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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: industrial relations

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  • Babyboom - 907 words
    Babyboom During the period between 1929 and 1953, the United States occupational pay ratios and earning inequality is declined, mainly across World War II (Ober 1948, Phelps Brown 1977, Williamson and Lindert 1980, Goldin and Margo 1922b). The evidence showed that the condition of income inequality was occurrence in that period. Moreover, the problem of income inequality is declined. But, the problem of income inequality is existed. The government cannot spread the income distibution evenly. Many reasons obstructed the income distribution evenly. In my discussion, I concentrate to explain five reasons to influence the income distribution in the United States in the 20th century. Changing in ...
    Related: collective bargaining, world war ii, work experience, abandoned, demographic
  • Changing Job Roles - 3,044 words
    Changing Job Roles Introduction This paper is the result of research into and reflection on the roles carried out by those who are responsible for managing the 'people' function within organisations. Whether these incumbents are called personnel or HR managers is not necessarily important; it is however critical to give recognition to the complexity of the task that faces those who have to take responsibility for this function. This paper raises two inter-related issues. First, in what sorts of activities do personnel managers decide to invest time and energy? Are the old reliables of recruitment, training and employee relations the key tasks of the 1990s or are other issues more important? ...
    Related: management role, global information, private sector, career development, evaluation
  • Changing Job Roles - 3,019 words
    ... ust be able to motivate people to accomplish aggressive objectives within defined time constraints. Extensive travel within the European region as well as to the US is expected. European language skills, in particular German, will be a distinct advantage. Remuneration and Benefits Manager Coupled with being a good communicator, you will have excellent analytical skills, in addition to a demonstrable strategic perspective in relation to the development and implementation of policies. The models identified by Tyson and Fell have also be found in Irish organisations (Shivanath, 1986; Monks, 1992/3). Monks, from a study of 97 Irish organisations, identified four types of personnel practice: ...
    Related: business environment, current practices, poor management, developer, retaining
  • Collective Bargaining - 1,251 words
    Collective Bargaining Collective Bargaining: A Great Social Invention? = "There's strength in numbers" This is a clich, or could even be called a proverb that most of us have heard at some stage in our lives. It also lies at the heart of collective bargaining, and it provides a reasonable, although simplistic reason for the use of collective bargaining, and also gives us an indication of where and for whom it is most useful. Collective bargaining's origins lie in one of man's primary instincts; defence. In an industrial relations context this is defence of proper working conditions, secure employment and proper pay. Collective bargaining allowed this by gaining pay increases through the incr ...
    Related: bargaining, collective, collective bargaining, social issues, industrial relations
  • Collective Bargaining In The Workplace - 2,202 words
    Collective Bargaining In The Workplace Britain has one of the most developed systems of collective bargaining in the world, especially amongst manual workers. Its sophistication is one of the main reasons why British workers traditionally pressed less for the statutory provision of basic rights in the work place than their Continental colleagues. Most trade unionists prefer to put a grievance through procedure' rather than go to an industrial tribunal. Dubin has described collective bargaining as the great social invention that has institutionalised industrial conflict' and by the Donovan Commission as right which is or should be the prerogative of every worker in a democratic society'. It c ...
    Related: bargaining, collective, collective action, collective bargaining, workplace
  • Collective Bargaining In The Workplace - 2,241 words
    ... d by the parties to be a legally enforceable contract unless the agreement - (a) is in writing, and (b) contains a provision which (however expressed) states that the parties intend that the agreement shall be a legally enforceable contract (2) Any collective agreement which does satisfy these conditions in subsection (1)(a) and (b) above shall be conclusively presumed to have been intended by the parties to be a legally enforceable contract.' There are four main advantages claimed for the legal enforcement of collective agreements: (a) collective agreements would have to become both more comprehensive and more precise in defining the rights and obligations of each party if their meaning ...
    Related: bargaining, collective, collective bargaining, workplace, different levels
  • Drug Testing - 1,601 words
    Drug Testing Drug testing is a laboratory procedure that looks for evidence of drug consumption by analyzing urine, blood, and hair samples. If tested, you must provide a sample in front of an observer to make sure that it is not tampered with. Samples are then sent to a laboratory for analysis, after which the employer is notified of the results (Wodell 1). Exactly who should be subject to the new trend of mandatory drug tests, is the big question being raised among businesses, schools, athletes and federal government employees. Businesses feel that random drug testing of their employees will create higher productivity, save on health care costs, improve employee turnover, prevent less acci ...
    Related: drug and alcohol abuse, drug testing, illicit drug, testing, pope john paul
  • During The Last Century A Great Deal Of Legislation Was Passed To Protect Womenon The Ongoing Fight For Improvement Of Women - 1,532 words
    During the last century a great deal of legislation was passed to " protect women"On the on-going fight for improvement of women as employees. Improvements involved the effect of restricting their hours of work, their opportunities to engage night work, and the types of work they were legally permitted to undertake. The purpose of such provision was to provide opportunities for women, and to decrease the level of discrimination. Discrimination can occur in a number of ways e.g. in the essence of a person who is badly treated, but in regards to this assignment ower main categories will be Women who are mistreated over there gender rather than theyre physical abilities. To prevent and remedy t ...
    Related: improvement, legislation, men and women, ongoing, white paper
  • History Of Unions And Their Relevance In Todays Society - 1,475 words
    History of Unions and Their Relevance in Today's Society $115 Designer Cosmetic Collection From Cosmetique -- Only $1! History of Unions and Their Relevance in Today's Society Following the lead of Britain from where many of the original settlers came, workers in various occupations banded together to form unions. Ship writers, boat builders, tailors, bakers and carpenters were among the first craft unions form in Australia before 1848. By forming an association workers could obtain better wages and working conditions. However the employers wanted the highest profit margins so wished to keep wages low and spend little money on the working environment. The law of supply and demand in the labo ...
    Related: history, relevance, union members, union membership, workers union
  • Human Resource Managementa Case Study - 1,010 words
    ... (1992) states the matrix system could be highly effective in a complex and rapidly changing environment. Davis & Lawrence (1977) add that the matrix style is applicable when there is a high need for information processing. However, there are certain criticisms that could be levelled against the matrix system. McKenna (2000) again cites Daft (1998) and Davis & Lawrence (1997), among others in pointing out some of the key problems associated with Matrix organizations. The most appropriate in this situation appears to be with regards to role conflict of subordinates. The firm has very much shifted its focus from technology to market-driven and there appears to be a danger of the marketing f ...
    Related: case study, human resources, resource, resource planning, employee relations
  • In His Steps Analysis - 1,146 words
    In His Steps Analysis The turn of the century was marked by a movement known as the Progressive Era, during which many groups sought to reshape the nation's government and society in response to the pressure of urbanization and industrialization. Progressives were mainly members of the Post-Civil War generation that made an attempt to master a world much different then that of their parents. With the rise of big business and industrialization came several problems associated with the economic boom. The rich were getting richer. The poor were getting poorer. The gap between the "haves" and the "have nots was widening. Working conditions were not regulated, and at the turn of the century, the ...
    Related: social issues, civil war, upper class, winslow, welfare
  • Information On The Career Of Psychology - 1,260 words
    Information On The Career Of Psychology Psychology Job Outlook Employment of psychologists is expected to grow more slowly than the average for all occupations through the year 2006. More job opportunities will arise in businesses, nonprofit, organizations, and research and computer firms for psychologists working as consultants. Companies will use psychologists expertise in survey design, analysis, and research to provide marketing evaluation and statistical analysis. Opportunities for people holding doctorates from leading universities in areas with an applied emphasis, such as clinical, counseling, health, and educational psychology, should have particularly good prospects. Psychologists ...
    Related: abnormal psychology, applied psychology, clinical psychology, cognitive psychology, educational psychology, psychology, school psychology
  • Intrnational Mkt Research Canada - 4,568 words
    ... ade Summary, 1997 Newfoundland Prince Edward Island Nova Scotia New Brunswick Quebec Ontario Manitoba Saskatchewan Alberta British Columbia Yukon Territories NW Territories Appendix E NAFTA: A PARTNERSHIEP AT WORK (Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade (DFAIT): June 1997 TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction NAFTA: A Partnership at Work The NAFTA Commission NAFTA Coordinating Secretariat Working Groups and Committees The Dispute Settlement Process Accession to the NAFTA Trade Results Trade In Services Trade Liberalization through Tariff Reduction Commitments Investment The North American Agreements on Environmental and Labour Co-operation Labour Environment Introduction The Nort ...
    Related: canada, statistics canada, united states canada, mexican economy, financial resources
  • Labor Unions And Nursing - 1,455 words
    Labor Unions And Nursing The American Labor movement in the United States has a history dating back to the beginnings of the industrial revolution. Its existence is due to poor working conditions and exploitation during the beginning of that time. Labor unions have had a long history of using their most powerful weapon, strikes, to fight their battles. Even today, with the diminishing numbers of union members, strikes appear in the news sporadically. History of Labor Unions The first strike is thought to be by printers in Philadelphia in 1786 (Maidment, 1997). Working conditions, pay and benefits were so poor, leaders in the southern United States used them to justify slavery. Their contenti ...
    Related: american labor, international union, labor, labor market, labor movement, labor organization, labor relations
  • Mulroney - 1,548 words
    Mulroney Mulroney became the 18th prime minister of Canada on September 17, 1984, after his party, the Progressive Conservatives won the greatest parliamentary victory ever in Canadian history. Mulroney was born in 1939, the son of an electrician, in the paper mill town of Baie Comeau, Quebec. Mulroney attended a very strict military type all boys school until the age of 16 when he entered Saint Francis Xavier University in Antigonish, Nova Scotia. There he earned an honor degree in political science. While at St. FX he was active in on campus politics. During his first year he became a member of the youth wing of the P.C. Party of Nova Scotia. Before he graduated he was to become the Prime ...
    Related: american free, job creation, industrial relations, violence, territory
  • Nafta - 1,847 words
    ... e for babies born in Cameron County, TX climbed to 19/10,000 babies, almost twice the national average. The public health crisis plaguing the U.S.-Mexico border attracted intense media scrutiny in 1991 after three babies were born with a rare condition called anencephaly (born brainless) during a 36-hour period at the same Cameron County (Brownsville) Hospital. The Texas Department of Health Neural Tube Defect Surveillance Project reported a new cluster of defects in 1995. The Department recently declared that The entire border area remains a high-risk area [for neural tube defects] compared to the rest of the U.S. As the health crisis looms overhead, so too does the disparity in wage le ...
    Related: nafta, north american, living wage, economic development, trading
  • Nafta 5 Years Of Failure - 1,297 words
    Nafta 5 Years Of Failure NAFTA Five Years of Failure In December of 1992, Presidents Salinas (Mexico), Bush (U.S.) and Prime Minister Brian Mulroney of Canada signed the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). The Mexican legislature ratified NAFTA in 1993 and the treaty went into effect on January 1, 1994, creating the largest free-trade zone in the world. NAFTAs promoters promised 200,000 new jobs per year for the U.S., higher wages in Mexico and a growing U.S. trade surplus with Mexico, environmental clean-up and improved health along the border. The reality of the post-NAFTA surge in imports from Mexico has resulted in an $14.7 billion trade deficit with Mexico for 1998. By adding t ...
    Related: nafta, cornell university, industrial relations, final report, automobile
  • Recent Singapore History - 1,219 words
    Recent Singapore History Singapore, since it attained its independence on June 3, 1959, has been a thriving, trading nation. It had been controlled by the British, but after negotiations, was relinquished to self-autonomy with the understanding that it would remain a republic. Since then, it has reaffirmed its non-Communist stance and continued with progressive economic policies to the delight of the free world. Singapores modern history begins with its independence. It quickly drafted a Constitution, which called for a nine-member cabinet, drawn from the 51-member legislature, and a Prime Minister. An additional stipulation was that there had to be a Malay Head of State in the predominately ...
    Related: history, modern history, singapore, prime minister, world trade
  • Strategies In Collective Bargaining - 1,347 words
    Strategies In Collective Bargaining The process of labor-management bargaining has evolved since its beginning in the early years of labor negotiations. Since the parties involved in collective bargaining are negotiating a formal contract that both are to be bound by, there are many stresses and tensions that permeate the process. Most early negotiations were filled with drama and emotionalism. The struggle has continued today to move toward a more rational process, whereby negotiations are conducted and settled on the facts and more concrete, quantitative arguments. In pursuit of this goal, there are strategies and tactics that can be utilized by both management and unionized labor in order ...
    Related: bargaining, collective, collective bargaining, fair labor, public opinion
  • Trade Unions A Future - 1,542 words
    Trade Unions - A Future? Trade Unions - a future? A trade union is an independant self-regulating organization of workers created to protect and advance the interests of its members through collective action. Over recent years, it has become fashionable in many quarters to write off Britains trade unions, to label them as obsolete institutions out of touch with new realities and incapable of change. In todays world of individual employment contracts, performance-related pay schemes, Human Resource and Total Quality Management and all the other ingredients of the so-called new workplace, trade unions are often regarded as anachronistic obstacles preventing success of the market economy. As co ...
    Related: trade union, union members, union membership, union organization, legal advice
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