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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: market power

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  • Market Power In The Deregulation Of Electicity - 351 words
    Market Power in the Deregulation of Electicity Market power, which is at the heart of the debate over ownership and control of the electricity transmission network, has been identified by the FERC (Federal Energy Regulatory Commission) as a potential impediment to the development of an unencumbered competitive market for electricity. Market power exists when a producer or consumer is able to influence prices for their benefit. The ability to influence prices may result from a small number of producers or consumers, a significantly high share of the market (on either the production or demand side), physical factors that influence transactions (such as the presence of transmission constraints ...
    Related: competitive market, deregulation, electric power, market, market power, power industry
  • American Monopolies - 1,092 words
    American Monopolies According to Webster , to have a monopoly is to have exclusive ownership, possession, or control. The following essay is an examination of Microsoft in comparison to this definition and another commonly known monopoly, Standard Oil. Also attention will be given to the necessary role of and problems with monopolies. Competitive Market vs. Monopoly A competitive market consists of many buyers and sellers. Markets thrive because an equilibrium price is established through natural competition and no single buyer or seller can affect that price. Instead both buyer and seller must take the price given by the market based on the dynamics of supply and demand. This competition is ...
    Related: american, personal computer, trade commission, competitive market, marketing
  • Approaches To Environmental Ethics And Kants Principle - 1,026 words
    ... sent state of world hunger. First, the Commission claims there is a "moral obligation to overcome hunger, based on two universal values - respect for human dignity and social justice." (396) In the hierarchy of human needs, food is one of the most basic of all, along with air, water and shelter. If these fundamental requirements for life are not met, then higher level needs seem almost to be luxuries and unimportant. Unless all governments of the world actively strive to see that hunger is a tragedy of the past, "the principle that human life is sacred, which forms the very basis of human society, will gradually but relentlessly erode." (397) The Commission believes the US would be the s ...
    Related: approaches, environmental, environmental ethics, ethics, moral obligation
  • In Todays Modernized World, There Seem To Be Several Luxuries That We Can Not Live Without In A Large Metropolitan Area Such - 581 words
    In today's modernized world, there seem to be several luxuries that we can not live without. In a large metropolitan area such as Los Angeles, cars and the gas that fuels the cars are a must. So what would happen when the number one and number two oil companies in the United States decided to merge together? The deal itself would be worth 75.3 billion dollars, making the new Exxon Mobil one of only two major fuel providers along with Royal Dutch/Shell until the merger between British Petroleum and Amoco Corp. is approved. For Exxon and Mobil, they would be saving over 2.8 billion dollars in near term savings alone, have access to more resources then they would have individually (meaning an o ...
    Related: metropolitan, metropolitan area, royal dutch shell, dutch shell, mobil
  • It Industry - 1,109 words
    ... sively high prices resulting from the carriers exercise of market power (4, 58). In 1996, Congress passes the Telecom Act which seeks to open local exchange to competition through facilities-based entry (9, 9). There are differences in local and long-distance carriers that show the structure of the industry. There are advantages and disadvantages for each type of carrier. The advantage of the IXCs over LECs is that their brand-name recognition is nation-wide, while the LECs only command regional brand-name recognition. But, it appears harder for IXCs to enter local markets than it is LECs to enter long distance markets (9, 36). Local exchange rates are under state control except for acce ...
    Related: competitive industry, cambridge university, market share, bell system, larry
  • Macro Economics - 1,943 words
    Macro Economics Classical macroeconomics is the theory and the classical model of the economists Adam Smith, David Ricardo, John Mills and Jean Baptiste Say. Below the assumptions of the classical macroeconomics are described. 1. Assumptions:  Competitive markets: Classical theories all make many assumptions about the markets and their competitiveness.these assumptions are that all the markets are easy to enter and exit. No monopoly elements are present in the market to prevent newcomers from entering the market or stopping the present ones from quiting the market. Pricess and wages are flexible in both upward and downward directions according to the demand and supply forces. No sing ...
    Related: economics, macro, quantity supplied, full employment, stock
  • Microsoft - 1,120 words
    Microsoft The current Microsoft antitrust case, still in progress as this review is being written, has been both hailed and condemned as the most important antitrust action of the coming century. Its potential significance has been compared to that of the Supreme Court's 1911 Standard Oil decision, which not only applied for the first time the trust-busting power latent in the Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890 to break up John D. Rockefeller's Standard Oil Company, but of at least equal importance enunciated the rule of reason on which judicial interpretation of the Sherman Act continues to be based. While none of this conference volume's contributors develops this comparison, readers may come a ...
    Related: microsoft, microsoft corporation, telecommunications services, marginal cost, facility
  • Microsoft And Monopoly - 1,573 words
    Microsoft And Monopoly America's century-old antitrust law is increasingly irrelevant to our modern global information technology market. This law is obsolete, in accordance to the current Microsoft situation, because in the past there wasn't technology as there is now. Recently the government has been accusing Microsoft as being a monopoly. "Techno-Optimists" claim that "efforts by government to promote competition by restraining high-tech firms that acquire market power will only stifle competition." Some analysts disagree. They concede that dynamic technology makes it tough to sustain market power. Still, consumers will want compatible equipment, which will lead them to buy whatever produ ...
    Related: microsoft, monopoly, wall street journal, trade commission, package
  • Spread Of Computers - 1,029 words
    Spread Of Computers Let's face it, in today's world we are using computers more and more. The growth of accessibility to the Internet has given us a brand new definition to connectivity, thus exponentially widening the wealth of information at our fingertips. Those of us who are computer and Internet users have experienced this rapid growth, yet many users do not understand some the "trade-offs" that have been made to bring this level of user-friendly technology to desk-tops all over the world. It's just so easy. Buy it, bring it home, plug it in, insert a disk, and your on the Internet. From the users perspective this is an incredible leap in the right direction. However, from a business po ...
    Related: computer industry, computers, web development, supreme power, disk
  • Telecommunications In Korea - 3,897 words
    ... government, the value added services are defined as any serviced offered over the telecommunications transmission facilities of General Service Providers which employ such computer processing applications as: conversion of content, code, protocol or similar aspects of a subscriber's transmitted information, provision of additional, different or restructured information, and computer processing involving a subscriber's interaction with stored information (Jeong 4). The Understanding also illustrates the examples of value added services as follows: code or format conversion, protocol conversions, store and forward, facsimile communications which involve store and forward or one of the func ...
    Related: korea, south korea, telecommunications, telecommunications services, turning point
  • The Imf And The Bretton Woods Agreements - 2,012 words
    ... verseas branches to continue their foreign lending. Lairson writes, because no single state could regulate it effectively and because of the unceasing U.S. payments deficits, a Euromarket system developed consisting of the dollar and other currencies, a system of bank credit, and a Eurobond market (bonds denominated in dollars floated outside the United States). A massive volume of funds emerged that, without much restriction, could move across borders in search of the highest yields available on a global basis. The emergence of this new, unregulated concentration of capital made even more difficult than before for the U.S. to get a handle on the system. Lairson suggests that two main re ...
    Related: bretton, bretton woods, woods system, world war ii, africa asia
  • Where Is Your Company Among The Life Cycles - 1,443 words
    Where Is Your Company Among The Life CycleS? Where is Your Company Among the Life Cycles? (How Long will the PBX Life Cycle Be?) Recently we did a detailed life cycle evaluation not only on some companies but the system or product used. This example, the PBX system or private branch exchange, would be considered buried in overhead by some, but we broke down into detailed areas evaluating specifics that effect ever-changing technology factors. As PBX technology becomes more advanced, the life expectancy of PBX systems is shrinking. Enterprises must plan for shorter life cycles for newer, server-based PBX systems. I will show different criteria for several types of enterprises using the system ...
    Related: life cycle, life expectancy, product life, product life cycle, business decision
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