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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: lockean
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- Abortion - 1,190 words
Abortion Almost half of American women have terminated at least one pregnancy, and millions more Americans of both sexes have helped them, as partners, parents, health-care workers, counselors, friends. Collectively, it would seem, Americans have quite a bit of knowledge and experience of abortion. Yet the debate over legal abortion is curiously abstract: we might be discussing brain transplants. Farfetched analogies abound: abortion is like the Holocaust, or slavery; denial of abortion is like forcing a person to spend nine months intravenously hooked up to a medically endangered stranger who happens to be a famous violinist. It sometimes seems that the further abortion is removed from the ...
Related: abortion, abortion debate, legalizing abortion, nineteenth century, control laws
- Locke And The Rights Of Children - 1,738 words
Locke and the Rights of Children Locke firmly denies Filmer's theory that it is morally permissible for parents to treat their children however they please: "They who allege the Practice of Mankind, for exposing or selling their Children, as a Proof of their Power over them, are with Sir Rob. happy Arguers, and cannot but recommend their Opinion by founding it on the most shameful Action, and most unnatural Murder, humane Nature is capable of." (First Treatise, sec.56) Rather, Locke argues that children have the same moral rights as any other person, though the child's inadequate mental faculties make it permissible for his parents to rule over him to a limited degree. "Thus we are born Free ...
Related: children's rights, human rights, locke, rights of children, political philosophy
- Negative And Positive Rights - 660 words
Negative And Positive Rights Throughout societies in history and presently, we can see the employment of two primary forms of rights: positive and negative. The bulk of the following attempts to highlight the differences between the two. The proponents of each will also be discussed. Negative rights are simply "freedom from" certain things. For example, freedom from false imprisonment, from illegal search and seizure, freedom of speech, are all forms of negative rights. This concept is totally Lockean in nature. They are called "negative rights" because government ensures them by not doing things or restricting the actions of others. Negative rights can also be viewed as placing a protective ...
Related: freedom of speech, search and seizure, payment, thereof
- Philosophy Nozicks Entiltlement Theory - 1,995 words
Philosophy - Nozick's Entiltlement Theory According to Nozick there are three sets of rules of justice, defining: 1. how things not previously possessed by anyone may be acquired; 2. how possession may be transferred from one person to another; and 3. what must be done to rectify injustices arising from violations of (1) and (2). A distribution is just if it has arisen in accordance with these three sets of rules. See pp. 151-2. Nozick does not try to specify in detail the rules under the above three headings ('I shall not attempt that task here', p. 153). However, he does give some further information on rules of acquisition; see p. 174ff. He follows John Locke who as Nozick interprets him ...
Related: philosophy, theory of justice, john locke, distributive justice, seized
- Poverty In The United States Has Long Been A Social, Political, And Human Rights Issue Few People Would Say That It Is Not Ou - 981 words
Poverty in the United States has long been a social, political, and human rights issue. Few people would say that it is not our moral duty, as social human beings to take care of those less fortunate than ourselves, to the best of our ability. I say few because there are some people out there who believe that we have no moral obligation to do anything outside of ourselves. These types of people have what is called a libertarian viewpoint. There is really no specific definition of libertarian, but it is associates justice with liberty andliberty itself with the absence of interference by other persons. In relation to the matter at hand, specifically poverty in America, libertarians are agains ...
Related: human beings, human rights, poverty, political institutions, point of view
- The Us Constitution - 1,063 words
The U.S. Constitution Article Five, clause two of the United States Constitution states, "under the Authority of the United States, [the Constitution] shall be the supreme law of the land." As a result of the fact that the current activist government is pursuing inconsistent policies, many believe the Constitution has become irrelevant because no guiding principles seem to exist. Thomas Jefferson once said, "The Constitution belongs to the living and not to the dead." Accordingly, it is often referred to as a "living" document because of its regular alteration and reexamination; therefore, the Constitution has not become irrelevant in defining the goals of American government. This will be s ...
Related: constitution, states constitution, united states constitution, state of the union address, states army
- The Us Constitution - 1,033 words
... ished by Congress is hierarchical. The highest court, the Supreme Court, is located in Washington D.C. and consists of nine justices, there are eleven Circuit Courts of Appeals distributed throughout the country, and approximately ninety federal District Courts (Holder 40). Judicial power extends to all cases in which law and equity arise under the Constitution (Holder 42). The Supreme Court consists of eight associate justices and the chief justice, all appointed by the president with the consent of the Senate. Members of the Court are appointed for life terms and can be removed only by resignation or impeachment (Holder 44). Over time, the United States Government has grown steadily in ...
Related: constitution, national product, secretary of state, changing society, document
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