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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: labor movement

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  • Early Strikes Of The American Labor Movement - 1,596 words
    Early Strikes Of The American Labor Movement EARLY STRIKES OF THE LABOR MOVEMENT In the mid-nineteenth century and early twentieth century, industry in America was growing at an alarming rate. This growth brought about basic changes in the way things were produced and in the lives of those who produced them. It was the Civil War that first started to change industrial landscape of the nation. "More than a million dollars a day were spent on weapons, ammunition, machinery, clothing, boots, shoes, [and] canned goods" (Meltzer, 3). The high demand for so many different items brought bigger, newer and more efficient factories. The factories were producing cheaper products than the small, indepen ...
    Related: american, american labor, labor, labor force, labor movement, labor organization, pullman strike
  • Early Strikes Of The American Labor Movement - 1,662 words
    ... tried and succeeded in dominating every aspect of its workers' lives. The company owned land, plants, houses, tenements, hotel, stores, bank, school, library, church, water and gas systems. "As employer, George Pullman determined wages, as landlord he fixed rents, as banker he collected savings," (Meltzer 150). George Pullman knew how to make a profit. He made his business highly profitable, and was running his town the same way. The town obtained its water from Chicago for four cents, but Pullman charged his workers ten. As for the gas he paid 33 cents for, he charged his workers $2.55. One worker said, "We are born in a Pullman house, fed from the Pullman shop, taught in the Pullman sc ...
    Related: american, american federation, american labor, labor, labor movement, labor unions, pullman strike
  • Affirmative Action - 1,487 words
    ... f Prop. 209 permits gender discrimination that is "reasonably necessary" to the "normal operation" of public education, employment and contracting. In 1998, The ban on use of affirmative action in admissions at the University of California went into effect. UC Berkeley had a 61% drop in admissions, and UCLA had a 36% decline. This decline strengthens the position of the Pro side of affirmative action. However, a contingency plan has been established. According to a source (who asked to remain nameless), UC Berkeley has a program to actively recruit more minority students that falls out of the guidelines established by prop. 209. These types of "loop holes" can ultimately hurt the various ...
    Related: action program, affirmative, affirmative action, chicago tribune, public administration
  • Anarchy - 1,764 words
    Anarchy Throughout the ages, man has toiled with various forms of government. From early day aristocracies to modern day democracies, man has developed theories of the ideal government. Of these governments, Anarchy has proven itself to be an unrealistic form of government. Anarchists pose different views of absolute liberty and the degree of government intervention as to the governmental figure of the times. Anarchy comes from the Greek word, anarchos, prefix an meaning 'not,' 'the want of,' 'the absence of,' or 'the lack of,' plus archos, meaning 'a ruler,' 'director,' 'chief,' 'person in charge,' or 'authority,' derived as 'having no government' or 'without rule' (Ask.com). Justice define ...
    Related: anarchy, working class, ancient china, self reliance, nonviolent
  • Capitalsim History - 1,137 words
    Capitalsim History Capitalism Capitalism is the name given to the economic system that incorporates free enterprise and a market system by Karl Marx, the founder of communism. By the textbook definition, capitalism is an economic system in which private individuals and business firms carry on the production and the exchange of goods and services through a complex network of prices and markets. (Heilbroner1 13-15) Capitalism is a philosophy that originated in Europe, where it evolved and reached its pinnacle in the nineteenth century. During the nineteenth century capitalism spread throughout the world and to the United States. The United States adopted the ideas of capitalism and put them in ...
    Related: history, industrial revolution, adam smith, franklin d roosevelt, specialized
  • Central America - 1,356 words
    Central America Central America, just south of Mexico and North of Panama, consists of just six countries; Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica. Of those six, all share a distinct common history except for Belize. Belize for one is incredibly small, and while Spanish is the official language of other Central American countries, in Belize English is spoken. So throughout this paper as I carelessly say 'Central American' I am not including Belize whose history and development was far different than the others. Although Central America is located close to the United States in relation to the Eastern Hemisphere, our ways of life are indescribably different. When we ...
    Related: america, central america, central american, latin america, labor unions
  • Chile Political Parties And Organizations - 1,471 words
    Chile Political Parties And Organizations Taking a look at Chile's government and institutions it gives the idea that the average person is represented. Chilean people have a history of strong political ties and many private associations and organizations. This has been helpful in taking care that many interests and needs are expressed within the government. Perhaps even more helpful is the development of many different political parties, whom, for the most part represent many of these organizations and associations in the government. In order to evaluate these institutions a closer look must be taken at each to understand fully the amount of organization that is in place. In the 1990's Chil ...
    Related: chile, organizations, political parties, political spectrum, collapse of the soviet union
  • Chile Political Parties And Organizations - 1,401 words
    ... ition parties to propose far-reaching amendments to the constitution. The National Renewal party, however, could not impose its own party president, having to concede the presidential candidacy of the right to the UDI's Bchi. After the 1989 congressional race, the National Renewal party emerged as the dominant party of the right, benefiting strongly from the electoral law and electing six senators and twenty-nine deputies. Its strength in the Senate meant that the Aylwin government had to compromise with the National Renewal party to gain support for key legislative and constitutional measures. The National Renewal party saw much of its support wane in the wake of party scandals involvin ...
    Related: business organization, chile, organizations, political issues, political parties
  • Chilean Economic Shock Therapy - 1,146 words
    Chilean Economic Shock Therapy Chile is seen to be the quintessential model of liberal restructuring in Latin America in the late twentieth century. After the overthrow of the socialist regime of Salvador Allende in 1973, Chiles government has implemented an authoritative economic restructuring program that replaced state intervention with market incentives and opened Chile to the global economy. This four-phase process transformed the economy from highly protective industrialized to an open free market economy based on agricultural exports. The process by which the Chilean economy was stabilized was termed shock therapy. Like other dramatic economic policy changes, the therapy caused the un ...
    Related: chilean, economic benefits, economic change, economic crisis, economic growth, economic policy, shock
  • Corporate Politics And Responsibilities - 1,919 words
    ... left. Bibliography  Corporate Responsibility As we moved into the 1990's companies became aware that social responsibility was essential to their corporate responsibility to make a profit. Companies are now discovering that "high road" practices such as working with unions, and treating the community and environment are often more profitable, and certainly more respectful than old style "low road" practices that companies used to use that often overlook the needs of the unions, community and environment. William Norris, the founder of Control Data Corporation sums it up well when he stated that, "You can't do business in a society that's burning." What he meant was that if your c ...
    Related: corporate, corporate america, corporate responsibility, third force, economic growth
  • Dr Daniel J Boorstin 1914 Holds Many Honorable Positions And Has Received Numerous Awards For His Notable Work He Is One Of A - 777 words
    Dr. Daniel J. Boorstin (1914- ) holds many honorable positions and has received numerous awards for his notable work. He is one of America's most eminent historians, the author of more than fifteen books and numerous articles on the history of the United States, as well as a creator of a television show. His editor-wife, Ruth Frankel Boorstin, a Wellesley graduate, has been his close collaborator. Born in Atlanta, Georgia, and raised in Oklahoma, he received his undergraduate degree with highest honors from Harvard and his doctor's degree from Yale. He has spent a great deal of his life abroad, first in England as a Rhodes Scholar at Balliol College, Oxford. More recently he has been visitin ...
    Related: awards, boorstin, daniel, national book award, notable
  • Evolution Of Labor Unions - 884 words
    Evolution Of Labor Unions What is clearly evident is that the working people of America have had to unite in struggle to achieve the gains that they have accumulated during this century. Improvements did not come easily. Organizing unions, winning the right to representation, using the collective bargaining process as the core of their activities, struggling against bias and discrimination, the working men and women of America have built a trade union movement of formidable proportions. Labor in America has correctly been described as a stabilizing force in the national economy and a bulwark of our democratic society. Furthermore, the gains that unions have been able to achieve have brought ...
    Related: american labor, evolution, labor, labor law, labor movement, labor union, labor unions
  • History Of Philippine Cinema - 2,166 words
    History of Philippine Cinema Matchmaker.com: Sign up now for a free trial. Date Smarter! History of Philippine Cinema Introduction The youngest of the Philippine arts, film has evolved to become the most popular of all the art forms. Introduced only in 1897, films have ranged from silent movies to talkies; black and white to color. Outpacing its predecessors by gaining public acceptance, from one end of the country to the other, its viewers come from all walks of life. Nationwide, there are more than 1000 movie theaters. Early in the 1980s, it was estimated in Metro Manila alone, there were around 2.5 million moviegoers. As an art form, it reflects the culture and the beliefs of the people i ...
    Related: cinema, film history, history, golden age, vice versa
  • Indians Immigrating To America - 1,498 words
    Indians Immigrating To America Their homeland has the second largest population in the world, yet in America they form one of our smallest minorities. Americans were influenced by their beliefs long before the first immigrants arrived, and an important interchange of ideas has continued to the present day. Although many came to America as early as the turn of the century, they were denied citizenship until a congressional act granted it in 1946. Now they are students and teachers in our universities; they are artists and writers, musicians and scientists. Their contributions to industry, commerce, and agriculture have been valuable to America and to the world. Who are these people? They are ...
    Related: america, asian indian, east indian, north america, labor movement
  • Juan Domingo Pern: Argentine Master Of Labor And Leader Of The Masses - 2,052 words
    Juan Domingo Pern: Argentine Master Of Labor And Leader Of The Masses Juan Domingo Pern, born in 1895 in Lobos, Argentina, was the President of Argentina on two occasions separated by eighteen years. He first came to power by the election of February 28,1946. He ruled for almost ten years until he was pressured to resign by the Argentine military and in September of 1955 he left the country. He spent almost the next twenty years in exile but never lost touch with the Argentine people and especially the Argentine labor movement. In 1973, after eighteen years of exile, Pern returned to Argentina and was elected president again with his third wife Isabel as vice-president. His power as a ruler ...
    Related: argentine, department of labor, domingo, juan, labor, labor department, labor movement
  • Juan Domingo Pern: Argentine Master Of Labor And Leader Of The Masses - 2,015 words
    ... aving the army with less anti-Peronist sentiment than prior to the revolt. Although the majority of the army was strictly Peronist after the September 28th unsuccessful uprising, there were other forces of dissent still alive in the social picture. At the beginning of his rule Pern had been seeking the support of the Church and had seen considerable success in that regard. (Whitaker, 1968) But after the first few years of his regime there developed a fair amount of tension between the Church and Pern. By 1954 Church officials were outraged by measures taken by Pern to legalize divorce and prostitution as well as the elimination of religion from education. As the Church was more moved by ...
    Related: argentine, domingo, juan, labor, labor movement, labor union, masses
  • Keeping The Rabble In Line - 3,628 words
    ... in the world. Also, it's dependent, unlike the United States -- which has plenty of internal resources and enough military power to control other sources of raw materials -- on trade for resources and raw materials as well. Also, the Japanese, when you look at the numbers, look very rich. But if you look at the way people live, they don't look very rich. People are crammed into tiny apartments. They live a highly coerced and submissive existence. If you develop any reasonable quality of life standards, Japan would not rank very high by many measures, although it ranks quite high in others, like health, for example. So it's a mixed story. It think there are serious weaknesses in that eco ...
    Related: prison population, current recession, organized labor, graduate, chicago
  • Labor Issues - 2,148 words
    Labor Issues Labor Unions: Aging Dinosaur or Sleeping Giant? The Labor Movement and Unionism Background and Brief History Higher wages! Shorter workdays! Better working conditions! These famous words echoed throughout the United States beginning in 1790 with the skilled craftsmen (Dessler, 1997, p. 544). For the last two-hundred years, workers of all trades have been fighting for their rights and seeking methods of improving their living standards, working conditions, and job security (Boone, 1996,p.287). As time went by, these individuals came to the conclusion that if they work together collectively, they would grow stronger to get responses to their demands. This inspired into what we kno ...
    Related: american labor, department of labor, labor, labor force, labor issues, labor movement, labor practices
  • Labor Issues - 2,199 words
    ... e people asked felt that unions are no longer necessary in todays American society. Furthermore, one in five of the sample population taking part in this survey were union members, and of these, 25% agreed that unions are no longer important (American Labor, 1998). The disparity in conclusions between these reports only begins to show the uncertainty facing the labor movement. Who Benefits From Unions? Before accounting for the decline in union enrollment, it suffices to consider who is impacted by todays unions? Literature is consistent in that members of strong unions tend to make more money and receive better benefits than non-union workers in the same jobs (Dessler, 1997). While unio ...
    Related: american labor, issues relating, labor, labor issues, labor movement, labor unions, organized labor
  • Labor Relations - 1,210 words
    ... fight this latest trend. Management Approach Corporations and the management teams that run them, exist for the primary purpose of making a profit. These corporations are not social entities who exist for the betterment of there work force. Rather they are business entities that exist for the financial betterment of the owners and share holders. The interest of the business in many cases goes against the interest of the union. One is concerned about maximizing profits to the business the other is concerned about maximizing profits to its members. Wages While it is true that union workers have better wage scales than their non union counterparts, it must also be understood, at what cost ...
    Related: fair labor, fair labor standards act, labor, labor movement, labor relations
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