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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: federal court

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  • Bail Bonds - 1,890 words
    Bail Bonds Criminal Law term paper 17OCT00 Bail Bonds The principle of bail is basic to our system of justice and its practice as old as English law itself. When the administration of criminal justice was in its infancy, arrest for serious crime meant imprisonment without preliminary hearing and long periods of time could occur between apprehension and the arrival of the King's Justices to hold court. It was therefore a matter of utmost importance to a person under arrest to be able to obtain a provisional release from custody until his case was called. This was also the desideratum of the medieval sheriff, the representative of the Crown in criminal matters, who wore many hats including tha ...
    Related: bail, public policy, term paper, court case, prisoners
  • Biligual Education - 1,884 words
    ... t unassailable. In their zeal to protect the program from any challenges, CABE (California Association of Bilingual Education), its ardent supporters had also consistently opposed any attempts to reform it. Californias powerful teachers unions (one of the Democratic Partys strongest constituencies) made the issue a mainstay of that states liberal agenda. Because activists had early on identified bilingual education as the primary Latino civil rights issue, the equivalent of what busing was to blacks, foes and doubters of the program were routinely branded as racists. Unfortunately, this defensive posture insured that bilingual lobbyists were more concerned with preserving the program tha ...
    Related: bilingual education, education system, english speaking, high school, coastal
  • Capital Punishment Is The Legal Infliction The Death Penalty - 1,329 words
    Capital punishment is the legal infliction the death penalty. It is obviously the most severe form of criminal punishment. (Bedau1) Capital punishment is a controversial way of dealing with violent criminals. The main alternative to the death penalty is life in prison. Capital punishment has been around for thousands of years as a means of eradicating criminals. A giant debate started between supporters and opposers of execution, over the morality and effectiveness of the death penalty. The supporters claim that if you take a life you should pay with your life or "an eye for an eye". Opposers of the death penalty bring up the chance of sentencing the innocent and how the death penalty is inh ...
    Related: capital punishment, criminal punishment, death penalty, death row, penalty, punishment
  • Civil Rights - 2,320 words
    Civil Rights Civil Rights Movement in the United States, political, legal, and social struggle by black Americans to gain full citizenship rights and to achieve racial equality. The civil rights movement was first and foremost a challenge to segregation, the system of laws and customs separating blacks and whites that whites used to control blacks after slavery was abolished in the 1860s. During the civil rights movement, individuals and civil rights organizations challenged segregation and discrimination with a variety of activities, including protest marches, boycotts, and refusal to abide by segregation laws. Many believe that the movement began with the Montgomery bus boycott in 1955 and ...
    Related: civil rights, civil rights movement, civil war, individual rights, rights movement, voting rights, voting rights act of 1965
  • Civil Rights - 2,264 words
    ... tle Rock, Arkansas, in 1957, Governor Orval Faubus defied a federal court order to admit nine black students to Central High School, and President Dwight Eisenhower sent federal troops to enforce desegregation. The event was covered by the national media, and the fate of the Little Rock Nine, the students attempting to integrate the school, dramatized the seriousness of the school desegregation issue to many Americans. Although not all school desegregation was as dramatic as in Little Rock, the desegregation process did proceed-gradually. Frequently schools were desegregated only in theory, because racially segregated neighborhoods led to segregated schools. To overcome this problem, som ...
    Related: black civil rights, civil rights, civil rights act, civil rights legislation, civil rights movement, rights movement, voting rights
  • Civil Rights - 1,024 words
    ... ansmen innocent on the murder charge, but were eventually convicted in federal court for violating her civil rights (Chalmers 29). Martin Luther King, Jr., was an important figure that worked hard throughout the 60's in order to gain black Americans' civil rights. In 1959, King went to India where he studied Ghandi's techniques of nonviolence. Sit-in movements began in Greensboro and soon followed many others throughout the country. King was arrested in October of 1960 at a major Atlanta department store. The charges on all the other protestors were dropped. King was kept in jail on a charge of violating probation for a previous traffic arrest case. He was kept in jail for four months of ...
    Related: civil rights, civil rights movement, rights movement, martin luther, afro american
  • Constitution - 1,401 words
    ... to resist the reenslaving a man on the coast of America.' In the flyer created by an abolitionist, it pointed out that man was able to capture free or runaway slaves' to be on the lookout. This flyer had no right to allow whites to kidnap a man due to the color of his skin, free or runaway. Transcendentalists such as Emerson and Thoreau, both supported a variety of reforms, especially the antislavery movement. Emerson's essays argued for self-reliance, independent thinking and the primacy of spiritual, matters over material ones. Thoreau used observations of nature to discover essential truths about life and the universe. The Fugitive Slave Law is definitely a reason why the Constitutio ...
    Related: constitution, runaway slaves, compromise of 1850, white house, determining
  • Discrimination Within The Death Penalty - 1,002 words
    ... e Commission published a report on crime in 1996 detailing all aspects of crime in the United States. It acknowledges the relationship between poverty, family breakdown, and criminal justice. It also demonstrates that there are more minorities that whites in the criminal justice system. (Donziger) It must be admitted, therefore, that justice does not always prevail for those of all races and socioeconomic strata. One of the most notable problems, the Commission found, was the cost of defense. The overwhelming majority of people accused of crimes cannot afford to hire their own attorney, let alone expert witnesses.Nor do they have the funds to analyze DNA evidence independent of the prose ...
    Related: death penalty, death row, discrimination, penalty, african american
  • Diversity In Management - 1,661 words
    Diversity In Management Diversity in management, or lack thereof, is having the same mixture of women, blacks, and other minorities in management positions as there is in that local population. What this paper will talk about is some of the facts that business will have to face in regards to diversifying there workforce and there management. Also, it will discuss that while our workforce is becoming more diverse, the upper and middle management of many companies are not. We have to remember that having diversified workforce is not something a company should have, actually it is some thing that has happened or is soon going to happen due to the fact that we have a more diversified population. ...
    Related: diversity, management, middle management, technology management, upper management
  • Dna Profiling - 1,264 words
    DNA Profiling Genetic engineering has developed and blossomed at a frightening rate in the last decade. Originating as merely an area of interest for scientists, genetic engineering has now become an area of which all people should be somewhat knowledgeable. DNA profiling has many uses, both positive and negative, in our society. Aside from its usefulness in many legal investigations, DNA profiling can be used in the workplace to discriminate against employees whose profiles could pose a financial risk. For example, genetic technology can and has been used to determine the capacity of a person to contract certain diseases, such as sickle-cell anemia, which could cause many employers to hesit ...
    Related: dna profiling, profiling, criminal investigations, federal government, jury
  • Dredd Scott - 1,212 words
    Dredd Scott Dredd Scott America in 1857 was a nation on the brink. Relationship between the North and South had been strained for decades and was only getting worse. All tension had to do with the issues of slavery. In 1848 the U.S. had acquired new lands in the Mexican cession, and the debate was on. The question was whether or not the South should be allowed to spread slavery into the new states. This debate turned violent many times. The South threatened to secede from the Union if a candidate from the Republican party, who was antislavery, won. Amidst all of the tension would emerge a slave named Dredd Scott. Dredd Scott was a slave to Dr. John Emerson in St.Louis, Missouri a slave state ...
    Related: scott, scott case, civil war, missouri compromise, residence
  • Early Strikes Of The American Labor Movement - 1,662 words
    ... tried and succeeded in dominating every aspect of its workers' lives. The company owned land, plants, houses, tenements, hotel, stores, bank, school, library, church, water and gas systems. "As employer, George Pullman determined wages, as landlord he fixed rents, as banker he collected savings," (Meltzer 150). George Pullman knew how to make a profit. He made his business highly profitable, and was running his town the same way. The town obtained its water from Chicago for four cents, but Pullman charged his workers ten. As for the gas he paid 33 cents for, he charged his workers $2.55. One worker said, "We are born in a Pullman house, fed from the Pullman shop, taught in the Pullman sc ...
    Related: american, american federation, american labor, labor, labor movement, labor unions, pullman strike
  • Education And Early Life Martin Luther King, Jr, Was Born In Atlanta, Georgia, The Oldest Son Of Martin Luther King Sr, A Bap - 1,951 words
    EDUCATION AND EARLY LIFE Martin Luther King, Jr., was born in Atlanta, Georgia, the oldest son of Martin Luther King Sr., a Baptist minister, and Alberta Williams King. His father was a pastor at an immense Atlanta church, The Ebenezer Baptist church, which had been founded by Martin Luther King Jr.'s maternal grandfather. King Jr. was an ordained Baptist minister at the age of 18. King attended the local segregated public schools, where he excelled. He attended nearby Morehouse College at age 15 and earned his bachelor's degree when he graduated. When he graduated with honors from, Crozer Seminary located in Pennsylvania in 1951, he went to Boston University where he earned a doctoral degre ...
    Related: alberta williams king, early life, luther, luther king, martin, martin luther, martin luther king jr
  • Email Privacy Rights In Business - 2,199 words
    ... ilter Co. [630 F.2d 414 (5th Cir. 1980).], the courts decided that if the employer had difficulty controlling personal use of business equipment, then a personal call could be intercepted in the ordinary course of business to determine its nature, but not its contents. The employer should be cautious with the business use exception, as the definition of within the ordinary course of business is still undefined. 3. System Providers Where employers provide their own company e-mail system there are two additional thoughts to support the non-relevance of the ECPA to them. The first theory is only available for employers with a system whose messages remain entirely intrastate, and is based on ...
    Related: constitutional right, email, employee rights, invasion of privacy, privacy, privacy issues, privacy rights
  • George Wallace - 2,130 words
    George Wallace annon Former Gov. George C. Wallace of Alabama, who built his political career on segregation and spent a tormented retirement arguing that he was not a racist in his heart, died Sunday night at Jackson Hospital in Montgomery. He was 79 and lived in Montgomery, Ala. Wallace died of respiratory and cardiac arrest at 9:49 p.m., said Dana Beyerly, a spokeswoman for Jackson Hospital in Montgomery. Wallace had been in declining health since being shot in his 1972 presidential campaign by a 21-year-old drifter named Arthur Bremer. Wallace, a Democrat who was a longtime champion of states' rights, dominated his own state for almost a generation. But his wish was to be remembered as a ...
    Related: wallace, new deal, social issues, federal court, candidate
  • George Washington - 878 words
    George Washington George Washington is best known as the "Father of our Country." He cared for this country much like a parent would care for a child. During his presidency, he solved many noteworthy problems. His achievements led to a democratic, wonderful country we like to call The United States of America. Although hes not thought of as glamorous, George Washington is looked upon with the utmost respect and awe by all countries of the world. George Washington was born in Westmoreland County, Virginia on February 22, 1732. He was the oldest son of a Virginia farmer. Washington received most of his education at home. When he was 17 he was appointed surveyor of Culpeper County, Virginia. In ...
    Related: george washington, united states of america, electoral college, new jersey, trenton
  • Gerrymanderingto Kill A Mocking Bird - 598 words
    Gerrymandering/To Kill A Mocking Bird Scott Colson Chris O'Connell To Kill A Mockingbird March 5, 2000 GOMILLION ET AL. v. LIGHTFOOT, MAYOR OF TUSKEGEE, ET AL. The unprecedented Gomillion v. Lightfoot came to the Supreme Court because the borders of Tuskegee, Alabama were redrawn. They went from a square shape to an irregular one to exclude black neighborhoods, on the outer edges of the city, violating the 15th Amendment, denying them a vote because of race. This practice is also known as racial gerrymandering. On October 18 and 19 of 1960 this case was argued. The decision was made on November 14, 1960. The case was pulled up from the Fifth Circuit of Appellate Courts. The Plaintiff, the Af ...
    Related: bird, mocking, to kill a mockingbird, brown v board of education, equal protection
  • Gun Control - 619 words
    Gun Control Everyone in the United States of America has an opinion on gun control regardless of their age, race, or religion. From within those opinions arguments are formed. People are arguing about gun control at their jobs, at their schools, and sometimes at their places of worship. On one side of things there are the people that support gun control like certain politicians or political organizations, teachers, police officers, and so on. On the other side of things there are the people that are against gun control, people such as hunters and various types of criminals. When it comes down to sensitive topics like gun control, there are very few people that do not choose a side. The Secon ...
    Related: control laws, gun control, national rifle, gun manufacturers, drugs
  • Home School - 1,673 words
    Home School Before the beginning of American public schools in the mid-19th century, home schooling was the norm. Founding father John Adams encouraged his spouse to educate their children while he was on diplomatic missions (Clark, 1994). By the 1840's instruction books for the home were becoming popular in the United States and Britain. The difficulty of traveling to the system of community schools was provoking detractors. At this time, most of the country began moving toward public schools (Clark, 1994). One of the first things early pioneers did was set aside a plot of land to build a school house and try to recruit the most educated resident to be the schoolmarm. This led to recruiting ...
    Related: high school, home school, home schooling, public school, school activities, school children, school district
  • Individuals That Contributed To The Civil War - 1,912 words
    Individuals That Contributed To The Civil War Who Were Some of the Individuals That Contributed to the Coming of the Civil War The Civil War was brought about by many important people, some that wanted to preserve and some that wanted to eradicate the primary cause of the war, slavery. There were the political giants, such as Abraham Lincoln, and Stephen Douglas. There were seditious abolitionists such as John Brown, escaped slaves such as Dred Scott, and abolitionist writers like Harriet Beecher Stowe. These were the people who, ultimately, brought a beginning to the end of what Lincoln called "a moral, a social, and a political wrong"(Oates 66). Southern states, including the 11 states tha ...
    Related: american civil, american civil war, causes of the civil war, civil war, abraham lincoln
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