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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: international trade

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  • International Trade - 1,265 words
    International Trade Introductuion Hong Kong, the pearl of Asia has been the center of trade and finance in Asia since the early 20th century. In a short history of about 150 years, Hong Kong has become the source of growth for many nearby economies. In a certain sense, it can be even said that it is a merchant city founded and managed by businessmen. Traditional hongs or trade houses of Hong Kong were the pillar of the economy. Jardine Matheson and Hutchison were major hongs that led the economy and the Hong Kong & Shanghi Bank were the financier of these hongs and has today grown to become one of the largest bank in the world. These firms were the critical factors of the growth for Hong Kon ...
    Related: china trade, international trade, operating profit, south east, british
  • International Trade - 1,211 words
    ... poa Dock Company and create the Hutchision Whampoa. Hong Kong Bank was looking for a suitable investor to take over the pre-opium war hong and eventually they chose a rising real estate tycoon, Li Ka Shing. There are many reasons that Hong Kong Bank chose Li Ka Shing, but two reasons stand out the most, His reputation as a honest and able businessman and his contacts with the government in Beijing. Today, Hutchison Whampoa has grown into one of Hong Kong's largest blue chip companies with over 70,000 employees worldwide. The Group operates five core businesses : Property Development and Investment, Ports and related services, Retailing and manufacturing, Telecomminications and Media, and ...
    Related: international trade, asian financial crisis, york state, nineteenth century, nineteenth
  • International Trade Policies Of Campaign 2000 - 1,330 words
    International Trade Policies Of Campaign 2000 I. Introduction Although international trade policy has not been one of the major points of debate in this years presidential race, determining the role which the United States will play in the rapidly expanding global market will be a fundamental issue for the next administration. The next president will be forced to deal with a number of important, and in many cases delicate problems, that may change the direction of international trade for the next century. Among these, is the acceptance of China into the World Trade Organization (WTO). The United States has taken a leading role in pushing for the admittance of China into the WTO, but there ha ...
    Related: campaign, foreign trade, free trade, global trade, international labor, international standards, international trade
  • International Trade Theories - 1,167 words
    International Trade Theories Mercantilism Mercantilism was a sixteenth-century economic philosophy that maintained that a country's wealth was measured by its holdings of gold and silver (Mahoney, Trigg, Griffin, & Pustay, 1998). This recquired the countries to maximise the difference between its exports and imports by promoting exports and discouraging imports. The logic was transparent to sixteenth-century policy makers-if foreigners buy more goods from you than you buy from them, then the foreigners have to pay you the difference in gold and silver, enabling you to amass more treasure. With the treasure acquired the realm could build greater armies and navies and hence expand the nation's ...
    Related: balance of trade, international markets, international trade, wealth of nations, another country
  • International Trade Theories - 1,182 words
    ... ods produced by the same industry. Intra industry trade accounts for approximately 40 per cent of world trade(Mahoney, Trig, Griffin, Pustay, 1998). Linder believed that international trade of manufactured goods occurred between countries at the same stage of economic development that shared the same consumer preferences. Therefore the country similarity theory consists of the value that most trade in manufactured goods should be between nations with similar per capita income, and that intra industry trade in manufactured goods should be common (Mahoney, Trig, Griffin, Pustay, 1998). International Product Life Cycle Theory (IPLC) The International product life cycle theory is a valuable ...
    Related: international competitiveness, international trade, trade flows, world trade, market share
  • Mexico And International Trade - 1,058 words
    Mexico And International Trade IV. International Trade IV.1 History During World War II Mexico had very good business relations with the United States. They provided a lot of raw materials, which were necessary to support American military needs. In that time the U.S. had an agreement with Mexico specifying that the country would export its resources only to the Allies. After WW II Mexico restricted imports in an attempt to promote domestic growth, while resisting foreign domination. In 1948 the government striving to reverse the unfavorable balance of trade, devalued the peso. Imports not essential for industrial development were sharply restricted. They did this to reach a stage of self-su ...
    Related: balance of trade, central mexico, free trade, general agreement on tariffs and trade, international competition, international trade, mexico
  • Taiwan And International Trade - 2,096 words
    Taiwan And International Trade Taiwan, an island, is separated from the mainland of South China by the 100-mile-wide Taiwan Strait in the Pacific Ocean and is the seat of the Republic of China government (ROC). The capital of Taiwan is Taipei and other major cities include Kaohsiung, Tainan, Taichong, and Chilung. The languages spoken are the Mandarin, Fujianese (Amoy), and Hakka dialects. Religions on the island include Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism, and Christianity. THE ECONOMY OF TAIWAN The 1990s have been a time of change and achievement for Taiwan. Politically, Taiwan has undergone a dramatic transition from an authoritarian government to a true democracy and on the economic front, Ta ...
    Related: international organizations, international space, international trade, taiwan, trade barriers, trade liberalization, trade organization
  • Taiwan And International Trade - 1,781 words
    ... example, tariffs on semiconductors are now at less than one percent and scheduled to fall to zero.27 Tariffs on semiconductor manufacturing equipment are now just under six percent and scheduled to be cut by more than 50 percent.28 Tariffs on a number of consumer electronic products, such as cassette players, are sizeablemany in the low teensand also scheduled for substantial reduction.29 Tariff reductions on these and other consumer products will undoubtedly create substantial opportunities for Taiwans trading partners and more business opportunities for Taiwanese companies. Of course, tariffs are not the only barriers to trade. A number of products are also subject to various trade lic ...
    Related: foreign trade, international trade, taiwan, trade barriers, trade liberalization, trade statistics, united states trade
  • A Current Look At Japans Financial And Political Risk - 985 words
    ... me of the worlds most powerful banks, also Japanese. The term "Mof-tan" combines the ministrys acronym with part of the Japanese word "tanto", meaning "person in charge". If the banks of Japan were able to persuade the "person in charge" they then would have the ability to change the rules of the game in which they play, and without a doubt these adjustments would work in their favor. This type of scandalous action would not only create an unleveled playing field but eliminated the Japanese method of monitoring and obtaining information about the validity and integrity of Japanese banking policies. The only answer to the problem would be to eliminate the Mof-tan and create a new way to g ...
    Related: financial sector, political risk, democratic party, japanese economy, resign
  • Anthropology - 1,269 words
    Anthropology Transcending the Barriers "My primary interest is to explain something out there that impinges me, and I would sell my soul to the devil if I thought it would help." Eric Wolf, 1987. Eric Wolf's interest into the realm of anthropology emerged upon recognition of the theorist- imposed boundaries, encompassing both theories and subjects, which current and past anthropological scholars had constructed. These boundaries, Wolf believed, were a result of theorist tending to societies and cultures as fixed entitiesstatic, bounded and autonomous, rather then describing and interpreting societies within a state of constant change, ceaselessly vulnerable to external influence, and always ...
    Related: anthropology, karl marx, los angeles, paying attention, rigid
  • Antibiotics - 1,650 words
    Antibiotics Antibiotics have played a major role in our society thanks to Sir Alexander Fleming's careful observations in 1928. Without it, many lives would be in danger due to infectious diseases. Antibiotics are chemical substances produced by various species of microorganisms and other living systems that are capable in small concentrations of inhibiting the growth of or killing bacteria and other microorganisms. These organisms can be bacteria, viruses, fungi, or animals called protozoa. A particular group of these agents is made up of drugs called antibiotics, from the Greek word anti ("against") and bios ("life"). Some antibiotics are produced from living organisms such as bacteria, fu ...
    Related: medical profession, half lives, printing office, concentration, permanent
  • Antidumping - 1,990 words
    ... increase in price. Griswold in his article "Industry Sets Steel Trap for US Economy" feels that domestic car buyers would be hurt by this increase in steel prices. Also, he believes that an increase in steel prices would make it tougher for huge industries such as General Motors and Caterpillar to compete in world markets. Plus, as the graph indicates, the US as whole incurs a net loss of b and d. This loss may or may not be made up with the net gain of e, the terms of trade gain. While tariffs might benefit the steel industry, they hurt steel consuming industries. They may or may not hurt the US in general. Although most developing countries believe that antidumping can be legitimate i ...
    Related: developed countries, international trade, steel industry, subsidy, sabotage
  • Antidumping And The Wto - 1,965 words
    ... uction industries, and the food packaging industries are all other large industries that consume a fair amount of steel. Thus, they would suffer from the increase in price. Griswold in his article Industry Sets Steel Trap for US Economy feels that domestic car buyers would be hurt by this increase in steel prices. Also, he believes that an increase in steel prices would make it tougher for huge industries such as General Motors and Caterpillar to compete in world markets. Plus, as the graph indicates, the US as whole incurs a net loss of b and d. This loss may or may not be made up with the net gain of e, the terms of trade gain. While tariffs might benefit the steel industry, they hurt ...
    Related: economic growth, policy studies, global trade, injurious, competitive
  • Apec - 1,566 words
    Apec The question is Can the Canadian government maintain its committment to globisation without comprimising its stand on human rights and why or why not? The answer is no. Canada's committment to globalization comprimises it's stands on human rights for different reasons. The main reason being APEC. The following paper will ague just that and how Apec is causing many problems in societies all over the world. APEC is a grouping of 18 economies which aims to impose a free trade zone in the Asia-Pacific region. Despite the rhetoric, there is nothing free about free trade. It is the forced changing of rules to benefit corporations at the expense of people, governments and the environment. As J ...
    Related: apec, open door, social development, canadian government, asia
  • Asian Crisis - 1,925 words
    Asian Crisis Introduction A financial crisis swept like a bush fire through the tiger economies of South East Asia between June 1997 and January 1998. One country after another, local stocks markets and currency imploded. When the dust started to settle, the stock markets in many of these countries had lost over 70% of their value. Leaders of some these nations had to approach the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to beg for massive financial assistance. The crisis in Asia has occurred after several decades of outstanding economic performance and growth. Annual Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth in the ASEAN- 5 (Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia and Philippines) averaged closed to 8% ...
    Related: asian, asian countries, asian crisis, crisis, east asian, economic crisis, financial crisis
  • Bilingual Education - 1,651 words
    Bi-Lingual Education Bilingual Education Education is very important. There use to be a time when you didn't have to go to school. When it was only important for men to have an education. Times have really changed. Now it is crucial for everyone in our society to have an education. Survival is the main reason: a cohesive society is another. Our schools today need to keep Bilingual education as a tool for teaching: not only for the sake of our society but also for the sense of our culture. Bilingual education in our schools is crucial: but still there is talk about banning the use of foreign language in the instruction of our young children. We have to work to change that kind of attitude. We ...
    Related: bilingual, bilingual education, education program, education programs, higher education
  • Business Law - 3,088 words
    ... sation paid by the parties to the arbitrators, which is often also set by institutional rules. It is fundamental that arbitral institutions themselves do not arbitrate the merits of the parties' dispute. This is the responsibility of the particular individuals selected by the parties or by the institution as arbitrators. Arbitrators virtually never are employees of the arbitral institution, but are qualified private persons selected by the parties or the orbital institution. The arbitral institution confines itself to the task of an appointing authority, which chooses the arbitrators if the parties cannot agree. 2. Ad Hoc Arbitration Ad hoc arbitration is not conducted under the auspices ...
    Related: business community, business law, dispute resolution, legal framework, counsel
  • Canada Environment And Economy - 527 words
    Canada - Environment and Economy 1. The expression "official area of Canada" refers to the actual landmass of the country, thereby including all inland bodies of water, whereas "Greater Canada" includes external peninsular and coastal bodies of water (e.g. Hudson and James Bay). 2. As Hamelin stated, Canada has been both blessed and cursed by isolation and accessibility. Settlement was not possible in Canada until a relatively recent historical period. The Canadian coastline, at any point, is too great a distance to allow for regular trade via sea, thus creating an economic dependancy on the United States, Canada's oldest and original trading partner. This, however, has given Canada a relati ...
    Related: canada, canadian economy, economy, united states canada, natural resources
  • Caravans Of Gold - 1,178 words
    Caravans Of Gold MIGHTY PEOPLE OF COLOR: An Essay on "Caravans of Gold" and "Africa: A History Denied" A powerful and peaceful land of trade and scholarship was established in Africa long before European ships even landed there. ereat African Empires flourished from the wealth of Africa's natural resources that marked its rich and lavish history. Though Europeans and Arabs, people who most benefited from the wealth of Africa, denied Africa its legacy, the magnificence of people of color is embedded in the history of powerful empires such as Ghana, Mali, Songhai, Cairo, and Zimbabwe. The gold deposits of West Africa brought great wealth to the surrounding people from which great empires emerg ...
    Related: africa asia, west africa, political power, cairo, intelligent
  • Chinas Economics - 2,554 words
    ... will continue for some time (Table 4). Table 4. Urban per capita income Year Average Income (RMB) Growth Rate 1992 1,826.1 18.3% 1993 2,336.5 28.0% 1994 3,179.4 36.1% Source: Internet article: "How to Benefit from the Booming Retail Market in China" China has now developed large shopping centres and department stores in many provinces in order to bring up the standard of living, as well as to encourage consumer spending (Table 5). Table 5. Consumer spending in different provinces. Rank Area 1994 ( RMB billion ) 1993 ( RMB billion ) Rate 1 Guangdong 175.67 131.40 +33.7% 2 Jiangsu 124.73 93.50 +33.4% 3 Shandong 113.24 84.23 +34.4% 4 Zhejiang 96.37 67.44 +42.9% 5 Sichuan 93.33 71.79 +30.0% ...
    Related: china trade, economic conditions, economic development, economic growth, economic indicators, economic performance, economics
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