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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: moral sentiments

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  • Adam Smith - 803 words
    Adam Smith Adam Smith was born in Kirkcaldy, Fife, Scotland. His exact date of his birth is unknown but he was baptized on June 5, 1723. At the age of fifteen, Smith began attending Glasgow University where he studied moral philosophy. In 1748 he began giving lectures in Edinburgh where he discussed rhetoric and later he began to discuss the economic philosophy of the "simple system of natural liberty" which he later proclaimed in his Inquiry into Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations. In 1751, Smith was appointed professor of logic at Glasgow university, transferring in 1752 to the chair of moral philosophy. His lectures covered the field of ethics, rhetoric, jurisprudence and politica ...
    Related: adam, adam smith, smith, moral sentiments, free enterprise
  • Capital Punishment - 1,639 words
    Capital Punishment Capital Punishment: An Eye For An Eye? In the United States, the use of the death penalty continues to be a controversial issue. Every election year, politicians, wishing to appeal to the moral sentiments of voters, routinely compete with each other as to who will be toughest in extending the death penalty to those persons who have been convicted of first-degree murder. Both proponents and opponents of capital punishment present compelling arguments to support their claims. Often their arguments are made on different interpretations of what is moral in a just society. In this essay, I intend to present major arguments of those who support the death penalty and those who ar ...
    Related: capital punishment, punishment, right to life, international court, span
  • Egoism Ethics - 1,866 words
    Egoism Ethics In ethics egoism entails that the individual self is either the motivating moral force and is, or should, be the end of moral action. Egoism divides into both a positive and normative ethic. The positive ethic views egoism as a factual description of human affairs, that is people are motivated by their own interests and desires. The normative ethic is that they should be so motivated. Positivist egoism: Psychological Egoism The positivist egoist, whose theory is called psychological egoism, offers an explanation of human affairs, in effect a description of human nature, which he or she believes to be wholly self-centred and self-motivated. In its strong form the theory asserts ...
    Related: egoism, ethics, more successful, enquiry concerning, logically
  • Liberty: Adam Smith And Alexis De Tocqueville Both Adam Smith And Alexis De Tocqueville Agree That An Individual Is The Most - 1,249 words
    Liberty: Adam Smith and Alexis de Tocqueville Both Adam Smith and Alexis de Tocqueville agree that an individual is the most qualified to make decisions affecting the sphere of the individual as long as those decisions do not violate the law of justice. >From this starting point, each theorist proposes a role of government and comments on human nature and civil society. Smith focuses on economic liberty and the ways in which government can repress this liberty, to the detriment of society. De Tocqueville emphasizes political liberty and the way that government can be organized to promote political liberty, protect individual liberty, and promote civil liberty. Adam Smith's theory makes a str ...
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  • Liberty: Adam Smith And Alexis De Tocqueville Both Adam Smith And Alexis De Tocqueville Agree That An Individual Is The Most - 1,241 words
    ... n, there are no provisions for taking care of the poor when they are not taken care of by the market system. In his Theory of Moral Sentiments, Smith suggests that human nature will turn the beneficence of the rich to the poor out of sympathy for their condition (136), but this response does not offer strong enough promise that the poor will be cared for when the market fails. One can only hope that the de Tocqueville analysis is wrong and the laborers will always make high enough wages. Yet in Wealth of Nations, Smith says, "A man must always live by his work, and his wages must at least be sufficient to maintain him," (197), but is later forced to admit that when society is in decline, ...
    Related: adam, adam smith, alexis, individual freedom, individual rights, smith, tocqueville
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