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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: existence of god

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  • Arguments For Existence Of God - 1,093 words
    Arguments For Existence Of God Many philosophers and theologians have provided varying arguments for the existence of God. These arguments are either a priori, understood independent of worldly experience and observation (Ontological Argument), or a posteriori, dependent on experience and based on observations of how the world is (Cosmological and Teleological Arguments). This paper will focus on the Cosmological Argument, and show that its underlying principle, the Principle of Sufficient Reason, fails to establish it as a sound argument for the existence of God. To accomplish this, I will, first, define the Cosmological Argument and the Principle of Sufficient Reason; then explain the argu ...
    Related: cosmological argument, existence of god, ontological argument, saint thomas aquinas, eighteenth century
  • Descartes And The Existence Of God - 1,160 words
    Descartes And The Existence Of God Once Descartes has realized that he can know with certainty that "I exist" is true, he continues to build on his foundation of truths. The truth about the nature of God, proof of God's existence, and the nature of corporeal objects are considered, among others, after Descartes proves his existence. Descartes' principal task in the Meditations was to devise a system that would bring him to the truth. He wanted to build a foundation from which all further philosophical inquiry could be built. It was essential that his beliefs were sound. If any one of them were at all in doubt, then it put the credibility of the whole structure of knowledge in jeopardy. I wil ...
    Related: descartes, existence of god, god's existence, west virginia, mind and body
  • Descartes Overall Objective In The Meditations Is To Question Knowledge To Explore Such Issues As The Existence Of God And Th - 1,136 words
    ... eliefs are as follows: It is from nature that we distinguish other bodies and their interpretation. We are inclined by nature towards things that benefit us. This is for our own self- preservation. Descartes makes the distinction between mind and body. He states that the mind is a thinking, unextended thing, while the body is a physical extended thing. The mind is indivisible whereas the body can be divided. It is the minds task to differentiate the part of the body affiliated with a certain sensation. God has endowed us with these natural inclinations to allow us self preservation. Descartes now dispels his dream hypothesis because he realizes that wakefulness is the interaction of both ...
    Related: descartes, existence of god, explore, objective, second meditation
  • Descartes Proof Of The Existence Of God - 1,280 words
    Descartes' Proof Of The Existence Of God The intention of this paper will be to examine Descartes argument for the existence of God. First, I will review Descartes proof for the existence of God. Then, I will discuss some consequences that appear as a result of Gods existence. Finally, I will point to some complications and problems that exist within the proof. Descartes proof of the existence of God occurs in the Third Meditation. He builds his entire argument upon his proof in the previous meditation that in order for him to think, he must exist. From this single observation, Descartes notices that the idea of his existence is very clear and distinct in his mind; based upon this clarity an ...
    Related: descartes, existence of god, gods existence, proof, third meditation
  • Existence Of God - 1,723 words
    Existence Of God For being accustomed in all other things to make a distinction between existence and essence, I easily persuade myself that existence may perhaps be separated from the essence of God, and thus God might be conceived as not existent actually. PROP. XI. God, or substance, consisting, of infinite attributes, of which each expresses eternal and infinite essentiality, necessarily exists. Proof.--If this be denied, conceive, if possible, that God does not exist: then his essence does not involve existence. --Of everything whatsoever a cause or reason must be assigned, either for its existence, or for its non-existence --e. g., if a triangle exist, a reason or cause must be granted ...
    Related: existence of god, god's existence, harmony, imperfection
  • In Comparing The Argument For The Existence Of God There Are Two Views, Decartes And Locke Decartes Believes There Is Innate - 525 words
    In comparing the argument for the existence of God there are two views, Decartes and Locke. Decartes believes there is innate knowledge that everybody already has a perfect being acquired knowledge. Locke believes that all ideas come from experience. I believe truth lies between both of these theories. It only remains for me to examine how I received this idea from God. For I did not acquire it from the senses; it has never come to me unexpectedly, as usually happens with the ideas of things that are perceivable by the senses, when these things present themselves to the external sense organs-or seem to do so. And it was not invented by me either; for I am plainly unable either to take away a ...
    Related: comparing, existence of god, innate, locke, white paper
  • The Case For The Existence Of God - 3,155 words
    The Case For The Existence of God by Bert Thompson, Ph.D. Introduction Either God exists or He doesn't. There is no middle ground. Any attempt to remain neutral in relation to God's existence is automatically synonymous with unbelief. It is far from a "moot" question, for if God does exist, then nothing else really matters; if He does not exist, then nothing really matters at all. If He does exist, then there is an eternal heaven to be gained (Hebrews 11:16) and an eternal Hell to be avoided (Revelation 21:8). The question for God's existence is an extremely important one. One might wonder why it is necessary to present evidence for the existence of God. As Edward Thomson so beautifully stat ...
    Related: existence of god, god's existence, david hume, natural world, refusing
  • The Case For The Existence Of God - 3,053 words
    ... approximately every 24 hours on its axis. From where do we get our month? It comes from the moon circling the earth once approximately every 28 days. From where does our year come? It takes the earth approximately 365.26 days to go around the sun. `But where do we get our week?' There is no purely natural explanation for the week. The explanation, instead, is found in Exodus 20:11 (cf., Exodus 31:17): "for in six days Jehovah made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested on the seventh day...." The week is an entirely universal phenomenon. Yet there is no purely natural explanation for it. Little wonder Isaiah wrote (40:26): "Lift up your eyes on high, and behold wh ...
    Related: existence of god, god's existence, genetic code, digest association, mountains
  • The Existence Of God - 595 words
    The Existence Of God Philosophy as defined by our required text is said to be the love of wisdom. It is the search for the larger picture, the demand for knowledge. There are many questions in philosophy, many involving the subject of religion. Does God exist? Should we believe in God? Is belief in God justified? These are just some of the questions attempted to be answered in philosophy. Every philosopher has a different opinion on the existence of God. St. Anselm (1033-1109) was a Benedictine monk; his philosophical views were very much influenced by Plato (Mavrodes 26). His greatest works were Monologium, Proslogium, Cur Dues Homo. St. Anselm had many views on God and religion, but instea ...
    Related: existence of god, god's existence, cosmological argument, thomas aquinas, evolve
  • The Existence Of God Has Been Questioned Since The Beginning Of Time Religions Thrived On Answering The Unanswerable Question - 1,006 words
    The existence of God has been questioned since the beginning of time. Religions thrived on answering the unanswerable questions of the universe and people were able to find solace in the answers. As science has expanded and been able to answer these questions with natural, as opposed to supernatural answers, many people stopped looking to God and religion for the causes of things and started looking towards science. God was dead, according to many scientists and people of all professions. Many philosophers, however, have different conclusions. In the article, "Science Finds God" (Newsweek 1998) it was recognized that although theologians and scientists differ sharply in their views and do no ...
    Related: answering, existence of god, gods existence, natural selection, thomas aquinas
  • A Comparison Of Judaism, Islam, Christianity - 1,507 words
    A Comparison Of Judaism, Islam, & Christianity Religion is one of the driving forces behind many of the events and attitudes that have shaped our world. Throughout the centuries, laws have been enacted; cities and countries have been created and destroyed; and wars have been fought, all to promulgate or protect one religion or another. This paper will examine aspects of the three major Western religions of the world: Judaism, Islam, and Christianity. Topics covered will include the origin of all three religions, the view of God held by each tradition, and conflicts. Several of the beliefs of these religions will be examined, such as judgment, and the Trinity. Origin of Judaism The origins of ...
    Related: christianity, christianity and islam, christianity religion, comparison, great religions
  • Anselm - 1,489 words
    Anselm Not every great writer can be correct in what he or she is saying. This is the idea that Gaunilo had in mind when he wrote his criticism to St. Anselm's Ontological Argument which states that if something greater than anything else that could be thought of is conceived in the understanding then it must exist. Gaunilo says it is foolish to believe in the existence of something just because it is understood. He says there must be some kind of other explanation. In this paper, I will try to explain both Anselm's theory and Gaunilo's argument by first breaking each of them down in simpler terms. I will attempt to show what Gaunilo is trying to discredit with his objection. One of St. Anse ...
    Related: anselm, wadsworth publishing, ontological argument, existence of god, confused
  • Anselm And Aquinas - 1,195 words
    Anselm and Aquinas Although born in Alpine Italy and educated in Normandy, Anselm became a Benedictine monk, teacher, and abbot at Bec and continued his ecclesiastical career in England. Having been appointed the second Norman archbishop of Canterbury in 1093, Anselm secured the Westminster Agreement of 1107, guaranteeing the (partial) independence of the church from the civil state. In a series of short works such as De Libertate Arbitrii (On Free Will), De Casu Diaboli (The Fall of the Devil), and Cur Deus Homo (Why God became Man), Anselm propounded a satisfaction theory of the atonement and defended a theology like Augustines', that emphasized the methodological priority of faith over re ...
    Related: anselm, aquinas, thomas aquinas, roman catholic, natural world
  • Anselm Of Canterbury - 1,044 words
    Anselm Of Canterbury Anselm concludes that one requires two wills to be free by arguing that to be free is to have an ability. In this paper I will argue that Anselm believes that this ability is incompatible with an Aristotelian doctrine of the will and that to have this ability, we must have at least two wills. Only in such a model is one free. Then I will argue that the agent who abandons justice differs from the one-willed creature Anselm considers in chapter 13,because the latter is not acting freely, whereas the former is acting freely. In the 3rd meditation of Meditations on First Philosophy, Descartes thinks he has proved the existence of God. Given that God is good, and that he exis ...
    Related: anselm, canterbury, first philosophy, existence of god, doctrine
  • Chartism - 1,629 words
    Chartism By Thomas Carlyle One of the most salient social problems of the Victorian period was the struggle of the working class. In Chartism by Thomas Carlyle, the problem is outlined; in William Dodds narrative, it is recounted from personal experience. Elizabeth Gaskells North and South is a fictional account of the very real condition of England. Clearly, questions of social and economic injustice were on the front burner even as the social oppression transpired. Another very prominent feature of Victorian England was religion, more specifically Christianity. William Dodd and Bessy Higgins are individuals who have endured enormous suffering, who have lost any sort of quality of life to t ...
    Related: formal education, social injustice, jewish people, assertion, witnesses
  • Comparative Essay - 1,630 words
    Comparative Essay Comparison Essay If I could only live at the pitch that is near madness, When everything is as it was in my childhood... This statement in the Ode is a common theme between the two poems. The poems being If I Could Only Live At The Pitch That Is Near Madness by Richard Eberhart and Ode : Intimations Of Immortality From Recollections Of Early Childhood written by William Wordsworth. A contrast between the two poems is the time period which both these poems were written. The romantic period verses the modern period. A similarity between the two poems is the common manner which poetic devices are used. Aside from the fact that the time periods were different, the two poems ho ...
    Related: comparative, world society, existence of god, modern period, poems
  • Cosmogony - 1,112 words
    Cosmogony What is cosmogony? Cosmogony can be defined as a study of the physical universe in terms of its originating time and space. In other words, cosmogony is the study of the universe and its origins. The origin and the nature of the universe have been one of the most debated topics throughout history. Both the scientific and theological communities have yet to ascertain a common ground on how the universe came into being and whether it was an act of "God" or merely a spontaneous and random phenomenon. New discoveries in the scientific world provide new viewpoints on the creation of the universe and its relevance to a supreme intelligent "Creator." Due to mankind's constantly changing p ...
    Related: cosmogony, human experience, david hume, thomas aquinas, contribute
  • Cosmology - 1,152 words
    Cosmology Cosmology has always been an interesting area of study for me. For as long as I can remember, every time I look up at the night sky, a million questions pop into my head. Questions such as "Is there an intelligent life out there?" "How large is space, does it expand infinitely, if it does, what does it expand into?" These and many other questions still plague my mind. We can define Cosmology as the study of the heavens as a whole, including theories about its origin, evolution, large-scale structure, and future. I would definitely agree to this description, and would like to explain my point of view of the topics that Cosmology covers. Personally, I tend to believe that the big ban ...
    Related: cosmology, free will, point of view, current state, notion
  • Critique On Whether God Exists - 1,129 words
    Critique On Whether God Exists "Whether God Exists" Countless philosophers since the beginning of recorded history have pondered the question of whether God exists. One such philosopher, Saint Thomas Aquinas, put forth his own theory on the existence of God. In his text "Whether God Exists", he stated that through his five arguments he could prove God's existence. His five arguments are from motion, from first efficient cause, from possibility and necessity, from gradation, and from design. Aquinas begins his text with two objections as to why God does not exist. The first states that God does not exist because the word "God" has the meaning of infinite goodness. Therefore, if God actually e ...
    Related: critique, saint thomas aquinas, point of view, god's existence, valid
  • Current Day Evangelism - 917 words
    Current Day Evangelism People all over the world need Jesus. They search for love in other places than Christ. But, there are still some firm believers in Christ Jesus. They, in John 3:16, will go to heaven because they believe in Jesus. But what about those people who unintentionally dismiss Christ? What happens to those few unfortunate souls? What becomes of those who never hear the gospel, like the mentally retarded, babies and people in faraway lands? From my research I have determined that every person is responsible for his or her soul, regardless of race or denomination barriers. However, babies, whether they are physically or mentally young, do have an exception. Jesus is the shepher ...
    Related: evangelism, good news, holy spirit, existence of god, lastly
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