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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: auditing

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  • Accounting And Auditing Processes - 895 words
    Accounting and Auditing Processes Justin Denman Accounting and Auditing Processes March 4, 2000 Writing Assignment #1 Revenue Recognition Policies The purpose of this paper is to compare the revenue recognition policies of two companies in the search, detection, navigation, guidance, and aeronautical systems industry. The two companies I have selected are Aerosonic Corporation, and Esco Electronics Company. Esco Electronics Company is engaged in the design, manufacture, sale and support of engineered products. These products are used principally in filteration/fluid flow applications, electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) testing, and electric utility communications and control systems. The fi ...
    Related: accepted accounting, accounting, auditing, generally accepted accounting principles, processes
  • Accounting - 1,224 words
    Accounting ACCOUNTING THE LIFE-LINE OF THE BUSINESS WORLD Christian De Church Professor Hercer Communications 215 April 18, 2000 Introduction What goes on in business and other organizations? How are their activities carried out? Who is responsible for them? And, what part does accounting play? These questions and many more are often thought about by many confused and mislead business majors. The main purpose of accounting is to provide useful, reliable, and timely information to people who make rational investments, credit, and similar decisions. Because accountants serve decisions makers by providing them with financial information that helps them make better decisions, accounting is often ...
    Related: accounting, accounting information, accounting major, business world, management department
  • Accounting Differences - 1,256 words
    ... ce the company's inception in 1996. - Achieve earnings growth while maintaining balance sheet strength. - Reduction in exposure to areas with high catastrophic exposure. - Substantially resolve major portion of outstanding environmental Claims. (These claims are related to Asbestos and other environmental claims on policies written 20 + years ago. Policies written in last 20 years include and Environmental exclusion. At the time these policies were written, no person realized the long-term detrimental effects of what were, at the time, not known to be hazardous materials. Almost all old-line property and casualty companies have had to recognize their exposure to these types of claims.) - ...
    Related: accounting, annual report, chief operating officer, balance sheet, insurance
  • America Tax - 1,138 words
    ... dollars annually from taxpayers. The people who benefit the most are the people who get to collect from government programs that give benefits to qualified individuals. Such benefits could range from low income housing, college tuition grants, to tax exempt investments for investors who invest in government approved projects normally associated with other government aid to investors. The people who get ripped off are the people who never get to collect from any government give-a-ways. The people who get ripped off are the people who pay absurd amounts of taxes every year so that the government can support these programs. The American government gives away billions of dollars to foreign ...
    Related: america, inspector general, american government, social issues, leadership
  • Asian Crisis - 1,338 words
    Asian Crisis A large economic downturn in East Asia threatens to end its nearly 30 year run of high growth rates. It is hard to understand what these declines will actualy do to the world market. The crisis has caused Asian currencies to fall 50-60%, stock markets to decline 40%, banks to close, and property values to drop. The crisis was brought on by currency devaluations, bad banking practices, high foreign debt, loose government regulation, and corruption. Due to East Asia's large impact on the world economy, the panic in Thailand, Indonesia, Korea, and other Asian countries has prompted other countries to worry about the affect on their own economies and offer aid to the financially tro ...
    Related: asian, asian countries, asian crisis, asian nations, crisis, east asian, economic crisis
  • Association Of Certified Fraud Examiners - 904 words
    Association Of Certified Fraud Examiners Corporations are often the victims of the most common white-collar crimes that occur in corporate America. According to the Association of Certified Fraud Examiners (cfenet.com), "abuse and fraud by employees cost U.S. organizations more than $400 billion annually ... [which equals] $9 per employee per day." These statistics show the corporate need for forensic accountants, there also is an immense demand for these specialized accountants in the private sector. For example a forensic accountant is used to "quantify economic loss" (askhal.com) in personal injury cases. Forensic accounting is " an accounting analysis that is suitable to the court, which ...
    Related: certified, fraud, police force, computer applications, explosion
  • Audit Risk Model - 1,892 words
    Audit Risk Model This is defined in AUS 402 as the susceptibility of an account balance ... to misstatement that could be material ... assuming there were no related internal controls (AUS 402.09). Estimating the inherent risk (IR) for each account balance or class of transactions requires the auditor to take into account such factors as the level of complexity involved in determining the correct balance of an account, the complexity of transactions involving the particular account(s) and the portability of the assets involved. The estimation of IR is done as though no internal controls exist it looks only at the nature of the account being evaluated. Control Risk AUS 402 defines this as th ...
    Related: audit, higher level, account balance, high cost, documentation
  • Auditor Liability - 1,034 words
    ... r the brunt of liability risk. Realistically speaking, however, a point is reached where the inflationary implications of insurance is greater than the market is willing to accept creating a situation where clients are no longer willing to accept the additional costs imposed by firms to compensate insurance expense leaving the firms as bearers of the cost of liability risk. Also, when taking into consideration the fact that a firm's cost of indemnity insurance is at least partially dependent on prior claims against the firm, a situation will arise when firms are unwilling to accept engagements which present risk, leaving the market with a certain number of businesses which firms are not ...
    Related: auditor, liability, north carolina, professional standards, honest
  • Charles Manson: Methods To The Madness - 1,869 words
    Charles Manson: Methods To The Madness On the morning of August 9, 1969, three LAPD officers arrived at 10050 Cielo Drive (Bugliosi 7). The scene that awaited them was horrendous. In the driveway, in a parked car, the body of Steven Parent was found. He was shot four times and stabbed once. Laying about eighteen or twenty feet past the front door of the house, Voytek Frykowski had been shot twice, beaten over the head with a blunt object thirteen times, and stabbed fifty-one times. Also discovered on the lawn was coffee heiress Abigail Folger, stabbed twenty-eight times. Inside the home, in the living room, were the bodies of Jay Sebring and Sharon Tate. Sebring, a hair stylist, had been sta ...
    Related: charles manson, madness, saint joseph, highest level, eager
  • Computer Fundermentals - 1,723 words
    ... from the inside, as there are less sectors. When it is reading from the outside there are more sectors so the disk does not have to spin as fast. The storage and retrieval of data interacts in many ways. In most instances computerised data is obtained from paper based information. An example of this is the wages system. On a daily basis, a member of the management team would verify that staff has attended work and take note of the hours, unless there is a clocking in machine. At the end of the week, the total hours worked by each employee would be calculated along with any overtime and bonus. This information is then entered into the organisations computer system. When this task is compl ...
    Related: computer crime, computer skills, computer system, computer systems, computer viruses, personal computer
  • Financial Regulation In The Uk And Ireland - 1,048 words
    ... s of confidence and large-scale withdrawals usually as a result of a mismatch between the date to maturity of assets and liabilities (Stewart, 1996). These bank runs can have a drastic effect on the public as banks are where the vast majority of people carry out their financial transactions such as savings and mortgages. The public tends to have an inherent trust in the banks and therefore depositors have a reduced capacity for evaluating and monitoring their banks. Banks will not impose strict self-regulations unnecessarily. The danger of this situation is that banks might not provide services efficiently and therefore drag down the quality level of services in the industry. The need fo ...
    Related: financial risk, financial times, ireland, regulation, total capital
  • Financial Reporting - 1,147 words
    ... purchased in the MFS merger. The expense includes $1.6 billion associated with UUNET and $0.54 billion related to MFS. (2) Additionally, 1996 results include other after-tax charges of $121 million for employee severance, employee compensation charges, alignment charges, and costs to exit unfavorable telecommunications contracts and $343.5 million after-tax write-down of operating assets within the companys non-core businesses. On a pre-tax basis, these charges totaled $600.1 million. The dollar amounts are staggering and the future implications far reaching. Since this approach was introduced by IBM in 1995 these charges have become commonplace for acquisition accounting. A popularity, ...
    Related: financial accounting, financial reporting, financial system, personal financial, reporting
  • Ibm Company - 1,808 words
    ... cused on forming both a decentralized and interlinked company. Therefore, it was difficult to counter the strong competition IBM divisions are facing from meaner rivals. 2.2. There is a slow pace of product introductions due to slow market researches: one of the most difficult challenges of IT markets is that products must be updated in a regular and very frequent basis. As you may have already noticed, a brand new computer will lead the market for only 5 to 6 months. That's why researchers must continually look for new technologies to apply to their products. However, the research process at IBM takes too much time, and this costs huge amounts of money, leading to a higher price than th ...
    Related: consulting services, generally accepted accounting principles, market share, pace, division
  • Integration And Animal Farm By Orwell - 1,098 words
    Integration And Animal Farm By Orwell Derrick Robicheaux Auditing 11:00-11:50 Integration of Education in the United States Throughout history, education is recognized as one of the key components of any civilized society. It is a natural instinct for man to learn, and feel the need to pass on that knowledge to their young and to all those who come behind them. People have a passion for education, and will fight for the opportunity to gain the valuable knowledge that education provides. The importance of education in a society is illustrated in two aspects. The first being the actual events in American history regarding the desegregation of schools, and the second being the action of the ani ...
    Related: animal farm, farm, george orwell, integration, manor farm, orwell
  • Introduction : - 1,172 words
    ... e dividends form part of the share's finance costs and, as such, are charged to the P & L account with other finance costs to achieve a constant rate on the outstanding instrument. However, the standard did not mention about what should be done with the credit that arises as a result of charging the cumulative dividend to the P & L account as an appropriation when the company has no distributable profits. For instance, it could be credited to liabilities as a dividend payable, but this does not answer - the dividend cannot be declared without distributable reserves from which to make the payment. In addition, there are no transitional provisions in the standard and, therefore, it appears ...
    Related: standards board, more effective, interest rate, apply, charging
  • Islamic Banking - 1,523 words
    ... ed in three areas: investment, trade and lending. Investment financing: This is done in three different ways: 1. Musharaka (venture/equity financing) where a bank may join another entity to setup a joint venture, both parties participating in the various aspects of the project in varying degree. Profits and losses are shared in a pre-arranged fashion. The venture is an independent legal entity and the bank may withdraw gradually after an initial period. 2. Mudarabha (trust financing) where the bank contributes the finance and the client provides the expertise, management and labor. Profits are shared by both the partners in a pre-arranged fashion, but when a loss occurs, it is completely ...
    Related: banking, banking system, islamic, islamic banking, liquidity ratios
  • Jc Penney Gift Certificate Concerns - 1,580 words
    J.C. Penney Gift Certificate Concerns J.C. Penney Gift Certificate Concerns J.C. Penney Company, Inc. has recently introduced a new point of sale (POS) system developed by NCR Corporation into their stores. In the first six months of operation, it has become apparent that there are unanticipated problems with the accounting and control functions pertaining to gift certificates. The new POS system does not provide for adequate tracking or control of the certificates on the sales floor, store level sales audit has inadequate procedures or data capture capabilities in place to track sales accurately and assign responsibility for missing certificates, and corporate accounting has no control over ...
    Related: certificate, gift, penney, sales associate, individual level
  • Materiality In Financial Statements - 855 words
    Materiality In Financial Statements It is the responsibility of an independent auditor to plan and perform an audit of financial statements that will provide reasonable assurance of detecting errors and irregularities that are material in nature. According to the Financial Accounting Standards Board, the essence of the concept of materiality is: "The omission or misstatement of an item in a financial report is material if, in the light of surrounding circumstances, the magnitude of the item is such that it is probable that the judgment of a reasonable person relying upon the report would have been changed or influenced by the inclusion or correction of the item." Materiality is a term that i ...
    Related: financial accounting, financial performance, financial report, financial reporting, standards board
  • Mattel Auditors Liablity - 1,121 words
    Mattel - Auditor's Liablity Certified Public Accountants are expected to conduct themselves at a higher level than most other members of society and are held to the highest of ethical standards. The American Institute of Certified Public Accountants provides general accepted auditing standards and the code of professional conduct as a framework of guidance for CPAs to follow in performing audit procedures. The following audit case demonstrates potential problems that can occur when the client, Mattel, and the auditing firm, Arthur Anderson, are both at fault. In 1945, Mattel Inc. was established by Elliot and Ruth Handler and Harold Matson, who shortly after left the company for other employ ...
    Related: mattel, potential problems, higher level, financial statement, framework
  • Mcse Analyisis - 1,744 words
    Mcse Analyisis Job Task MCSE Analysis: Report to Participants Michael Angelo Southern Illinois University June 1999 Overview and Summary In preparation for new MCSE examinations, between February 19th and March 16th of 1999 more than 2,800 computer professionals completed a survey via the web. The purpose of the survey was a job analysis--a description of the on-the-job activities necessary for positions that MCSEs fill. Both employment tests and certifications must be based on job analyses . Because of the rapidly evolving nature of the workplace, especially in the technology area, the job analysis did not follow traditional procedures that enumerate lists of specific behaviors. Rather, wor ...
    Related: virtual private networks, subject matter, illinois university, database, fault
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