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Research paper example essay prompt: 1984 - 1273 words
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1984 Jean-Marie Lauria Professor Rednour Western Enlightenment April 20, 2001 Tyrants, Communism, Big Brother, Stalin, and 1984 In George Orwells, 1984, no individual freedoms are present. It mirrors mid twentieth century Europe during World War II and its affects. Winston the main character who is a 39-year-old man, was neither remarkable in intelligence nor character, but is disgusted with the world he lives in. He works in the Ministry of Truth, where history and the truth are rewritten to fit the party's beliefs. This is an example of the use of propaganda to fit the need of the government during World War Two.
Winston is aware of the falsehoods, because it is his job to make them true. Causing him to be very disheartened with the government of Oceania, where Big Brother, a larger than life figure who controls the people of the country. Winstons dissatisfaction causes him to rebel against the government in small ways. His first act of rebelling was buying and writing in a diary. This act is considered to be a thought crime, and is punishable by death.
A thought crime is any thought that goes against the Oceania government. Winston commits many thought crimes, and becomes paranoid about being caught. He believes it was to be expected, and becomes worried because a young woman who is actively involved in many community groups follows him. Winston is fixated with the past, looking back on a time when Oceania was free of this authoritarian dictatorship. It is made apparent when he goes into an antique shop and buys a shell covered in glass. This too was a crime punishable by death.
He sees the same woman following him. Many thoughts race through his mind, I wanted to rape you and then murder you afterwards. Two weeks ago I thought seriously of smashing your head in with a cobblestone. If you really want to know, I imagined that you had something to do with the Thought Police (Orwell 101). The girl who was following him slipped him a note when he was working.
The note said, I love you(Orwell 90). They make plans to meet each other, and carried on an illegal love affair. This love affair is another example of rebellion against the government. It goes on for some time. Winston rents a room where he and Julia can be secluded from the utopian community called Oceania. They meet a man named O'Brien who reveals that he too is a revolutionary.
Winston and Julia go to his house to meet with him. O'Brien gives them a treasonable book to read. Soon after it was given to them the Thought Police caught them. Leading to them unable to see each other again. O'Brien becomes Winston's rehabilitator and torturer for the next 9 months. O'Brien tortures Winston in stages. The first two stages are to force the party's beliefs on him, and then learn and understand what is expected of him.
In the third stage, Winston is made to face what he secretly fears most, rats eating his face. After being completely rehabilitated by O'Brien, Winston now loves the establishment and the government. He is set free. Big Brother is the head of a government, which has total control over the people of Oceania. The Big Brother regime uses propaganda to puts fear in the minds of its citizens, in order to keep the people of Oceania in line and under their control.
Big Brother is watching you,(Orwell 5) is just an example of one of the many party slogans, which puts fear in minds of its citizens. O'Brien is an informer for Big Brother, he is not who he appears to be to Winston. Who believes he is a fellow conspirator, but who in reality becomes Winston's torturer and rehabilitator. Neither O'Brien nor the party can tolerate Winston's betrayal of the government. O'Brien tells his victim, You are a flaw in the pattern, Winston. You are a stain that must be wiped out..It is intolerable that an erroneous thought should exist anywhere in the world, however secret and powerless it may be.
The party can't understand his disbelief, and believes that they must change his thoughts through torture and brainwashing. You will be hollow. We shall squeeze you empty and then we shall fill you with ourselves (Orwell 200). O'Brien represents the essence of communist or totalitarian rule. He makes his victims suffer by brainwashing them in order to control them.
O'Brien also tells Winston how he should feel about Big Brother when Winston is at his lowest point both mentally and physically. O'Brien's lecturing of the defeated Winston Smith, in the Thought Polices' torture chamber represents for Orwell, the core of our century's political repulsiveness. Julia is considered to be abnormal because she is comfortable with her sexuality, and enjoys what is forbidden. In a normal world sex is free, in 1984 it's forbidden act accept for reproduction because it is necessary in order to keep the party's numbers unvarying. Julia has been sexually active since she was a teenager.
She had had her first love affair when she was sixteen, with a party member of sixty (Orwell 109). Love and sex is not allowed in this totalitarian state so Julia has to look as pure as possible so that she does not look guilty of this crime. You thought I was a good party member, pure in word and deed. Banners, processions, slogans, games, and community hikes all that stuff. And you [Winston] thought that if I had a quarter of a chance I'd denounce you as a thought criminal and get you killed off (Orwell 101).
The owner of the antique shop is another example of someone appearing to be what they are not. Orwell uses the shop owner to show that no one can be trusted in a totalitarian country, even someone who appears to be your friend will turn you in, and have you killed. The shop owner is a perfect example of this. He appears to be an old widower who likes having conversations with Winston Smith. Orwell also points out that appearances can be misleading.
In reality the storekeeper is actually a member of the Thought Police. He laughs when Winston and Julia get caught, awaiting the next victim who will enter his store, and end up in the same position as Winston and Julia. Big Brother uses various ways to catch people who are guilty of non-party ideas. In the world of 1984 the tyrant Big Brother make use of a vast army of informers called thought police, who are always watching the people of Oceania looking for government violations, and criminal acts. An example of a criminal act could simply be, an unorthodox thought. Winston Smith, represents Orwell's view on totalitarianism. Winston rebels against the government of Oceania by writing a diary, and by constantly having unorthodox thoughts against the government. Winston knows that he is doomed from the moment he has his first heretical thought.
The tensions of the novel concerns how long he can stay alive, and whether it is possible for Winston to die without mentally betraying his rebellion (Greenblast 115). Winston writes a diary for two reasons. The first reason is so that he will be able to remember what really occurs in the Oceania world. In 1984, the memory of individuals, is effectively manipulated, programmed, and controlled from the outside by the party (Kolakowski 127). People don't know what they are truly remembering, and what is told to them. Showing how serious the manipulation of the government is, and the results it has on the community.
The party had invented airplanes (Orwell 127) is an example of the party's propaganda, and false ...
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