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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: gaul

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  • A History Of Christianity In Egypt - 1,119 words
    A History of Christianity in Egypt A History of Christianity in Egypt The history of Christianity in Egypt dates back verily to the beginnings of Christianity itself. Many Christians hold that Christianity was brought to Egypt by the Apostle Saint Mark in the early part of the first century AD. Eusebius, Bishop of Caesarea, in his Ecclesiastic History states that Saint Mark first came to Egypt between the first and third year of the reign of Emperor Claudius, which would make it sometime between AD 41 and 44, and that he returned to Alexandria some twenty years later to preach and evangelize. Saint Mark's first convert in Alexandria was Anianus, a shoemaker who later was consecrated a bishop ...
    Related: christianity, egypt, history, upper egypt, emperor constantine
  • Ancient Celtic Religion - 1,457 words
    Ancient Celtic Religion Ancient Celtic Religion When thinking of Celtic religion, the first thing that comes to ones mind is generally Druidism, and maybe even Stonehenge. There were many other components to religion in Celtic society before the Common Era, and they were integrated within the daily life, and still remain part of the culture. The sources available are mostly second hand or legends that have become christianised over time, but we can still learn a lot about their beliefs, and how they were intertwined with daily life. The people who lived 25,000 years ago were in awe of nature. They believed that each aspect of nature, such as rain, rivers; thunder and all other natural evens ...
    Related: celtic, religion, rise of christianity, daily life, christianity
  • Armor Of Ancient Rome - 1,908 words
    ... and relieving the shoulders of part of their burden. Moreover, tests using contemporary arrow types by Massey suggests that most arrowhead types consistently penetrated the mail to a depth that would prove lethal to the wearer. However, bunching of the mail at suspension points prevented penetration of the mail beyond a depth of 3-5 cm. This [implies] that the doubling of mail shoulder defenses known to be practiced by both Romans and Celts may have saved the life of their owners." These observations are consistent with Plutarch's writings of the life of Marcus Licinius Crassus who in 53 B.C. engaged the Parthians with his army in the deserts of Mesopotamia at the Battle of Carrhae. Plut ...
    Related: ancient rome, armor, imperial rome, rome, roman army
  • Attila The Hun Is Known As One Of The Most Ferocious Leaders Of Ancient Times He Was Given The Nickname Scourge God B - 1,348 words
    Attila the Hun is known as one of the most ferocious leaders of ancient times. He was given the nickname "Scourge God" because of his ferocity. During the twentieth century, "Hun" was one of the worst name you could call a person, due to Attila. The Huns were a barbaric and savage group of people, and Attila, their leader, was no exception. He was the stereotypical sacker of cities and killer of babies. The Huns lasted long after their disappearance in mythology and folklore, as the bad guy. Generally, they were not fun people to be around. Priscus saw Attila the Hun at a banquet in 448. Priscus described him as being a short, squat man with a large head and deep-set eyes. He also had a flat ...
    Related: ancient times, attila the hun, scourge, eastern roman, fall apart
  • Augustus Of Prima Porta - 1,158 words
    Augustus Of Prima Porta Since its discovery on 20 April 1963, the sculpture Augustus of Prima Porta (fig. 1) has been the subject of much scholarly discussion. Found in a rural villa near Prima Porta (fig. 2), the statue has resulted in an almost unparalleled generation of literature.1 The marble sculpture is probably a copy of a now-lost bronze statue which was made shortly after 22 BCthe exact location for this original has been a question of speculation; the sanctuary of Athena at Pergamum is one of many suggestions.2 Octavian became Augustus Caesar in 27 BC after an elaborate public show of resignation and humility.3 (Augustus was a religious title meaning "revered" which the Roman peopl ...
    Related: augustus, augustus caesar, porta, prima, bronze statue
  • Caesar And Pompey - 1,665 words
    Caesar And Pompey The conference at Luca was a very important marker in the course of events in Rome during this time. The principal result of the conference was that Caesar was assured of sufficient time to complete the conquest of Gaul, but conceded parity of armament to his partners and gave Pompey the sole control of affairs in the capital. Soon after that very violent and threatening riots arose in Rome. The riots brought about an emergency coalition between the Senate and Pompey. Why should this alliance not be extend to other objects? asked many of Pompeys loyal senators. This swelling group of extremists began to desire to rid themselves of Caesar totally. For the next two years they ...
    Related: caesar, pompey, new deal, southern italy, joint
  • Caesar And Pompey - 1,691 words
    ... etreius reinforcing Pompey or invading Transalpine Gaul Caesar in person led a force of six legions against them(Cary 271). The Pompeian army had firmly entrenched itself in a prepared position at Ilerda in the valley of the Sicoris, which he could not hope to storm without heavy losses, and he got into serious difficulties through shortage of supplies and the spring flooding of the river. Caesar used his Gallic cavalry to dislodge his enemies, by cutting off their supplies; he headed off their retreat to the Ebro by sustained hard marching. Caesar then threw up a field-works around a steep but waterless hill on which they had taken refuge and the Pompeians were impelled to surrender the ...
    Related: caesar, pompey, roman empire, civil war, egypt
  • Charlemagne - 4,290 words
    ... y The Merovingian family, from which the Franks used to choose their kings, is commonly said to have lasted until the time of Childeric [III, 743-752] who was deposed, shaved, and thrust into the cloister by command of the Roman Pontiff Stephen [II (or III) 752-757]. But although, to all outward appearance, it ended with him, it had long since been devoid of vital strength, and conspicuous only from bearing the empty epithet Royal; the real power and authority in the kingdom lay in the hands of the chief officer of the court, the so-called Mayor of the Palace, and he was at the head of affairs. There was nothing left the King to do but to be content with his name of King, his flowing hai ...
    Related: charlemagne, king charles, roman church, faith and religion, brook
  • Constantine The Great - 724 words
    Constantine The Great Constantine Constantine was one of the best known of the Roman emperors. Some important events of his reign include the Edict of Milan, which ended the persecution of Christians and made their worship legal, the battle of the Milvian Bridge, and the completion of the political and economic reforms that begun under Diocletian. Constantine was born in Naissus in Serbia. The date of his birth is not certain, being giving as early as 274 and as late as 288. His father Constantius was a member of an important Roman family. His mother, Helena, was the daughter of an innkeeper. When his father had become Casear of Gaul and Britain, he sent his son to the Eastern Emperor Galeri ...
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  • Constantine Was Born At Naissus In The Province Of Moesia Superior On February 27, 272 Or 273 Constantius, Constantine's F - 1,029 words
    Constantine was born at Naissus in the province of Moesia Superior on February 27, 272 or 273. Constantius, Constantine's father, was a military officer. Constantine's mother's name was Helena and was known to be a humble person. Throughout his life, Constantine proved himself to the Roman people. On March 1st of 293, he exceeded the rank of Caesar. Shortly after, he married Theodora, the daughter of Maximian. When Diocletian retired on May 1st of 305, Constantine made the rank of Augustus. In 306, when Constantine's father Constantius Chlorus died, Constantine was announced Augustus by his troops at York. Galerius (Constantine's opponent) refused to accept Constantine. This didn't last long ...
    Related: constantine, province, military officer, second battle, dwellers
  • England Latin Anglia, Political Division Of The Island Of Great Britain, Constituting, With Wales, The Principal Division Of - 4,616 words
    England (Latin Anglia), political division of the island of Great Britain, constituting, with Wales, the principal division of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. England occupies all of the island east of Wales and south of Scotland, another division of the United Kingdom. Established as an independent monarchy many centuries ago, England in time achieved political control over the rest of the island, all the British Isles, and vast sections of the world, becoming the nucleus of one of the greatest empires in history. The capital, largest city, and chief port of England is London, with a population (1991 preliminary) of 6,378,600. It is also the capital of Great Britai ...
    Related: church of england, division, great britain, latin, principal, southern england
  • Evil Emperors - 1,625 words
    Evil Emperors Andew Bove Block F Augustus was one of the single most extraordinary emperors to ever rule the Roman Empire, he was also the first. Augustus set a precept for emperors to come. Some emperors followed it, some tried, and some didnt try at all. My report is about two emperors of Rome that didnt rule in light of Augustus, and probably couldnt help it, considering they were most definitely insane. Caligula Gaius Caesar was born in the ancient city of Antium on August 31, 12 A.D.. Gaius had two brothers and three sisters. Gaius was devoted to his sisters, and according to popular scandal, to the point of incest. Gaiuss father was Germanicus, nephew and adopted son of Tiberus, the se ...
    Related: emperor tiberius, roman emperor, dysfunctional family, roman history, burn
  • Josh Sagel - 900 words
    Josh Sagel LIFE OF MARTIN OF TOURS Following in the lines of Jerome and Athanasius, Sulpicius Severus composed a biography of St. Martin of Tours. Concerned more with miracles and encounters with the devil rather than a complete description of the monastic life, Life of Martin of Tours is a glimpse into the nature of Christianity of the 4th Century. Life of Martin of Tours gives a very brief view of Martin's life before he entered into the service of God. Upon entering a church at the age of 10, he became so enamored that he told his military father of his intent to become a churchman. Being the son of a tribune, his wish would be granted only after a tour of duty in the army of the empire. ...
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  • Julius Caesar - 1,743 words
    ... ew days later because he thought that she had snuck Clodius in. His last wife was in 59 BC to Calpurnia and was politically motivated. Piso was Calpurnia's father and the year after the marriage Caesar arranged for Piso to be consul. Calpurnia remained Caesar's wife till his death in 44 BC. Caesar had many important roles and offices. His uncle, Marius, got him his first job. Marius announced that Caesar would be the Priest of Jupiter. In those days Romans worshipped the traditional gods. Many complex rituals were binded to the worshipping to the gods. Deserving young adults were given ceremonial posts in religious institutions. One of his functions was to be the junior clerk for the Ves ...
    Related: caesar, julius, julius caesar, roman history, first person
  • Julius Caesar - 1,223 words
    Julius Caesar Many things can be said about great men. You never can tell exactly just what makes a man great. Looks, personality, a strong mind, these are all good qualities to look for in a man. Speaking as a woman, I know women look for all these qualities and then some. Does he have a good job? A fine house? Good credit? Many of these questions plague the minds of women today. Whether you are looking for a life partner, a friend, or a lover, these questions will arise. Sometimes from you, but mainly from those around you. Needless to say, we are all looking for greatness. In one form or another. On July 13 100 B.C. a great man was born. Gaius Julius Caesar walked the face of this earth f ...
    Related: caesar, gaius julius, gaius julius caesar, julius, julius caesar
  • Julius Caesar - 1,189 words
    ... ore. But the senate hesitated. In the year 50 B.C., Caesar still tried to extend his governership, but to ensure the loyalty of his army he doubled their pay. The senate delivered a crushing blow in the fall. The senate voted and ordered Caesar and Pompeius to give up control of their armies and provinces. Caesar's followers tried to veto it, but the hostile consul ordered Pompeius to defend the Republic with two Legions at Capua and the authority to raise more. Caesar thereupon gathered his own armies and went south. Both commanders were still on speaking terms and Caesar made another proposal; he would relinquish control of all but two of his legions and The province of Cisalpine Gaul ...
    Related: caesar, julius, julius caesar, yale university, daily life
  • Julius Caesar - 1,037 words
    ... ouragement. Cowards die many times before their deaths," are among the words that Shakespeares puts into his mouth,"the valiant taste of death but once." If we would read the histlry of those years of almost constant campaigning, from 58 to 49 B.C., where better than in those memories of Caesars own writting, that are among the materpieces of latin lierature. Of course interest to us in 55 B.C. when the Roman expeditionary forces sailed from Boulogne and the men got ashore on the coast at Deal. This first invasion was nothing more than a reconnaissance, and after three weeks Casear went back across the Channel. But in the summer of the next year he returned, and this time he penetrated a ...
    Related: caesar, julius, julius caesar, asia minor, school library
  • Julius Caesar - 973 words
    Julius Caesar Life of Julius Caesar was a strong leader for the Romans who changed the course of the history of the Greek - Roman world decisively and irreversibly. With his courage and strength he created a strong empire. What happened during his early political career? How did he become such a strong dictator of the Roman Empire? What events led up to the making of the first triumvirate? How did he rise over the other two in the triumvirate and why did he choose to take over? What happened during his reign as dictator of Rome? What events led up to the assassination of Caesar? What happened after he was killed? Caesar was a major part of the Roman Empire because of his strength and his str ...
    Related: caesar, julius, julius caesar, roman empire, greek / roman
  • Julius Caesar - 1,037 words
    ... ragement. Cowards die many times before their deaths," are among the words that Shakespeares puts into his mouth,"the valiant taste of death but once." If we would read the histlry of those years of almost constant campaigning, from 58 to 49 B.C., where better than in those memories of Caesars own writting, that are among the materpieces of latin lierature. Of course interest to us in 55 B.C. when the Roman expeditionary forces sailed from Boulogne and the men got ashore on the coast at Deal. This first invasion was nothing more than a reconnaissance, and after three weeks Casear went back across the Channel. But in the summer of the next year he returned, and this time he penetrated as ...
    Related: caesar, julius, julius caesar, school library, asia minor
  • Julius Caesar - 1,392 words
    Julius Caesar In my opinion, no other man in the history of the world symbolizes military and political strength as much as Julius Caesar does. Caesar was born on July 12, 100 BC in Rome, Italy (Encarta 2000). His father belonged to the prestigious Julian clan (Internet Explorer) His uncle by marriage was Gaius Marius, leader of the Populares which supported agrarian reform and opposed the Optimates (Comptons Encyclopedia). Marius saw to it that Julius Caesar was appointed flamen dialis which is a archaic priesthood with no power. Caesar's marriage in 84 BC to Cornelia, the daughter of Marius's associate was a political Match (Lindsay Salo). When Lucius Cornelius Sulla, Marius's enemy and le ...
    Related: caesar, julius, julius caesar, early life, civil war
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