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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: foner
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- Air Traffic Strike - 4,375 words
Air Traffic Strike The Pressures of PATCO: Strikes and Stress in the 1980s By Rebecca Pels -------------------------------------------------- ---------------------- Note on electronic format: you can access any citation by clicking on the note number. In order to leave citations and return to the main text of the document, press the Back key on your viewer. -------------------------------------------------- ---------------------- On August 3, 1981 almost 13,000 air traffic controllers went on strike after months of negotiations with the federal government. During the contract talks, Robert Poli, president of the Professional Air Traffic Controllers Association (PATCO), explained the union's th ...
Related: strike, traffic, traffic control, traffic controllers, aviation safety
- Americans In Civil War - 1,088 words
Americans In Civil War The foundation for black participation in the Civil War began more than a hundred years before the outbreak of the war. Blacks in America had been in bondage since early colonial times. In 1776, when Jefferson proclaimed mankinds inalienable right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness, the institution of slavery had become firmly established in America. Blacks worked in the tobacco fields of Virginia, in the rice fields of South Carolina, and toiled in small farms and shops in the North. Foner and Mahoney report in A House Divided, America in the Age of Lincoln that, "In 1776, slaves composed forty percent of the population of the colonies from Maryland south ...
Related: civil war, great american, house divided, right to life, bear
- Americans In Civil War - 1,083 words
... hting for the North and trying to escape the bonds of slavery and gain freedom, discrimination still existed in the Army. The soldiers fought in segregated companies with white commanders. The Blacks were not equal to the whites as they received lower pay, performed fatigue duty and menial labor, such as cleaning quarters, laundering clothing, cleaning boots and cooking. Black soldiers, regardless of their rank, earned $10 a month minus $3 for clothing, while white privates earned $13 a month plus clothing. Ex-slaves could not advance into the ranks of commissioned officers until the end of the war. Batty and Parish note that less than 100 ever became officers and none ranked higher than ...
Related: african american, civil war, nat turner, mifflin company, foner
- Capitalism In Early America - 1,749 words
Capitalism In Early America 5/4/99 The Impact of Capitalism on Society in Early America Many different people have defined capitalism over the years. It has been defined as a political entity, economic entity and as a social entity. Max Weber and Karl Marx argue different theories concerning the emergence of capitalism. While it is unsure whether the economic system emerged first or the cultural values and ideology that allowed for the formation of capitalism emerged first, one thing is for certain, capitalism is tied to cultural values and ideology. This essay will explore the social changes that capitalism caused in early America by discussing: violence; crowds, mobs, and committees; food ...
Related: america, capitalism, early america, early american, national government
- Credit Mobilier Scandal - 1,723 words
Credit Mobilier Scandal In 1865 the United States had just concluded the Civil War, and plans of reconstruction of the Union were on the minds of every government official as their first priority, or so it seemed (Phillips 108). Everyone that is except Oakes Ames, a manufacturer, capitalist, and an elected member of the thirty-eighth Congress of the second district of Massachusetts (Brazad 251). After the war anything that would boost patriotism was passed by Congress and a transcontinental railroad was an ideal means by which to bind up the wounded Union (Phillips 107). Ames, in a way to get rich quick and get out, joined a corporation, of which he eventually gained full control, called Cre ...
Related: credit, credit mobilier, political scandal, scandal, union pacific railroad
- Early Strikes Of The American Labor Movement - 1,596 words
Early Strikes Of The American Labor Movement EARLY STRIKES OF THE LABOR MOVEMENT In the mid-nineteenth century and early twentieth century, industry in America was growing at an alarming rate. This growth brought about basic changes in the way things were produced and in the lives of those who produced them. It was the Civil War that first started to change industrial landscape of the nation. "More than a million dollars a day were spent on weapons, ammunition, machinery, clothing, boots, shoes, [and] canned goods" (Meltzer, 3). The high demand for so many different items brought bigger, newer and more efficient factories. The factories were producing cheaper products than the small, indepen ...
Related: american, american labor, labor, labor force, labor movement, labor organization, pullman strike
- Emancipation Proclamation - 805 words
Emancipation Proclamation Tim Macko Feb 9, 2000 Hist 253 Paper 1 In Free Soil, Free Labor, Free Men, by Eric Foner, a new political party of the period of the mid-1800's is examined. This was a party that had the partnership of the President of the United States, Abraham Lincoln. It was not only his beliefs but the beliefs of this political party, the republican party, that helped build tension into what would become the Civil War. It was founded as a pro-active party, a party of doers, not sayers. They wanted people to act on behalf of their beliefs and make a change in the world. Northern society was based on the idea of free labor. That a man could make himself in society by working hard. ...
Related: emancipation, emancipation proclamation, proclamation, social classes, westward expansion
- Labor Unions And Nursing - 1,455 words
Labor Unions And Nursing The American Labor movement in the United States has a history dating back to the beginnings of the industrial revolution. Its existence is due to poor working conditions and exploitation during the beginning of that time. Labor unions have had a long history of using their most powerful weapon, strikes, to fight their battles. Even today, with the diminishing numbers of union members, strikes appear in the news sporadically. History of Labor Unions The first strike is thought to be by printers in Philadelphia in 1786 (Maidment, 1997). Working conditions, pay and benefits were so poor, leaders in the southern United States used them to justify slavery. Their contenti ...
Related: american labor, international union, labor, labor market, labor movement, labor organization, labor relations
- Louisiana Purchase - 2,546 words
... ferson considered his options. He could either ask congress to amend the Constitution to allow the new territory into the Union, or quietly submit the treaty for ratification. Attorney General Levi Lincoln suggested that Jefferson boldly announce and defend the constitutionality of the purchase in his message to Congress. Jefferson's Secretary of the Treasury, Albert Gallatin, was quick to discount this suggestion with his own opinion on the subject. Gallatin noted that if it was unlawful for the United States Government to acquire territory then it would be just as unlawful for individual states to do so. Gallatin went on to advise Jefferson that the United States as a nation has the ri ...
Related: louisiana, louisiana purchase, louisiana territory, purchase, john marshall
- Reconstruction - 1,471 words
Reconstruction John Paul Figaro History Professor Gary Reconstruction Paper Reconstruction policies proved to be the seeds of failure in American race relations in the 19th century. Reconstruction demanded the Negroes freedom, their civil rights, the opportunity for economic freedom, education and the right to vote. This idea of Negro equality was the most controversial aspect of radical reconstruction, and violence was one of the means used to undermine Reconstruction. Racism and violence have proved to be interrelated factors in American society. In the words of W.E.B. Du Bois The slave went free; stood a brief moment in the sun; then moved back again toward slavery. The Southern whites id ...
Related: reconstruction, south carolina, black race, race relations, resort
- Reconstruction Failure - 497 words
Reconstruction Failure The reconstruction of the south was the period during and after the Civil War where several different groups in the government tried to solve the economic, political, and social problems that arose as a result of the Civil War. It was a time of disorder and chaos. Southern whites rejected all forms of equality and blacks wanted nothing but full freedom and land of their own. This led to frequent and inevitable riots. Reconstruction lasted from 1865 to 1877 and was one of the most controversial periods in the nation's history. People still debate its successes and failures. Many people blames Reconstruction failure on black politics, calling it "Negro government." Even ...
Related: reconstruction, civil war, social problems, social mobility, commerce
- Reconstruction In South - 1,597 words
Reconstruction In South While reading Eric Foner's book I came to appreciate the difficulties the freed black slaves encountered for example, how the previous slave owning class continued to manipulate the freed slaves. Also, I was impressed at the great sacrifice they made when attempting to become educated. Last of all I was surprised at the severity of persecution and abuse of blacks that was still considered legal after they were freed. When the label of slave was removed from the black American, it was meant to clarify that they were human beings. Human beings eligible to participate in America's society and culture. However, racism denied them the privileges of the American citizen. Al ...
Related: reconstruction, south carolina, military force, state legislature, concentration
- Sixties Counterculture: 10 Pg Proposal - 1,689 words
... nings of underground acid rock. Monterey along with Woodstock, which followed two years later, created a mythical society, as Abbie Hoffman would call it, a Woodstock nation. The Woodstock nation was a state of mind, an anarchy realizing itself in the act of anarchic rebellion. Shortly after Woodstock, Hoffmans dream was badly wounded if not destroyed by the Rolling Stones and the Hells Angels at Altamont. The Stones had hired the Hells Angels as security for the show, and from the start the vibes were bad. Gitlin recalls that the majority of the crowd was on acid and having bad trips. This along with the Angels fighting and shoving anyone who got to close to them or the stage caused a r ...
Related: proposal, sixties, harcourt brace, university press, dorsey
- The First And Second Reconstructions Held Out The Great - 2,286 words
... ation both social and political, and the more amorphous goal of a biracial democracy.32 But the goals did not include the need to transform the economic condition of Blacks. Instead they emphasized the need to transform the political and social condition of Blacks.33 At the beginning, the Civil Rights Movement sought solutions to racial injustice through laws and used the Federal courtsto secure them. The Supreme Court set the stage in 1954 with Brown vs. The Board of Education of Topeka Kansas: the Brown decision focused the attention of dominant Black institutions such as CORE (Congress On Racial Equality) and the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) on fi ...
Related: first century, angela davis, political power, economic justice, eldridge
- The Reconstruction Era - 807 words
The Reconstruction Era The Civil War was one of the bloodiest wars in American history. Its damage to America was profound. It tore at the very fiber of America itself. The Reconstruction Era however was as damaging to America as the Civil War itself. Its damage has its roots in the reasons America went to civil war. In the time leading up to the Civil War the south was unhappy so they decided to leave the Union. They thought it was okay to leave if they were unhappy, while the North thought it was wrong. So the two sides went to war. After all was said and done the North had won and now faced the difficult task of reincorporating the South in to the Union once again, as well as rebuilding t ...
Related: reconstruction, ku klux klan, politics society, civil rights acts, andrew
- Ulysses S Grant - 1,488 words
Ulysses S. Grant Although Ulysses S. Grant's contemporaries placed him in the highest position of great Americans along with George Washington and Abraham Lincoln, the twentieth century has seen him fade. His presidency has been almost universally condemned, and he is consistently ranked second to rock bottom Warren G. Harding in polls of historians to rate the presidents. Although his military reputation has declined as well, it nevertheless continues to win him a steady following. Even his most faithful admirers, however, tend to end their studies conveniently at Appomattox, and one senses a wide regret that Grant's public career extended beyond the Civil War. Taking note of this trend, Jo ...
Related: grant, president grant, ulysses, ulysses s. grant, american history
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