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Research paper topic: Abortion And Prolife - 1826 words
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Abortion And Pro-Life November 14, 1979, with the temperature outside at fifteen degrees, a two pound baby girl was found in a field wrapped up in a wet, dirty, old shirt. The umbilical cord was still attached, and the baby had been aborted twelve weeks prematurely. With little chance of survival, the baby was taken to a medical center. The little girl survived surgery and other efforts to save her. The baby was later adopted by, Susan Morrison, one of the nurses who attended to her. The baby was named Christelle, and now she and her mother talk to thousands of people about abortion and the pro-life movement (Maffet 13-14). This is an example of one person who felt they had the right to kill an unborn child.
There are one million six hundred thousand other abortion stories every year in the United States alone (Swindoll 13). No one should have the right to kill an unborn child. "Abortion is the termination of a pregnancy after, accompanied by, resulting in, or closely followed by death of the embryo or fetus: as spontaneous expulsion of a human fetus during the first twelve weeks, induced expulsion of a human fetus" (Webster 2). " The life of a child starts in the womb where God personally and sovereignly superintends the development and maturation of the baby before birth" (Swindoll 25). Because life begins at conception, abortion is more than terminating a pregnancy, it is taking a life.
The development of a baby can be medically documented. At eighteen to twenty-five days the baby's heart starts to beat. At forty to forty-two days the brain waves can be detected and at eight weeks the baby can grasp its hands. It can also swim with a natural swimmer's stroke and will already have its own set of fingerprints (Student Pack 1). It is at this eight week period that about fifty percent of abortions are done (Swindoll 13).
Approximately twenty-seven percent of all abortions are done at ten weeks into the pregnancy (Swindoll 13). At this stage of development, a baby can feel and respond to pain and yet seven hundred and seventy-two thousand eight-hundred abortions are done yearly after this point in a pregnancy (Student Packet 3). Also, at ten weeks, ninety-five percent of the baby's organs, features, and muscles are formed and working (Student Packet 1). Fourteen percent of abortions occur when the baby is eleven to twelve weeks old and five percent occur at thirteen to fifteen weeks. Four percent of the abortions occur at sixteen to twenty weeks and only about two percent are aborted after twenty weeks (Swindoll 13).
There are five main methods of performing an abortion. One method is dilatation and curettage. This procedure starts with paralyzing the cervix muscle ring and stretching it open. Then a curette is inserted into the opening and used to cut the placenta and baby into pieces. The remains are scraped into a bin and discarded. This procedure usually causes profuse bleeding.
A second form of abortion is known as the suction method. A hollow plastic tube is inserted and attached to a strong vacuum. The baby and the placenta are torn into pieces as it is sucked into a bottle. Many times women will need blood transfusions due to hemorrhaging after this method of abortion. This procedure is done up until the eleventh or twelfth week of pregnancy.
The third method is called a hysterectomy abortion. The abdomen is cut open and the baby is removed and discarded. This method is performed after the fourteenth or the fifteenth week (Wilke 27). It has been documented that there was a baby who tried to cry and its little arms were moving and the legs were kicking and the doctor smothered it with the placenta (Wilke 27). All babies are alive before being aborted with this method. Another case was reported about a baby in New York that refused to die and later was adopted into a good home (Wilke 29).
At sixteen weeks saline abortions are done. A needle is put into the mother's stomach and it reaches into the baby's bag of water. A concentrated salt solution is injected into the fluid which poisons the baby. This causes the baby to convulse and die. A day later, the mother will go into labor and will deliver a dead baby. It has been recorded that a woman had a saline abortion and was sent home right after the procedure, two weeks later she delivered twins.
One weighed three and one fourth pounds and the other was three and three fourths pounds (Wilke 29). God can overrule what man chooses to do. Partial birth abortions are the fifth method. In this procedure the doctor grabs the baby's legs and pulls them out into the birth canal. The baby's whole body is delivered except for the head.
The doctor then pokes scissors into the baby's skull and opens the scissors to increase the size of the hole. A suction tube is then inserted into the hole and the child's brain is sucked out. The skull collapses and the dead child is removed and discarded. This method is performed any where from four and a half months until the ninth month (Student packet 14). There are many reasons why abortions are done.
Most of them are for selfish reasons. Only one percent are done because of rape, incest or fetal abnormalities. Sometimes the doctor will advise an abortion for health reasons, but this is the case in only four percent of the women. Fifty percent of the women claim that they do not want to be a single parent or that they are having problems in their current relationship. Sixty-six percent say they cannot afford a child and seventy-five percent say it would interfere with their lives. Unfortunately, ninety-five percent of abortions are done because of the last three excuses (Swindoll 12).
A current trend is for babies to be aborted because the parents do not like the gender of the child. One woman said that she had tried all methods she knew of to conceive a girl. She found out twice that she was carrying a boy and she had both babies aborted (Student pack 5). Many women have abortions because they are willing to do what others tell them to do. A victim of sexual abuse said that her mom told her that if she continued her pregnancy, she could not live at home.
Many of these girls are fifteen to seventeen years of age and have no where else to live. They often are never told all the facts about abortion and have no one else there to support them. It is sad, because many times parents care more about their reputation than what is best for their daughters (Green 21-15). Many women do not know about the long term effects that abortions can have on them physically and emotionally. In a survey of one thousand one hundred and forty-five women who have had an abortion, eight hundred and sixty-eight of them said they would not have an abortion again.
Of those interviewed, nine hundred and thirteen of them said that they experienced guilt. Six hundred and seventy-four have lower self-esteem and seven hundred and ninety-eight experienced excessive crying and depression. Other psychological and emotional problems women have experienced are nightmares, remorse, hostility, hatred toward males, promiscuity, feeling dehumanized, abuse of children, despair, eating disorders, suicidal tendencies, inability to forgive themselves, anger, rage, drugs and alcohol abuse. Many women also will have a desire to get pregnant again, while others continue to have abortions and some have thwarted maternal emotions (Spring 66). One woman said, "I have this dream that I hear a baby crying and then another.
I go to a closet and open it. Out fall a hundred babies' bodies." Another woman says, "No one ever told me I would live with this decision the rest of my life. It has been several years, but my grief continues" (Student packet 11). There are many physical complications as a result of abortion. Many women will later have intense pain, menstrual disorders, infections, neo-natal death, shock, coma, blood clotting defects and a scarred uterus.
Women can also become infertile or sterile. Some women who do become pregnant again, usually have complications such as premature birth, long and difficult labor, tubal pregnancy, and many will miscarry (Student pack 13). Women also die as a result of an abortion. Doctors will not list it as the cause of death, but will put hemorrhaging, suicide or infection as the cause. Abortions leave behind emotional trauma to families. Tendencies toward drug and alcohol abuse, self-destructive behavior, guilt and suicide occur in ninety-nine percent of women who have had abortions (Maffet 14).
Abortion became legal on January 22, 1973. Abortion was ruled as a constitutional right in all the states. There were two cases that were brought to the Supreme Court which played a major role in the legalization of abortion. The primary case was Roe versus Wade. This involved a Texas woman, Jane Roe. Her real name was Norma McCorvey.
She claimed to have been raped and felt she should be able to have a legal abortion. Later Miss McCorvey confessed that she had not really been raped. McCorvey was not able to have an abortion legally, so she carried the baby and then delivered a baby girl. The baby was given up for adoption and many years later she got to meet the child she had wanted to abort (Student pack 7). The second case was Doe versus Bolton. This was a case involving a couple from Georgia who wanted to abort a baby which they had not planned on (Student packet 7).
This law did not protect the unborn because it said that, "Legal personhood does not exist prenatally." It said there would be no restrictions at all on abortions done within the first three months. Abortion would be legal after twenty to twenty-four weeks if a licensed doctor said it was necessary for the mother's health. This became a loophole for doctors to say physical, emotional, psychological, familial, and age would be relevant to the mental or physical well being of the patient (Student packet 9). This abortion law was passed despite the fact that the Declaration of Independence states, "We hold these truths to be self-evident; that all men are created equal, that they were endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights, that among these rights are life..that to secure these rights, government are instituted among men" (Wilke 94). The fourteenth amendment of the Constitution of the United States further says, "Nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty or poverty without due process of, nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction, that equal protection of the laws" (Wilke 94).
In addition, on November 20, 1959, the Declaration of the Rights of a Child, was approved by the General Assembly of the United Nations. It stated that, "The child, by reason of physical and mental immaturity, needs special safeguards and care, including appropriate legal protection, ...
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