays key role for pharmacist. Computer skill enables individual to make use of computer database constructed for patients prescriptions, thus ensuring efficient service and preventing potential risks such as harmful drug intera ...
    Related: pharmacist, york university, visual perception, social science, science
  • Career Review: Pharmacist - 1,307 words
    ... dynamics 1 (CHEM254), Organic Chemistry2/Laboratory (CHEM 265/265L), Physics2/Laboratory (PHYS112/112L), (Third year) Advanced Cell Biology (BIOL 331), Physical Biochemistry (CHEM 357), Synthetic Organic Chemistry/Laboratory (CHEM 360/360L), Molecular Biology (BIOL330), Metabolism 1(CHEM333), Advanced Biochemistry Laboratory (CHEM334L), Elementary Statistics for biology (STAT202), And four elective courses, (Fourth year) Elective courses chosen from Group A, B, and C (Seven credits from Group A, B, and C, with at least 5.5 credits from Group A and B, of which are not less than 4.0 credits are from Group A). Group A: (BIOL 342) Molecular Biotechnology 1, (BIOL 428) The Molecular Genetics ...
    Related: pharmacist, social issues, drug therapy, unemployment rate, structural
  • Chemical Compounds Bromine - 290 words
    Chemical Compounds Bromine The element Bromine, is a red liquid which is explosive at room temperature and has a red brown vapour. It has an atomic number of 35 and an atomic mass of 79.909. The melting point of Bromine is -7 deg.C and the boiling point is 58 degC with a relative density of 3.1. Bromine is a volatile dense mobile, that is a reddish brown liquid, which quickly gives a brown toxic valour with a disagreeable irritating odour. It combines directly with most elements although heat or a reactant is often neccessary to start some reactions. Hydrobomic Acid and Hypobromous Acid is a mixture that is formed when Bromine reacts with water. Oxygen is liberated by Bromine when the result ...
    Related: bromine, melting point, boiling point, atomic number, manufacture
  • Computer Intellect - 1,038 words
    Computer Intellect A new issue has come about since the building of computers. But the idea behind it is not such a new issue, for as long ago as Plato and Aristotle, the idea of a mind was pondered about. With the up-and-coming technology, the idea of artificial intelligence has exploded. It is one that many fiction writers have prospered on. But how far away are they from the truth? Take the story of The Bicentennial Man by Isaac Asimov, written in 1976, when most of the population didnt know what a computer was capable of. The idea of the unknown scared us, a robot that appeared to be just like us, but it was also intriguing, as demonstrated by the storys success. What was it that attract ...
    Related: intellect, organic chemistry, theory of evolution, isaac asimov, intelligence
  • Diamond - 1,222 words
    ... as it provided a more efficient method for adamantane production. Schleyer was able to increase the output of his adamantane synthesis to a 30% and 40% yield by exposing the tetrahydrodicyclopentadiene to an AlCl3-HCl mixture under 40 atms. of pressure of hydrogen and HF-BF3 catalyst respectively.7 When Schleyer focused his procedure on the retrieval of adamantane, he found that the synthesis was bountiful with the starting reactant dicyclopentadiene which is a common compound.3 Research into the enigmatic compound could then proceeded full force from this point on to examine the compound to its every minute detail. What they found confirmed their previous assertions that adamantane was ...
    Related: diamond, college publishers, organic chemistry, atmospheric pressure, efficient
  • Fritz Haber Chemist And Patriot - 1,458 words
    Fritz Haber - Chemist and Patriot The name Fritz Haber has long been associated with the well-known process of synthesizing ammonia from its elements. While primarily known for developing a process which ultimately relieved the world of dependence on Chilean ammonia, this twentieth century Nobel prize winner was also involved in the varying fortunes of Germany in World War I and in the rise to power of the Nazi regime. Haber was born on December 9, 1868 in Prussia. He was the son of a prosperous German chemical merchant and worked for his father after being educated in Berlin, Heidelberg, and Zurich. After a short time, Haber left his father's business and took up research in organic chemist ...
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  • Geneticist Construction - 1,091 words
    ... the control and initiative of the team leader, and tend to be tightly coupled to the heath-care responsibilities of the group. In addition to carrying out research, the M.D. team members may also spend considerable time on medical care and clinical services. (12) As exciting as the field is, only those who truly dedicated should chose to become a geneticist. Geneticists often work long hours, researching their project. However, the working conditions are often laid back and casual due to their involvement with chemicals. The environment is usually comfortable and relaxing for best performance from the researchers and scientists. (Sailes) Pasteur, a world-renowned French chemist and biol ...
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  • Information Technology - 1,630 words
    Information Technology Information Technology Information technology is a rapidly growing part of today's society. It affects everyone's life in many aspects. Every human endeavor is influenced by information technology and the increasing rate at which what it can perform includes. One area of human endeavor that information technology has greatly influenced is the practice of medicine, specifically veterinary medicine. Not only has veterinary medicine been influenced by information technology, it has also been enhanced by it. The degree to which the practice of veterinary medicine includes information technology is observable at the Animal Emergency Clinic of Central New York on Erie Blvd. ...
    Related: information technology, information technology it, technology, over time, organic chemistry
  • Instruction Manual - 1,123 words
    Instruction Manual The purification process: Recrystallization & Filtration Jason Williams 09-13-00 NATS 4310 Table of Contents Preface Chapter 1 Equipment involved and preparation Glassware and accessories Proper sterilization of equipment Safety precautions Chapter 2 Setup procedure before purification Equipment setup Choosing of solvent Chapter 3 Gathering of an unknown compound and the first step: filtration Collection Filtration Repeat Filtration and Cleaning Collection and measuring of crude sample Chapter 4 Recrystallization process Solvent addition Induction of Crystals Collection Chapter 5 Evaluation methods for purity Small scale test More accurate tests Chapter 6 Frequently asked ...
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  • Instruction Manual - 1,142 words
    ... lid and liquid will require the filtration process. The collection of the compound will be usually in a flask or another beaker after the chemical reactions have run their course. Remember: it is important that the experiment is complete before the purification can begin or there would be nothing to purify. Filtration Once the chemical reaction are complete and the experimental procedures are over, the filtration of the crude product can begin. Turn on the water facet and allow the it to produce a vacuum in the hoses and throughout the system. To test if there is a vacuum, the student should place their hand over the funnel and feel for suction. Now the student can slowly begin to pour t ...
    Related: instruction, manual, boiling point, organic chemistry, procedure
  • Melvin Calvin - 294 words
    Melvin Calvin Melvin Calvin was born in St. Paul, Minnesota, April 8, 1911, of Russian emigrant parents. He received the B.S. degree in Chemistry in 1931 at the Michigan College of Mining and Technology, and the Ph.D. degree in Chemistry from the University of Minnesota in 1935. He spent the academic years 1935-1937 at the University of Manchester, England. He began his academic career at the University of California at Berkeley in 1937, as an instructor, and has been a full professor since 1947. He has served as Director of the big-organic chemistry group in the Lawrence Radiation Laboratory since 1946. This group became the Laboratory of Chemical Biodynamics in 1960. He has been the recipi ...
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  • Oxygen - 1,125 words
    Oxygen Oxygen is one of the 92 known elements. An element is a substance that cannot be decomposed into a simpler substance by any simple means. Each of the 92 naturally occurring elements are therefore one of the fundamental materials from which everything in the Universe is made. The History of Oxygen On August 1,1774, Joseph Priestley examined the effect of intense heat on mercuric oxide. He noted that an air or gas was readily expelled from the specimen. To his surprise a candle burned in this with a remarkably vigorous flame. He called this new substance dephlogisticated air, in terms of the current chemical theory of combustion. On a visit to Paris in 1775 he related his discovery dire ...
    Related: oxygen, different ways, organic chemistry, antoine lavoisier, metal
  • Price Discrimination - 1,186 words
    ... ly purchase such large quantities of certain goods (e.g. 10-packs of household 3-in-1 oil). This format of "moving" merchandise in a way where the amount or items purchased arent necessarily discretionary is especially popular at auctions. Second Degree Price Discrimination A tiered form of price discrimination, second degree is the practice of selling incremental amounts of a good for incremental prices. The first 12 pairs of shoes are $80, the next 12 pair are $72, and so on. The customers, like in discrimination of the 3rd degree, are grouped together in the corresponding tiers so to speak, and since the tiers all pay the same price, the marginal revenue is constant within each tier a ...
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  • The Synthesis And Characterization Of Ferrocene - 1,482 words
    ... lene glycol (5) as the solvent rather than 1,2-dimethoxyethane. When ethylene glycol was used, an extremely viscous reaction mixture resulted that was incapable of being stirred effectively in the micro-glassware. Our success rate with the revised preparation is 100%. Our advanced undergraduate inorganic lab is taught in the semester format with two three-hour weekly classes. The students learn to multi-task to accomplish their lab responsibilities efficiently. We have provided the following suggested format (Table 1) to accomplish the synthesis and characterization of ferrocene and acetylferrocene in two and a half weeks. This format is not provided to the students. They are innovative ...
    Related: characterization, synthesis, new jersey, inorganic chemistry, thin
  • Three Branches Of Science - 624 words
    Three Branches Of Science Three Branches of Science Andrew Rambo Ms. Gardener 10th Grade Biology September 11, 2000 Science is such a wide area that it is divided into branches. Biology, chemistry and geology are three of these branches. Each branch of science are very different. They use many of the same techniques in the study of the materials in their area of science, but are very different materials. Biology is the study of life and living things. The French naturalist, Jean Baptiste, introduced the term, biology, in Germany during the 1800s. Biology is also divided into branches. Zoology, botany and anatomy are three of the major branches. Biology studies the life of particular species ...
    Related: branches, modern science, science, organic chemistry, ancient times
  • Time As A Determinate Of Final Product In A Dehydration Reaction - 871 words
    Time As A Determinate Of Final Product In A Dehydration Reaction Time as a Determinate of Final Product in a Dehydration Reaction Robert Simack, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska. Abstract: This study involved acid dehydration of 2-methylcyclohexanol. The results varied depending on the time elapsed after initial reaction. I attempted to prove the Evelyn Effect, which stated that over a period of time the products of the aforementioned reaction will beobserved to change volume so that those products formed by a cis isomer of 2-methylcyclohexanol will form first. However, once all molecules in the cis isomer undergo reaction the remain ...
    Related: dehydration, determinate, organic chemistry, new jersey, publishing
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