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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: encirclement

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  • Barbarossa - 1,215 words
    Barbarossa When Germany invaded Russia in 1941, they did so neither near-sighted or as a back-handed diplomatic ploy. While Russia remained a key objective to Hitler, it was also seen as a necessity for long-term victory and survival in Europe for Germany. Plan Yellow, as developed by Field Marshal Erich von Manstein, called upon the pre-emptive strike against an imperialistic Russia, using speed and superior leadership as keys to victory. To always remember the axiom: History is written by the conquerers, is key to the history of the German-Russian War 1941-1945. This paper intends to not only convey the necessity and the upside of a German attack and subsequent victorys but also the Russia ...
    Related: barbarossa, witch hunts, armed forces, german economy, british
  • Blitzkrieg - 1,453 words
    Blitzkrieg The First Phase: Dominance of the Axis Man for man, the German and Polish forces were an even match. Hitler committed about 1.5 million troops, and the Polish commander, Marshal Edward Smigy-Rydz, expected to muster 1.8 million. That was not the whole picture, however. The Germans had six panzer (armored) and four motorized divisions; the Poles had one armored and one motorized brigade and a few tank battalions. The Germans' 1600 aircraft were mostly of the latest types. Half of the Poles' 935 planes were obsolete. Result of German Blitzkrieg on Poland On September 1, 1939, Germany invaded Poland. The Polish army expected the attack to come along the Polish frontiers. But ...
    Related: blitzkrieg, polish army, denmark norway, north africa, history
  • Causes For Germanies Entry To Ww - 1,236 words
    Causes For Germanies Entry To Ww1 Germanies Entry into World War 1 November 25, 2000 World War One was caused solely by the aggression of one country and its allies. It was made possible by the political, military and economical environments inside the aggressor country. These all contributed to the initiation of the First World War by the then mayor European power, Germany. To the credit of the Prussians, Germany had the largest (except for Russia), best equipped and best-trained army of Europe. With their innovative use of the heavy machine gun (the Maxim gun) in protected pillboxes the German quickly had an edge in over the other European armies. To use this military might in an effective ...
    Related: entry, important role, twentieth century, german government, machine
  • Civil War Inevitability - 1,220 words
    Civil War Inevitability THE INEVITABILITY OF THE BREAKUP OF THE UNION By Sam Tooker The breakup of the Union was inevitable. The south was always going to secede; it was just a question of when. The southern and northern states varied on many issues. There were deep economic, social, and political differences between the north and the south. All of this was a different interpretation of the United States Constitution on both sides. In the end, all of these disagreements led to the Civil War. There were reasons other than slavery for the souths secession.(5) The south relied heavily on agriculture, as opposed to the north which was highly populated by factories. The south grew cotton, which w ...
    Related: civil war, inevitability, kansas-nebraska act, republican party, utah
  • History Individual Study - 2,248 words
    ... e the Milanese governor, Crdoba, sent his troops to Monteferrat in March 1628. Olivares did not publicly endorse this move but he probably gave private encouragement to Crdoba. In doing so Olivares found he had provoked a French war against Spain in Italy. Elliott states that the Mantuan war was the biggest blunder in Olivares’ foreign policy. It had major repercussions throughout Europe stirring up the old fears of Spanish aggression. Furthermore, having committed Spain to war with France over Mantua, he failed to keep the French Duke off the throne. Cordoba never managed to break the siege of Moteferrat, partly due to his tardiness; he did not begin the siege until five months aft ...
    Related: history, king john, short term, foreign policy, campaign
  • History Of Asia - 1,161 words
    HISTORY OF ASIA HISTORY OF ASIA August of 1917 Japan was ready to reap her benefits of imperialism and she had her eyes on China. The exchange of the Lansing -Ishii Notes between the U.S. and Japan, this agreement granted territorial superiority of China to Japan. Japan interest in China mostly economic. The Japanese population was growing, cities were crowded, and consumer goods were scares and its standard of living extremely low. A major earthquake also adds to Japans plight. Japan was a small island limited in natural resources and inhabitable space. The Japanese saw the turmoil in China as an opportunity to divide conquer and move in. Japan had been recognized as one of the Big Five pow ...
    Related: asia, history, consumer goods, communist revolution, transformation
  • Lenin And Stalin Ideology - 4,157 words
    ... ... " Compare and contrast the ideologies and the political and economic practice of Lenin and Stalin. Every state is based upon and driven by some ideology. Imperial Russia was based upon autocratic absolutism for over 400 years. Following the Bolshevik seizure of power in 1917, a new era dawned upon Russia. For the next 36 years she would be in the hands of two men that would attempt to apply a new, vastly different creed in ruling and transforming this country. Vladimir Ilich Lenin, as the leader of the Bolshevik party, ruled Russia from October 1917 till his death in January 1924. He was succeeded by Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin, who also ruled until his death in March 1953. Both men ...
    Related: ideology, lenin, stalin, orthodox church, main argument
  • Nuhpohleeuhn - 1,221 words
    ... restored, Bonaparte extended French influence into Holland (the Batavian Republic), Switzerland (the Helvetic Republic), and Savoy-Piedmont, which was annexed to France; he played the major role in the Imperial Recess (1803), by which the free cities and minor states of the HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE were consolidated; and he attempted to extend the French colonial empire, principally by recovering Haiti (see LOUISIANA PURCHASE). As a result of these policies and his refusal to grant trade concessions to Britain, war was renewed in 1803. Bonaparte organized an army of 170,000 to invade Britain, but his complex strategy to draw the British fleets away from Britain failed. Meanwhile, Austria also ...
    Related: pope pius, holy roman, russian army, republic, russian
  • Russian Wwii Offensive Of 1941 - 1,742 words
    Russian WWII Offensive of 1941 It was devastatingly cold in the Russian winter of 1941, during the peak of the German offensive against Moscow. Just as it had Napoleon's armies in the century before, the Russian winter conditions had stopped the advance on Moscow. Hitler had not planned on a winter war, and thus had not properly equipped his troop frostbite, and thousands of them died of exposure. Indeed, it was this biting winter which had provided the Russians with an opportunity to gather themselves, and prepare for one of the most heroic counter-offensives of World War II - known to the Russian people as "The Great Patriotic War." It would be wrong to attribute the German failure at this ...
    Related: offensive, russian, russian army, wwii, motor vehicles
  • The Causes Of The Civil War - 1,443 words
    The Causes Of The Civil War The Political War The North and South fought over politics, mainly the idea of slavery. Basically the South wanted and needed it and the North did not want it at all. The South was going to do anything they could to keep it. This was the issue that overshadowed all others. At this time the labor force in the South had about 4 million slaves. These slaves were very valuable to the slaveholding planter class. They were a huge investment to Southerners and if taken away, could mean massive losses to everyone. Slaves were used in the South as helpers in the fields in the cultivation of tobacco, rice, and indigo, as well as many other jobs. The South especially needed ...
    Related: causes of the civil war, civil war, abraham lincoln, political beliefs, america
  • The History Of The Conflict In The Middle East Is Long And - 1,771 words
    ... and." Thus, the "War of Attrition" broke out, where Egypt attacked, through artillery Israeli forced dug along the canal. The result was Israeli air response which virtually destroyed the Egyptian Artillery. During this time, the Israeli Military was supplied by the Nixon Administration, because it supposedly regarded Israel as a bulwark against Soviet expansion in the area. Nassar, seeing that his chances were few, flew to Moscow and asked the Soviet Union to establish an air defense system manned by Soviet pilots and anti-aircraft forces protected by Soviet troops. To obtain this aid, Nassar agree to grant the Soviet Union control over a number of Egyptian airfields as well as operatio ...
    Related: arab israeli conflict, history, israeli conflict, middle east, un security council
  • The Long March, Undertaken By The Red Army Of China, Is A Tale Of Extraordinary Adventure Against Impossible Odds Yet, It Was - 1,541 words
    The Long March, undertaken by the Red Army of China, is a tale of extraordinary adventure against impossible odds. Yet, it was completely unnecessary. The Fifth Extermination Campaign was a failure. Also, there were at least two ways for them to establish themselves in Shanghai without marching all the way to Yenan. Even though the Long March helped the Communist Revolution, they did not have to undertake a mission which would kill so many of their people. It is true that if the Long March had not taken place, China might not be a Communist nation, and a capitalist society would be a good thing for China. This march, no matter how wonderful it seems, was a huge mistake in history. The Fifth ...
    Related: adventure, army, extraordinary, long march, odds, tale, undertaken
  • The South, Which Was Known As The Confederate States Of America, - 1,944 words
    The South, which was known as the Confederate States of America, seceded from the North, which was also known as the Union, for many different reasons. The reason they wanted to succeed was because there was four decades of great sectional conflict between the two. Between the North and South there were deep economic, social, and political differences. The South wanted to become an independent nation. There were many reasons why the South wanted to succeed but the main reason had to do with the North's view on slavery. All of this was basically a different interpretation of the United States Constitution on both sides. In the end all of these disagreements on both sides led to the Civil War, ...
    Related: confederate, confederate states, free state, slave states, states constitution, states rights, united states constitution
  • Western Civilization - 1,188 words
    Western Civilization Western Civilization Final Exam Tuesday, June 23, 1998 Question: What were the causes of the World War II? Do you believe that the war could have been prevented? Why or Why not? After the fall of the Weimar government, and the rise to power of the National Socialists headed by Adolph Hitler, Germany underwent huge transformations. One of the largest of these was the change in foreign policy. Between the years of 1933 and 1936, while the Nazis began to consolidate their power, Hitlers foreign policy was one of appeasement. Germany did what ever it could to keep peace and tensions low between itself and Great Britain, Italy and the USSR. Germany used this appeasement to ke ...
    Related: civilization, western civilization, benito mussolini, british navy, proposals
  • Wwitreaty Of Versailles - 1,312 words
    Wwi-Treaty Of Versailles World War I - Treaty of Versailles In the peace settlement Germany was forced to accept sole responsibility for causing World War I. This was a totally justifiable demand on the part of the victorious powers. The Treaty of Versailles was enacted into history in June 1919 with Germany forced to accept sole responsibility for causing World War I. Since then there has been considerable debate concerning the war but even today historians still cannot fully agree upon the causes. Some support has been given to the theory that Germany was totally responsible for the war however substantial evidence does not support that view. Therefore the insistence by the victorious powe ...
    Related: treaty of versailles, versailles, modern world, balkan wars, russian
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