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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: hominid

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  • Hominid Species - 1,918 words
    Hominid Species Hominid Species The time of the split between humans and living apes used to be thought to have occurred 15 to 20 million years ago, or even up to 30 or 40 million years ago. Some apes occurring within that time period, such as Ramapithecus, used to be considered as hominids, and possible ancestors of humans. Later fossil finds indicated that Ramapithecus was more closely related to the orang-utan, and new biochemical evidence indicated that the last common ancestor of hominids and apes occurred between 5 and 10 million years ago, and probably in the lower end of that range. Ramapithecus therefore is no longer considered a hominid. The species here are listed roughly in order ...
    Related: hominid, species, homo erectus, musical instruments, limestone
  • Berbers In North Africa - 1,894 words
    Berbers In North Africa The modern-day region of Maghrib - the Arab West consisting of present-day Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia - is inhabited predominantly by Muslim Arabs, but it has a large Berber minority. North Africa served as a transit region for peoples moving toward Europe or the Middle East. Thus, the region's inhabitants have been influenced by populations from other areas. Out of this mix developed the Berber people, whose language and culture, although pushed from coastal areas by conquering and colonizing Carthaginians, Romans, and Byzantines, dominated most of the land until the spread of Islam and the coming of the Arabs. The purpose of this research is to examine the influen ...
    Related: africa, north africa, north african, atlantic ocean, cave paintings
  • Evolution - 1,245 words
    ... the two organisms from head to toe, and from anatomy to embryo development. Similarities between the two organisms would provide some facts helpful in proving the humans and apes to be related. In comparing anatomy, a multitude of similarities is present. Both human and ape have diversified teeth, meaning a variety of tooth types such as molars, incisors, and canines. This also confirms that humans and apes are omnivorous, eating both meat and vegetables. Both lack an external tail and both are capable of reaching an upright posture as well as bipedal locomotion, walking on two legs. Humans and apes both have an appendix, which is an appendage that it believed to be used for the digestio ...
    Related: evolution, evolution theory, human evolution, theory of evolution, the bible
  • Evolution Of Humans - 1,542 words
    Evolution Of Humans Human evolution is the biological and cultural development of humans. A human is any member of the species Homo sapiens, meaning "wise man." Since at least the Upper Paleolithic era, some 40,000 years ago, every human society has devised a creation myth to explain how humans came to be. Creation myths are based on cultural beliefs that have been adopted as a legitimate explanation by a society as to where we came from. The science of paleoanthropology, which also tries to create a narrative about how humans came to be, is deeply technical. Paleoantropology is the science of the evolution of humans, and it is the base of all research in that field. Humans have undergone ma ...
    Related: evolution, human brain, human evolution, human origins, human society
  • Evolution Of Humans - 1,518 words
    ... this time, East African mammals adapted to drier more open grassland conditions. It was about this time that the new form of human emerged in Africa, a hominid with a much larger brain, excellent vision, and limbs and hips fully adapted to an upright posture. Paleoanthropologists call this hominid Homo Erectus, a human much taller than its diminutive predecessors, standing on average five feet six inches tall, with hands capable of precision gripping and many kinds of tool-making. The skull is more rounded than those of earlier hominids, but still had a sloping forehead and retreating brow ridges. Homo Erectus was more numerous and more adaptable than Homo habilis, and, on present eviden ...
    Related: evolution, human activity, human development, human evolution, human history, human language, human race
  • Evolution Of Man - 1,787 words
    Evolution Of Man The evolution of man is an area of study that will never fully be understood, however, evidence has been accumulated to allow us to paste together a picture of what happened in the beginning of time. It allows us to gather an idea of how man progressed to exist in the state in which we see him now. We can see that the evolution of man was directly influenced by his environment. Man's intellectual development directly effected the physical changes that we see. It is apparent through observation that the environmental changes also induced some of the physical changes that man underwent. These environmental changes and seemingly intellectual development slowly refined man's beh ...
    Related: evolution, human evolution, homo habilis, physical development, wind
  • Gentic Engineering - 410 words
    Gentic Engineering 1 http://www.denison.edu/~griffi rp/paper.htm Genetic diversity is precious and should not be touched, even with the overwhelming temptation to do so. The gathering of genetic knowledge does not guarantee wisdom in deciding about human diversity. (Suzuki, Genethics, 345-346) A generalization must, then, occur. Every decision involves human beings as the decision makers and these persons must live with the consequences. Also, most decisions involve choices between different outcomes and humans are likely to place different values on different outcomes. (Kieffer, Bioethics, 45) For human beings, the ethical drawbacks of genetic engineering overpower the benefits. 2 http://ww ...
    Related: engineering, genetic engineering, genetic screening, multiple sclerosis, undesirable
  • Gods Plan And Science - 1,482 words
    God's Plan And Science Read from the book of Mark 13:6-8, 12-13, 21-23, 29-31. Now in my sermon today we will analyze the differences between scientific and biblical studies, before Christ, and after.... First, scientist believe in what is know as the human evolution. Now according to the Encarta encyclopedia the Human Evolution, is the biological and cultural development of the species Homo sapiens, or human beings. Now, scientist say that a large number of fossil bones and teeth have been found at various places throughout Africa, Europe, and Asia. Tools of stone, bone, and wood, as well as fire hearths, campsites, and burials, also have been discovered and excavated. As a result of these ...
    Related: science, genesis chapter, cultural development, homo sapiens, shore
  • Home Bases And Early Hominids - 1,299 words
    Home Bases And Early Hominids Home Bases and Early Hominids is an article that looks at the earlier studies that suggests early hominids living in home bases and the new studies that may suggest different. The first archaeological sites from the Late Pliocene to the Lower Pliocene represented home bases suggesting that early hominids shifted their way of life to a way of life like present hunter and gathers (Potts, 338). However recent studies done from Olduvai Gorge suggests there are possible differences from early hominid to modern hunter and gathers. These differences have a significant meaning in the evolution of the hunting and gathering way of life. An archaeological site from the Pal ...
    Related: biological processes, social groups, more important, zebra, attractive
  • Homohablis - 545 words
    Homohablis The next most recent ancestor of man is Homo habilis. The first ever fossil remains of Homo habilis were discovered in 1964 in Tanzania, East Africa by the Leakeys. Robert Jurmain wrote in his text book, Introduction to Physical Anthropology, Louis Leakey suggested that there was a Plio-Pleistocene hominid with a significantly larger brain then found in Australiopithecus. They made this claim based on the findings at Olduvai Gorge. Leakey and his team gave a new species name to the fossil remains The fossils of Homo habilis are different then those of the Australopithecines by several physical characteristics such as a larger cranial cavity, smaller rear teeth, and skeletal bones ...
    Related: genus homo, human brain, physical characteristics, earliest, genus
  • How Did Life Really Begin - 1,848 words
    How Did Life Really Begin? HOW DID LIFE REALLY BEGIN? INTRODUCTION Evolution. Is it a fact or fiction? I thought that Evolution, was just a theory, but I was wrong. I believe that Darwin's theory has had a great impact on the world today. It has caused many debates between religious authorities and those from the scientific community. This theory had prompted individuals to think about the Origin of the Universe, Earth, and how did life really begin. However, what distinguishes Charles Darwin from the others is the fact that he collected and provided substantial evidences and he related various branches of science such as geology, botany and biology, which helped, validate his theories. His ...
    Related: homo habilis, charles darwin, eighteenth century, biologists, rough
  • Human Evolution - 1,029 words
    Human Evolution Role Of Tools In Human Evolution According to archeological and physical record, tool use has had an enormous effect in the transformation of proto humans into modern humans. What stimulated tool use was the proto humans intrest in new and easier ways to do things. With the introduction of tools, body morphology changed and reproductive fitness increased. Evolution did not happened over night. It took 4.5 million years for humans to get where they are today. Scientists have concluded that about 3.5 million years ago, there was the first proto human. A proto human resembles extinct hominid populations that had some but not all the features of a modern homo sapien. Such feature ...
    Related: evolution, human evolution, harcourt brace, space odyssey, harcourt
  • Louis Leakey - 1,208 words
    ... , making excellent discoveries, when Leakey returned to England in late 1935 he had no job or prospects. He was given small grants to finish books or lecture occasionally, but could receive no university position. Due to serious lack of money he was forced to publish an autobiography in 1936, White African. With no prospect of grants to lead an expedition, Leakey finally had to accept a grant to write an anthropological study of the Kikuyu tribe that he grew up with. Leakey returned to Africa with new wife Mary, who engaged in archaeological digs of her own while Louis undertook the Kikuyu study. After the works were published, though, Leakey was still unable to find a position he desire ...
    Related: louis, missing link, world war ii, wendell phillips, africanus
  • Neanderthalhomo Sapiens Hybrid - 1,002 words
    ... able as to whether these features were practiced by preceding Neanderthals or whether these innovations were brought into Europe by Moderns who would replace them. (Thorne and Wolpoff:1992) The question of the transition from the middle to upper Palaeolithic surrounds whether or not the transition was gradual or sudden. Evidence of burials within Neanderthal populations indicates that such cultural indicators were derived from those populations by other successive modern populations. The remains discovered by Duarte et al at Abrigo do Lagar Velho in Portugal present a mosaic of European early modern human and Neanderthal features according to Erik Trinkaus (1999). It is this blending of ...
    Related: hybrid, sapiens, scientific american, chicago university, editor
  • Neanderthals - 1,134 words
    Neanderthals Neanderthals I have never really had an interest in religion and the beliefs it is made of. This all leaves me confused at times. Religion explains the creation of humankind, since I have no religious beliefs then where does this leave me in thought about where I came from? Actually it left me no where. I have just recently taken an anthropology class the second semester of my freshman year at Montgomery College. I am just know gaining a belief in where and when man was created. Just think, most people are instilled with religion early in life, mostly by their parents or the schools that there parents make the attend at an early age. I have always been to stubborn to listen to a ...
    Related: homo sapiens, seventh edition, human family, throwing, technology
  • Sail Study Help Only - 1,550 words
    (Sail) Study Help Only On the voyage of the Beagle (1831-1836) Darwin collected and described thousands of animals and plants. In South America he observed the adaptations of organisms to a variety of habitat from jungle to grassland to mountain habitats. In the temperate regions the species resembled more closely the species of the tropical regions of South America rather than the corresponding species of the temperate regions of Europe. For example, in the grasslands of Argentina there are no rabbits, however, there are rodents that resemble rabbits; these rodents are unrelated to European rabbits but are similar to other rodents in South America. Moreover, the fossils in South America are ...
    Related: sail, sickle cell, cultural icon, natural selection, gradual
  • Vegetarianism - 942 words
    Vegetarianism "Nothing will benefit human health and increase the chances for survival of life on Earth as much as the evolution to a vegetarian diet." Albert Einstein What is Vegetarianism? Vegetarianism is the practice of not eating meat or some animal products, depending on the degree of vegetarianism. There are various types of vegetarianism, each with its own benefits, but also its own difficulties. The first of the three main types, and most common, is Ovo-lacto. Ovo-lacto vegetarians eat no meat (red meat, poultry, or seafood), but do eat eggs and dairy products. The second type is Lacto. Lacto vegetarians do not eat meat or eggs, but do eat dairy products. The last, and strictest, of ...
    Related: vegetarianism, blood pressure, albert einstein, dairy products, hominid
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