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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: mayan

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  • Mayan Art - 995 words
    Mayan Art Deep within the jungle of Mexico and extending into the limestone shelf of the Yucatan peninsula lie the mysterious temple and pyramids of the Maya. While Europe was still in the midst of the dark ages, these amazing people had mapped the heavens, evolved the only true writing system native to the Americas and were masters of mathematics. They invented the calendars we use today. Across a huge jungle landscape with an amazing degree of architectural perfection and variety. Their legacy in stone, which has survived in a spectacular fashion at places such as Palenque, Tikal, Tulum, Chichen Itza, Copan and Uxmal, lives on as do the seven million descendants of classic Maya civilizatio ...
    Related: mayan, mexican culture, chichen itza, the jungle, massive
  • Mayan Civilization - 1,229 words
    Mayan Civilization Mayan Civilization INTRODUCTION The Mayan Civilization was an Ancient Native American civilization that grew to be one of the most advanced civilizations in the Americas. The people known as the Maya lived in the region that is now eastern and southern Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, and western Honduras. The Maya built massive stone pyramids, temples, and sculpture and accomplished complex achievements in mathematics and astronomy, which were recorded in hieroglyphs. After 900 the Maya mysteriously disappeared from the southern lowlands of Guatemala. They later reappeared in the north on the Yucatán Peninsula and continued to dominate the area until the Spa ...
    Related: american civilization, civilization, maya civilization, mayan, mayan civilization
  • Ancient Maya - 947 words
    Ancient Maya Maya The ancient Maya were a group of American Indian peoples who lived in Southern Mexico. Their descendants, the modern Maya,live in the same regions today. Agriculture was the basis of the economy of the Mayan and corn was the principal food.(Voorhies 324) Other crops included avocados, tomatoes, and chili peppers. They cultivated an enormous variety of plants.(Foley 20) In hieroglyphic writing, astronomy, and mathematics, the Mayan Indians were far ahead of any other people in the New World.(Foley 20) The Mayan invented a solar civil calendar including three hundred sixty- five days.(Ivanoff 86) The accuracy of the Mayan calculations is all the more extraordinary in view of ...
    Related: ancient artifacts, ancient maya, classic maya, maya, musical instruments
  • Aztec Nation - 2,986 words
    Aztec Nation The Aztec Nation A distant sound is heard. It sounds like a deep drum being hit with a heavy instrument. You hear it again and strain your eyes in the direction of the sound. All around you is dense jungle. Snakes slither between your legs. You hear the sound once again. In front of you is a dense stand of ferns. You part them and look down into a wide open valley. The valley gets so wide and it is so green that it takes your breath away. But that is not what you are looking at. You are staring at a huge city with glittering buildings shining in the spring sunlight. Smoke rises up from some of the many houses. You can see and hear children playing in the wide open fields in fron ...
    Related: aztec, aztec empire, aztec gods, aztec religion, long history
  • Belize - 928 words
    Belize IINTRODUCTION Belize, independent state, northeastern Central America, bounded on the north and northwest by Mexico, on the east by the Caribbean Sea, and on the south and west by Guatemala. Belize, until 1973 known as British Honduras, became independent in 1981 and is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. The total area of Belize is 22,965 sq km (8867 sq mi). IILAND AND RESOURCES The northern half of Belize consists of lowlands, large areas of which are swampy. The southern half is dominated by mountain ranges, notably the Maya Mountains, which rise to a maximum elevation of 1120 m (3675 ft) atop Victoria Peak. The Caribbean coastline is fringed by coral barrier reefs and numerou ...
    Related: belize, prime minister, native american, roman catholic, tropical
  • Chiapas Revolution - 500 words
    Chiapas Revolution 1994 proved to be radical year in Mexican history. There were three major assassinations of political figures, President Carlos Salinas signed the NAFTA agreement, and a small revolution began in the Pacific Southwest of Mexico. Although all of these a major impact on Mexican society none played out to the public greater then Zapatista uprising in Chiapas. Several hours before 1994 became the New Year the Mexican state of Chiapas was thrust upon the international scene as the Zapatista guerilla army seized control of the city of San Cristbal de las Casas and five towns in the surrounding Chiapas mountain region. The guerillas were bands of ethnic Mayan Indian peasants from ...
    Related: chiapas, native people, mexican state, political issues, racism
  • Egyptmexican Pyramids - 1,108 words
    Egypt&Mexican Pyramids Mysteries of the Ancient World For many centuries people have been fascinated by ancient cultures and treasures. During the last two centuries the science of archeology and modern inventions allowed people to get inside of the Egyptian and Mayan pyramids and discover the treasures of Egyptian pharaohs and Mayan rulers. Most of what we know about Egypt we owe to the pyramids. Thanks to Egyptian belief in the afterlife we can now find out about the civilization that existed nearly five thousand years ago. Egyptian culture is not the only culture that left us its heritage in pyramids. In America we find pyramids build by civilizations of Olmec and Maya about 7th century C ...
    Related: egyptian pyramids, pyramids, west side, building blocks, chamber
  • Egyptmexican Pyramids - 1,097 words
    ... s three miles southwest of Cairo. The largest pyramid, 481 feet high and 786 feet along east side of base, was built for Khufu, who reigned between 2900 and 2877 B.C. The pyramid of Khafre, who reigned about 2859 B.C. is slightly smaller, but it is on a higher ground so that the apex is higher. The smallest pyramid (yet not small at all) was built by Menkure about 2800 B.C. (Casson 5). One of the most famous sites of Mayan culture is Tikal in Guatemala. Numerous buildings stayed almost intact at the Great Plaza: the Temple of the Giant Jaguar (700 A.D.), the Temple of the Masks (699 A.D), and the North Acropolis. At the heart of the Temple of the Giant jaguar is the tomb of high priest. ...
    Related: egyptian pyramids, pyramids, ancient maya, mayan culture, lenses
  • Elmer Kelton - 418 words
    Elmer Kelton In Elmer Keltons "Politically Correct or Historically Correct" he mentions about the way people see and describe historical events. Some people can describe an event completly diffrent then how another person is describing it simply because it was seen in a different way then the other person. In fact, it could even be because one of the people is describing or telling the event the way it was told to him by someone else or simply because it is the way that he wants to interpret that event. Many of the people that write about historical events have a tendency to leave the bad side of it and always talke about the good side of things. Most of the historical books where written by ...
    Related: elmer, politically correct, different ways, history, angle
  • From Heaven To Hell - 2,058 words
    From Heaven to Hell In the United States we often look to European and African countries for examples of dictatorship, civil war, inequality and genocide. In the 1990s, several countries experienced mass exodus, civil war, race war, religious war, and genocide. Yugoslavias Serbian population attempted to cleanse itself of Muslims and Croats, in Rwanda the Hutu population exterminated almost the entire Tutsi population, while in East Timor and several other countries refugees fled from the tyranny of "their" government. Less often however do we look, or even realize that our neighbors to the south are experiencing remarkably similar acts of violence, hate, and misuse of power. Bordered mostly ...
    Related: working class, collective bargaining, health care, tutsi, surround
  • From Heaven To Hell - 2,032 words
    ... to his presidency and thus revolution. In 1950, the people of Guatemala elected Arbenz to be the next President of Guatemala. The following year on March 15, 1951 Arvalo left office. Unfortunately, Arvalo did not leave optimistically. Indeed, Arvalo was worried and quite pessimistic about the future of the revolution. "Prophetically, Arvalos greatest concern was not for the forces of conservatism from within, but for how perishable, frail and slippery the brilliant international doctrines of democracy and freedom were." He realized that much of the fuel for the revolution had met powerful resistance from conservative forces, and while he made possible future reforms, the revolution was f ...
    Related: liberation movement, amnesty international, central intelligence, yield, marie
  • Great Civilizations In The Americas - 1,278 words
    Great Civilizations in the Americas Major Indian Civilizations - Some archaeologists and anthropologists use the term "nuclear" America. "Nuclear," a common misconception among most individuals including weapons of mass destruction, what is truly intended for the meaning is the ancient cultural centers of America. The term nuclear America refers to the areas of the three great Indian civilizations - the Maya, the Aztec, and the Inca. Nuclear America included two areas. One area was in the part of Middle America that today makes up the southern half of Mexico and northern Central America. The other area covered most of the Andes Mountains on the west coast of South America. Find the two areas ...
    Related: americas, central america, maya civilization, middle america, south america
  • Great Civilizations In The Americas - 1,263 words
    ... l game. They also show the elaborate celebration and installation of an heir to the throne. Many fine carvings were found on small jade pieces, shells and stones. Few paintings survive. Efforts are being made to preserve what remains. The ancient Maya people were farmers. They adopted and developed an agricultural lifestyle that used advanced techniques. For example, they dug canals around their fields to bring water to the crops. This made them less dependent on natural rainfall. They also formed terraces on steep hillsides to keep the soil from washing away. Corn and beans were their main life supporting crops, and they also planted tomatoes, peppers, fruits. Some hunting was done to s ...
    Related: americas, aztec civilization, central america, maya civilization, central valley
  • History Of Mexico - 801 words
    History of Mexico Before the Spanish Mexico was occupied by a large number of Indian groups with very different social and economic systems. In general the tribes in the north were relatively small groups of hunters and gatherers who roamed large areas of sparsely vegetated deserts and dry lands. These people are often called the Chichimecs, though they were a mixture of several cultural groups who spoke different languages. In the rest of the country the natives were agriculturists, which helped to support the more dense populations. Some of these tribes were the Maya of the Yucatan, Totonac, Huastec, Otomi, Mixtecs, Zapotecs, Tlaxcalans, Tarascans, and Aztecs. Some of these groups made adv ...
    Related: central mexico, history, mexico, mexico city, economic systems
  • History Of Middle America - 1,504 words
    History Of Middle America Central America is a land bridge that connects North America to South America. Today, this area of the world is under major reconstruction. Its recent history is filled with civil wars, military dictatorships, and native uprisings. Though the recent economy has turned toward the better, the history of the economy in Central America has not been a fortunate. Poverty, disease, and discontent were common among the people living in this region. Many of the problems faced by these nations date back to the Spanish Colonization of the area. Before the Spanish arrived, this region contained a civilization with a rich written history, sophisticated agricultural systems, and ...
    Related: america, america today, central america, history, middle america, north america, south america
  • Jamie Katzaman April 10, 1996 Columbus And The New World Christianity In The New World The Catholic Church During The Middle - 1,385 words
    ... cely any of the children remained alive a few months afterward. This was due to violence or the disease that the Spanish brought with them. Las Casas on his travels also saw the violence and horrors which the Indians were subject to. Las Casas describes this scene upon entering the Indian village of Caonao: "The Clerico was preparing for the division of the rations amongst the men, when suddenly a Spaniard, prompted, as was thought, by the Devil, drew his sword: the rest drew theirs; and immediately they all began to hack and hew the poor Indians, who were sitting quietly near them, and offering not more resistance than so many sheep". (Liburn 10 & 11) Las Casas then goes on to describe ...
    Related: catholic, catholic church, christianity, christopher columbus, columbus, jamie
  • Mayans - 730 words
    Mayans When the Spanish began to arrive in Mexico and in Central America in the early 15th century, one of the many civilizations they found was the Maya. The Maya, building upon the Olmec culture, were located in present-day Guatemala, Honduras, Belize, southern Mexico, and the Yucatan Peninsula. Even though they had many similarities, the Maya were separated by language differences. Because of that they were organized into city-states. Since there wasn't a single city-state powerful enough to impose a political structure, the period from 200 A.D. to the arrival of the Spanish was characterized by the struggle of rival kingdoms for dominance. Mayan architectural achievements were remarkable ...
    Related: american history, central america, yucatan peninsula, stone, productivity
  • Mexican Economy - 2,193 words
    Mexican Economy I. Historical, Population, Culture, Political, and Economic Information History Mexico was the site of some of the earliest and most advanced civilizations in the western hemisphere. The Mayan culture, according to archaeological research, attained its greatest development about the 6th century AD. Another group, the Toltec, established an empire in the Valley of Mexico and developed a great civilization still evidenced by the ruins of magnificent buildings and monuments. The leading tribe, the Aztec, built great cities and developed an intricate social, political, and religious organization. Their civilization was highly developed, both intellectually and artistically. The f ...
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  • Mexican Economy - 2,285 words
    ... co. The reality is that the post-NAFTA surge in imports from Mexico has resulted in an $8.6 billion trade deficit with Mexico for just the first six months of 1995. By adding the Mexican trade deficit numbers to the current deficit with Canada, the overall U.S. NAFTA trade deficit for the first six months of 1995 alone is $16.7 billion. Using the Department of Commerce trade data in the formula used by NAFTA proponents used to predict job gains, the real accumulated NAFTA trade deficit would translate into over three hundred thousand U.S. jobs lost. A number of companies that specifically promised to create new jobs actually laid workers off because of the agreement. Allied Signal, Gener ...
    Related: economy, mexican, mexican economy, mexican government, mexican peso, mexican state
  • Mexico - 713 words
    Mexico Mexico GENERAL Mexico, or the United Mexican States, (Estados Unidos Mexicanos), is located on the continent of North America. It is bordered by the Gulf of Mexico and the Pacific Ocean, and The United States, Belize, and Guatemala. It has a total of 1972550 Sq. Kilometers of land area. It is slightly less than three times the size of Texas. It has roughly 9330 kilometers of coastline. CLIMATE The climate varies from tropical to desert. There are high, rugged mountains, low coastal plains, high plateaus, and deserts. The lowest point in Mexico is Laguna Salada, at ten meters below sea level. The highest point is Volcan Pico De Orizaba, at 5,700 meters above sea level. RESOURCES The na ...
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