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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: french philosopher

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  • Aestheticism - 275 words
    Aestheticism Aestheticism late 19th-century European arts movement which centred on the doctrine that art exists for the sake of its beauty alone, and that it need serve no political, didactic, or other purpose. Aestheticism from Europe, history of To those who dedicated their lives to Symbolist literature and criticism the name of aesthetes is often given, for it was at this time, from 1870 to the end of the century, that questions of aesthetics became the intense concern of artists, critics, and a portion of the public. The phrase art for art's sake, which the... Aestheticism from art, philosophy of Diametrically opposed to the moralistic view is aestheticism, the view that, instead of art ...
    Related: human life, arts movement, french philosopher, sake, cousin
  • Appleget 1 - 1,066 words
    Appleget 1 Joseph Appleget Mr. Helle/ IB English 12 10/18/00 The Way We Live Our Lives In our individual routines, each and every one of us strives to be the best that we are capable of being. How peculiar this is; we aim for similar goals, yet the methods we enact are unique. Just as no two people have the same fingerprint, no two have identical theories on how to live life. While some follow religious outlines to aspire to a level of oral excellence, others pursue different approaches. Toward the end of the Nineteenth-Century and on through the mid-Twentieth, a movement followed existentialism, a philosophical theory of life, in order to achieve such a level. Even though the idea of existe ...
    Related: nineteenth century, jean paul, ethical standards, insect, comprehend
  • Ask Most Americans Who Jeanpaul Sartre Is And You Will Most Likely Get A Frowned Look According To Journalist, Richard Eyre, - 750 words
    Ask most Americans who Jean-Paul Sartre is and you will most likely get a frowned look. According to journalist, Richard Eyre, in this country, Sartre is perhaps as unfashionable as loon pants. That is in part because Sartre, albeit a great French philosopher, didnt have a poster status. Sartre was not a particularly attractive man and although he was the darling of the 60s in all of Europe, his pipe, glasses and an air of bad temper kept him off walls that celebrated the Brigitte Bardots and the James Deans. Furthermore, Sartre was not always an easy man to understand. His writings are not particularly fanciful and he doesnt necessarily care to engage the reader by painting pretty pictures ...
    Related: jean paul sartre, jean-paul sartre, paul sartre, sartre, no exit
  • Candide, A Gelastic Story - 640 words
    Candide, A Gelastic Story Candide on the surface is a witty, gelastic story. However when inspected deeper it is a philippic writing against people of an uneducated status. Candid is an archetype of these idiocracies, for he lacks reason and has optimism that is truely irking, believing that this is the best of all possible worlds. Thus Voltaire uses a witty, bantering tale on the surface, but in depth a cruel bombast against the ignoramuses of his times. Candide has reason only in the form of a companion upon which he relies for advice. His companion is of course Dr. Pangloss. He consistently dribbles to Dr. Pangloss about what should be done. At last to the happiness of readers Pangloss is ...
    Related: enlightenment period, french culture, french philosopher, candid, stupid
  • Capital Punishment In History - 1,146 words
    Capital Punishment In History Many people support the death penalty, and a lot of them use the defense that comes from the Bible: an eye for eye, and a limb for a limb. I on the otherhand believe otherwise. Punishment by death, in my opinion, is a very barbaric way of penalization . In the world, it is known that at least 2500 prisoners are executed in at least 37 different countries, on an annual basis. There will be various statistics, opinions, history, and background information discussed through out the residuum of this thesis. The history of the death penalty, dates back to the days of Hammurabi and his code to the days of the present. The methods nowadays are certainly different, but ...
    Related: capital punishment, history, punishment, background information, mel gibson
  • Dali And Surrealism - 816 words
    Dali And Surrealism The Outline I. The early life of Dali : A- The Place and Time of his birth. B-The incident of his dead brother. C-The effect of his brother on him. D- His study and the beginning of his drwings. II. The Surrealistic era and Dali : A-The two important gifts. B-The price of the gifts. C-Loosing his paintings before the Nazi invasion. D-The elements that appear in most of his paintings. C. The Slave Market and the bust of Voltaire (1940) : A-The Picture description. B-The double Imagery in the picture. C-Gala in the picture. D-Sexuality in the picture. E-The land of Catalonia. Dr. Amin Tarek Balbaa ECLT 113(21) 15-5-2000 5th Paper: Essay on a Surrealistic painting Dali and S ...
    Related: dali, salvador dali, surrealism, french philosopher, slave market
  • Darwin - 2,435 words
    Darwin From his theories that he claimed were developed during his voyage, Darwin eventually wrote his Origin of Species and Descent of Man, which exploded into the world market over twenty years after his return home. Wallace, King and Sanders wrote in Biosphere, The Realm of Life: In 1859, Charles Darwin published a theory of evolution that implied that humans evolved from apes. . .The Darwinian revolution was the greatest paradigm shift in the history of biology, and it greatly changed the way that ordinary men and women viewed their own place in the world. (1) World Book tells us: (2). . .The study of the specimens from the voyage of the Beagle convinced Darwin that modern species had ev ...
    Related: charles darwin, darwin, origin of species, the bible, diversity
  • Descartes And Method Of Doubt - 1,135 words
    Descartes And Method Of Doubt French philosopher Rene Desartes's Meditation One: Concerning Those Things that Can Be Called into Doubt is a method of determining which beliefs are certain and which are doubtful. Descartes applied illusion argument, dreaming argument, and evil genius argument. In this paper, I will discuss how method of doubt supposed to work in general with examples and also why does Descartes adopts this particular method. Furthermore, I will add how method of doubt enables Descartes to achieve his goals and how he uses this particular method to accomplish his goals. Descartes's method of doubt is practically about sorting out our beliefs and keeping the only absolute belie ...
    Related: descartes, evil genius, first philosophy, englewood cliffs, involve
  • Descartes Theory Of Substance Dualism - 1,035 words
    Descartes' Theory Of Substance Dualism Descartes' Theory of Substance Dualism Throughout the history of man, philosophers have tried to come up with an explanation of where our minds, or consciousness, came from and how we are able to have a nonphysical characteristic of ourselves. Does our physical brain automatically give us nonphysical characteristics like feelings, thoughts, and desires or is there something else there, the mind, that interacts with our bodies and makes us feel, think, and desire? Also, is the mind the only nonphysical entity in our universe or do other entities exist such as ghosts or souls? One man came up with a theory to explain the two different properties in our un ...
    Related: best theory, descartes, dualism, rene descartes, substance
  • Development Of Computers Over The Decades - 1,476 words
    DEVELOPMENT OF COMPUTERS OVER THE DECADES A Computer is an electronic device that can receive a set of instructions, or program, and then carry out this program by performing calculations on numerical data or by compiling and correlating other forms of information. The modern world of high technology could not have come about except for the development of the computer. Different types and sizes of computers find uses throughout society in the storage and handling of data, from secret governmental files to banking transactions to private household accounts. Computers have opened up a new era in manufacturing through the techniques of automation, and they have enhanced modern communication sys ...
    Related: computer crime, computer games, computer industry, computer networks, computers
  • English Story - 1,861 words
    English Story Annonymous Dante Alighieri, one of the greatest poets of the Middle Ages, was born in Florence, Italy on June 5, 1265. He was born to a middle-class Florentine family. At an early age he began to write poetry and became fascinated with lyrics. During his adolescence, Dante fell in love with a beautiful girl named Beatrice Portinari. He saw her only twice but she provided much inspiration for his literary masterpieces. Her death at a young age left him grief-stricken. His first book, La Vita Nuova, was written about her. Sometime before 1294, Dante married Gemma Donati. They had four children. Dante was active in the political and military life of Florence. He entered the army a ...
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  • Existentialism - 413 words
    Existentialism Existentialism has been defined as a philosophical movement or tendency, emphasizing individual existence, freedom and choice that influences many diverse writers in the 19th and 20th centuries. The philosophical term existentialism came from Jean Paul Sartre, a French philosopher. He combined the theories of a select few German philosophers, the phenomenology of Edmund Husserl, the metaphysics of G.W.F. Hegel and Martin Heidegger, and the social theory of Karl Marx. This philosophy became a worldwide movement. One phenomenon of this theory is its proliferation. Since its creation it has remained a part of contemporary thought. One explanation for this is its applicability to ...
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  • History Of Math - 2,365 words
    History Of Math Mathematics, study of relationships among quantities, magnitudes, and properties and of logical operations by which unknown quantities, magnitudes, and properties may be deduced. In the past, mathematics was regarded as the science of quantity, whether of magnitudes, as in geometry, or of numbers, as in arithmetic, or of the generalization of these two fields, as in algebra. Toward the middle of the 19th century, however, mathematics came to be regarded increasingly as the science of relations, or as the science that draws necessary conclusions. This latter view encompasses mathematical or symbolic logic, the science of using symbols to provide an exact theory of logical dedu ...
    Related: history, math, solving problems, johannes kepler, discovery
  • History Of Math - 2,338 words
    ... arly 19th century. The 16th century also saw the beginnings of modern algebraic symbolism (Mathematical Symbols), as well as the remarkable work on the solution of equations by the French mathematician Franois Vite. His writings influenced many mathematicians of the following century, including Pierre de Fermat in France and Isaac Newton in England. Mathematics Since the 16th Century Europeans dominated in the development of mathematics after the Renaissance. 17th Century During the 17th century, the greatest advances were made in mathematics since the time of Archimedes and Apollonius. The century opened with the discovery of logarithms by the Scottish mathematician John Napier, whose c ...
    Related: history, math, century england, non-euclidean geometry, originated
  • History Of Physics - 1,315 words
    History Of Physics Physics began when man first started to study his surroundings. Early applications of physics include the invention of the wheel and of primitive weapons. The people who built Stone Henge had knowledge of physical mechanics in order to move the rocks and place them on top of each other. It was not until during the period of Greek culture that the first systematic treatment of physics started with the use of mechanics. Thales is often said to have been the first scientist, and the first Greek philosopher. He was an astronomer, merchant and mathematician, and after visiting Egypt he is said to have originated the science of deductive geometry. He also discovered theorems of ...
    Related: history, physics, soviet union, isaac newton, american
  • Human Understanding - 821 words
    Human Understanding In the history of human understanding, I couldn't think of any person to study for a singular perspective of gaining knowledge through philosophy. I am glad that the class has been given two philosophers to compare and contrast their ideas. The subject of human understanding is a wide range of ideas to discuss, which can be quite complex, a feat I would never return to do. The two philosophers Rene Descartes and David Hume take the task of discussing human understanding and bring it to the terms in which people can better understand. I say this because in the common people take for granted what we learn to be the truth instead of questioning its existence to be true. The ...
    Related: human mind, human understanding, math problem, mathematical formula, precedent
  • Jane Austen - 1,295 words
    Jane Austen EL2 - Essay 2 Angela Bathgate Tutor - Julie Marney 6. How does Mansfield Park interrogate the relationship of power and gender? Mansfield Park by Jane Austen is a classic realist text, which is almost exclusively focused on a small strip of society, namely the upper-middle class of rural England; the class to which she herself belonged. Throughout her novel, Austen portrays the disadvantaged position of woman, presenting the issues of gender stereotyping and marriage choice as the main problems they have to confront. "Gender came to be seen as a construct of society, designed to facilitate the smooth-running of society to the advantage of men"1, proving that men gained power thro ...
    Related: austen, jane, jane austen, personal identity, society and culture
  • Jungle By Upton Sinclair - 1,475 words
    Jungle By Upton Sinclair A French philosopher once said that the greatest tyranny of democracy was when the minority ruled the majority. Upton Sinclairs The Jungle gives the reader a great example of exactly this. A man who earns his living honestly and through hard work will always be trapped in poverty, but a man who earns his living through lies and cheating will be wealthy. The Jungle portrays a Lithuanian family stuck in a Capitalistic country. It shows the ongoing struggle of a lower class that will never get farther in life as long as the minority of rich people rule over them. The Jungle conveys a struggle between Capitalism and Socialism. Socialism is the best way out for the peasan ...
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  • Life And Times Of Sir Isaac Newton - 1,955 words
    Life And Times Of Sir Isaac Newton Newton, Sir Isaac (1642-1727), mathematician and physicist, one of the foremost scientific intellects of all time. Born at Woolsthorpe, near Grantham in Lincolnshire, where he went to school, he began to attend Cambridge University in 1661; he was elected a Fellow of Trinity College in 1667, and a Lucasian mathematics professor in 1669. He stayed at the university, lecturing most of the years, until 1696. During these Cambridge years, in which Newton was at the top of his creative power, he singled out 1665-1666 as the prime of his age for invention. During two to three years of intense mental effort he prepared Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica ...
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  • Michael Faraday - 1,966 words
    ... vanometer. 'During its flow,' and this was the time when an effect was expected-- but here Faraday's power of lateral vision, separating, as it were, from the line of expectation, came into play--he noticed that a feeble movement of the needle always occurred at the moment when he made contact with the battery; that the needle would afterwards return to its former position and remain quietly there unaffected by the flowing current. At the moment, however, when the circuit was interrupted the needle again moved, and in a direction opposed to that observed on the completion of the circuit. This result, and others of a similar kind, led him to the conclusion 'that the battery current throug ...
    Related: faraday, michael, michael faraday, royal society, second paper
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