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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: league baseball

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  • Rising Major League Baseball Salaries, And The - 1,923 words
    Rising Major League Baseball Salaries, And The Rising Major League Baseball Salaries, and the Economic Effect it has on Competition and the Consumer. As long has there has been business, Management and Labor have warred against each other for a bigger piece of the pie. Major League Baseball is no different. In the early years of professional baseball the owners controlled the salaries of the players and decided where they could play and what they would be paid. The players were bound to their team by the Reserve Clause that stated, the services of a player will be reserved exclusively for that team for the next season. This resulted in keeping the player's salaries artificially low because t ...
    Related: american league, baseball, league, league baseball, major league, major league baseball, rising
  • Rising Major League Baseball Salaries, And The - 1,941 words
    ... er year for the first time ever. But, those deals paled in comparison to the deal that was signed the very next day by shortstop Alex Rodriguez. The Texas Rangers signed the twenty-five year old to a ten-year, $252 million dollar contract that totally shattered the previously held conception of any kind of restraint on players' salaries. Consider that in 1990, just ten years ago, the highest paid player was Will Clark the 1St Baseman for the San Francisco Giants, and he was paid the comparatively small amount of $3.75 million dollars per year. Rodriguez now makes almost seven times what Will Clark made in 1990. Rodriguez's deal, which pays him an average of $25.2 million dollars per year ...
    Related: american league, baseball, league, league baseball, major league, major league baseball, national league
  • 1994 Baseball Strike - 1,617 words
    1994 Baseball Strike On August 12, 1994 professional baseball players went on strike for the eighth time in the sports history. Since 1972, negotiations between the union and owners over contract terms has led to major economic problems and the absence of a World Series in 1994. All issues were open for debate due to the expiration of the last contract. Until 1968, no collective bargaining agreement had ever been reached between the owners and the players (Dolan 11). Collective bargaining is the process by which union representatives for employees in a bargaining unit negotiate employment conditions for the entire bargaining unit (Atlantic Unbound). Instead, the players were at the mercy of ...
    Related: baseball, baseball players, league baseball, major league baseball, strike
  • Alcohol And Tobacco In Sports - 886 words
    Alcohol And Tobacco In Sports With sports becoming more and more commercialized, sponsorships have taken over professional sports. In this paper, Alcohol and Tobacco sponsorships will be the issue of this paper. Sports sponsorship has become an important marketing tool for advertisers because of the flexibility, broad reach, and high level of brand or corporate exposure that it affords, (Krapp, 49). Yet some sponsors have created an uproar with in the society, these are namely alcohol and tobacco products. These two make up about half of the sponsorship in professional sports today. Sports sponsorship has been around since the creation of professional sport in the late nineteenth century. It ...
    Related: alcohol, professional sports, sports, sports media, sports today, tobacco, tobacco advertising
  • America Sports Construction Boom - 1,726 words
    America - Sports Construction Boom America is in the midst of a sports construction boom. New sports facilities costing at least $200 million each have been completed or are under way in Baltimore, Charlotte, Chicago, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Milwaukee, Nashville, San Francisco, St. Louis, Seattle, Tampa, and Washington, D.C., and are in the planning stages in Boston, Dallas, Minneapolis, New York, and Pittsburgh. Major stadium renovations have been undertaken in Jacksonville and Oakland. Industry experts estimate that more than $7 billion will be spent on new facilities for professional sports teams before 2006. Most of this $7 billion will come from public sources. The subsidy starts with th ...
    Related: america, boom, construction, professional sports, sports, sports facilities
  • America Sports Construction Boom - 1,760 words
    ... have escape clauses that allow the team to move if attendance falls too low or if the facility is not in state-of-the-art condition. Other teams have provisions requiring them to pay tens of millions of dollars if they vacate a facility prior to lease expiration, but these provisions also come with qualifying covenants. Of course, all clubs legally must carry out the terms of their lease, but with or without these safeguard provisions, teams generally have not viewed their lease terms as binding. Rather, teams claim that breach of contract by the city or stadium authority releases them from their obligations. Almost always these provisions do not prevent a team from moving. Some leases g ...
    Related: america, boom, construction, professional sports, sports, sports facilities
  • American Dream - 1,162 words
    American Dream The American Dream What is the American Dream? Is it fame? Is it fortune? President Franklin Roosevelt explained the American Dream as freedom of speech, freedom of religion, freedom from want, and freedom from fear. (AAC) I think that the American Dream is different for everyone. It is simply the urge for a better life. The American Dream is still valid but is totally different from what it used to be. For the early immigrants the American Dream was a better life not with material goods, but by freedom. Freedom to worship whoever they want. Freedom to say whatever they want without fear of being arrested or shot. (AAC) This Dream stayed with America untill the 1900's. That's ...
    Related: american, american dream, dream, freedom of religion, bill gates
  • Androstenodione - 718 words
    Androstenodione This past year a lot of things have happened in the world. President Clinton could possibly be impeached. Our government tried to once again take over Sadaam Hussein. And Mark McGwire hit 70 home runs to break Roger Maris record of 61. During this extraordinary event in the baseball world, one item of skepticism clouded the entire accomplishment. During an interview that he was giving next to his locker, a reporter noticed a bottle on the top shelf. This bottle was filled with a nutritional pill titled androstenedione, a legal dietary supplement that is a testosterone-producing drug that helps the body repair itself after workouts. This repairment, in turn, helps the person t ...
    Related: documentary evidence, olympic committee, international olympic committee, apply, clinton
  • Anhiesher Busch - 1,809 words
    Anhiesher Busch Anheuser-Busch Companies, Inc. continually seeks opportunities to maximize shareholder value and increase efficiency. Through their extremely effective marketing strategies Anheuser-Busch has gained control of over 47% of the global market share. In the process of doing this, Anheuser-Busch has become one of the most recognizable trademarks. This is not without faults though. Anheuser-Buschs aggressive advertising campaign has targeted more than who they bargained for. Through Anheuser-Buschs catchy advertisements, they have attracted customers other than the 21+ age group, and recreational drinkers. The company has made significant marketing investments to build Budweiser br ...
    Related: anheuser busch, busch, fortune magazine, annual report, riding
  • Athletes As Role Models - 998 words
    Athletes As Role Models Athletes As Role Models An athlete with undying will, tremendous courage, awesome defense, and unbelievable scoring. Michael Jordan, a man who seems to be without a weakness, makes a great role model for youths and adults (Role Models on). Michael Jordan shows he is also a great person off the court by the way he has given his money to charities and has dealt with the difficulties in his life. This is a person who is looked up to and admired by people everywhere. Michael Jordan is a role model, just as all athletes in the spotlight. When people become professional athletes or any kind of athlete that is brought into the public eye, they become a role model. A role mod ...
    Related: professional athletes, role model, student athletes, sports illustrated, michigan state
  • Athletes Lifes Drugs And Violence - 1,505 words
    Athletes Lifes - Drugs And Violence Heroes with Double Lives Some Athletes in society today are considered heroes despite their double lives. Their drug use and violence are brushed aside while leading their teams to victory Who is your hero? If that question was asked to a group of people, some might think of loved ones or family, and some may talk about doctors, firemen, or even a teacher. However, most would probably say their hero was some celebrity or star athlete. While some celebrities and athletes can justifiably be labeled heroes, there are some people who may appear to be heroic, but lead a completely different life off the field. Even movies in Hollywood mirror this double lifesty ...
    Related: drugs, illegal drugs, violence, football players, sexual assault
  • Baseball Salaries - 1,945 words
    Baseball Salaries When people think of high salaries they turn to the world of professional sports, because that is where athletes are paid outrageous amounts to do the things they love. Although some would argue that the athletes deserve these wages, I fell that not all professional sports are paid adequately. For an example of this statement take into consideration the time and effort that most pro athletes spend at perfecting there acquired talent. They are fine tuned instruments, who work hard to do their jobs on the field, on the court, or on the course. They do this because they love the game. Golfers dont get paid as much as other Pro-sports, but do their job just as well. Athletes ar ...
    Related: baseball, baseball players, league baseball, major league baseball, competitive sport
  • Baseball Story - 925 words
    Baseball Story Baseball has been providing us with fun and excitement for more than a hundred and fifty years. The first game resembling baseball as we know it today was played in Hoboken ,New Jersey, on June 19, 1846. The New York Nine beat the New York Knickerbokers that day, 23-1. The game was played according to rules drawn up by Alexander J. Cartwright. A surveyer and amateur athlete. It is a myth that Abner Doubleday1 invented baseball. It was Alexander Cartwright, not Abner Doubleday, who first laid out the present dimensions of the playing field and established the basic rules of the game. The first Professional baseball team was the Cincinnati Red Stockings, who toured the country i ...
    Related: baseball, league baseball, major league baseball, new jersey, major league
  • Baseball Vs Football - 1,050 words
    Baseball Vs. Football Baseball vs. Football: Which Is The True American Pastime? In today's world of big time professional sports there are the two major players and they are football represented by the National Football League (NFL) and baseball represented by Major League Baseball (MLB). Now there are other sports that the American public enjoys watching, however the argument generally boils down to which sport is the true favorite of the American people: baseball or football. In this paper I will attempt to examine both sports from several different angles to include attendance, television revenue, ticket costs, venues, salaries, entertainment value, and athlete perception. The goal of th ...
    Related: baseball, football, football league, league baseball, major league baseball, national football
  • Billy Sunday - 1,171 words
    Billy Sunday Billy Sunday For almost a quarter century Billy Sunday was a household name in the United States. Between 1902 when he first made the pages of the New York Times and 1935 when the paper covered his death and memorial service in detail, people who knew anything about current events had heard of the former major league baseball player who was preaching sin and salvation to large crowds all over America. Not everyone who knew of the famous evangelist liked him. Plenty of outspoken critics spoke of his flashy style and criticized his conservative doctrines. But he had hundreds of thousands, perhaps millions, of loyal defenders, and they were just as loud in their praise as the criti ...
    Related: billy, sunday, men and women, civil war, upbringing
  • Billy Sunday - 1,172 words
    ... ecame rather pleasant for Billy and Eddie. Despite their initial homesickness, they found the environment to their liking. But good things never seemed to last for the Sundays. No sooner had the boys settled in and begun to feel part of the landscape than the pain of separation entered their lives again. They were moved to Davenport, another Soldier's Orphan Home, because of State money concerns. The four years in orphans' homes were important ones for Billy Sunday. They turned out to be some of the best years of his formal schooling. He left Davenport with an ability to read, write, and do elementary math. His legacy from the Pierces' care also included an ability to work hard and a des ...
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  • Bingo Long Traveling - 967 words
    Bingo Long Traveling Ask someone either at home or at work, "How are you doing today?" Several replies will be forthcoming. Some respond "Ok", "Fine" or "Surviving". As long as Sallie Potter's Louisville Ebony Aces were playing ball in the Negro League circuit, times and surviving were good. A steady salary, Potter's bus, driven by Potter, with reclining seats, which carried the team from one scheduled game to another, black hotels, black restaurants and night clubs made for an indulgent and uncomplicated life on the road. When Potter released veteran player Raymond Mikes, because he broke his foot rounding third base, playing the Philadelphia American Stars, Bingo organized the players and ...
    Related: bingo, traveling, on the road, kansas city, potter
  • Chaim Potok And The Problem Of Assimilation For The American Jew - 1,589 words
    Chaim Potok And The Problem Of Assimilation For The American Jew Chaim Potok and the Problem of Assimilation for the American Jew America has been a country of immigrants since Europeans first settled it over five hundred years ago. America has always faced the problem of assimilation, a challenge faced by every country with a considerable immigrant population. Because immigrants founded America, her culture is a combination of the cultures of other countries. Should these immigrants isolate themselves from the mainstream American culture, or should they sacrifice the culture of their homelands for the benefits American culture has to offer? Judaism, one of the worlds oldest religions, has r ...
    Related: american, american culture, american jews, assimilation, chaim potok, potok
  • Child Sports - 1,859 words
    Child Sports Nearly every child, at one point or another in his young and impressionable life, has particiapated in sports. Whether it is a pick-up basketball game at a playground after school, or organized Little League, complete with ninety-foot bases and replicated major league uniforms, sports play an intricate part of the development and maturation of a youngster. Beneath it's presumed purity, however, lies an occasionally seedy underbelly. Win-at-all cost coaches and tyrannical, overbearing parents have turned this innocent recreational activity into a nightmarish hell for some juvenile participants, and have left many wondering if sports is a helpful or a harmful stage in a child's li ...
    Related: sports, youth sports, physical education, long road, clara
  • Child Sports - 1,911 words
    ... ays Rainer Martens PhD. Dr. Martens runs a coaching education program in Champaign, Ill. "Yet we trun our kids over to someone who we know nothing about", he adds. "We think nothing about whether this person knows how to protect the physical safety of the child, or can communicate the values we think are important." Coaches, even the nicest, most supportive ones, can inadvertantly harm a child psychologically or physically, simply because they do not know the proper way to communicate. But this is a problem can may be quickly eradicated. Tom Crawford, a psychologist and motor-development expert who directs coaching for the U.S. Olympic Committee, has founded an intervention program calle ...
    Related: child abuse, sports, youth sports, angeles times, motor skills
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