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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: international community

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  • Analyzing Persian Gulf Crisis Between Iraq And Kuwait - 508 words
    Analyzing Persian Gulf Crisis Between Iraq And Kuwait In analyzing the Persian Gulf Crisis originally between Iraq and Kuwait, one must first understand the factors that contributed to the conflict. In 1980, Iraq carried out a major air and land attack on Iran. For eight years, the Iran-Iraq War grew more intense, until the U.S. "accidentally" downed an Iranian plane, killing 290 passengers. Three factors contributed to this war: (1) territorial dispute, (2) religious disputes between Islamic moderates and fundamentalists, and more importantly, (3) a personality conflict (also known as ego-mania) between Saddam Hussein, Iraq's president, and Ayatollah Khomein, the leader of Iran. During this ...
    Related: analyzing, crisis, gulf, iran iraq, iran iraq war, iraq, iraq war
  • Apartheid In Africa - 1,534 words
    ... ed by Robert Sobukwe. For the first time, the ANC was challenged as the leading voice against apartheid. On March 21, 1960, Robert Sobukwe initiated widespread anti-pass law demonstrations. People gathered in thousands at the police station where passes were to be destroyed. As the morning wore on, the crowd, which journalists found "perfectly amiable," appeared to the police increasingly menacing (Thompson, 1996, pp. 74-82). In the early afternoon, seventy-five policemen fired some 700 shots into the crowd, killing 69 Africans and wounding 180. Among them were women and children. Most of the dead had been shot in the back. That evening, a thousand miles away, outside Cape Town, the prot ...
    Related: africa, apartheid, south africa, post colonialism, human rights
  • As Twentyfirst Century Draws Near, There Appears To Be In The World An Era Of Unprecedented Peace Contrary To The Predictions - 2,243 words
    As twenty-first century draws near, there appears to be in the world an era of unprecedented peace. Contrary to the predictions that the end of the Cold War will bring about the fragmentation of international order and the emergence of multipolar rivalry among atomistic national units, today the worlds major powers enjoy co-operative relations and world economy is progressively liberalising and integrating. The peace and prosperity of the current era, however are sustained by the constant operation of a single factor: American relative power capability (Kupchan, 1998, p. 40). In this paper, a clear foreign policy strategy for the United States of America in Europe and Eurasia will be outline ...
    Related: contrary, first century, regions of the world, twenty-first century, world economy, world view
  • As Twentyfirst Century Draws Near, There Appears To Be In The World An Era Of Unprecedented Peace Contrary To The Predictions - 2,260 words
    ... linton Administration should attempt to negotiate the permanent withdrawal of both Turkish and Greek military forces from the island as a precondition to any settlement regarding the future status of Cyprus. In this case, the United States should actively seek the involvement of the European Union in the process of negotiation, as the unification of Cyprus has direct bearing on the vital interests of the European Union. To the extent that the mounting dispute between Greece and Turkey over the Aegean border areas has the potential to undermine the stability of NATO, and one of the strategic objectives of the Administration is to preserve American commitment to international alliances (Sc ...
    Related: contrary, regions of the world, world bank, world market, world trade, world view
  • Chernobyl - 1,926 words
    ... medical observation of the population has not revealed any increase in other cancers, as well as in leukemia, congenital abnormalities, adverse pregnancy outcomes or any other radiation caused disease that could be attributed to the Chernobyl accident. Large scientific and epidemiological research programs, some of them sponsored by international organizations such as the WHO and the EC, are being conducted to provide further insight into possible future health effects. However, the population dose estimates generally tend to indicate that, with the exception of thyroid disease, it is unlikely that the exposure would lead to discernible radiation effects. In the case of the liquidators ...
    Related: chernobyl, significant impact, international organizations, international community, observation
  • Child Labour And Society - 1,659 words
    Child Labour And Society A concern of child labour exists from poverty. We have to understand as why children go to work. If parents don't send their children to work I am sure factories will not be able to consume them. Why poor parents feel children as their assets who will earn money for their home? Are they forced by their parents to go to work? If yes why? Nearly 30% of population in poor countries are poorest of poor who are not even able to earn enough for one day food with big family have to largely depend on children to earn and feed. Parents of these children are mainly illiterate or semi literate are unable to find jobs, which can provide enough salary. Dream of education to child ...
    Related: child labour, labour, young child, urban areas, social security
  • Cicero, Was Truly A Man Of The State His Writings Also Show Us He Was Equally A Man Of Philosophical Temperament And Affluenc - 1,955 words
    Cicero, was truly a man of the state. His writings also show us he was equally a man of philosophical temperament and affluence. Yet at times these two forces within Cicero clash and contradict with the early stoic teachings. Cicero gradually adopted the stoic lifestyle but not altogether entirely, and this is somewhat due to the fact of what it was like to be a roman of the time. The morals of everyday Rome conflicted with some of the stoic ideals that were set by early stoicism. Thus, Cicero changed the face of stoicism by romanizing it; redefining stoicism into the middle phase. Of Cicero it can be said he possessed a bias towards roman life and doctrine. For Cicero every answer lay withi ...
    Related: ideal state, philosophical, temperament, ideal society, roman society
  • Cold War - 1,021 words
    Cold War Cold War My first inclination would be to answer the first question with a clear "YES". But come to think of it, the causes of war really have not changed at all, or at least very little. Rather than changes, there has been a shift in the causes. The cause of war which has dominated the last 50 years was the cause of ideology. However, due to the recent end of the Cold War, this cause of war, has significantly declined and is almost trivial. The causes of war have shifted from mainly ideological ones to economic, ethnic and others. Although these reasons have always played a role as causes of war throughout history, they were in the last 50 years overshadowed by the cause of ideolog ...
    Related: cold war, soviet union, foreign policy, last year, multinational
  • Computer Simulation - 1,068 words
    Computer Simulation WARSIM 2000 is simulation software, used by the armed forces. Extensive, thorough, and tiring work has been done on thgis program. It covers almost all aspects and situations required for realistic, meticulous and a complete simulation. Information Technology has lead to the advancement of the tools required to build the simulator. Information Technolgys guideleines and technolgy have reinforced this creative simulator General Description of Operational Capability. WARSIM 2000 will increase the effectiveness of commander and battle staff training by dramatically increasing the realism and the scope of the available training environment. In conjunction with other services' ...
    Related: computer hardware, computer systems, computer technology, simulation, software engineering
  • Cubas Politics - 1,690 words
    Cuba`s Politics While the isle of Cuba was initially discovered on October 27, 1492 during one of Columbus first voyages, it wasnt actually claimed by Spain until the sixteenth century. However, its tumultuous beginnings as a Spanish sugar colony provides an insightful backdrop into the very essence of the countrys political and economic unrest. From its early revolutionary days to the insurrectional challenge of the Marxist-Leninist theories emerged the totalitarian regime under Fidel Castro in present day Cuba. Cuban colonial society was distinguished by the characteristics of colonial societies in general, namely a stratified, inegalitarian class system; a poorly differentiated agricultur ...
    Related: post cold, fidel castro, international community, mood, accelerated
  • Democratization Of Taiwan - 1,429 words
    ... r civil society which alleviated the possibilities of any serious political challenges while still giving the populace an opportunity for participation. (Haggard 1995, Pg 280) Even though Taiwan was under an authoritarian regime, the economic success it had during that time could be considered a factor in bringing about the democratization of Taiwan. One of its most well known economic improvements was its land reform policy. The land reform policy was made up of three major goals of which it accomplished. An increase of overall agricultural production freed up workers for industrial jobs and gave the country a surplus of agricultural goods it could sell off. A second goal was to equaliz ...
    Related: democratization, taiwan, national assembly, international community, assumption
  • Forest Policy In Malaysia - 1,269 words
    Forest Policy in Malaysia Malaysia is among the countries in Southeast Asia which has experienced remarkable economic growth and industrialization in the past decade. It is unique in that its success is not a result of adopting any one model for development. Rather, Malaysias government identified its goals and sought to create a country-specific model of development suited to their needs for growth. An example of this is the Malaysian governments increase in exports of manufactured goods rather than concentrating on natural resource commodities as suggested by the World Bank and International Monetary Fund. (pg.6 , HBS) Unlike its neighbor Singapore, Malaysia is blessed with an abundance of ...
    Related: forest, malaysia, world bank, southeast asia, sustainable
  • Foriegn Policy And Cuba - 696 words
    Foriegn Policy And Cuba United States Foreign Policy with Cuba As president of the United States of America, Mr. William J. Clinton has five duties to perform. The Constitution states that he must act as Commander in Chief, Chief Executive, Chief of State, Chief Legislator, and Chief Diplomat. (Constitution) When he deals with foreign policies, he is executing his job as Chief Diplomat. This very important task consists of recognizing foreign governments, making treaties, and making executive agreements. When making the treaties, two-thirds of the senators there must agree with the policy. Congress can also play a part in foreign policies. The framers did not clearly define weather the presi ...
    Related: cuba, foreign policy, foriegn, united states foreign policy, power over
  • General Agreement On Tariffs And Trade - 2,094 words
    General Agreement On Tariffs And Trade ELECTRONIC COMMERCE Washington in duty-free move The US is seeking to extend the duty-free status of international online transactions to protect the development of global electronic commerce, the Clinton administration said yesterday. Susan Esserman, deputy US trade representative, said the US wanted the World Trade Organization to agree at the earliest possible date to extend the current moratorium on customs duties for electronic trade. In testimony to the Senate foreign relations sub-committee on Europe, Ms Esserman said duty-free cyberspace was particularly valuable to US software companies that were seeking to distribute their products electronica ...
    Related: free trade, general agreement, general agreement on tariffs and trade, north american free trade agreement, trade agreement, trade barriers, trade organization
  • Global Imbalance In Food Supply - 646 words
    Global Imbalance In Food Supply Right now, developing countries are starving to death and the developed countries are worried about which type of cheese they should buy. This is called an imbalance in food supply. There's too much food in the developed countries, and not enough in the developing countries. Three quarters of the world's population is inadequately fed and the majority of these live in the developing countries. Massive surpluses exist in Europe and the US. Malnutrition and undernutrition is generally caused by poverty. Markets in the developed countries are often too big and produce too much food for a population to consume. Developed countries' agriculture is lacking from unem ...
    Related: food production, food security, food supply, imbalance, national income
  • Global Warming - 1,186 words
    Global Warming Global Warming The beginning of the Industrial Revolution brought many new, exciting inventions into our lives to simplify our lives and made them more efficient. Such inventions included cars, household appliances and plants that burn solid waste, fossil fuels such as oil, natural gas, and coal, and wood and wood products for fuel. Before the Industrial Revolution, human activities caused very few gases to be released into the atmosphere, but now scientists say, through the burning of fossil fuels, a large population growth and deforestation, humans are affecting the mixture of gases in the atmosphere. This mixture of gases in the atmosphere is causing the worldwide problem k ...
    Related: global problem, global warming, warming, office equipment, environmental issues
  • Global Warming - 1,279 words
    ... panies have already begun to implement some programmes to reduce GHGs emissions, by investing in more Energy Efficiency programmes and Green Power. Indeed, energy efficiency in business can lead to many competitive advantages. Measures can be implemented in several areas: building and facilities; production processes; end-use products; and transportation. These sectors provide many opportunities for cutting costs, increasing profits and enhancing the image of companies. Some ways to save energy include installing efficient lighting, capturing and reusing waste heat, insulating buildings and computerising heating and cooling systems. These kinds of programmes are almost risk-free and can ...
    Related: global community, global market, global warming, warming, solar energy
  • Government Contracts - 1,152 words
    ... their employment duties and they all should have been aware of which parts were intended for government use. Ambiguity is not an excusing factor of moral responsibility for the workers. Also, the fact that some employees failed to act in an ethical manner gives even more moral responsibility to that employee. While some are definitely more morally responsible than others, every employee has some burden of weight in this case. In fact, when the government reached a final resolution, they decided to further impose repercussions and certain employees of National Semiconductor were banned from future work in any government office (Velazquez, 54). Looking at the case from the standpoint of N ...
    Related: contracts, york times, local community, social impact, employee
  • Grizzly Bears - 2,115 words
    ... onsultation by the Wildlife Branch, a step could usually be taken unilaterally be the Branch if it was determined to be in the best conservation interests. The creation of GBMAs through land use planning processes is an important step in conserving grizzlies according to the Grizzly Bear Conservation Strategy, but due to the long-winded nature of the processes, as well as the possible lack of consensus amongst stakeholders, other management processes are identified as being necessary in order to better protect grizzlies (British Columbia Ministry of Environment, Lands, and Parks,1995). The Forest Practices Code contains a provision that gives special attention to Red and Blue listed spec ...
    Related: bears, grizzly, first nation, british columbia, strategy
  • Human Rights - 1,635 words
    Human Rights Human Rights in the New Millennium Human rights issues are taking on new focus in the new millennium. Economic and social rights are a paramount concern as the link between adequate and inadequate living standards. Governmental and non-governmental organizations are realizing that some countries take precedent over other countries when it comes to human rights. In the new millennium, cases that violate human rights are being taken more serious than ever before. International prosecution against individuals and corporations will take place if human rights charges are brought against them. Human rights have been an issue in the international community since the beginning of time. ...
    Related: bill of rights, cultural rights, human development, human rights, human rights violations, inalienable rights, international human
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