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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: gram

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  • A Parasite Is Defined As An Organism That Lives In Or On Another Organism, Called A Host 2 If The Parasite Has The Capacity T - 1,538 words
    A parasite is defined as an organism that lives in or on another organism, called a host (2). If the parasite has the capacity to cause disease in the host then the parasite is called a pathogen. Disease in the host is caused by the infection of the parasite. The interaction between the host and parasite is complex. Both the pathogen and the host strive for survival in some of the cases. The pathogen divides within or on the host in an attempt to keep its species alive while the hosts defense mechanisms simultaneously attempt to eliminate the pathogen. The extent of the battle for survival varies depending on the relationship. This paper discusses the disease state of Chlamydia; how the orga ...
    Related: capacity, host, organism, parasite, upper saddle
  • Alcoholism - 2,013 words
    ... times increased consumption of alcohol are cited in evidence. But these data invariably fail to take account of changes in availability or use of facilities, changes in admission or diagnostic policies, or changes in the source of beverages--for example, from unrecorded to recorded supplies. In the Soviet Union a change in the internal political situation with the death of Stalin resulted in a shift from official denial that any significant problem of alcoholism existed to an outcry that its prevalence was widespread and serious, though no statistics were provided. Treatment of alcoholism The various treatments of alcoholism may be classified as physiological, psychological, and social. ...
    Related: alcoholism, carbon dioxide, psychoactive drugs, alcoholics anonymous aa, therapy
  • An Ethical Dilemna - 1,185 words
    An Ethical Dilemna Dilemma- Taken from: Business Ethics - Ethical Decision Making and Cases A Real Life Situation pages 62-63 After three years with the company, Sandy was promoted to assistant plant manager. This was a big step for Unity Welding and Construction, as well as for the industry; Sandy was one of only a handful of women who had broken through the "glass ceiling" and made their way into management. She had proved to the men around her that she deserved the job, and she was now being toasted by assistant managers from other plants across the country John, her boss, had been her advocate with the company. He had personally lobbied upper management in her behalf. Unity Welding and C ...
    Related: ethical, ethical decision, ethical decision-making, environmental protection agency, quality control
  • Bacteria Outline - 1,338 words
    Bacteria Outline Bacteria - Oldest, structurally simplest, most abundant forms of life - Only organism with prokaryotic cellular organization - The only members of the kingdom Monera (4800 different kinds) - Characteristics change depending on growth conditions - Maintenance of life depends on them - play vital role of productivity and as decomposers - Capable of fixing atmospheric N for use by other organisms - Used in production and fermentation of various food and as antibiotics and is being tested for insect control - Prokaryotes vs. Eukaryotes - Multi-cellularity - All bacteria fundamentally single celled - Sometimes cells adhere within a matrix to form filaments - Activities of bacteri ...
    Related: bacteria, outline, food poisoning, flowering plants, acid
  • Change The Game - 1,080 words
    Change The Game COOKING UP A COSMOS Will our descendants create a universe in a laboratory? YOU DON'T HAVE TO BE A MASTER CHEF TO MAKE meringue. Simply combine egg whites and sugar in a large bowl and beat vigorously until the mixture is light and fluffy. Spread in a pan and put in an oven preheated to 300 degrees F. Bake for 40 to 45 minutes and voile! Could it be just as easy to make a universe? Since the big bang theory implies that the entire observed universe can evolve from a tiny speck, it's tempting to ask whether a universe can in principle be created in a laboratory. Given what we know of the laws of physics, would it be possible for an extraordinarily advanced civilization to crea ...
    Related: general relativity, big bang theory, bang theory, guess, market
  • Chemical Reactions - 1,932 words
    Chemical Reactions Chemical reactions are the heart of chemistry. People have always known that they exist. The Ancient Greeks were the firsts to speculate on the composition of matter. They thought that it was possible that individual particles made up matter. Later, in the Seventeenth Century, a German chemist named Georg Ernst Stahl was the first to postulate on chemical reaction, specifically, combustion. He said that a substance called phlogiston escaped into the air from all substances during combustion. He explained that a burning candle would go out if a candle snuffer was put over it because the air inside the snuffer became saturated with phlogiston. According to his ideas, wood is ...
    Related: nineteenth century, seventeenth century, eighteenth century, urge, combustion
  • Chemicals - 867 words
    Chemicals 1) ZOCOR: helps to lower high cholesterol and triglyceride levels. ZOCOR belongs to a group of medicines known as HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors. It works by reducing the amount of cholesterol made by the liver. In terms of good and bad cholesterol, in most patients, ZOCOR reduces the bad cholesterol and can actually raise the good cholesterol. 2) FLONASE: is indicated for the short term (3-6 months) prevention and treatment of seasonal allergic rhinitis including hayfever. Fluticasone propionate has potent anti-inflammatory activity but when used topically on the nasal mucosa has no detectable systemic activity. 3) PRILOSEC: The active ingredients Prilosec Delayed-Release Capsules i ...
    Related: chemicals, protection agency, short term, agent orange, enzyme
  • Chemistry Notes - 1,462 words
    Chemistry Notes LECTURE 6 NOTES, CHM 101, SEC. 01 SOLUTION CONCENTRATIONS THE ACTUAL WEIGHING OF REACTANTS OFTEN PROVES IMPRACTICAL OR INCONVENIENT. THIS IS ESPECIALLY TRUE IF REACTANTS ARE GASES, LIQUIDS, OR VERY REACTIVE. HOW CAN WE DELIVER KNOWN WEIGHTS OF REACTANTS WITHOUT WEIGHING THEM FIRST? CONSIDER: HNO3 + NaOH = NaNO3 + H2O NEITHER NITRIC ACID, NOR SODIUM HYDROXIDE CAN BE WEIGHED EASILY. WHY? HOWEVER, SOLUTIONS OF KNOWN AMOUNT OF SOLUTE PER UNIT VOLUME CAN BE DELIVERED IN KNOWN VOLUME TO GIVE PRECISELY-KNOWN AMOUNTS OF REACTANTS. WHY? BECAUSE: (MOLES/LITER) X LITERS = MOLES IF YOU KNOW THE NUMBER OF MOLES CONTAINED IN ONE LITER, YOU CAN CALCULATE THE MOLES CONTAINED IN ANY MEASURED ...
    Related: chemistry, notes, carbon dioxide, acid, sodium
  • Cigarettes Addiction And Product Dangers - 1,722 words
    Cigarettes - Addiction and Product Dangers Matchmaker.com: Sign up now for a free trial. Date Smarter! Cigarettes - Addiction and Product Dangers It is clear that businesses have an obligation to inform their customers about their product's ingredients and dangers. Looking at the case of Rose Cipollone we see that she was a heavy smoker. Her doctor's had to remove part of her right cancerous lung and informed her that she had to quit smoking. Unfortunately, she was addicted. Her doctor's removed the rest of her lung that year and she finally quit smoking. She then sued the Liggett Group, the makers of the cigarettes she smoked. The lawsuit charged that the company knew of the link between ca ...
    Related: addiction, cigarette smoking, acquired immune deficiency syndrome, weight loss, quit
  • Clinical Chemistry In Medicine - 1,442 words
    Clinical Chemistry In Medicine Of the diagnostic methods available to veterinarians, the clinical chemistry test has developed into a valuable aid for localizing pathologic conditions. This test is actually a collection of specially selected individual tests. With just a small amount of whole blood or serum, many body systems can be analyzed. Some of the more common screenings give information about the function of the kidneys, liver, and pancreas and about muscle and bone disease. There are many blood chemistry tests available to doctors. This paper covers the some of the more common tests. Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) is an end-product of protein metabolism. Like most of the other molecules i ...
    Related: chemistry, clinical, medicine, energy source, liver disease
  • Creatine - 1,141 words
    Creatine If, about 5 years ago, you were to tell an athlete there was a supplement (which was not an anabolic steroid or other bodybuilding drug) that would help bodybuilders and athletes pack on as much as 10 rock-hard pounds of muscular bodyweight (which could lead to better performance for athletes) in less then 2 weeks; increase their bench press by 25 lbs. (which also would help in enhancing performance) in a mere 10 days; "get a pump like you were loaded on Dianabol"(Phillips 48) (a pump that last for hours and hours which helps in muscle development); and, all the while, help you run faster, jump higher, recover from exercise more quickly, they would probably tell you to get lost. Wel ...
    Related: creatine, term effects, clinical trials, health effects, rock
  • Creatine Monohydrate - 1,043 words
    Creatine Monohydrate Creatine Monohydrate Creatine is a natural substance found in highest concentration in lean red muscle tissue of animals and humans in the form of creatine phosphate. When muscles are used to lift a weight, or perform any type of work, ATP, (Adenosine Triphosphate) is rapidly broken down to ADP (Adenosine Diphosphate) and energy is released. The amount of ATP stored in the muscle will only fuel a maximum effort such as weight lifting for 10 to 15 seconds. After that the muscle must rely on Creatine to restock its supply of ATP. ATP has three phosphate molecules to one molecule of adenosine. Energy is created when one of the phosphate molecules breaks away turning ATP int ...
    Related: creatine, adenosine triphosphate, athletic performance, heart disease, intensity
  • Creatine Used In Sport - 1,464 words
    Creatine Used In Sport Creatine Used in Sport Throughout time, humans have had a fascination with being excellent at what they do, and athletics have been no exception. Many substances exist, and many have been criticized and analyzed for their safety, legality, and morality for athletes. With t banning of steroids from competitive sports, and the implementation of random drug testing in most sports, most athletes, professional, recreational, and would-be professionals are hoping to gain an edge. More recently, one such edge has been discover , and it has found itself in locker rooms across the country, in the hands of these athletes, and all the while, and probably more importantly, in the ...
    Related: creatine, england journal, professional athletes, american family, trends
  • Diabetes - 3,134 words
    ... e they happen to be. Self blood-glucose monitoring is an extremely valuable tool for those with diabetes since their blood sugar levels often quickly change. Many teenagers with diabetes find it especially helpful as it allows them to continue their activities uninterrupted. Prior to going to a fast-food restaurant with non-diabetic friends, they can quickly take a blood glucose reading to determine precisely what they can eat. Even though a finger capillary blood sample is not as accurate as a venous blood sample for determining blood glucose. I recommend having a routine blood chemistry test with fasting blood glucose, triglycerides, and both high-and low-density lipoprotein measuremen ...
    Related: american diabetes, dependent diabetes, diabetes, diabetes association, diabetes insipidus, diabetes mellitus, gestational diabetes
  • Diamonds - 993 words
    ... rmed under intense heat and pressure, and traces of other elements may have been incorporated into their atomic structure accounting for the variances in their color. (Schumann) Diamonds generally range from a shade of yellow or brown to colorless. There are diamonds of other colors such as pink, red, green, blue, orange, and black. These exceptions are rare and sometimes induced by treatments. Diamonds are graded by their color, the AGS and the Gemological Institute of America (GIA) developed color-grading scales. The scales and some sample stones are pictured in figure four. Colorless and fancy yellow diamonds are considered the most valuable. The differences in color grade are subtle, ...
    Related: environmental issues, development center, reputation, unit
  • Diet Delusion - 1,512 words
    Diet Delusion I have always been a health and weight conscious individual. Because my thyroid does not work, I am automatically prone to weight gain. At the office, I have found my click amongst those sitting around the lunch table with their salads and and diet sodas, rather than leaving the office for a burger and fries. Inspite of my efforts to eat healthy diet and exercise every day, a couple of years ago I began to experience migranes, dizziness, and symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome. Of course I visited several internists and finally received a diagnosis of "Nutra Sweet poisoning" I laid down my diet Pepsi for tea and water, and the problematic symptoms disappeared almost overnight. ...
    Related: delusion, diet, diet pepsi, high blood pressure, birth defects
  • Dieting And Weight - 1,312 words
    Dieting And Weight People are, as the expression goes, what they eat. After all, the muscles in a persons body, and the blood flowing through their veins, are all supplied by the food that he or she consumes. Understandably, these foods would also have an effect on the way the brain functions. The foods we eat have measurable effects on the bodys performance, they may prove to have an even more critical influence on how the brain handles its tasks. The idea that the right foods, or the natural neurochemicals they contain, can enhance mental capabilities such as by defusing stress. (Blun 2) In the 1970s, Dr. Richard Wurtman of MIT and his graduate student, John Ferstrom, discovered that the n ...
    Related: dieting, problem solving, digestive system, high blood pressure, fried
  • Dream School - 1,182 words
    ... gram. It is for this reason that Dream High will place great value and pride in both the music program and the athletic program. The following classes in music will be offered: Music Theory Music Appreciation Concert Band Concert Choir Jazz Band Jazz Choir Students entering their first year at the school will be required to take music theory and music appreciation regardless if they play an instrument. This is to provide the student with a basic knowledge of music and its history so that the student may have a well rounded education. Band and Choir students will be offered lessons free of charge from an agreement made with the local music store. Experienced staff and instructors are comp ...
    Related: dream, high school, business people, living arrangements, fewer
  • Drugs Prohibition - 1,639 words
    Drugs Prohibition Under the United States Constitution the federal government is charged with the responsibilities to protect our individual, as well as collective, rights to life and liberty. Often times this charge leads the various branches of the federal government to create, implement, and enforce policy that is designed to protect society from itself. Noble in its ambition the result although not apparent initially, sometimes does more to hinder the rights of the citizens it is attempting to protect, and/or the cost of doing so becomes a higher price than that of the cost that is being avoided. In this case it is necessary to re-evaluate the situation and explore any alternatives that ...
    Related: drug enforcement, drug enforcement agency, drug free america, drug prohibition, drug war, drugs, illicit drug
  • During The 1970s, Health Concerns About The Herbicides Brought About Government Restrictions That Caused A Sharp Decrease In - 1,180 words
    During the 1970s, health concerns about the herbicides brought about government restrictions that caused a sharp decrease in the manufacture and use of 2,4,5-T. Since 1983, the use of 2,4,5-T has been prohibited in the United States. Many other countries also have ended its use. Of additional concern is a contaminant called dioxin (2,3,7,8,-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin, or TCDD), which often forms when 2,4,5-t is manufactured. Of the approximately 75 chemicals in the dioxin family, TCDD is the most toxic. It can cause chlorance, a skin disease, and is suspected to cause some kinds of cancer. The TCDD level in agent orange varied from 0.02 to 54 micrograms per gram of 2,4,5-T. (Cancer 1996) Ag ...
    Related: canadian government, decrease, federal government, health, health concerns, health effects, herbicides
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