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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: incarceration

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  • This Paper Will Address The Issues Surrounding The Criminal Incarceration Of Women In American Society Through The Discussion - 1,942 words
    This paper will address the issues surrounding the criminal incarceration of women in American society through the discussion of the views of Meda Chesney-Lind in her 1997 paper Vengeful Equity: Sentencing Women to Prison. It will present critical reasons of incarceration dealing with the onset of the Rockefeller Laws, problems with translation, and results. In the paper I will also present solutions of Chesney-Lind as well as my own opinion for possible options other then common prison sentencing as it is practiced today. The United States in recent times has seen the sudden rise of females in our prison systems. This is most solely due to the introduction of the Rockefeller Laws and its gu ...
    Related: american, american society, criminal, incarceration, issues surrounding
  • Buckley Jr - 2,713 words
    1. WM. F. BUCKLEY JR. Last summer WFB was asked by the New York Bar Association to make a statement to the panel of lawyers considering the drug question. He made the following statement: We are speaking of a plague that consumes an estimated $75 billion per year of public money, exacts an estimated $70 billion a year from consumers, is responsible for nearly 50 per cent of the million Americans who are today in jail, occupies an estimated 50 per cent of the trial time of our judiciary, and takes the time of 400,000 policemen--yet a plague for which no cure is at hand, nor in prospect. Perhaps you, ladies and gentlemen of the Bar, will understand it if I chronicle my own itinerary on the sub ...
    Related: buckley, illegal drug, medical care, federal government, princeton
  • 19th Century Settlement - 799 words
    19th Century settlement In the early 1800s a number of French explorers visited the south west coast of Australia. The British, who were at war with the French at that time, became concerned that a French presence in the south west of the continent could endanger trade with the eastern colonies. In 1819 Phillip Parker King and his crew patrolled the southwest, although it was not until his second voyage in 1822 that they made landfall on "Rottenest. Settlement of the Swan River Colony began in 1829, and interest was shown almost immediately in Rottnest as a secure place with the potential for salt harvesting, farming and fishing. Rottnest was surveyed with provision for a town in 1830, and i ...
    Related: settlement, physical development, state government, west coast, drowned
  • A Critique Of Philosophical Approaches To Criminal Justice Reform - 1,000 words
    A Critique Of Philosophical Approaches To Criminal Justice Reform People are arrested every day in the United States. They are put on probation or sent to jail, and sometimes they are let out on parole; there are millions of people affected. In 1995 alone there were over five million people under some form of correctional supervision, and the number is steadily increasing. The incarceration rate is skyrocketing: the number of prison inmates per 100,000 people has risen from 139 in 1980 to 411 in 1995. This is an immense financial burden on the country. Federal expenditure for correctional institutions alone increased 248% from 1982 to 1992. Obviously something has to be changed in the justic ...
    Related: approaches, criminal, criminal activity, criminal acts, criminal behavior, criminal justice, criminal mind
  • Abortion A Matter Of Choice - 1,279 words
    Abortion - A Matter Of Choice Abortion A MATTER OF CHOICE The topic of abortion is one of the most controversial of our times. It has caused countless deaths and several violent confrontations between the two separate parties of opinion. The fight between pro-life and pro-choice supporters has been long and brutal. This is because, despite what several people may believe, abortion is neither right nor wrong. It is a matter of personal opinion. In this way, each side can say with certainty that the other is wrong. Therefore the question remains; should abortion be legal? Though some may disagree on this point, the fact is that legalized abortion is the only option that will protect the lives ...
    Related: abortion, personal opinion, present state, urban areas, pro-life
  • Against Capital Punishment - 1,191 words
    ... uggests that rather than deterring homicide, state executions may actually increase the murder rate. This phenomenon has been named the brutalization hypothesis. It suggests that through suggestion, modeling, or by legitimizing killing, homicide numbers increase. In a study taken from 1957 to 1982 by Isaac Ehrlich, the number of executions in 1957 was 65 and the number of murders was 8,060. From 1958 to1960 the execution rate stayed roughly the same, but the murder rate increased (Bender& Leone, 1986, p. 99-100) (Vila & Morris, 1997, p.223). Throughout the remainder of the study the execution rate dropped and the murder rate continued to increase. In 1981 the murder rate was at 22,520 a ...
    Related: capital murder, capital punishment, punishment, first year, african american
  • Alcatraz Island And Prison - 2,035 words
    ... rcumvented the San Francisco citizens who were concerned at the prospect of vicious criminals in the near vicinity, the Bureau of Prisons set about selecting a warden who could do the job. A well-organized, no-nonsense businessman and prison administrator with twelve years of experience in the California Department of Corrections, James A. Johnston was to be that man. Johnston had retired at the time of his appointment by the Department of Justice, and its acceptance resulted in his serving as warden of Alcatraz for the next fourteen years. Classified as a concentration model, where difficult-to-manage prisoners from other institutions would be concentrated under one roof, Alcatraz serve ...
    Related: alcatraz, federal prison, prison officials, prison system, good idea
  • An Analysis Of The Energizer Bunny Commercial Sequence - 829 words
    An Analysis of the Energizer Bunny Commercial Sequence Energizer batteries have been equated with long-lasting energy in your Walkman or other battery-operated appliance. "That damned Energizer bunny" is the cause; he's so aggravating. It seems like that pink bunny rabbit is running across the television screen every other second, it's so annoying. The advertising campaign has been so effective that not only did the company (finally) surpass Duracell in sales, but the advertising company was awarded an Obie (the advertising equivalent of the "Oscar") as best commercial of the year. This essay shall attempt to analyze the series of "Energizer bunny" advertisements. There is a current trend in ...
    Related: bunny, commercial, sequence, junk food, television commercials
  • Anti Death Penalty - 1,706 words
    Anti Death Penalty Disasters in Death Introduction I. Roosevelt Collins, a black man in Alabama, was convicted of rape, sentenced to death, and executed in 1937. Roosevelt testified that the victim who was white had consented to sex, which caused a near-riot in the courtroom. The all-white jury deliberated for only FOUR minutes. Later interviews with several jurors revealed that although they believed the act was consensual, they also thought that he deserved death simply for messin around with a white woman. Even the judge, off the record, admitted his belief that Roosevelt was telling the truth, QUOTE: An innocent man went to his death. Horace Dunkins was executed on July 17, 1989. His att ...
    Related: death penalty, death row, penalty, penalty focus, penalty information center
  • Anti War Themes In Catch 22 Slaughter House Five And Night - 1,288 words
    ... he landed a contract with the Germansto bomb his own outfit (Heller 267). The whole base was destroyed; Milo was forgiven soon after the bombing because he told the soldiers how much money he had made for them. After reading this section one is appalled at the inhumanity exhibited by the characters in the book. The theme of inhumanity is evident throughout the rest of the book; many of the characters display this theme through their inhumane actions. The anti-war theme in the book Catch-22 is perpetuated by the satiric lack of rationality all the characters, except for Yossarian, have. Yossarian is one of the few sane people in the book. Throughout the book, the repetition of ridiculous ...
    Related: catch, catch 22, random house, slaughter, slaughter house
  • Apology And Phaedo - 1,384 words
    Apology And Phaedo Apology and Phaedo Knowledge of Death versus Belief in a Soul In Platos Apology, Socrates says that he knows nothing of death while in Phaedo he discusses many of his beliefs on death and its philosophical ramifications. From this simple perspective it may seem as though he is contradicting himself although he, after further investigation, is not. Philosophically, the idea of death and an afterlife can be looked at from multiple non-contradictory viewpoints. Socrates talks of his lack of knowledge of death in order to define, more so, his philosophy on life. While in Phaedo, he talks explicitly about his philosophy on death. The two discussions of death are equally importa ...
    Related: apology, phaedo, phaedo socrates, platos apology, after life
  • Attacks On The Insanity Defense The Insanity Defense Refers To That Branch Of The Concept Of Insanity Which Defines The Exten - 1,858 words
    ATTACKS ON THE INSANITY DEFENSE The insanity defense refers to that branch of the concept of insanity which defines the extent to which men accused of crimes may be relieved of criminal responsibility by virtue of mental disease. The terms of such a defense are to be found in the instructions presented by the trial judge to the jury at the close of a case. These instructions can be drawn from any of several rules used in the determination of mental illness. The final determination of mental illness rests solely on the jury who uses information drawn from the testimony of "expert" witnesses, usually professionals in the field of psychology. The net result of such a determination places an ind ...
    Related: branch, insanity, insanity defense, major problem, legal definition
  • Bipolar Disorder In Kids - 1,656 words
    ... is very dangerous when a person is in a manic state, not only for themselves, but also for others around them. They are very unpredictable people. Bipolar people abuse drugs, such as alcohol, cocaine, and sleeping medications. They also often deny that they are manic because they think that everything is okay with them because they feel so good about themselves (Bipolar Disorder 2). The other side of being Bipolar is the lows that a person has to go through, the depressed part of the disorder. When a Bipolar adult is in the depression stage they can Determining Bipolar Disorder in children is harder then adults because of the mistakes doctor's make in their diagnosis. have any or all th ...
    Related: affective disorder, bipolar, bipolar disorder, disorder, mood disorder, personality disorder
  • Boot Camp - 415 words
    Boot Camp Why Shock Incarceration Works! I. Introduction A. Population of facilities going up 1. Need another way to rehabilitate (boot camps) a. Jenny Jones b. Sally B. Today I hope to convince you that shock incarceration can be an effective substitute for prison time C. I will explain the actual boot camp experience, show a typical day at boot camp, and illustrate the effectiveness of boot camp II. Actual Boot Camp Experience A. Many feel it promotes positive behavior B. 54 adult boot camps in 34 states 1. 7250 inmates C. Activities 1. Physical training (pass out pictures) 2. Hard labor 3. Military drills and ceremonies 4. Summary punishment a. Push-ups, sit-ups, run with backpack, chin-u ...
    Related: boot, boot camps, camp, drugs & alcohol, general education
  • Boot Camps - 2,059 words
    Boot Camps The questions put forth in this research paper are: whether participants in juvenile boot camps receive the services prescribed for them, what impact juvenile boot camps have on recidivism rates, what benefits juvenile offenders derive from boot camps, and whether juvenile boot camps are cost effective. Other topics that will arise in the course of this paper are the definition of boot camp, and goals of juvenile boot camps. Responding to increasing juvenile arrests, several states and localities established juvenile boot camps. Modeled after boot camps for adult offenders, the first camps emphasized military discipline and physical conditioning. In response to increases in juveni ...
    Related: boot, boot camps, case management, general accounting office, adolescent
  • Boot Camps - 1,983 words
    ... e said, should be considered when designing any program for youth: Adolescents are fairness fanatics. Running any adolescent group care program is difficult because adolescents are very sensitive to anything they perceive as unfair, particularly anything that applies to the whole group. Adolescents reject imposed structure and assistance. Adolescents respond to encouragement, not punishment. Although they may change their behavior to avoid punishment, their attitudes and behaviors do not change in response to punishment (Andrews, 1990). The implications of these three factors are that youth will defend themselves against what they see as unfair, regardless of the motivation of the adults ...
    Related: boot, boot camps, juvenile court, support system, rehabilitation
  • Capital Puinishment - 1,670 words
    ... fers. The methods of capital punishment in use in 1997 included hanging, firing squad, electrocution, suffocation in the lethal gas chamber, and lethal injection (NCADP). The traditional execution by hanging is still used in a few states today. Death on the gallows can make for a slow and agonizing demise by strangulation if the drop is too short. Or, if the drop is too long, the head will be torn off. Two states still use the firing squad method, in which the condemned is hooded, strapped into a chair, and a target is pinned on the chest. Five marksmen take aim and fire (NCADP). During the twentieth century, electrocution has been the most widely applied form of execution in the United ...
    Related: capital punishment, albert camus, human life, violent crime, intensity
  • Capital Punishment - 1,225 words
    Capital Punishment Since the beginning of recorded history, mankind has made use of the idea of capital punishment. Most ancient societies accepted the notion that certain crimes deserved the death penalty. The idea of a crime punishable by death dates far back to Ancient Rome and the laws passed at that time. Till this day, however, there is still much debate as to whether or not capital punishment should be abolished. Although there are numerous arguments for and against the situation, the only way to fully understand something is to look at the death penalty from both standing viewpoints. When discussing Capital Punishment, many questions are asked. Is it morally just? Is it an effective ...
    Related: capital punishment, penalty capital punishment, punishment, death penalty, crime rate
  • Capital Punishment - 1,222 words
    Capital Punishment Capital Punishment Capital punishment is a serious topic that has been debated lately. It has become a huge problem in our modern correctional system. More and more people are coming around to a new way of thinking. Retribution is a must for the crimes that people are committed for. Some people deserve death sentences while others deserve a milder, life imprisonment sentence. Capital punishment is a very reasonable and effective way of dealing with criminals. People agree that punishments are necessary for certain crimes. There is an obvious necessity for murderers and other severe criminals to be dealt with besides imprisonment. Prison definitely seems to be a small price ...
    Related: capital punishment, punishment, good idea, juvenile crime, blood
  • Capital Punishment: - 841 words
    Capital Punishment: The Most Effective Way Of Punishment and Deterrence. The putting to death of people judged to have committed extremely heinous crimes such as murder has been a practice since before the beginning of Christianity. In recent year, Capital Punishment has become a very controversial issue in the United States and other countries. Opposition to the death penalty says that states that have Capital Punishment have a very high crime rate. What they do not take into consideration is that all the states are different and have different populations, different numbers of major cities, and different crime rates. In otherwords, the states that have Capital Punishment have it because of ...
    Related: capital punishment, legal system, john stuart, merriam webster, deterrence
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