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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: exxon valdez
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- Exxon Valdez - 1,687 words
Exxon Valdez On March 24, 1989 at 4 minutes past midnight, the oil tanker ExxonValdez struck a reef in Alaska's breath-taking Prince William Sound. Instantaneously, the quiet waters of the sound became a sea of black. "We've fetched up - ah - hard aground north of Goose Island off Bligh Reef, and - ah - evidently leaking some oil," Joseph Hazelwood, captain of the ship, radioed the Coast Guard Marine Safety Office back in Valdez. That "some oil" turned out to be a total of 11,000,000 gallons of crude oil leaking from the ruptured hull of the ship. By the time a containment effort was put forth, a weather storm had helped to spread the oil as much as three feet thick across 1,400 miles of bea ...
Related: exxon, exxon valdez, exxon valdez oil spill, valdez, christian science
- Exxon Valdez - 1,688 words
Exxon Valdez INTRODUCTION On March 24, 1989 at 4 minutes past midnight, the oil tanker ExxonValdez struck a reef in Alaska's breath-taking Prince William Sound. Instantaneously, the quiet waters of the sound became a sea of black. We've fetched up - ah - hard aground north of Goose Island off Bligh Reef, and - ah - evidently leaking some oil, Joseph Hazelwood, captain of the ship, radioed the Coast Guard Marine Safety Office back in Valdez. That some oil turned out to be a total of 11,000,000 gallons of crude oil leaking from the ruptured hull of the ship. By the time a containment effort was put forth, a weather storm had helped to spread the oil as much as three feet thick across 1,400 mil ...
Related: exxon, exxon valdez, exxon valdez oil spill, valdez, state parks
- 100 Years Of History - 1,781 words
... dium, Henry Hank Aaron, breaks the record set by Babe Ruth, and hits his 715 Th home run, the 40-year old Brave hit it off of Dodgers pitcher Al Downing. On August 8 Richard Nixon, faced with impeachment, became the first president to quit, he announced his quitting, in Washington, D.C. 1975 On January 12, the stunning Steeler defense held Tarkenton and to Vikings to a standstill in New Orleans, where the Pittsburgh Steelers went on to win their first Super bowl 16-6 over the Minnesota Vikings. On July 17-19 the American Apollo 8, with Thomas P Stafford, Vance D Brand, and Donald K Slayton, hooked up with the Soyuz 19, Aleksei A Leonov and Valeri N Kubasov. On April 29 the Vietnam war en ...
Related: history, states history, united states history, michael jordan, bill clinton
- Oil Never Sleeps - 504 words
Oil Never Sleeps Recently while reading Surfer Magazine I came across a fascinating article called "Oil Never Sleeps". At first I thought it would ge just another "Environmental Complaint" or whining session. Surfers are always concerned with the ocean and the safety of using it. I was surprised to see a new view or perspective being used. In the past, oil contaminations were always told of from an etic point of view towards the oil industry. In this artilce, the author connects with the surfers and the oil industry as being part of both of them (Emic). His discussion making this inclusion was very clever. The surfboards, wetsuits, wax, and accessories are primarily made from petroleum. The ...
Related: computer system, point of view, exxon valdez, gallons, environmental
- Oil Pollution And Its Effect On Wildlife - 676 words
Oil Pollution and Its Effect on Wildlife "OIL POLLUTION AND ITS EFFECT ON WILDLIFE" INTRODUCTION: Contamination of the oceans by oil spillage is not a rare occurrence. It is happening all over the world every day, fouling coastlines, killing animals and destroying fisheries. BODY: In 1987, more than 3.5 million tons of oil were released into the oceans around the world. Out of that only 28 percent of the spillage was accidental; the remaining 72 percent was deliberate, illegal actions. The sources of oil spillage were: Washing tanks at sea: A lot of the illegal pollution is caused by cleaning of oil tanks at sea. After they are cleaned the tankers then dump the polluted water, mixed with all ...
Related: oil pollution, pollution, wildlife, marine life, gulf of mexico
- Oil Spills - 879 words
Oil Spills Oil is a product used by everyone, but sometimes oil is a problem. An oil spill is a leakage from an oceangoing tanker, pipelines, or other oil sources. Oil spills occur very frequently, and cause enormous ecological harm. About eight million barrels of oil are spilled each year. Tankers usually carry about five-hundred million barrels of oil. Many oil spills, large in land or ocean coverage, have had major impacts on the earth and its inhabitants. Many animals are die and some are injured in some way. Many plants and animals are endangered, or are now extinct. The largest oil spill to occur was when the Exxon Valdez went aground and covered 4,800 square miles in Prince William So ...
Related: oil spill, marine pollution, exxon valdez, safety systems, enacted
- Penguins - 1,488 words
... ts own body temperature. Often chicks herd together in tight groups to keep warm from the freezing arctic air. The eggs of penguins tend to vary from species to species in regards to size, shape and weight. The colors of penguin eggs tend to be white, bluish or greenish. A chick depends on its parents for survival between hatching and obtaining its waterproof feathers. Once a chick has lost its down feathers and they have been replaced with waterproof feathers, the chick is able to enter the ocean and become somewhat independent of its parents. Penguins are very efficient swimmers and; although they are used to swimming at speeds of 5 mph, some of the species can travel up to speeds of 8 ...
Related: emperor penguin, environmental news, human race, marine life, leather
- Pulling The Plug On Mother Earth - 1,036 words
... " as Morgensen and Eisenstodt recommend, who is to ensure that these policies and procedures are adhered to ? Morgensen and Eisenstodt must also overcome an additional hurdle - convincing the government that its programs are as ineffective as they say. The governments environmental programs are working well, according to EPA administrator William K. Reilly in "The Green Thumb of Capitalism: The Environmental Benefits of Sustainable Growth." Solid governmental programs have been developed for the improvement of the environment, indicates Reilly; several situations quantify its success. According to Reilly, the government is creating adequate market incentives to curb pollution, encourage ...
Related: mother earth, plug, pulling, economic growth, common sense
- The Arctic Circle - 1,126 words
The Arctic Circle Ditions enclose roughly the same territory, which is somewhat larger than the region bounded by the Arctic Circle, and will be used as the basis for this article.The largest Arctic tundra areas are in Canada, Russia, Greenland (Kalatdlit-Nunat), Scandinavia, Iceland and Alaska.Climate and Land Formation Tundra climate is characterized by harsh winters, low average temperatures, little snow or rainfall, and a short summer season (Goudie 1993). The arctic tundra, in particular, is influenced by permafrost, a layer of permanently frozen subsoil in the ground. The surface soil, which tends to be rocky, thaws in summer to varying depths. The combination of frozen ground and flat ...
Related: arctic, arctic circle, arctic national, arctic national wildlife refuge, circle
- The Artic - 930 words
The Artic Introduction. The Artic is a region at the upper most tip of the Northern Hemisphere. The Artic includes the area around Greenland, USSR, Canada and Alaska. Much of the Artic circle is permanently frozen ice. The Artic is a pristine environment, clean and void of human interference. However as humans move into these areas and begin to extract what ever they can be balance can be tipped, resulting in pollution and destruction of the environment. Climate. The Artic winters much longer than the Summer. In the winter the sun never rises and in the summer it never sets. The average temperature for the Artic is zero degrees of less. Industry and the Artic. There was once a time when the ...
Related: artic, lemon juice, human activity, ocean currents, extract
- Water Pollution - 715 words
Water Pollution Water Pollution Water pollution needs to be stopped. Pollution of lakes rivers, streams, and oceans has been killing land and water animals for years. Polluting water is a horrible act and will be stopped. Water pollution kills all kinds of animals every year. Just the EXXON VALDEZ oil spill near anchorage Alaska caused over 3,000 otters to die 36,000 different kinds of seabirds were killed and over 100 eagles. Oil spills are one of--if not the worst types of pollution. They happen most often in the ocean and then get spread around by tides and currents where they enter streams and rivers and cover everything. They kill life and pollute more in a short amount of time than pes ...
Related: clean water, pollution, pollution control, water pollution, exxon valdez
- Where Have They Gone - 1,560 words
Where Have They Gone? For many reasons the human race could be called a blessing. Great advanced in technology, medicine and even the fact we are the most sophisticated species on the planet. Are we a gift to planet Earth, or far from it? With cast amounts of pollution and destruction of the planet, not to mention unthinkable acts of violence and hate that has been going on since the beginning of time. Are we really as sophisticated and important as we have led ourselves to believe? Are we any better than any other creature because we are more technologically advanced? Is the human race a blessing? Humans have destroyed and endangered more species on our planet than any other species or grou ...
Related: exxon valdez, large numbers, over fishing, pacific, genetic
- Where Have They Gone - 1,578 words
... ient use of the existing areas we are using. These two ideas, are good examples of how the human race destroys the environment around them. We continue to hurt our wildlife, but there are people out there to fight against the pollution and destruction caused by large corporations and businesses. The Endangered Species Act of 1973 has helped tremendously in the battle for survival of species like the turtles in Hawaii as well as other threatened and endangered species of out planet. (http://www.fws.gov/r9end.com). This act prohibits the further destruction or death of the species. By the Endangered Species Act, citizens of the United States are prohibited from taking an endangered or thre ...
Related: sierra club, clean water, world war ii, chain, advancement
- Whether It Be Through Intensified Media Attention, Or Due To The Efforts Of Prominent Scientists And Other Members Of Society - 1,034 words
... nd Eisenstodt recommend, who is to ensure that these policies and procedures are adhered to? Morgensen and Eisenstodt must also overcome an additional hurdle - convincing the government that its programs are as ineffective as they say. The governments environmental programs are working well, according to EPA administrator William K. Reilly in "The Green Thumb of Capitalism: The Environmental Benefits of Sustainable Growth." Solid governmental programs have been developed for the improvement of the environment, indicates Reilly; several situations quantify its success. According to Reilly, the government is creating adequate market incentives to curb pollution, encourage energy efficiency ...
Related: media, prominent, initial investment, exxon valdez, sagan
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