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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: antitrust

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  • Antitrust Legislation - 1,392 words
    Anti-Trust Legislation As many people have noticed, recently there has been a huge focus in the media on Bill Gates, and his huge Microsoft Corporation. This past Friday, May 22, 1998, a federal judge combined two lawsuits and set a trial date for September 8, 1998. This trial date will address a government request for a preliminary injunction concerning Windows 98 as well as broader issues. The Sherman Anti-trust Act was passed in 1890. Then in 1914 the Clayton Act was passed to help with Anti-trust Cases. Anti-trust Lawsuits are few and far between, but recently cases against Microsoft are stacking up all around the world. In 1890 the Sherman Anti-trust Act was passed, but it was not until ...
    Related: antitrust, legislation, computer industry, public opinion, trial
  • Mergers And Antitrust - 716 words
    Mergers And Anti-Trust MERGERS The Federal Commerce Commission conditionally approved AT&T's acquisition of cable company MediaOne. The Department of Justice's Anti-trust division conducted it's own separate anti-trust merger review and proposed a consent decree with AT&T which requires the merged firm to divest it's interest in the cable broadband ISP Road Runner and to obtain Department of Justice approval before entering certain types of broadband arrangements with Time Warner and America Online. This merger is in compliance with the Federal Commerce Commission 30% horizontal ownership rule. This rule prohibits a single cable company from serving more than thirty percent of the nations mu ...
    Related: antitrust, mergers, time warner, competition policy, arguing
  • Microsoft Antitrust - 425 words
    Microsoft Antitrust Is Microsoft a fetching business model to be emulated or the most destructive force in the software industry? Should the government apply the antitrust laws to the software industry or sit back and wait for dynamic market forces to solve anti-competitive problems? Discussions about Microsoft represent a larger-than-life dispute that speaks not only to the computer giant's impressive efforts to monopolize key elements of the software and electronic commerce markets, but to the larger issues of a high-tech society. Many partisans in debates over Microsoft are speaking to the broader issues and defending ideological views that will be tested as the debate over Microsoft's an ...
    Related: antitrust, microsoft, internet browser, good luck, ship
  • Microsoft Antitrust Issue - 1,273 words
    Microsoft Antitrust Issue English 11-3 Research Microsoft Antitrust Issue Introduction Once upon a time there were two boys named Ed and Ned. This story is a fairy tale, but one in which most people already know all of the facts. Ed was an eight-year-old who lived in a small town with his parents not far from the state capital. Ed's father was a smart lawyer. He knew most people in the town were poor, so he built a gym set that all the kids in the town could play on. It was such a good gym set and both it and Ed became so popular that he decided to start charging each person twenty-five cents a day to play on it. Ed became rich and even started making more money than his father. Soon, a new ...
    Related: antitrust, microsoft, microsoft internet explorer, supreme court, small town
  • Microsoft Antitrust Issue - 1,137 words
    ... nfinite number of times at marginal cost. In other words, the productive "capacity" of every piece of software, once written, is virtually infinite, even if its current sales are minimal (qtd. Rule, 3). Windows is very popular partly because it provides for thousands of Independent Software Vendors ("ISVs"). This is a valuable platform that simplifies the task of creating compatible applications. Also, millions of consumers have become familiar with the "look and feel" of Windows and have assembled libraries of Windows applications. These "externalities" insulate Microsoft from competition. An example of this is the way Microsoft unfairly grabbed for Internet-browsing software with Ameri ...
    Related: antitrust, microsoft, microsoft internet explorer, operating system, real estate
  • Shermans Antitrust - 956 words
    Sherman`s Antitrust Whilst approaching the Twenty-first Century, America has taken significant strides in the advancement of high technology. With the unveiling of this new frontier comes continued innovation and government regulation. One aspect of the government in particular, the Sherman Anti-Trust Act of 1890, has impeded the progress of exploration into this new field; for the effectiveness of government is a nefarious hindrance to the efficiency of technology. Thus comes the age old question of who governs and to what ends. As a solution government should adopt a more Adam Smith approach to the regulation of high technology; the Sherman Anti-Trust Act should be amended by the legislatu ...
    Related: antitrust, u.s. government, computer industry, century america, decree
  • The Antitrust Case Against Microsoft - 1,277 words
    The Anti-Trust Case Against Microsoft Since 1990, a battle has raged in United States courts between the United States government and the Microsoft Corporation out of Redmond, Washington, headed by Bill Gates. What is at stake is money. The federal government maintains that Microsofts monopolistic practices are harmful to United States citizens, creating higher prices and potentially downgrading software quality, and should therefore be stopped, while Microsoft and its supporters claim that they are not breaking any laws, and are just doing good business. Microsofts antitrust problems began for them in the early months of 1990(Check 1), when the Federal Trade Commission began investigating t ...
    Related: antitrust, antitrust case, microsoft, microsoft corporation, microsoft operating system
  • The Antitrust Case Against Microsoft - 1,275 words
    ... I dont take the excuse that Microsoft has gained their popularity through illegal measures. They simply created products that the people liked, and the people bought them. On the other side of the issue, are the people who believe that Microsoft is indeed operating in a monopolistic manner and therefore, the government should intervene and split Microsoft up. Those who are under the assumption that Microsoft should indeed be split up, believe that they should either be split into two separate companies: one dealing with operating systems and the other dealing strictly with applications. The other group believes that the government should further split Microsoft up into three divisions: ...
    Related: antitrust, antitrust case, microsoft, internet browser, market share
  • The Microsoft Antitrust Law Suit - 753 words
    The Microsoft Antitrust Law Suit. Recently one of the biggest corporations in the United States, Microsoft had to face several ultimatums from the government. The case against Microsoft was brought by the U.S. Department of Justice, as well as several state Attorneys General. Microsoft is accused of using and maintaining monopoly power to gain an unfair advantage in software market. The case has been under observation for a long time, but the Justice department is having trouble coming up with substantial evidence against Microsoft. Specifically, the Department must prove: That Microsoft has monopoly power and is using it to gain unfair leverage in the market. And that Microsoft has maintain ...
    Related: antitrust, before microsoft, microsoft, sherman antitrust, sherman antitrust act, suit
  • Us Government Microsoft: Antitrust - 1,283 words
    U.S. Government / Microsoft: Antitrust Ted LowryPolitical Science 101Nathan HicksMarch 02, 1998 U.S. vs. Slick Willy The economic system of the United States is modeled after the theory of capitalism. Capitalism supports free enterprise - private business operating without government regulation (Janda 22). The United States does regulate private businesses. Sometimes special circumstances arise which threaten to weaken the overall economic stability of the country. In order to sufficiently deal with these situations, the United States government has passed many laws granting certain groups the authority to bring attention to and to stop the threat. This is extremely important in terms of its ...
    Related: antitrust, antitrust case, democratic government, government intervention, government regulation, states government, u.s. government
  • Us Government Microsoft: Antitrust - 1,263 words
    ... and equality for its citizens in a number of ways. One of these means of protection is through antitrust laws. Antitrust laws are federal laws aimed at preventing individuals, trusts, corporations, or combinations of corporations from gaining or maintaining monopolies (Gilbert 27). Antitrust law was created by the Sherman Act (15 U.S.C.A. $ 1et.seq.) of 1890. The Sherman Act came in response to a consolidation of a majority of the manufacturing and mining companies into nationwide monopolies. A few of these monopolies included the Sugar trust, John D. Rockfeller's Oil Trust, known as Standard Oil, and J.P. Morgan's Steel Trust, also called U.S. Steel. The Sherman Act was purposefully va ...
    Related: antitrust, trade commission, federal laws, software company, enterprise
  • 1994 Baseball Strike - 1,626 words
    ... 94, the owners declared the cancellation of the World Series for the first time since 1904 (Atlantic Unbound). In mid-October, President Bill Clinton announced the appointment of William J. Usery, Jr., to mediate the dispute. The President could not have chosen a more able representative. Usery was Secretary of Labor in the Ford administration and before that was director of the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service. Although 70 years old, Usery had remained active after his Government service by privately mediating some of the Nations biggest industrial disputes in recent years. He had the experience to identify common ground and the tenacity to move the parties in that direction, ...
    Related: baseball, strike, labor law, labor review, director
  • A Practical Approach To Television Violence - 1,249 words
    ... rial previously rated or labeled by the television industry as to violent content.(H.R.2888 3) After decades probing the issue in one congressional committee after another, it is time to acknowledge, emphatically, that the simple choice is between censorship and responsible voluntary conduct. There is, on this topic, no middle ground. While the government can cajole the industry, even talk over the industry directly to the American public, it is ultimately the public that must decide whether to watch, protest against, or turn off particular violent programming. It cannot be legislated on a program, by, program basis. We face a far more diverse information and entertainment marketplace th ...
    Related: practical, television, television programs, television violence, violence, violence in the media, violence on television
  • America Sports Construction Boom - 1,760 words
    ... have escape clauses that allow the team to move if attendance falls too low or if the facility is not in state-of-the-art condition. Other teams have provisions requiring them to pay tens of millions of dollars if they vacate a facility prior to lease expiration, but these provisions also come with qualifying covenants. Of course, all clubs legally must carry out the terms of their lease, but with or without these safeguard provisions, teams generally have not viewed their lease terms as binding. Rather, teams claim that breach of contract by the city or stadium authority releases them from their obligations. Almost always these provisions do not prevent a team from moving. Some leases g ...
    Related: america, boom, construction, professional sports, sports, sports facilities
  • American Monopolies - 1,092 words
    American Monopolies According to Webster , to have a monopoly is to have exclusive ownership, possession, or control. The following essay is an examination of Microsoft in comparison to this definition and another commonly known monopoly, Standard Oil. Also attention will be given to the necessary role of and problems with monopolies. Competitive Market vs. Monopoly A competitive market consists of many buyers and sellers. Markets thrive because an equilibrium price is established through natural competition and no single buyer or seller can affect that price. Instead both buyer and seller must take the price given by the market based on the dynamics of supply and demand. This competition is ...
    Related: american, personal computer, trade commission, competitive market, marketing
  • Analytical Report On Rambus - 1,339 words
    Analytical Report On Rambus TO: Small Online Investors, Stock Owners, and Consumers FROM: Dmitry Podkuiko DATE: November 21, 2000 SUBJECT: DDR-SDRAM vs. Rambus RDRAM INTRODUCTION The purpose of this report is to provide small online investors, stock owners, and consumers with information on stocks investment into memory manufacturers and processor manufacturers. Computer industry is moving away from old SDRAM memory standard and is looking for a new industry standard. Changing a memory standard can change the stock and consumer market significantly. PROBLEM It is very crucial to know which industry standard will be accepted by the industry and consumers. Current situation doesnt allow for a ...
    Related: analytical, computer industry, production cost, intel corporation, samsung
  • Bill Gates - 1,343 words
    Bill Gates Biographical Research Paper April 28, 1997 William Henry Gates, III was born October 28, 1955 in Seattle, Washington. He was the middle child of three born to William and Mary Gates. ATrey,@ as he was called because of the III, was sent to a private school by his father, a lawyer, and mother, a former teacher now on several prestigous boards (Moritz, 238). At age 13, Bill had completely taught himself programming after taking a computer studies class. After scoring a perfect 800 on the mathematics half of the SAT, he graduated from Lakeside school and enrolled at Harvard University as a prelaw major. As a student Gates was a wonder. He received an A in an economics class without a ...
    Related: bill gates, henry gates, william henry, apple computer, sonic
  • Bill Gates - 820 words
    Bill Gates Skinny, shy and awkward, teenaged Bill Gates seemed an unlikely successor to his overachieving parents. His father, powerfully built and 6'6'' tall, was a prominent Seattle attorney, and his mother served on charitable boards and ran the United Way. While he showed enormous talent for math and logic, young Bill, a middle child, was no one's idea of a natural leader, let alone a future billionaire who would reinvent American business. Born in 1955, Gates attended public elementary school, and enrolled in the private Lakeside School at age twelve. The following year, Gates wrote his first computer program, at a time when computers were still room-sized machines run by scientists in ...
    Related: bill gates, harvard university, internet access, justice department, licensing
  • Bill Gates, Cofounder Of The Microsoft Corporation, Holds 307 Percent Of Its Stock Making Him One Of The Richest People In Th - 1,616 words
    Bill Gates, cofounder of the Microsoft corporation, holds 30.7 percent of its stock making him one of the richest people in the United States. He was the marketing and sales strategist behind many of Microsoft's software deals. Their software became the industry standard in the early 1980s and has just increased in distribution as the company has grown, so much that the Federal government is suggesting that Microsoft has violated Sherman and Clayton antitrust acts. Bill Gates' first interest in computers began at Lakeside, a private school in Seattle that Gates attended. There he wrote his "first software program when I was thirteen years old. It was for playing tic-tac-toe"(Gates 1). It was ...
    Related: bill gates, microsoft, microsoft corporation, richest, stock
  • Capitalism - 1,405 words
    Capitalism CAPITALISM Today in the United States, a free market system or capitalism is the main economic system. I am interested in this subject because I someday wish to own my own business. I believe that in the future this topic will be very useful to me. Among the topics that I will discuss are the Greeks and Romans early practices of capitalism, the ideas of Joseph Schumpeter, Rush Limbaugh, and Karl Marx, corporations, regulation by the government, and Reaganomics. I will also discuss the relationship between inflation and unemployment. In addition, I will give my own perspective on the economic theories that I'm presenting. These are just a few of the things that I will be discussing ...
    Related: capitalism, modern capitalism, wall street, united states economy, medieval
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