Research paper topics, free example research papers

Free research papers and essays on topics related to: marshall plan

  • 30 results found, view research papers on page:
  • 1
  • 2
  • The Marshall Plan - 1,539 words
    The Marshall Plan Although the idea of European integration was an ideal adopted by European intellectuals from the beginning of the twentieth century, the success in the actual launching and development of the project is a achievement that must be attributed to the policy and aid of the United States. World War II left Europe in a state of complete crisis. More than 30 million lives were lost during the war, cities lay in ruins, and as a result of violation of agricultural lands and people, food supply remained dangerously short. After barely surviving the Nazi threat, Europe was now faced with the threat of Soviet communism and expansion. This new threat divided the continent into pro-West ...
    Related: george marshall, marshall, marshall plan, european economy, economic cooperation
  • Affirmative Action - 1,186 words
    Affirmative Action Affirmative action has been the subject of increasing debate and tension in our society. Affirmative action has divided political parties, communities and campuses across the nation. The basis behind affirmative action is that because of past discrimination and oppression, such as the unequal treatment of women, and the enslavement of African Americans, minorities and women have difficulty competing with their white male counterparts. Tax breaks for home buyers may not be wrong but what is wrong are those who take advantage of all kinds of breaks for themselves while denying affirmative action for the most oppressed of society. The government runs many programs to increase ...
    Related: affirmative, affirmative action, marshall plan, vietnam veterans, recruitment
  • Causes Of The Cold War - 610 words
    Causes Of The Cold War Causes of the Cold War The Cold War occurred during a time of rebuilding for Europe. It characterized international relations and dominated the foreign policies of Europe. It affected all of Europe and determined lasting alliances. The Cold War was caused by the social climate and tension in Europe at the end of World War II and by the increasing power struggles between the Soviet Union. Economic separation between the Soviets and the west also heightened tensions, along with the threat of nuclear war. One main conflict between the Soviet Union was the vast ideological differences. One of the main tenets of communism is that capitalism is inherently bad and posed a thr ...
    Related: cold war, truman doctrine, world war ii, warsaw pact, crisis
  • Cold War - 1,097 words
    Cold War After World War II, a struggle between the Communist nations and the democratic nations occurred which is known as the Cold War. The United States had a policy set up that clearly stated that any nation invaded by a communist country would have the assistance of the United States Government in controlling Communism expansion. This theory was known as containment. Containment was used throughout the Cold War, and the policy appeared to be a success by stopping communist Russia. Was the United States wise in implementing their philosophy of containment? Since the Communist nations were held back and did not expand their beliefs, the goal of the United States was reached and containmen ...
    Related: cold war, armed forces, secretary of state, free world, history
  • Cold War Paper - 1,201 words
    Cold War Paper The role of America at the end of World War II was where the origins of policing the world originate. America had been engaged in a very costly war in terms of dollars as well as lives. But, despite the expense the United States came out of World War II better than any other nation that was involved. The Second World War was a battle between the Allied and Axis Powers. The Allied Powers consisted of the United States, Great Britain, the Soviet Union, China, and France. This war was seen as the fight against Nazi Germany, and therefore resulted in a majority of the battles fought on German and Russian soil. The aftermath left the Soviet Union in bad shape. Close to twenty milli ...
    Related: cold war, gross national product, axis powers, personal freedom, competent
  • Communism In 50s - 1,659 words
    Communism In 50s Thesis: The "Red Scare" of the 1950's caused a massive movement for the people of that time period. I. Introduction II. The Basis of Communisim A. Communisim: Defined B. Political Aspects 1. Communist associations 2.Communist fears C. Physical Aspects 1. Incidents 2. Blacklisting III. Propaganda A. Recruitment B. The "Red Scare" 1. Communist propaganda 2. Anti-communist defenses IV. Leaders in the movement-McCarthy A. Obsessions 1. The conspiracy 2. Focus on his campaign B. Accusations 1. Alger Hiss 2. Owen Lattimore V. The Cold War A. Conflict with Russia 1. Destruction of atomic weapons 2. War in Greece 3. Failure to adopt Marshall Plan B. European Recovery 1. European Rec ...
    Related: communism, century america, world war ii, los angeles, familiar
  • Containment - 1,070 words
    Containment James Livingstone Critical analysis of Americas policy of Containment Block:A History 12 Americas Policy of Containment was introduced by George Kennan in 1947. This policy had a few good points but many more bad points.Kennan's depiction of communism as a malignant parasite that had to be contained by all possible measures became the basis of the Truman Doctrine, Marshall Plan, and National Security Act in 1947. In his Inaugural Address of January 20, 1949, Truman made four points about his program for peace and freedom: to support the UN, the European Recovery Program, the collective defence of the North Atlantic, and a bold new program for technical aid to poor nations. Becaus ...
    Related: containment, containment policy, soviet union, inaugural address, bold
  • Cuban Missile Crisis - 1,000 words
    Cuban Missile Crisis Cuban Missile Crisis During the administration of United States President John F. Kennedy, the Cold War reached its most dangerous state, and the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) came to the edge of nuclear war in what was known as the Cuban Missile Crisis. What was the Cold War? What started the tensions between the United States and the USSR? What actions were taken and how were the problems resolved? All of these questions and more shall be answered in this paper. The Cold War was a struggle between the United States and its allies and the Soviet Union. Although direct military conflict never took place, diplomatic and economic struggle ...
    Related: crisis, cuban, cuban missile, cuban missile crisis, missile, missile crisis
  • During The Winter Of 194647, The Worst In Memory, Europe Seemed On The - 1,734 words
    During the winter of 1946-47, the worst in memory, Europe seemed on the verge of collapse. For the victors in World War II, there were no spoils. In London, coal shortages left only enough fuel to heat and light homes for a few hours a day. In Berlin, the vanquished were freezing and starving to death. On the walls of the bombed-out Reichstag, someone scrawled Blessed are the dead, for their hands do not freeze. European cities were seas of rubble--500 million cubic yards of it in Germany alone. Bridges were broken, canals were choked, rails were twisted. Across the Continent, darkness was rising. Americans, for the most part, were not paying much attention. Having won World War II, most Ame ...
    Related: eastern europe, western europe, winter, secretary of state, after world
  • Foreign Policy - 1,082 words
    Foreign Policy With the world balancing on the edge of destruction, foreign relationships are extremely important to the United States of America. The United States is fully recognized as the most powerful nation on the planet earth, and with that power comes a definitive sense of responsibility. The U.S. needs to pay close attention to this responsibility if it hopes to keep its place on the throne as king of the nations. This is where the United States foreign policy comes into play. Foreign policy is essentially positive or negative interaction with other nations as well as the goals and principles that are included (Morrison #1 607). The United States have a couple of choices concerning ...
    Related: foreign aid, foreign policy, states foreign, united states foreign, united states foreign policy
  • John Fitzgerald Kennedy 35th President Of The United States, The - 1,435 words
    ... e him in the next election, but he continued to speak out against segregation, the practice of separating people of different races. To a group of students in Nashville, Tennessee, he said, 9 "No one can deny the complexity of the problem involved in assuring all of our citizens their full rights as Americans. But no one can gainsay the fact that the determination to secure those rights is in the highest tradition of American freedom." In 1959, after several attempts, a revolution led by Fidel Castro finally overthrew the Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista y Zaldivar. During the next two years, Castro was to become increasingly hostile to the United States. The new regime's agricultural re ...
    Related: eastern united states, fitzgerald, fitzgerald kennedy, john fitzgerald kennedy, kennedy, president kennedy
  • Julius And Ethel Rosenberg - 1,447 words
    Julius and Ethel Rosenberg The outcome of the Julius and Ethel Rosenberg trial for espionage in 1951 and their subsequent execution in 1953 was directly related to the political climate at that time. The governments evidence against the Rosenbergs was not overwhelming, but due to a combination of fear and political pressure, the guilty verdict was inevitable. Even though Julius did not deliver the secrets of the atomic bomb to Moscow, nor did they cause the Korean War, as Judge Kaufman claimed, the pair were sentenced to death. Their death confirmed their guilt because America would never kill innocent people. Their execution also reinforced the heinous nature of their crime and other soviet ...
    Related: ethel, julius, rosenberg, witch hunts, political climate
  • Keeping The Rabble In Line - 3,544 words
    Keeping The Rabble In Line Keeping the Rabble in Line Copyright 1994 by Noam Chomsky and David Barsamian Introduction | Next section | Contents | Archive | ZNet The World Bank, GATT and Free Trade April 20, 1992 DB: In 1944 at the Bretton Woods conference in New Hampshire the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) were both created. What function do these two major financial entities play? Their early role was in helping to carry through the reconstruction of the state capitalist industrial societies that had been wrecked by the Second World War. After that they shifted to what is called development, which is often a form of controlled underdevelopment in the Third World, whic ...
    Related: good idea, canadian health, property rights, involve, disastrous
  • Kennedy - 1,012 words
    ... iderable success. Congress passed a bill increasing minimum wage, and Congress passed his bill to create the Peace Corps. Which was an agency to perform social and humanitarian services overseas. The program's goal was to create peace and friendship with nations. Within two years the Peace Corps were working in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Kennedy ran into some problems after the conservative Republicans joined with the Southern Democrats to stop legislation they didn't like. A Medicare bill, a civil rights bill, and a bill to create a Cabinet-level Department of Urban Affairs were all defeated8. Kennedy didn't lose all of his approval because he get some of his bills passed. Congres ...
    Related: kennedy, president kennedy, pigs invasion, black students, inspection
  • Labor Issues - 2,148 words
    Labor Issues Labor Unions: Aging Dinosaur or Sleeping Giant? The Labor Movement and Unionism Background and Brief History Higher wages! Shorter workdays! Better working conditions! These famous words echoed throughout the United States beginning in 1790 with the skilled craftsmen (Dessler, 1997, p. 544). For the last two-hundred years, workers of all trades have been fighting for their rights and seeking methods of improving their living standards, working conditions, and job security (Boone, 1996,p.287). As time went by, these individuals came to the conclusion that if they work together collectively, they would grow stronger to get responses to their demands. This inspired into what we kno ...
    Related: american labor, department of labor, labor, labor force, labor issues, labor movement, labor practices
  • Nato - 1,329 words
    NATO The North Atlantic Treaty Organization has been a silent partner on the world stage for more than half of the century and the most successful political-military alliance in history. The United Nations and their peacekeeping efforts have had the spotlight for the past few years. However the driving force behind any successful agreement or, if needed, action on the part of several countries has been because of the strong foundation and experience of NATO and its members. The following report will chronicle the events leading up to the creation of NATO, its first decade, the constant struggle with communism in the decades that proceed, and finally the challenges for NATO today and in the f ...
    Related: nato, chemical weapons, environmental issues, european nations, paragraph
  • Origins Of The Cold War - 1,589 words
    Origins Of The Cold War WHO WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE COLD WAR? Revisionist historians tend to regard the outbreak of the Cold War as a result of American hostility or, at least , diplomatic incompetence, while the more traditional view lays the responsibility squarely at the feet of the Soviet Union. Assess the validity of each view. The Cold War,said to have lasted from the end of World War II to the dismantling of the Soviet Union in 1991, was one of the most significant political events of the 20th century. For nearly 40 years the world was under the constant threat of total devastation, caught between the nuclear arsenals of the United States, Great Britain, and France on one side and the ...
    Related: cold war, bay of pigs invasion, bay of pigs, people's republic of china, hysteria
  • Richard Nixon - 1,363 words
    Richard Nixon Richard Millhouse Nixon, our 37th President of the United States was born on January 9, 1913 on Yorba Linda California. Nixon attended different elementary schools trough out Yorba Linda, Whittier, and Fullerton. In high school Nixon played football, and he also got into debating. After high school Nixon attended Whittier Collage, where he became president of the student body and also won many debating awards. When he graduated Whittier collage in 1934, he received a scholarship to Duke University School of Law. At Duke, Nixon was elected president of the student law association and won election to the Order of the Coif. When he graduated he ranked third in a class of 44 studen ...
    Related: nixon, president nixon, richard nixon, vice president, university school
  • Russia - 1,461 words
    Russia Tristan Yapuncich Period 3 4/20/00 Position Paper Russia Position Paper: The Plan The main problem in Russia is lack of a non-corrupt government. It is impossible to run any country, poor or rich, crime or no crime, healthcare or no healthcare, economy or no economy, without some sort of government. Russia needs assistance in the form of socialist diplomatic support, advice, and very carefully monitored loans. There is no question of producing a Marshall Plan for Russia of the sort that the United States pioneered after World War II, but Russia needs to make that plan, and the U.S. needs to let Russia know that plan will be supported. Although the conditions in Russia differ significa ...
    Related: russia, western europe, world war ii, main problem, putin
  • Start Of The European Union - 708 words
    Start Of The European Union European Integration into a common market Europe today is tied together within a common market which enables it to work simultaneously on issues that arise upon its borders. This has not always the case. The phenomenon of a joint union is a recent thing brought on in the post war 1950's and is one of the greatest historical undertakings of the 20th century. The horrible economic instability and political divisions after the second World War were the main turn points for Wetern European counties to come together and work as a whole. Western Europe, divided by different language, culture, and religion , experienced long periods of tension, war and hostility due to t ...
    Related: european coal, european community, european countries, european integration, european union, trade union
  • 30 results found, view research papers on page:
  • 1
  • 2