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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: ehrlich

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  • Against Capital Punishment - 1,191 words
    ... uggests that rather than deterring homicide, state executions may actually increase the murder rate. This phenomenon has been named the brutalization hypothesis. It suggests that through suggestion, modeling, or by legitimizing killing, homicide numbers increase. In a study taken from 1957 to 1982 by Isaac Ehrlich, the number of executions in 1957 was 65 and the number of murders was 8,060. From 1958 to1960 the execution rate stayed roughly the same, but the murder rate increased (Bender& Leone, 1986, p. 99-100) (Vila & Morris, 1997, p.223). Throughout the remainder of the study the execution rate dropped and the murder rate continued to increase. In 1981 the murder rate was at 22,520 a ...
    Related: capital murder, capital punishment, punishment, first year, african american
  • Arthur Miller And Tennessee Williams, Including A Streetcar Named Desire - 4,269 words
    ... g the subject matter of Face to Face (1975) overly familiar and rating his English-language The Serpent's Egg (1977) an overall failure. Autumn Sonata (1978) and From the Life of the Marionettes (1980) were critical successes, however, although the latter failed at the box office. Fanny and Alexander (1983), a rich and fantastic portrait of childhood in a theatrical family, was regarded as one of his finest films and won an Academy Award for best foreign language film of 1983. Subsequently, Bergman directed After the Rehearsal (1984), his meditation on a life in the theater. WILLIAM S. PECHTER Bibliography: Bergman, Ingmar, Bergman on Bergman (1973); Cowie, Peter, Ingmar Bergman: A Criti ...
    Related: arthur, arthur miller, miller, named desire, streetcar, streetcar named, streetcar named desire
  • Capital Punishment - 1,225 words
    Capital Punishment Since the beginning of recorded history, mankind has made use of the idea of capital punishment. Most ancient societies accepted the notion that certain crimes deserved the death penalty. The idea of a crime punishable by death dates far back to Ancient Rome and the laws passed at that time. Till this day, however, there is still much debate as to whether or not capital punishment should be abolished. Although there are numerous arguments for and against the situation, the only way to fully understand something is to look at the death penalty from both standing viewpoints. When discussing Capital Punishment, many questions are asked. Is it morally just? Is it an effective ...
    Related: capital punishment, penalty capital punishment, punishment, death penalty, crime rate
  • Capital Punishment - 1,067 words
    Capital Punishment ?The?Capital punishment is the infliction of the death penalty on persons convicted of a crime.? This has been a topic of debate for many years. People who are for: People who are against: ?Why do we kill people to prove killing people is wrong?? Unconstitutional The 1st argument I have against capital punishment is that it?s unconstitutional. Every person has an equal right to ?life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.? This is a quote from American Civil Liberty Union National Office, ?Capital punishment is a barbaric remnant of an uncivilized society. It is immoral in principle, and unfair and discriminatory in practice.? Does the government have the right to kill? M ...
    Related: capital punishment, punishment, last year, civil liberty, sink
  • Capital Punishment - 790 words
    Capital Punishment "Eye for an Eye" and "Tooth for a Tooth" remains to be two of the 282 laws of justice that Hammurabi established. I am headed towards the topic of Capital Punishment. I am here to support Capital Punishment, and I believe that it has many positive effects to our society. One of the more common procedures in our country is the Death Penalty. the death penalty is extraordinarily rare. Since 1967, there has been one execution for every 1600 murders, or 0.06%. There have been approximately 560,000 murders and 358 executions from 1967-1996 FBI's Uniform Crime Report (UCR) & Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS). As a supporter of Capital Punishment, putting a murderer to death row ...
    Related: capital punishment, punishment, death row, death penalty, prisoners
  • Capital Punishment - 1,984 words
    ... oks, Inc. Why Capital Punishment Should be Abolished Unlike popular belief, the death penalty does not act as a deterrent to criminals. As stated by Alfred Blumstein, Expert after expert and study after study has shown the lack of correlation between the treat of the death penalty and the occurrence of violent crimes. (Blumstein 68) Isaac Ehrlich's study on the limiting effects of capital punishment in America reveals this to the public. The study spans twenty-five years, from 1957 till 1982, and shows that in the first year the study was conducted, there were 8060 murders and 6 executions. However, in the last year of the study there were 22,520 murders committed and only 1 execution pe ...
    Related: capital punishment, punishment, stanford university, eighth amendment, kidnapping
  • Capital Punishment, Is The Execution Of Criminals By The State, For Committing Crimes, Regarded As The Worst Possible Crimes - 1,320 words
    Capital punishment, is the execution of criminals by the state, for committing crimes, regarded as the worst possible crimes that this is the only acceptable punishment around. Capital punishment does not only lower the murder rate, but its value as retribution alone is a good reason for handing out death sentences. Support for the death penalty in the U.S. has risen to an average of 80% according to an article written by Richard Worsnop, entitled Death penalty debate centers on retribution. This figure is slightly lower in Canada where support for the death penalty is at 72% of the population over 18 years of age, as stated in article by Kirk Makir, in the March 26, 1987 edition of the Glob ...
    Related: capital murder, capital punishment, committing, crime rate, crime statistics, criminals, execution
  • Chapter 1 - 1,117 words
    CHAPTER 1 THE AMAZING THEORY OF RAW-MATERIAL SCARCITY The Great Toy Shortage Forget it, Virginia. Santa won't be leaving a Star Wars R2-D2 doll under the tree this year - just an I.O.U. promising you one at some vague time between February and June. Don't count on a Mego Micronaut kit for building your own robot either, or a Milky the Marvelous Milking Cow, which drinks water when its tail is pumped, moos plaintively and squirts a tiny pailful of cloudy white milk from a detachable pink udder.... Not since the Grinch stole Christmas has there been such an unseasonable shortage. Newsweek, December 19, 1977, p. 58 CHAPTER 1 - TABLE OF CONTENTS The Great Toy Shortage Between Pig Copper and Dent ...
    Related: free market, consumer price index, paul ehrlich, count, minerals
  • Could Gambling Save Science: Encouraging An Honest Consensus - 4,785 words
    Could Gambling Save Science: Encouraging an Honest Consensus To appear in Social Epistemology, 1992. (version appeared: in Proc. Eighth Intl. Conf. on Risk and Gambling, London, 7/90.) C O U L D G A M B L I N G S A V E S C I E N C E? Encouraging an Honest Consensus by Robin Hanson Visiting Researcher, The Foresight Institute P.O. Box 61058, Palo Alto, CA 94306 USA 510-651-7483 The pace of scientific progress may be hindered by the tendency of our academic institutions to reward being popular, rather than being right. A market-based alternative, where scientists can more formally "stake their reputation", is presented here. It offers clear incentives to be careful and honest while contributi ...
    Related: consensus, encouraging, gambling, honest, peanut butter
  • Crime And The Death Penalty - 1,315 words
    Crime And The Death Penalty The death penalty has existed as long as humans have existed. The quote an eye for an eye is found in the Bible. In the middle ages fines, public humiliation and imprisonment were appropriate punishments for all crimes, and death penalty for all murders. Today, Federal law states that the death penalty is to be enforced with convicted criminals for: treason; deserting armed forces during wartime; murder committed by a soldier; kidnapping and murder that involves crossing state lines; murder committed during an airplane hijacking; and of course, homicide. The death penalty is also called for punishment of for: attempting to kill anyone investigating or prosecuting ...
    Related: crime, crime rate, death penalty, death row, penalty, penalty deters crime, penalty information center
  • Deforestations Impact - 1,329 words
    Deforestations Impact PSC 391 May 1, 2000 Deforestation is the permanent destruction of indigenous forests and woodlands.(WWF) Currently, forests cover approximately one fifth of the worlds land. Forests provide us with many products we use in our everyday lives. They also provide for us in other ways such from helping stop soil erosion to providing us with medical drugs, dyes and fabrics.. Humanity depends on the survival of a healthy ecosystem and deforestation is causing many social, economic and ecological problems. Approximately 12 million hectares of forests are depleted each year. Ninety percent of the clearing occurs in the tropical rainforests. At the current rate of clearing, all t ...
    Related: westview press, population explosion, carbon dioxide, canadian, comparing
  • Environmental Air Pollution - 1,263 words
    Environmental Air Pollution My views of the environment are rooted in my belief in creation. I do not believe that life on earth began spontaneously, nor do I believe that the earth is so delicately balanced. I dont believe that the earth and its ecosystem are fragile. Many radical environmentalists do, they believe man can come along, all by themselves and change everything for worse. After hundreds of millions of years, they believe that we are the last two generations of human existence. And they think we can destroy the earth all by ourselves? I simply cannot believe this view of man and his works. I refuse to believe that people, which is also a result of Creation, can destroy the best ...
    Related: air pollution, environmental, environmental laws, pollution, solar system
  • For Most Crimes Committed In The United States A Fine, - 1,375 words
    For most crimes committed in the United States a fine, sentence of time in jail or execution is the punishment. However, the death penalty is the most questionable punishment. Is it morally right? Is it effective in deterring crime, primarily murders? Weather or not you agree if it is moral or not, one issue remains. The death penalty is not an effective way to deter crime. The death penalty has existed as long as humans have existed. The quote "an eye for an eye" is found in the Bible. In the middle ages fines, public humiliation and imprisonment were appropriate punishments for all crimes, and death penalty for all murders. Today, Federal law states that the death penalty is to be enforced ...
    Related: crime rate, most effective, penalty deters crime, penalty states, state laws
  • Fredrick Douglass - 1,896 words
    Fredrick Douglass Justin Frieberg Dr. Ursule Yates Eng. 121, Sec. 41 4/28/2000 Fredrick Douglass and Education Frederick Douglass was, and still is, a golden example of why education is so important to a human being's life. Douglass spent the first part of his life in ignorance. However, his life of a seemingly endless servitude and ignorance was completely shattered by the fact that he learned to read. Once he learned to read, his life was forever changed. Douglass escaped slavery and tyranny and for this became an icon even to this day. His story more than adequately demonstrates that a quality education is perhaps the most important thing a person can receive in their life. Without his ed ...
    Related: frederick douglass, fredrick, fredrick douglass, fort worth, public education
  • Helen Hunt Jackso - 1,022 words
    Helen Hunt Jackso A Century Of Dishonor, a Triumph or Tragedy? The author Helen Hunt Jackson had hoped for a triumph over the mistreatment, abuse, and mainly the deaths of seemingly innocent Native Americans with her novel, A Century Of Dishonor. However, when the hard cold reality set in, her novel was merely a small tragedy in the battle for the Native Americans that sadly went unnoticed. What treaty that the whites ever made with us red men have they kept? Not one. When I was a boy the Sioux owned the world. The sun rose and set in their lands. They sent 10,000 horse men to battle. Where are the warriors to-day? Who slew them? Where are our lands? Who owns them? What white man can say I e ...
    Related: helen, helen hunt, helen hunt jackson, hunt, hunt jackson
  • Life Of Jesus - 1,108 words
    ... Luther King Jr. was born on January 15, 1929, in Atlanta, Georgia. He was raised in the African-American Baptist church. One of the distinguishing beliefs of the Baptists is religious liberty. It "is important to Baptists who assert that man is free under God in all matters of conscience and has the right to embrace or reject religion, to choose or change his faith, and to preach, teach, and worship publicly and privately, with due respect to the rights of others." The King family was very adamant about their faith and religion. As a young boy, King was displeased with the emotional aspect of religion and was unsure of interpretations from scripture being taken literally. In spite of th ...
    Related: jesus, jesus christ, african american, biographical sketch, tribune
  • Overpopulation - 1,208 words
    Overpopulation How many times have you been sitting in traffic with your engine running and on the right you see a factory letting off pollutants into the air? Well every time you do this and the company does this you and them are polluting are air and water, and leading to the destruction of the Bay Area. Unless we the people of the Bay Area and the factories do something to improve the pollution we are letting off then the Bay Area is in serious danger of losing the beauty of city. When is an area overpopulated? When its population cant be maintained without rapidly depleting nonrenewable resources (or converting renewable resources into nonrenewable ones) and without degrading the capacit ...
    Related: overpopulation, immigration reform, works cited, environmental protection, attain
  • Overpopulation - 1,338 words
    Overpopulation "The battle to feed all of humanity is over. In the 1970s the world will undergo famines-hundreds of millions of people are going to starve to death in spite of any crash programs embarked upon now. At this late date nothing can prevent a substantial increase in the world death rate, although many lives could be saved through dramatic programs to "stretch?the carrying capacity of the earth by increasing food production. But these programs will only provide a stay of execution unless they are accompanied by determined and successful efforts at population control.? These words, from Dr. Paul R. Ehrlichs book The Population Bomb, predicted a grim future for the world of 1968 when ...
    Related: overpopulation, life expectancy, technology review, national security, holm
  • Population And Food - 1,178 words
    Population And Food The United Nations projects that the global population, currently at 6 billion, will peak at about 10 billion in the next century and then stabilize or even decline.(popindex.Princeton.edu) A question immediately following the statement, can the Earth feed that many people? It is understood that even if food crops increase sufficiently, other renewable resources, including many fisheries and forests, are already under pressure. Our food production doubled from 1961 to 1994, but there are still people who go hungry. (popindex.Princeton.edu) This is because the human population has increased more rapidly than the food production. One of the well-known economists Thomas Robe ...
    Related: food production, food supply, human population, population growth, total population, world population
  • Population And Food - 1,242 words
    ... d 23000 tons of food in that year. Cereal commercial imports about 25000 tons and food aid is about 140 tons(fao.org/giews/english/basedocs/rwa/rwaaidle.s tm) What happened in Rwanda is that in 1995 the amount of food aid and cereal commercial imports was greater than their food production. As a result, the population growth in Rwanda threatened peoples lives because the food production could not satisfy all the people needs. In addition, food and resources are not often distributed evenly among the human society; this means that poor people are the ones who will be starving. Also, most of the food that grows in developing countries is for the exportation to developed countries, resulting ...
    Related: food production, food supply, human population, population growth, staple food
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