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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: liquidity ratios

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  • Islamic Banking - 1,523 words
    ... ed in three areas: investment, trade and lending. Investment financing: This is done in three different ways: 1. Musharaka (venture/equity financing) where a bank may join another entity to setup a joint venture, both parties participating in the various aspects of the project in varying degree. Profits and losses are shared in a pre-arranged fashion. The venture is an independent legal entity and the bank may withdraw gradually after an initial period. 2. Mudarabha (trust financing) where the bank contributes the finance and the client provides the expertise, management and labor. Profits are shared by both the partners in a pre-arranged fashion, but when a loss occurs, it is completely ...
    Related: banking, banking system, islamic, islamic banking, liquidity ratios
  • Pan American World Airways, Inc - 1,396 words
    Pan American World Airways, Inc Pan American World Airways, Inc ("Pan Am") is a New York corporation organized in 1927 which is engaged in commercial air transportation which it pioneered between the United States and most areas of the world. Pan Am Corporation ("the Corporation"), a Delaware corporation, is and since September 14, 1984 has been the parent of Pan Am, it's principal subsidiary. For the past few years Pan Am's financial condition has been very poor. The company reported a consolidated net loss for 1986 of $469.3 million. The 1988 net loss included a gain of $89.1 million resulting from the sale of Pan Am's Airbus A320 aircraft and delivery positions. This gain was partially of ...
    Related: american, american world, world wide, marketing programs, foreign exchange
  • Sun Microsystems, Inc - 3,129 words
    ... t, four major areas must be studied to get a view of what external forces affect the long-run activities of a business entity. These areas are: 1. Economic ~ this is mainly concerned with money and its exchanges 2. Technological ~ ideas and inventions for problem-solving 3. Political-Legal ~ involves justice and regulations on law and distribution of power 4. Socio-cultural ~ involves customs and morals, and values of a society To keep the information pertinent, comments will only be made on factors that are directly influencing Sun at the current time. The Economic environment has been a little uncertain in the past month, due to the chaos of the presidential election in the United Stat ...
    Related: data mining, common stock, international sales, collaborate, friday
  • Table Of Contents - 1,178 words
    ... ARY FINANCIAL RATIOS GEARING AND LIQUITY. 3.1 Gearing Ratio. Whatever method is used to compute gearing, a company with low gearing is one financed predominantly by equity, whereas a highly geared company is one which relies on borrowings for a significant proportion of its capital. It can be defined like this: Long Term Debt Gearing Ratio = Shareholder Fund 804(million) The Gearing Ratio for 1997 was: = 57.8% 1388.9(million) 1320.5(million) The Gearing Ratio for 1998 is: = 148.6% 888.6(million) The National Grid Group Plc Company may it has loss in 1998 because they have given more total dividend to their shareholders than 1997, and thats why they have retained loss in 1998 (516.3 mil ...
    Related: cash flow, annual report, dryden press, outflow, corporation
  • The Balance Sheet - 1,519 words
    ... asures the financial positions at a point in time. I think the arguments of the author are clear: if we assume that the current financial position can be described with the figures of the firms' possessions and obligations, listed by types and amounts than we would have to agree that the balance sheet gives us this information. Obviously, being an indicator of the enterprises' financial position, the balance sheet is a useful and powerful tool in the hands of managers, financial analysts and external users. Combined with the data on other financial statements it forms different ratios (like short-term liquidity ratios, short- and long- term solvency ratios, asset utilisation ratios and m ...
    Related: balance sheet, sheet, financial statement, current value, investor
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