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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: nationalized

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  • Austria - 1,013 words
    ... balance of private and public enterprise. All the basic industries were nationalized in 1946; these included all oil production and refining; the largest commercial banks; and the principal companies in river and air transportation, railroad equipment, electric machinery and appliances, mining, iron, steel, and chemical manufacturing, and natural-gas and electric power production. Government control was reduced through lack of efforts in the late 1980s and early 1990s, allowing for the sale of shares in many nationalized companies to private investors. Austria has maintained close ties with the countries of Eastern Europe. Since the collapse of communism in those countries in the late 19 ...
    Related: austria, european union, eastern european, proportional representation, vested
  • Capitalism - 1,405 words
    Capitalism CAPITALISM Today in the United States, a free market system or capitalism is the main economic system. I am interested in this subject because I someday wish to own my own business. I believe that in the future this topic will be very useful to me. Among the topics that I will discuss are the Greeks and Romans early practices of capitalism, the ideas of Joseph Schumpeter, Rush Limbaugh, and Karl Marx, corporations, regulation by the government, and Reaganomics. I will also discuss the relationship between inflation and unemployment. In addition, I will give my own perspective on the economic theories that I'm presenting. These are just a few of the things that I will be discussing ...
    Related: capitalism, modern capitalism, wall street, united states economy, medieval
  • Civics Questions - 685 words
    Civics Questions 1. How is government authority in the United States limited? Give one example. The government can not interfere with those rights granted to the people through the Constitution or the Bill of Rights. The Supreme Court is there to protect our individual rights and freedoms. 2.What is the difference between absolute rights and relative rights? No person has an absolute freedom of speach; they are not free to say whatever they like. We do have a relative freedom of speech though, we may say whatever we like as long as it does not interfere with the rights of others. 3. Do all of the rights guarented by the Constitution apply to all people in the United States? Explain. Most rig ...
    Related: civics, freedom of speech, united states government, process clause, applying
  • Civil Rights - 532 words
    Civil Rights The Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., in his book Why We Cant Wait, quite correctly named the civil rights struggles of the mid-twentieth century the Third American Revolution. Though it is most often attributed to the 1960s the civil rights movement found its start in the decade before that, the peaceful 50s. The civil rights movement actually started with legal battles before moving into the streets of American cities. The Supreme Court ordered the desegregation of schools with all deliberate speed and overturned its former separate but equal policy that had for so long been the law of the land. This led to the tokenism that MLK decried in his book, and it also led to the r ...
    Related: civil rights, civil rights movement, equal rights, rights movement, public support
  • Communism And Democracy - 845 words
    Communism And Democracy The United States of America is a country that believes in democracy and has unfavorable ties with communist countries. The United States has tried for decades to improve relations with the countries that dont practice democracy. History shows disagreements between the United States and dictators of these irreverent countries, disagreements that brought the world to the brink of nuclear war. The most recent of these confrontations involved three countries. United States of America, Cuba and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR). Fidel Castro is a Cuban revolutionary, who took control of Cuba in 1959 and established a Communist dictatorship. Castro, who was bor ...
    Related: communism, democracy, u.s. government, president john, fidel
  • Communist China - 1,258 words
    Communist China Communism in an Economically Developing China The future of communism in China is unknown, as the world economy becomes more international. Communism has been in China since 1949 and is still present in the countrys activities. Presently China is undergoing incredible economic growth and promises to be a dominant power early in the next century. Chinas social tradition has come under heavy pressure from forces of modernization generated in a large part by the sustained contact with the West that began in the middle of the nineteenth century. The Western incursion, not only refined China militarily but brought in its course new ideas- nationalism, science and technology, and i ...
    Related: china, chinese communist, chinese communist party, communist, communist china, communist party
  • Cuban History - 1,542 words
    ... nd. The agrarian reform laws promulgated in its first years mainly affected U.S. sugar interests; the operation of plantations by companies controlled by non-Cuban stockholders was prohibited, and the Castro regime initially de-emphasized sugar production in favor of food crops. Break with the United States When the Castro government expropriated an estimated $1 billion in U.S.-owned properties in 1960, Washington responded by imposing a trade embargo. A complete break in diplomatic relations occurred in January 1961, and on April 17 of that year U.S.-supported and -trained anti-Castro exiles landed an invasion force in the Bay of Pigs in southern Cuba. Ninety of the invaders were killed ...
    Related: cuban, cuban government, cuban missile, cuban missile crisis, cuban revolution, history
  • Dna Profiling - 1,211 words
    ... the fundamental principle of the insurance business is "pooling uncertainty." The concept of adverse selection also causes insurers much dismay. Adverse selection refers to the probability that people privately aware of a medical problem are more likely to seek medical insurance. This negates the insurers policy of setting premiums with accordance to statistical information on the rates of illnesses and sicknesses in society. "The whole foundation of insurance is based on the fact that we and the insurance applicant are operating with equal levels of knowledge and ignorance." Without this level of ignorance, insurance companies will lose their social value as a means of spreading risk a ...
    Related: dna profiling, profiling, genetic screening, statistical information, adverse
  • Federal Reserve Monetary Policy - 3,287 words
    Federal Reserve Monetary Policy If taxation without representation could rally the colonists against the British Crown in 1776, tight money and ruinous interest rates might be cause for populist revolt in our own day. Federal Reserve monetary policy also has severe social burdens, measured by huge changes in aggregate output, income, and employment. The imperious Fed, much like the English Crown two centuries ago, formulates and carries out its policy directives without democratic input, accountability, or redress. Not only has the Fed's monetary restraint at times deliberately pushed the economy into deep recession, with the attendant loss of millions of jobs, but also its impact on the str ...
    Related: economic policy, federal budget, federal funds, federal government, federal open market, federal open market committee, federal reserve
  • Fidel Castro - 237 words
    Fidel Castro After Fulgencio Batista y Zaldivar seized control of the Cuban government in 1952, Fidel Castro became a leader of an underground antigovernment fraction. A Year later he was jailed for having led the 26th uprising against Batista. In 1955 he was released and went into exile in the United States and Mexico. He returned to Cuba in 1956 and led a rebellion of Oriente Province. Soon, Castro won steadily increasing popular support, with his rebel forces; known as the 26th of July Movement. Few years later, Batista fled the country, and assuming power Castro took control on February 16th. Castros's position as a dictator transformed Cuba into a communist country. According to the Boo ...
    Related: castro, fidel, fidel castro, soviet union, cuban government
  • International Law Is The Body Of Legal Rules That Apply Between Sovereign States And Such Other Entities As Have Been Granted - 1,656 words
    International law is the body of legal rules that apply between sovereign states and such other entities as have been granted international personality (status acknowledged by the international community). The rules of international law are of a normative character, that is, they prescribe towards conduct, and are potentially designed for authoritative interpretation by an international judicial authority and by being capable of enforcement by the application of external sanctions. The International Court of Justice is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations, which succeeded the Permanent Court of International Justice after World War II. Article 92 of the charter of the United Na ...
    Related: apply, international community, international court, international court of justice, international justice, international law, international legal
  • Iran - 1,812 words
    Iran Iran is a country located in the Middle East. Below it is the Gulf of Oman and to the west is the Persian Gulf. On the east is Afghanistan and to the north is Turkmenistan and the Caspian Sea. The total area of Iran is 632,457 square miles, which is slightly larger than Alaska and about 6 times smaller than the United States. Iran has about 65,612,000 people which is about 100 people per square mile. That means that the United States has close to 3 times the size in population than Iran. Climate and Geography Iran is split up into three regions of land forms. The first is the coast along the Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman which has high temperatures of 120 degrees Fahrenheit. In the inl ...
    Related: iran, oil prices, school education, stay high, dynasty
  • John Fitzgerald Kennedy 35th President Of The United States, The - 1,435 words
    ... e him in the next election, but he continued to speak out against segregation, the practice of separating people of different races. To a group of students in Nashville, Tennessee, he said, 9 "No one can deny the complexity of the problem involved in assuring all of our citizens their full rights as Americans. But no one can gainsay the fact that the determination to secure those rights is in the highest tradition of American freedom." In 1959, after several attempts, a revolution led by Fidel Castro finally overthrew the Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista y Zaldivar. During the next two years, Castro was to become increasingly hostile to the United States. The new regime's agricultural re ...
    Related: eastern united states, fitzgerald, fitzgerald kennedy, john fitzgerald kennedy, kennedy, president kennedy
  • Lyndon Johnsons Effect Of American Foriegn Policy Towards Isreal - 2,215 words
    Lyndon Johnsons Effect Of American Foriegn Policy Towards Isreal The following is a discussion of American foreign policy towards Israel, and the Middle East. In it I will show that Lyndon Johnson changed the regional position and opinion of the United Stated by adapting a pro Israeli stance, categorized by excusing many unadvised forceful actions taken by Israel. It will be shown how Johnsons response to the outbreak of the 1967 War was the major factor in the change. These changes took the first steps in developing the close friendship between America and Israel. Other factors will be discussed. The cold war had a major effect on policy decisions. This will be shown through a historical ac ...
    Related: american, american foreign, american foreign policy, american policy, anglo american, foreign policy, foriegn
  • Machiavelli - 1,283 words
    ... not rule forever, there comes a time when they have to adopt a new ideology. This is a controversial time in the history of Fidel Castro; it is his conversion to Marxism-Leninism after coming to power that makes him unique. The hostility of the United States government towards the Castro regime from 1959 to 1961 drove Castro to seek protection of the Soviet Union and thereby wedding Cuba to the Soviet bloc and expanding Soviet interests into the Western Hemisphere. These new ties with the Soviet Union solidified Castros Marxist belief. Fidelismo, the adaptation of Marxism by Fidel Castro, combined dialectic and idealistic rhetoric with anti-Yankee policies to create the new Cuba (Barada ...
    Related: machiavelli, fidel castro, social programs, public health, deliver
  • Mexican Economy - 2,193 words
    Mexican Economy I. Historical, Population, Culture, Political, and Economic Information History Mexico was the site of some of the earliest and most advanced civilizations in the western hemisphere. The Mayan culture, according to archaeological research, attained its greatest development about the 6th century AD. Another group, the Toltec, established an empire in the Valley of Mexico and developed a great civilization still evidenced by the ruins of magnificent buildings and monuments. The leading tribe, the Aztec, built great cities and developed an intricate social, political, and religious organization. Their civilization was highly developed, both intellectually and artistically. The f ...
    Related: economy, mexican, mexican culture, mexican economy, mexican government, mexican politics
  • Olympic - 2,384 words
    ... a single race of 200 yards, approximately the length of the stadium"(Gorman 84) The race was called the "Stade" from which our word "stadium" was derived. The first recorded victor in 776 B.C. was "Coroebus of Elis, a cook"(Gorman 84). The athletes of Elis maintained an unbroken string of victories until the 14th Olympiad at which time a second race of two lengths of the stadium was added. In the 15th Olympiad, an endurance event was added in which the athletes "went 12 times around the stadium, about 4 1/2 kilometers"(Gorman 85). The athletes competed in groups of four, which were determined by "drawing lots with the winners meeting the other winners until a final race was run"(Gorman 8 ...
    Related: olympic, olympic committee, olympic games, olympic village, satellite communications
  • The Current State Of Devlopment In Latin America - 1,982 words
    The Current State Of Devlopment In Latin America In attempting to establish the current state of development in Latin America, historical chronology serves as the foundation necessary for a comprehensively logical position. Latin American development has evolved in distinct phases, which lead to the present day standings of the politics and peoples throughout the region. The culmination of distinct historical attributes: conquest, colonialism, mercantilism, captalism, industrialism, and globalism, serve as the developmental path from the past, to allow an understanding of the current state of development. In overview of this, as perceived by Latin American governments, the four primary areas ...
    Related: america, current state, latin, latin america, latin american
  • The Election Of 1956 - 700 words
    The Election Of 1956 The election of 1956, 48 states were in the union at that time and Dwight Eisenhower was president. Even though Eisenhower had not made and major changes during his first term he was still the publics for choice for the next election. In a poll taken in 1954, 65% of Americans had approved of the job he was doing. Some critics reflected his as lazy. Saying he rather be golfing, one of his own speech writers once described his as an oaf. But never the less he was unanimously nominated for the Republican ticket in 1956 along with Richard Nixon for vice president, who won with 457 electoral votes and 57.6% of the popular vote. For the Democrats Adlai E. Stevensons was anomou ...
    Related: election, high cost, african american, dwight d eisenhower, stevenson
  • The Model Society - 1,801 words
    The Model Society Lisa Pepper Professor Black CES Final Summary of the Model Society Goals of the Model Society Chart comparing aspects of different countries Comparisons between the Model Society and other major societies and theories Triangle Graph Comparisons Survey Bibliographic Information A Utopian society does not exist in any country in the world. The perfect system has not yet been developed. Certainly the United States and the Soviet Union have been two of the most admired systems OF the past, but they to are far from an ideal model of a just society which has been desired by many persons throughout the ages. This just society, is hard to define, nevertheless, this is what I propos ...
    Related: industrial society, society today, utopian society, national income, full employment
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