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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: financial market

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  • A Current Look At Japans Financial And Political Risk - 992 words
    A Current Look at Japans Financial and Political Risk A global company faces a number of different types of risks-economic, legal, political, and competitive. The nature and severity of such risks are not the same for all countries. A global company is in a position to manage such risks effectively by planning and implementing strategies aimed at diffusing risk. By keeping a breast of news-breaking developments, and not easily forgetting the past, an international company will have the ability to achieve successful use of strategic risk management in the global business environment. In the past five years, much to their disgrace, Japan has fell victim to numerous financial scandals. In addit ...
    Related: financial institution, financial management, financial market, financial risk, financial system, political risk, risk management
  • Asian Crisis - 1,978 words
    Asian Crisis On the 2nd of July 1997, Asia was hit by one of the most devastating financial crises it has ever seen. Of all the financial crisis that have taken place, this was one of the most distressing in that it was totally unexpected. The purpose of this paper is to show that particular developmental strategies employed by these economies eventually led to their downfall. It will attempt to find out where the origins of the crisis lie, and what events started the cycle that eventuated with this disaster. In order to trace the events that led to the eventual collapse of the Asian economies, one must venture across the ocean to the United States. The issue of liberalisation first gained a ...
    Related: asian, asian countries, asian crisis, crisis, east asian, financial crisis, southeast asian
  • Canadian Gdp - 541 words
    Canadian GDP Canadian GDP The output or GDP of Canada has increased from 1995 to 1999. This means that more people became employed or productivity has risen. With the GDP on the rise, Canada is able to buy more because people will have more money from work. This would appreciate the dollar because Canadians need the U.S. dollar to purchase our goods. Demand, on the other hand, has somewhat stayed the same. There were periods when it was up and periods when it was down. When the demand for passenger cars was falling, Canadians were looking elsewhere to buy their cars. This factor would, most likely appreciate the dollar because, one again, the Canadians would need the U.S. dollar to buy our c ...
    Related: canadian, canadian dollar, exchange rate, trade deficit, downfall
  • Confusianism - 1,925 words
    Confusianism A philosopher named Confucius founded Confucianism in China 2,500 years ago. Confucianism is a system of ethical behavior and social responsibility that became the great traditions of the East.1 It played an important role in the evolution in Chinese culture over the centuries. It has influenced near-by countries and had made a mark in the history of religion. There are today over six million people who call themselves Confucianists. Most Confucianists live in East Asia where Confucianism is thought to be born. For over two thousand years, Confucianism has been the dominant philosophical system of Chinese government, which has still a great hold on their people. Because Chinese ...
    Related: family system, ethical behavior, traditional family, formation, marxist
  • Fed And Monetary Policy - 1,083 words
    ... on of its own while the national economy is prosperous. But the Fed can not concentrate its efforts to expand the weak region for two reasons. First, monetary policy works through credit markets, and since credit markets are linked nationally, the Fed simply has no way to direct stimulus to any particular part of the country that needs help. Second, if the Fed stimulated whenever any state had economic hard times, it would be stimulation much of the time, and this would mean higher inflation. The Fed can not control inflation or unemployment directly; instead, it influences them indirectly, mainly by raising or lowering short-term interest rates. The major tools the Fed uses to affect in ...
    Related: monetary, monetary policy, federal funds, short term, trading
  • Federal Reserve Monetary Policy - 3,304 words
    ... economists vehemently opposed incomes policy and pushed for classic central bank restraints and eventually full-blown monetarism. Once the central bank earned credibility in the persistent use of conventional monetary restraints, they argued, embedded inflationary expectations would subside and inflation be brought under control. This alternative approach is spelled out in a series of policy analyses published by the American Enterprise Institute under the direction of the late William Fellner (1978, 1979, 1981-82). Under their advice, policy would be aimed at bringing down the growth rate of nominal GNP gradually. Fellner cites Phillip Cagan's econometric analysis on reducing inflation ...
    Related: federal funds, federal reserve, macroeconomic policy, monetary, monetary policy, policy makers, reserve
  • Financial Regulation In The Uk And Ireland - 974 words
    Financial Regulation In The Uk And Ireland There has been considerable changes in the regulation of financial markets in the UK and other countries. Why is this? Financial markets tend to be more highly regulated than other markets. Explain why. In May 1997, the British Chancellor of the Exchequer made the decision to move the responsibility of supervision of financial institutions into the hands of a new regulatory authority, the Financial Services Authority (FSA). This new authority replaced the Securities and Investments Board and took over responsibility for the supervision of banks, listed money market institutions and clearing houses from the Bank of England. (Blake, 1999). Overall res ...
    Related: financial market, financial services, financial services industry, financial system, financial times, government regulation, ireland
  • History Of Asian Economies - 1,286 words
    ... lpful to understand how major governments policies on financial sector have been varied with given the world economic situations like oil crisis and its own economic recession. The First Five Year plan (1962 1966) The first plan was prepared in a hurry by the military government that took power in 1961. The major contents of fiscal and financial policies as stated in the plan document were largely about the tax, budget, and monetary system, financial market and foreign exchange system. During this period, its main purpose was, however, to expand exports as much as possible by providing export firm with cheap loans, tax benefits, export compensation schemes, and various administrative su ...
    Related: asian, asian financial, asian financial crisis, history, price index
  • History Parallels In Economy - 588 words
    History Parallels In Economy As one can see there are many striking parallels between the Gilded Age or the era from the eighteen eighties to the eighteen nineties compared to the Silicon Age of the nineteen eighties to the nineteen nineties. The preconditions for these two massive economic booms share similar birth paths laid in laissez faire policy, no regulation or deregulation and innovative booms. Before the 1880's there was no real conflict between the welfare of the American people and that of its business units. That happy relationship lasted only until the 1880s. Big business or Trusts, appeared in the United States during that decade. Once they were established, it grew faster and ...
    Related: economy, history, political economy, business week, gilded age
  • Media Influence On Sport - 2,138 words
    ... stereotypical or negative themes are stressed when women are included, this may have an impact on the socialization of young girls' and boy' view of women's sport."(McPherson 155). If we do not promote young girls to follow their dreams, not only in sport but: in every part of life then they may be missing out on something. When we do this it may discourage young girls to play sports. Because for so many years our society has told women and girls that they could not play sports or at least could not play them as well as men. This theory has been disproved over the years. The media is starting to release this and they are now focusing more time then they did to women's sport. They are te ...
    Related: competitive sport, mass media, media, media control, media coverage, media influence
  • Monetary Policy - 2,587 words
    ... r to the recent Asian financial turbulence was a significant contributing factor to this crisis.25 Specifically, several key emerging economies in Asia tied their currencies to the dollar, yet maintained significant trading relationships with Japan. Consequently, a significant appreciation of the dollar relative to the yen impelled these countries to follow the dollar (and U.S. monetary policy), thereby causing their currencies to appreciate against the yen. Consequently, their trade positions with Japan were severely effected just before the currency attacks began, thereby significantly contributing to the financial crises in Asia.26 Other Evidence Evidence on the impact of changes in ...
    Related: federal reserve policy, international monetary, monetary, monetary policy, policy changes, policy implementation, policy research
  • Problems In Chinas Economy - 1,658 words
    ... main agricultural products to 14.5% or 15%. Therefore, more and more foreign agricultural products will enter out market more conveniently. In telecommunication field, six years after the entry, we must open nearly 50% market shares for investment. In automobile industry, according to the agreement, by the year of 2006, the import tariff on automobiles should be reduced from todays 100% to 25%. In banking system, foreign banks will provide RMB service to domestic enterprises after two years, and same service to civilians after five years, in addition we have to get rid off restriction of regions on foreign banks. All these are so challenging that we must make a change. To reform the old ...
    Related: economy, world economy, economic forum, structural adjustment, apparently
  • Russian Crisis - 1,570 words
    Russian Crisis The improper financial policies implemented by the Russian government during and previous to the economic crisis of November 1997 causing Russia's economy to decline lead to a severe crisis in August of 1998 which my avoided been contained or avoided if the situation would have been handled differently. Since May of 1998, Russia has been caught in the latest, and likely the most serious economic crisis. The crisis came to a head on August 17, 1998, when the government of then-Premier Sergei Kiriyenko abandoned its defense of a strong ruble exchange rate against the dollar by defaulted on government domestic debt forcing its restructuring, and placed a 90-day moratorium on comm ...
    Related: crisis, economic crisis, financial crisis, global financial crisis, russian, russian economy, russian foreign
  • Russian Crisis - 1,566 words
    ... loyment problem, the decline in economic growth has set back attempts to reduce it. 3. High interest rates Another cause was the high interest rates which Russia was experiencing. For a critical period in 1998, Russian interest rates increased sharply as a sign of loss of investor confidence. In May 1998, interest rates on GKOs, that is Russian treasury bills used to finance government budget deficits, roughly doubled from 27.8% the month before, to 54.8%. They continued to climb and peaked at 135.3% in August 1998. Other critical interest rates also climbed to very high levels. The Russian Central Banks's refinancing rate spiked at 150% during the week of May 27 to June 4, 1998. While r ...
    Related: asian crisis, crisis, economic crisis, financial crisis, russian, russian government
  • The Asain Finacial Crisis - 1,329 words
    ... (and for foreign lenders such as the Japanese banks) and has forced the closure or consolidation/ merger of a number of lending institutions. Thus, the crisis has enveloped the financial systems in the region, and has been accentuated by high rates of borrowing. Its resolution will also require structural reform of financial institutions. (7) The prudential regulation of financial institutions will probably also have to be drastically upgraded in these financial systems. Asset price deflation, rising bad debts and failing banks provide a very dangerous mixture for national economic performance and may require several years of adjustment before they can be fully overcome. The case of Japa ...
    Related: asain, asian crisis, crisis, finacial, account deficit
  • The Bank Of New York And Its History - 1,707 words
    The Bank Of New York And It's History The Bank of New York Table of Contents 1. History of The Bank of New York 2. Services for Customers A. Individuals B. Businesses C. Public Entities D. Government Entities 3. Highlights of The Bank of New York 4. Consolidated Financial Statements 5. Bibliography The Bank of New York Table of Contents 1. History of The Bank of New York 2. Services for Customers A. Individuals B. Businesses C. Public Entities D. Government Entities 3. Highlights of The Bank of New York 4. Consolidated Financial Statements 5. Bibliography HISTORY OF THE BANK OF NEW YORK On February 23, 1784, a small advertisement appeared in The New York Packet, one of the many New York news ...
    Related: bank, bank of new york, first bank, history, long history, york city, york stock
  • The Euro - 1,685 words
    The Euro In Europe, the debut of the euro is widely hailed as the most important event affecting the international monetary landscape since the breakup of the Bretton Woods System in 1971 to 1973, or since the Bretton Woods Agreement in 1944, or maybe even since the founding of the Federal Reserve System in 1913. It has become a contest for European officials and commentators to see who can push the analogy back furthest in time. Eminences elsewhere in the world have similarly greeted the euro with high hopes and great expectations. Only in the United States has the euro been greeted with a yawn. It is not hard to see why. So far, its advent has not weakened the international financial posit ...
    Related: euro, last year, international financial, european central, decade
  • Turkish Banking Sector Analysis - 4,574 words
    Turkish Banking Sector Analysis INTRODUCTION The banking sector constitutes the greater part of the Turkish financial system. Banks carry out a great portion of the activities taking place in both money and capital markets. The share of the banking sector in the financial system as of the end of March 1997 was 71 %. Turkey's financial system and its banking sector are virtually synonymous as a consequence of the country's economic and historical development. There are a number of factors that give banking its prominent role in Turkish economy. These are:  The economic structure peculiar to Turkey.  The choice to turn resources into long-term investments through banks for the ...
    Related: banking, banking industry, banking sector, banking system, international banking, islamic banking, private sector
  • Wwii - 1,901 words
    Wwii Pursuant to the agreement signed by China and the UK on 19 December 1984, Hong Kong became the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China on 1 July 1997. Under the terms of this agreement, China has promised that under its one country, two systems formula its socialist economic system will not be practiced in Hong Kong, and that Hong Kong shall enjoy a high degree of autonomy in all matters except foreign and defense affairs. Location: Eastern Asia, bordering the South China Sea and China The Hong Kong Region Lies on the Eastern side of the Pearl River Estuary, facing Macau across the river, bordering on the South China Sea and bounded by 3 Special Economic Zone on the north ...
    Related: wwii, south-east asia, police force, world economic, adjust
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