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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: aphasia
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- Aphasia - 441 words
Aphasia -What is Huntington's Disease? -Huntington's Disease, also known as Huntington's Chorea, is a severe, degenerative, hereditary disorder of the nervous system. -Who or what is Huntington's Disease named for? -It is named after George Huntington, an American physician who first described the disease in 1872. -Who does Huntington's Disease affect? -Anyone who inherits an abnormal gene on one of a pair of chromosomes designated as chromosome 4. One of the patient's parents has to have had Huntington's Disease in order for it to be passed on to their offspring. If one of the parents has the distorted chromosome, there is a 50 percent chance it will be passed on to their offspring(s). Anyo ...
Related: aphasia, nervous system, insane asylum, woody guthrie, gradually
- Aphasia - 789 words
Aphasia What is Aphasia? Aphasia is the impairment of spoken or written language caused by injury to the brain. It is also commonly referred to as Dysphasia. There are several different categories and many different types of Aphasia. What causes Aphasia? Aphasia is usually the result of a brain tumor, lesion, stroke, or severe blow to the head. Right-handed people can only acquire Aphasia if they have an injury in the left cerebral hemisphere, whereas left-handed people can quire Aphasia from an injury in either the right or left cerebral hemisphere. Therefor, left-handed people are more prone to getting Aphasia. Categories of Aphasia There are several different systems for categorizing Apha ...
Related: aphasia, greek philosopher, brain tumor, written language, statistics
- Brain Structure - 312 words
Brain Structure The part of the body that motivates eating is the hypothalamus. The small gland is located in the midline at the base of the brain, just below the hypothalamus, and interacts closely with the pituitary gland and acts in coordination with the reticular formation. The two components of the hypothalamus dealing with hunger are the lateral hypothalamus and the ventromedial nucleus. The lateral part is what allows a person to feel hungry and sends out signals to the rest of the body that one is ready to eat. If this part is damadged, one would not feel hunger and would experience aphasia, which is starving. The ventromedial nucleus gives satiety, or the feeling that one is full. T ...
Related: brain, cues, satisfy
- Dementiaa - 4,130 words
Dementiaa IntrodWhat is Dementia ?uction Dementia is an organic brain syndrome which results in global cognitive impairments. Dementia can occur as a result of a variety of neurological diseases. Some of the more well known dementing diseases include Alzheimers disease (AD), multi-infarct dementia (MID), and Huntingtons disease (HD). Throughout this essay the emphasis will be placed on AD (also known as dementia of the Alzheimers type, and primary degenerative dementia), because statistically it is the most significant dementing disease occurring in over 50% of demented patients (see epidemiology). The clinical picture in dementia is very similar to delirium, except for the course. Delirium ...
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- Dementiaa - 3,961 words
... re senile plaques (SP) and Neurofibrillary tangles (NFT). There are two types of SP, neuritic and diffuse, both plaques share antigenic determinants with the Beta amyloid 4 protein. Neuritic plaques can be distinguished by their abnormally thickened neurites ( i.e., axons or dendrites) arranged around a central core of amyloid (Mirra & Gearing, 1994). By contrast the diffuse plaques lack the thickened neurites and the amyloid core seen in the neuritic plaques (Mirra & Gearing, 1994). Plaques of both types are found in varying degrees in the neocortex, entorhinal cortex, hippocampus, and in the amygdala. SP also occur in the brains of healthy people. It is only when they exceed a certain ...
Related: cerebral cortex, nervous system, carbon dioxide, 1984, diagnosis
- Parkinsons Disease - 699 words
Parkinsons Disease Parkinson Disease Damage to Broca's area in the frontal lobe causes difficulty in speaking and writing, a problem known as Broca's aphasia. Injury to Wernicke's area in the left temporal lobe results in an inability to comprehend spoken language, called Wernicke's aphasia. Cerebral palsy is a broad term for brain damage sustained close to birth that permanently affects motor function. The damage may take place either in the developing fetus, during birth, or just after birth and is the result of the faulty development or breaking down of motor pathways. Cerebral palsy is non-progressive that is, it does not worsen with time. During childhood development, the brain is parti ...
Related: parkinson disease, parkinson's disease, childhood development, side effects, temporal
- Phrenology - 877 words
Phrenology Phrenology is basically the study of personality through the study of the shape of the skull. The basis of this theory is that the brain conforms to the shape of the head and its contours. This pseudoscience says that because we have isolated where different parts of personality come from we can tell how dominant this trait would be in a person`s life by the size of the piece of the brain. We have since proven that this theory is not true. Franz Joseph Gall is considered to be the founder of the direct scientific link between the morphology of the skull and personality traits. Gall was one of the first scientists to consider the brain the home of all mental activities. His main wo ...
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- Psychology: Use Of Language - 1,225 words
Psychology: Use Of Language Jennifer Mull Psychology Human speech makes possible the expression and communication of thoughts, needs, and emotions through vocalization in the form of words. It is a process whose specialized adaptations differentiate it from the mere making of sounds--a capacity humans share with most animals. In addition to the capacity for laryngeal production of sound (which some animals also possess), speech requires a resonance system for modulation and amplification of that sound and an articulation process for the shaping of that sound into the communally established word-symbols of meaning that constitute the language of a given culture. (Dean Edell) The use of langua ...
Related: cerebral palsy, hearing loss, mental retardation, parental, dystrophy
- The Brain - 989 words
... rious afferent and efferent tracts, when correlated with symptoms and signs, enables physicians to localise with considerable accuracy the level and extent of lesions in the nervous system. The other 10 cranial nerves, in descending order of location, are the oculomotor, trochlear, trigeminal, abducens, facial, acoustic, glossopharyngeal, vagus, spinal accessory, and hypoglossal nerves. Cerebellum The cerebellum accounts for about 10 percent of the brain's weight and is a centre for co-ordinating automatic (reflex) and voluntary movements of the body. It receives afferent impulses from the spinal cord as well as from various brain-stem nuclei. The cerebellum is connected by fibres, both ...
Related: brain, temporal lobe, diabetes insipidus, written language, temperature
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