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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: egoism

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  • Egoism - 1,986 words
    Egoism Egoism Psychological egoism is a reflex that every person has to orient themselves toward their own welfare. Through this, it follows that every one of his (or her) voluntary actions is some good to himself. If someone gives away the last piece of bread to someone else, it is because they want to look like a better person. Due to the fact that they would give away the last piece of bread. Human nature is completely and exclusively egoistic. People are entirely selfish and devoid of any genuine feelings of sympathy, benevolence, or sociability. They are always thinking of themselves in everything they do. Each individual is preoccupied exclusively with the gratification of personal des ...
    Related: egoism, happy life, bear arms, right to bear arms, fund
  • Egoism Ethics - 1,866 words
    Egoism Ethics In ethics egoism entails that the individual self is either the motivating moral force and is, or should, be the end of moral action. Egoism divides into both a positive and normative ethic. The positive ethic views egoism as a factual description of human affairs, that is people are motivated by their own interests and desires. The normative ethic is that they should be so motivated. Positivist egoism: Psychological Egoism The positivist egoist, whose theory is called psychological egoism, offers an explanation of human affairs, in effect a description of human nature, which he or she believes to be wholly self-centred and self-motivated. In its strong form the theory asserts ...
    Related: egoism, ethics, more successful, enquiry concerning, logically
  • Egoism Thomas Hobbes - 1,684 words
    Egoism Thomas Hobbes Egoism There is no word more generally misinterpreted than the word egoism, in its modern sense. In the first place, it is supposed to mean devotion to self interest, without regard to the interest of others. It is thus opposed to altruism - devotion to others and sacrifice of self. This interpretation is due to the use of the word thus antithetically by Herbert Spencer. Again, it is identified with hedonism or eudaimonism, or epicureanism, philosophies that teach that the attainment of pleasure or happiness or advantage, whichever you may choose to phrase it, is the rule of life. Modern egoism, as propounded by Stirner and Nietzsche, and expounded by Ibsen, Shaw and oth ...
    Related: egoism, hobbes, thomas hobbes, herbert spencer, power over
  • An Ethical Dilemna - 1,185 words
    An Ethical Dilemna Dilemma- Taken from: Business Ethics - Ethical Decision Making and Cases A Real Life Situation pages 62-63 After three years with the company, Sandy was promoted to assistant plant manager. This was a big step for Unity Welding and Construction, as well as for the industry; Sandy was one of only a handful of women who had broken through the "glass ceiling" and made their way into management. She had proved to the men around her that she deserved the job, and she was now being toasted by assistant managers from other plants across the country John, her boss, had been her advocate with the company. He had personally lobbied upper management in her behalf. Unity Welding and C ...
    Related: ethical, ethical decision, ethical decision-making, environmental protection agency, quality control
  • An Ethical Dilemna - 1,165 words
    ... will have to say that overlooking everything would benefit almost everyone involved. Sandy will have to doctor up the quality-control reports, but this is considered acceptable in the Utilitarianism viewpoint because she will save many peoples jobs. If Sandy does modify the quality-control reports, she will be supporting John who has helped and supported her career when no one else believed in her. This decision would also benefit the good of the company because they would not have to layoff their most productive workers around the Christmas holidays. If they did lay off their most productive workers, the company would be left with the least productive and lazy workers because they have ...
    Related: ethical, ethical behavior, ethical decision, ethical decision-making, ethical standards
  • Anthem - 483 words
    Anthem Anthem The book Anthem by Ayn Rand had many different important themes. I am going to mainly focus on a specific one in that that everyone must have an ego for a greater society to continue. Egoism played an extremely big part in the novel and wasnt revealed until the end of the book. Ego in my terms means lacking in ones own interests meaning that you dont do what you like to do and dont have your own feelings. During the book everyone who was living in the society was lacking an ego. When people lack egos they dont have their own personalities and they act as robots. None of the people actually had their own names. The actions of all the students in the society wasnt in the will of ...
    Related: anthem, free will, living dead, book reports, ambition
  • Assisted Suicide - 1,085 words
    Assisted Suicide Questions concerning the right to end one's life have long generated storms of controversy. These questions, involving intensely personal views on issues no less profound than the meaning of life and liberty, are unlikely to disappear any time soon. The conservative nature of the medical profession, and the organized opposition of the "right to life" movement, along with disagreement among disabilities rights organizations, perpetuate the controversy. The heat from the debate in turn only intensifies the difficult choices people with end-stage AIDS, and their loved ones, may face when life is overwhelmed by irreversible illness and unrelenting pain. In this essay I am going ...
    Related: assisted suicide, doctor assisted suicide, physician assisted, physician assisted suicide, physician-assisted suicide, suicide
  • Buddhism And Death - 1,041 words
    Buddhism And Death "Does Anything Survive Death?" The Buddha, already enlightened and therefore having reached the state of Nirvana, taught and explained many concepts and principles to his students. He was released from the life cycle, which every individual should seek to escape. He said that in order to be released from the torture of reincarnation, one must cease to desire, for it is the failure to fulfill ones desires that causes ones misery. He also explained that possessions and material things are all a delusion. Since people are not born with belongings and do not die with them, they are not really belongings, but only burdens. Even the body itself is not owned by the mind inhabitin ...
    Related: buddhism, life cycle, present state, human life, enlightened
  • Convicting Raskolnikov Dostoevskys Views On Criminal Justice - 1,409 words
    Convicting Raskolnikov Dostoevsky's views on Criminal Justice At the close of Crime and Punishment, Raskolinkov is convicted of Murder and sentenced to seven years in Siberian prison. Yet even before the character was conceived, Fyodor Dostoevsky had already convicted Raskolinkov in his mind (Frank, Dostoevsky 101). Crime and Punishment is the final chapter in Dostoevsky's journey toward understanding the forces that drive man to sin, suffering, and grace. Using ideas developed in Notes from Underground and episodes of his life recorded in Memoirs of the House of the Dead, Dostoevsky puts forth in Crime in Punishment a stern defense of natural law and an irrefutable volume of evidence condem ...
    Related: criminal, criminal justice, fyodor dostoevsky, raskolnikov, doing good
  • Convicting Raskolnikov Dostoevskys Views On Criminal Justice - 1,356 words
    ... kov could transform his ideas into reality, however, he needed a "trigger," or some event which would bridge the gap between the imaginary world of his ideas and the reality of his life in Petersburg (Nutall 158). That event occurs, ironically, just when Raskolnikov is about to disband his journey into the "extraordinary" elite. He overhears a conversation which indicates that the old woman, Alena Ivanovna, will be home alone at a certain hour. His encounter with Alena, then "simply concretized the possibility of applying his ambition, which had been germinating in his subconscious, to the local Petersburg conditions of his own life" (Frank Dostoevsky 108). Even at this point, however, R ...
    Related: criminal, criminal behavior, criminal justice, raskolnikov, real life
  • Life Or Death Who Has The Right To Make The Choice - 1,317 words
    Life or Death Who has the Right to Make the Choice This paper will introduce a case study that results in an ethical dilemma. The ethical dilemma will be clearly stated including obligations and conflicts. Using the Contemporary Utilitarianism theory I will analyze the ethical dilemma. Finally I will analyze the same case using an Egoistic approach as an alternative course of action. Case Study An apparent 19 year old male is brought to the emergency room by ambulance in respiratory failure related to end stage cystic fibrosis. The patient is accompanied by his girlfriend who states that the patient has a do not resuscitate (DNR) order. As the emergency room physician tries to contact the pa ...
    Related: death and dying, death decision, quality of life, human happiness, cystic fibrosis
  • Macbeth - 928 words
    Macbeth Macbeth is the epitome of what the literary world regards a "tragic hero". His admirable qualities are supplanted with greed and hate when he is duped by the three witches. Thunder and lightning. Enter three Witches. Yes, it is the first scene from William Shakespeare's Macbeth, a tragic tale of one man's quest for power and his ultimate defeat. The story revolves around our tragic hero, Macbeth, and how an admirable and noble man, so established in society, can fall so greatly. Throughout the play, he is driven by an obsession to become King of Scotland, and in the process commits acts of betrayal and treachery to achieve this goal. However, Macbeth is not the only character involve ...
    Related: lady macbeth, macbeth, king duncan, human society, sympathy
  • Martin Luther King - 2,524 words
    Martin Luther King One of the worlds best known advocates of non-violent social change strategies, Martin Luther King Jr. (MLK), synthesized ideals drawn from many different cultural traditions. Recent studies of him emphasize the extent to which his ideals were rooted in African-American religious traditions which were then shaped by his education. The image of a social activist and leader was the result of extensive formal education, strong personal values and licit ethics. This excellence in leadership can be traced to his character which is shaped by his moral values and personality. We look at MLK and these traits to reveal the rationalization of his rise to transracial leadership in ou ...
    Related: luther, luther king, martin, martin luther, martin luther king jr
  • Religion, What Is Religion Religion Is A Way Of Life, A Life Style, It Should - 1,534 words
    Religion, what is religion? Religion is a way of life, a life style, it should dictate how you live your life. However why follow a religious belief, to go to heaven, avoid the condemnation to hell, to live forever? We in western society consider ourselves a not so religious society, we say I am Christian or I am Jew or I am an Atheist I don't believe. Keep in mind religion is a life style, it should dictate how you live your life. Sadly in western society, money and our compulsive cravings for material objects dictate our life. We are far from the highly evolved forms of religions of Hinduism and Buddhism over in the east. What are these religions? Buddhism is offshoot/reform of Hinduism. T ...
    Related: purpose of life, religion, los angeles, buddhist teachings, doctrine
  • Same Sex Harassment - 1,523 words
    Same Sex Harassment Joseph Oncale was employed from August to November of 1991 by Sundowner Offshore Services, Inc., as a roustabout on a sea-based oil rig for $7 an hour. He had worked on offshore rigs before (and does today), but says he's never encountered such abusive treatment as when he signed on with Sundowner. Oncale claims that while on the job he was sexually harassed by three male Sundowner employees: John Lyons, his supervisor; and Danny Pippen and Brandon Johnson, two co-workers. Early during Oncale's employment, Lyons, Pippen, and Brandon began threatening Oncale with rape. Oncale endured months of constant harassment and verbal threats while on the job. On October 25, 1991, th ...
    Related: harassment, sexual harassment, men and women, sexual aggression, typically
  • Sin Forgiveness In Hinduism - 640 words
    Sin &Forgiveness In Hinduism Sin begins in the realm of consciousness. When we are young we are taught by our guardians that which is right from that which is wrong. We grow up with the understanding that stealing our playmates toys or hitting our grandparents is wrong and therefore, a sin. As we mature the concept of sin begins to change; it is no longer quite so easy to define or to explain and its repercussions become much more severe than a grounding. Sin is a malicious act, intent-full, deliberate and harmful. An act is considered sinful when, though the perpetrator may gain some form of momentary satisfaction, the action inflicts harm to someone or something else. In reference to Hindu ...
    Related: forgiveness, hinduism, different levels, western culture, peaceful
  • Socrates And The Self Defense Clause - 934 words
    Socrates And The Self Defense Clause The question of Morality and what it means: Throughout the recorded history of man, there has been a series of questions continually asked by each generation. Who are we? Where are we going? Why? Is there a God? Are just a few of the questions that continue to engage the minds of so many today. But perhaps the most difficult one to really grasp has to do with the theories of ethics and morality, or in laymans terms, What is good and bad, and how do we live our lives to uphold the good while shunning the bad? As time has gone on there have been many theories and ideas proposed, ranging from the divine hand theory (dealing with how organized religion handle ...
    Related: clause, self defense, socrates, ethical theory, ethics and morality
  • State Of Nature - 1,215 words
    State Of Nature To trigger off any philosophy on what should be the characteristics of the state we must first imagine living in a state of nature (living with the lack of a state). Since we cannot trace back to any time that weve been without government, we must imagine what it would be like in a state of nature. What are people like with the absence of a state? there have been many views in answering this question, therefore there have been many differences in views for what the"ideal" state should be and serve as. A character of a state is described to best remedy for the deficiency of the "State of Nature", as Hobbes came up with his pessimistic state of nature in which life is solitary, ...
    Related: ideal state, public opinion, social behavior, social conflict, smart
  • Taming Of The Shrew - 1,157 words
    Taming Of The Shrew In the beginning of "The Taming of the Shrew", some say Shakespeare portrays Katherina as a very shrewish figure. Others may argue that she is not shrewish but just a very strong willed person. At the end of the play some people say she is transformed into a very kind and gentle person, while again others will argue that she is not "tamed" but just putting on an act to "show up" her younger sister Bianca, whom has always been more beautiful and charming. Kate is"like a wasp, like a foal, like foal that kicks from his halter; pert, quick and determined, but full of good heart." 1. This statement made by one author, shows clearly that he does not see her as shrew-like, even ...
    Related: shrew, taming, taming of the shrew, young girl, tests
  • The Ethics Of World Domination - 1,303 words
    The Ethics of World Domination The Ethics of World Domination Throughout the past 70 years the U.S. has been involved in hundreds of conflicts all around the globe. Every time the United States troops are deployed to a foreign country, citizens of the U.S. want to know why. People begin to ask questions like, "what is the purpose of this?" or "what is the nature of our involvement?" Nobody wants to see the strong youth of our nation shipped of to a foreign country to get slaughtered without good cause. Millions of American men and women have devoted their lives to the service and protection of the freedoms that we as citizens of the United States hold dear. These people deserve the utmost re ...
    Related: domination, ethics, world domination, gulf war, korean government
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