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Research paper topic: 1984 - 1219 words
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.. statements that change every day. The other reason for the diary is so that in the future, people will be able to read what really, and to inform them about beliefs on the party. Like Winston, I believe George Orwell wrote 1984 in order to allow a communist country to be revealed, the Soviet Union. Orwells goal was to expose the falsehoods of the Soviet Union as the model of a socialist state.
He also wanted to reveal the dangers of totalitarianism, the deterioration of objective truth, and the well thought-out manipulation of Oceanias common peoples through propaganda. The Ministry of Truth is where history and facts both significant and insignificant are rewritten to reflect the party's utopian beliefs. They thoroughly destroy the records which will one day be corrected, and replace the older editions. Their goal is to make people forget everything: facts, words, dead people, and places names. How far they succeed in destroying the past is not fully established in Orwell's description; clearly they try hard and have impressive results. The ideal of complete oblivion may not have been reached, yet further progress is to be expressed (Kolakowski 126). Winston and Julia are workers at the Ministry of Truth.
Winston becomes more mentally concerned in his work than Julia has become. Winston Smith and his fellows at the Ministry of Truth spend their days rewriting the past: Most of the material you were dealing with had no connection with anything in the real world, not even the kind of connection that is contained in a direct lie' (Daley 118). Winston is not mentally as strong as Julia is. His work has a greater influence on him. The Ministry of Truth is like a totalitarian country, because it has ways to scare its citizens.
People guilty of crimes are erased from ever existing. Your name was removed from the registers, every record of your existence was denied and then forgotten (Orwell 19). Again people were taken away without any rights. ..There was no trial no report of arrest (Orwell 19). The actual purpose of the Ministry of Truth is to spread lies and to have control over its citizens using memory-erasing techniques. ..The distinction between true and false in their usual meaning has disappeared.
This is the great cognitive triumph of totalitarianism: it cannot be accused of lying any longer since it has succeeded in abrogating the very idea of truth (Kolakowski 127). These control methods were used by totalitarian nations who wanted to control their citizens in Europe during and after World War II. The many different ministries are paradox to the real definitions of the words. The Ministry of Truth is a complete contradiction of itself. A Ministry of Truth should not change history or say people never existed. It should represent the truth, and should not erase records of the existence of people.
The Ministry of Love is where all criminals are tortured, rehabilitated, and then set free or killed. As soon as Winston is captured he thinks he is going to the Ministry of Love. The Ministry of Love was incredibly alarming; it has no windows. Winston was never inside the Ministry of Love, or within half a kilometer of it. It is impossible to go into unless you have official business, and then only by going through a maze of barbed wire, steel doors, and hidden machine-gun.
In 1984 Winston tells us that, Even the streets leading up to its outer barriers were roamed by gorilla-faced guards in black uniforms, armed with jointed truncheons (Orwell 8). In a totalitarian state something resembling a Ministry of Love has existed, where the government inflicts pain on its citizens for crimes both big and small. This is how totalitarian nations keep power over their citizens, by putting fear of pain into their minds. This too was a common practice in both Germany and Italy during WWII. It was not uncommon for citizens to be forced to drink castor oil as punishment for minor crimes.
The name Ministry of Love is a contradiction of itself. Its name shows a feeling of love and warmth, but in actuality it's the complete opposite. It's a place of hate and pain and is cold and dark. A more fitting name for The Ministry of Love would be the Ministry of Hate. George Orwell lived in Europe when they were rebuilding after World War II.
During this time Soviets gained six nations as satellites. England was helpless and was forced to worry about their own problems while they had to watch the Soviet Union take control over half of Germany. The leader of the Soviet Union, Stalin closely resembles Big Brother. They were both larger than life figures in their respective countries. In the Soviet Union you could easily have found large posters with Stalin's face on them.
The same is true in 1984 where Big Brother's face is everywhere. A classic saying from 1984 is, Big Brother is watching you, (Orwell 5) if the Thought Police don't catch you, the telescreens and hidden microphones would. In the Soviet Union, Stalin's KGB looked for criminals who were conspiring against the government. In Stalin's regime over 10 million people were killed. In 1984 hundreds of criminals were killed daily.
Another aspect of the 1940s was the new broadcast TVs and mainframe computers. Orwell believed both Big Brother and communist countries like the Soviet Union used new technologies in order to have control over citizens. It is from the new technology of the 1940s where Orwell's most likely got the idea for adding telescreens and hidden microphones in his book 1984. Before World War II, Orwell had his worst encounter with communists. While Orwell was in the Spanish Civil War, he was running away from Soviet communists who were trying to kill him. Causing him leave the army, during which time he decided to become a writer.
Orwell took the unrest and injustices which occurred during the Mid 20th Century, in order to get people's attention about the problems in the their society. Orwell's primary purpose is to distort disturbing conditions tendencies and habits of thought that he saw existing in the world(Stansky 105). Orwell believed the domino affect could cause the world to fall to communism. He felt nothing could stop its enormous progress. 1984, was created to aid the prevention of this and make it apparent the harmful nature of communist rule.
In 1984, Orwell reveals his point of view through Winston. In OBrien and Big Brother he portrays a totalitarian leader, while Julias the desire and lust of the human being is expressed. George Orwell has a strong dislike for totalitarianism and what it stands for. He experienced the problems of totalitarianism, understanding how the problem could become worse. Seeing how unstable the economy was in Europe after World War II the domino affect of communism could be tangible Orwell wanted to reveal to people the truth about totalitarianism and Communism.
Work Cited Daley, Alan L. George Orwell, Writer and Critic of Modern Society.Charlottesville: Samhar Press, 1974. Greenblast, Stephen J. Orwell as Satirist. George Orwell, A Collection of Critical Essays. Ed. Raymond Williams.
Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1974. 103-118. Kolakowski, Leszek. Totalitarianism and the virtue of the Lie. 1984 Revisited, Totalitarianism In Our Century. Ed. Irving Howe.
New York: Harper and Row, 1983. 122-136. Stansky, Peter and William Abrahams. Orwell: The Transformation. London: Gramala Publishing Limited, 1981. English Essays.
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