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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: international law

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  • International Law Is The Body Of Legal Rules That Apply Between Sovereign States And Such Other Entities As Have Been Granted - 1,656 words
    International law is the body of legal rules that apply between sovereign states and such other entities as have been granted international personality (status acknowledged by the international community). The rules of international law are of a normative character, that is, they prescribe towards conduct, and are potentially designed for authoritative interpretation by an international judicial authority and by being capable of enforcement by the application of external sanctions. The International Court of Justice is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations, which succeeded the Permanent Court of International Justice after World War II. Article 92 of the charter of the United Na ...
    Related: apply, international community, international court, international court of justice, international justice, international law, international legal
  • The Foundation Of Power And Justice In International Law - 1,093 words
    The Foundation Of Power And Justice In International Law Thucydides wrote The History of the Peloponnesian War believing that it was a good picture of the past and which (human nature being what it is) will, at some time or other and in much the same way, be repeated in the future." This paper will present a comparison between the time of Thucydides and how the International system has reflected certain aspects that are contained in the document. It will attempt to address the possibilities of oncoming systemic war, concepts of trust, and the earlier statement of Thucydides. Terms that are important to this argument are anarchy, security dilemma, and balance of powers. Anarchy is the system ...
    Related: international law, international politics, international relations, international system, military power
  • A Difficult Century Forming Of The World Government - 1,887 words
    A Difficult Century - Forming Of The World Government According to Held, Today, the mechanisms we have for enforcing international law depend too much on whether a powerful geo-political force such as the U.S. is willing to commit resources to the problem. In such a situation, a big state will likely do what it desires, acting in its own interests. Recent developments in Kosovo, Chechnya, Iran and other states in some kind of a conflict have just proven the above statement. Presently the most important developments in international law and relations between states are, almost exclusively, dictated by the Great Powers. The General Assembly of the UN is probably the only part of UN that repres ...
    Related: forming, world government, biggest challenge, economic cooperation, spreading
  • A Separate Peace: The Dying Legacy - 1,345 words
    A Separate Peace: The Dying Legacy By early 1918 in Russia, the Bolsheviks controlled only the north-western area of the Russian Empire (Petrograd and Moscow) together with the areas between and around them. Various opposition groups were formed against the Bolsheviks, under the new Provisional Government. The provisional government had proposed elections for a new assembly in late 1917; Lenin had seen that the Bolsheviks must act before this democratically elected government convened, but once in power, he allowed the elections to proceed. In the November 1917 polls, Bolshevik candidates won just under 25 per cent of the vote, while the moderate socialists polled over 40 per cent. Lenin sen ...
    Related: legacy, separate peace, soviet socialist, power relations, formally
  • Abe Lincoln - 1,112 words
    ... him from the chores Lincoln attended ABC school.10 This is where Lincoln learned to become a hard worker. Lincolns working days started in 1831. Abe and his brother were hired to build a boat and float it down the Mississippi with a load of cargo on it. The boat was headed towards New Orleans and this is where Lincoln saw his first, but not last, slave auction. Lincoln is quoted in saying, if I ever got a chance to hit that thing, I would hit it hard. 11 Lincoln was not in favor of slavery but he was certainly to abolitionist. Lincolns career in politics began in the spring of 1832, when Lincoln was 23, he ran for a seat on the Illinois House of Representatives. In his campaign, Lincoln ...
    Related: abe lincoln, lincoln, interest rate, republican party, auction
  • Anarchy - 1,144 words
    Anarchy Anarchy is seen as one end of the spectrum whose other end is marked by the presence of a legitimate and competent government. International politics is described as being spotted with pieces of government and bound with elements of community. Traditionally, international-political systems are thought of as being more or less anarchic. Anarchy is taken to mean not just the absence of government but also the presence of disorder and chaos. Although far from peaceful, international politics falls short of unrelieved chaos, and while not formally organized, it is not entirely without institutions and orderly procedures. Although it is misleading to label modern international politics as ...
    Related: anarchy, foreign direct, world government, human rights, interdependence
  • Andrew Carnegie - 1,141 words
    Andrew Carnegie Andrew Carnegie Essay written by A man of Scotland, a distinguished citizen of the United States, and a philanthropist devoted to the betterment of the world around him, Andrew Carnegie became famous at the turn of the twentieth century and became a real life rags to riches story. Born in Dunfermline, Scotland, on November 25, 1835, Andrew Carnegie entered the world in poverty. The son of a hand weaver, Carnegie received his only formal education during the short time between his birth and his move to the United States. When steam machinery for weaving came into use, Carnegies father sold his looms and household goods, sailing to America with his wife and two sons. At this t ...
    Related: andrew, andrew carnegie, carnegie, carnegie hall, carnegie steel
  • Anti Death Penalty - 1,706 words
    Anti Death Penalty Disasters in Death Introduction I. Roosevelt Collins, a black man in Alabama, was convicted of rape, sentenced to death, and executed in 1937. Roosevelt testified that the victim who was white had consented to sex, which caused a near-riot in the courtroom. The all-white jury deliberated for only FOUR minutes. Later interviews with several jurors revealed that although they believed the act was consensual, they also thought that he deserved death simply for messin around with a white woman. Even the judge, off the record, admitted his belief that Roosevelt was telling the truth, QUOTE: An innocent man went to his death. Horace Dunkins was executed on July 17, 1989. His att ...
    Related: death penalty, death row, penalty, penalty focus, penalty information center
  • Bahrain - 1,422 words
    ... are some of the most noticeable aspects of society. Education The Ministry of Education in Bahrain is the official authority for running and administering the governmental educational institutions and supervising private education. The Ministry mission is represented in ensuring education for all, and improving its quality and standard to meet the learners, the national development requirements and the labor market needs. It will ultimately develop the integrated-balanced personality of the Bahrain good citizen who is able to think and has belief in the Islamic faith and belonging to the Arab nation and international family. As directed by the political leadership, the Ministry of Educat ...
    Related: bahrain, financial capital, banking sector, financial sector, confronting
  • Business Law - 2,874 words
    Business Law Dr. H. MANSOUR BADM 403 Karim Sobh Farida Khamis INTERNATIONAL COMMERCIAL ARBITRATION Outline A. What is International Arbitration? 1. Defining Characteristics of Commercial Arbitration 2. Special Characteristics of International Commercial Arbitration 3. Legal Framework for International Commercial Arbitration 4. Institutional Arbitration Rules 5. International Arbitration Agreements B. An Overview of the Advantages and Disadvantages of International Arbitration C. An Overview of Leading International Arbitration Institutions and Rules 1. Institutional Arbitration 2. Ad Hoc Arbitration 3. Leading Arbitral Institutions: a. International Chamber of Commerce International Court Of ...
    Related: business law, important role, world wide, latin america, substantial
  • Candide A Contrast To Optimism - 1,204 words
    Candide - A Contrast to Optimism Francois Marie Arouet de Voltaire was the French author of the novella Candide, also known as "Optimism"(Durant and Durant 724). In Candide, Voltaire sought to point out the fallacy of Gottfried William von Leibniz's theory of optimism and the hardships brought on by the resulting inaction toward the evils of the world. Voltaire's use of satire, and its techniques of exaggeration and contrast highlight the evil and brutality of war and the world in general when men are meekly accepting of their fate. Leibniz, a German philosopher and mathematician of Voltaire's time, developed the idea that the world they were living in at that time was "the best of all possi ...
    Related: candide, contrast, optimism, works cited, young girl
  • Civil War - 2,395 words
    ... e sectional balance of power which, both New England and the South maintained, had been established by the three-fifths ratio clause in the Federal Constitution. The third and most dangerous phase of this sectionalism, perhaps the sine qua non of the Civil War, was the failure to observe what in international law is termed the comity of nations, and what we may by analogy designate as the comity of sections. That is, the people in one section failed in their language and conduct to respect the dignity and self-respect of the people in the other section. These three manifestations of sectionalism were so closely related that at times they can be segregated only in theory and for the sake ...
    Related: american civil, american civil war, civil war, power over, war of 1812
  • Corporate Governance - 1,339 words
    ... corporate's to the heavy weights of our society , for developing a purposeful model of governance . Legislative weaknesses The limited liability system initiated by the Companies Acts and other legislation's , laws formulated by the government and other agencies to impose governance have not been as effective as they should have been, which is a matter of common knowledge and need not be gone into. The Companies Act place the ownership of the company solely in the hands of equity shareholders. Holders of preference shares have no rights of intervention unless their dividends are unpaid, investors of loan capital also have limited rights and the directors have unlimited liability and ar ...
    Related: corporate, corporate governance, effective governance, governance, board of directors
  • Countering Terrorism - 1,642 words
    Countering Terrorism Countering Terrorism There are currently more than 1500 terrorist organizations and groups being monitored in the United States. Terrorists by definition kill people and destroy property in order to advance a political agenda. We must make every effort to protect American citizens from these attacks. In the future that will require both state of the art measures to monitor terrorist activities and the movement of materials used for these activities, but also response scenarios in the event of an actual incident. The United States has consistently set a good example of no negotiations with terrorists and attempting to bring alleged terrorists to trial. We need to support ...
    Related: counter terrorism, countering, terrorism, soviet military, health organization
  • Crime Is Inevitably One Of The Biggest Problems That Faces The Modern World Today It Can Be Found All Over The World, Whether - 1,324 words
    ... ze that ...a good end, no matter how compelling, never justifies an evil means. Never, in other words may [one fundamental human good] be intentionally sacrificed... for the sake of another (Campbell,17). Only in the first case can the principle of double effect be invoked. Capital punishment is similar to the second case. It violates the principle in that through evil means, the execution of a human being, can a good end, the protection of the common good, be obtained. Another example how the principle of double effect works can be shown through a person who has a deadly tumor in his leg which must be removed, but may cause a problem with mobility. The procedure, there for, has two effe ...
    Related: crime, modern society, modern world, violent crime, world today
  • Cuba The Totalitarian Regime That Still Goes On - 1,151 words
    Cuba The Totalitarian Regime That Still Goes On CUBA THE TOTALITARIAN REGIME THAT STILL GOES ON Introduction When Columbus came to Cuba in 1492, he and his predecessors would probably never have imagined of this islands outcome within the centuries ahead. from conquering the country, to its independence, to the totalitarian regime put into it, all these major events have made the island what it is today. Before giving the whole story about the Communists, one must understand how the country was born so heres a little bit of a background history: Spain had conquered Cuba in 1511 under Diego Velasquez. Frequent insurrections failed to end Spains harsh rule. From 1868 to 1878 occurred the Armed ...
    Related: cuba, regime, totalitarian, totalitarian regime, foreign investment
  • Cuban History - 1,542 words
    ... nd. The agrarian reform laws promulgated in its first years mainly affected U.S. sugar interests; the operation of plantations by companies controlled by non-Cuban stockholders was prohibited, and the Castro regime initially de-emphasized sugar production in favor of food crops. Break with the United States When the Castro government expropriated an estimated $1 billion in U.S.-owned properties in 1960, Washington responded by imposing a trade embargo. A complete break in diplomatic relations occurred in January 1961, and on April 17 of that year U.S.-supported and -trained anti-Castro exiles landed an invasion force in the Bay of Pigs in southern Cuba. Ninety of the invaders were killed ...
    Related: cuban, cuban government, cuban missile, cuban missile crisis, cuban revolution, history
  • Death Penalty - 1,462 words
    Death Penalty Oklahoma executed Sean Sellers, who was sixteen when he murdered his parents, February 1999. This marked the first time in forty years that such a young offender was executed in the United States. Criticism and calls for clemency came from around the world, including Archbishop Desmond Tutu, the American Bar Association, and Amnesty International. These events that have occurred in our country are tearing it apart at its seams: the death penalty and the divided America it has created. Long before the first prisons were built there was the penalty of death. The Greeks and Hebrews developed a specific ritual for execution by stoning. Death by a thousand cuts was popular in China ...
    Related: death penalty, death row, penalty, nations high commissioner, early america
  • Describe The Workings Of The Icj And Assess Its Effectiveness - 1,742 words
    DESCRIBE THE WORKINGS OF THE ICJ AND AssESS ITS EFFECTIVENESS. The International Court Of Justice (ICJ) is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations, which succeeded the Permanent court of International Justice after World War Two. It gains its legitimacy from Article 92 of the UN Charter which allows it to function " in accordance with the annexed Statute, which is based upon the Statute of the Permanent Court of International Justice and forms an integral part of the present Charter". By Article 93 all members of the UN are ipso-facto members of the Statute and that states not members may become parties, on conditions to be determined in each case by the UN General Assembly on rec ...
    Related: assess, effectiveness, international court, small group, unilateral
  • Economic Transition In Poland Russia - 1,160 words
    ECONOMIC TRANSITION IN POLAND & RUSSIA Since approximately 1988, Poland and the republic of Russia (formerly Soviet Union) have gone through major economic reform. The main emphasis of this paper is to identify the different approaches that the governments in these two countries have taken and to look at the positive and negative effects that these drastic changes have had on their economies. Specifically, the question asked in this paper is, "Why has the economic transition in Poland been more successful than in Russia? We will be looking at what factors are being used to measure this success and what their prospects are for the future. With almost half of the world stayed under the communi ...
    Related: economic growth, economic reform, poland, russia, transition
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