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Research paper topic: 16th Century Poetry - 1273 words
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16Th Century Poetry Part I: 1. Name three of the Germanic tribes that brought to England the dialects that make up the basis of the language we now call Old English. The Germanic tribes that brought the dialects were the Angles, the Saxons, and the Jutes. 2. Give an example from Beowulf of three of the following poetic devices: alliteration, the kenning, variation (repetition of appositives), or the litote (understatement). There are several examples of alliteration in lines 3079-3084, "Nothing we advised could ever convince the prince we loved, our land's guardian, not to vex the custodian of the gold, let him lie where he was long accustomed, lurk there under earth until the end of the world.
He held to his high destiny." I found lines 427-429 to be a good use of the caesura, "And so, my request, O king of Bright-Danes, dear prince of the Shieldings, friend of the people and their ring of defense". The author used the kenning several times in the sentence on lines 647-651, "He realized that the demon was going to descend on the hall, that he had plotted all day, from dawn-light until darkness gathered again over the world and stealthy night-shapes came stealing forth under the cloud-murk." He used dawn-light to mean morning or dusk, night-shapes to mean demons, and cloud-murk to mean fog. 3. Name three epic conventions and tell in what way each is used in Beowulf. Beowulf certainly consist of an epic journey by which Beowulf travels by sea from southern Sweden, home of the Geats, to Zealand, home of the Danes. It involves single-handed combat, "I hereby renounce sword and the shelter of the broad shield, the heavy war-board: hand-to-hand is how it will be," lines 436-439.
It also involved someone who was not an ordinary man, "There was no one else like him alive. In his day, he was the mightiest man on earth," lines 196-197. 4. Name some of the types of literature Chaucer uses in The Canterbury Tales. Tell what types of literature three of the Prologues and Tales assigned for the course represent. The romance, the sermon, and the confession are all types of literature that Chaucer uses.
The Pardoner's Prologue and The Wife of Bath's Prologue are examples of the confession. An example of the sermon is found in The Pardoner's Tale. The Wife of Bath's Tale is a good example of the romance. 5. Chaucer is a master of irony. Give one example of his use of each of these three types of irony: verbal, dramatic, and situational.
The examples may come from any of the Chaucer selections assigned. Chaucer uses verbal irony describing the Summoner in The General Prologue in line 650, "A better felawe sholde men nought finde", saying that the Summoner is a good man when he truly thinks of him as a sinner. Part I: 6. What military event, which took place in what year, made French the most widely used written language in England for over 150 years? The Norman Conquest of 1066. 7.
Why is the Knight on the pilgrimage? How does Chaucer indicate this? The knight was on the pilgrimage for fun. Chaucer indicated this by telling of the knight just coming from a voyage of battle, and he now does not wear his armor. 8. In what century did the Germanic tribes whose dialects form the basis of Old English arrive in England? In the fifth century, between 450 and 600 A.D. 9.
In what month did the pilgrimage described in The Canterbury Tales take place? Who wore a brooch of gold ful sheene, / On which ther was first writen a crowned A, / And after, Amor vincit omnia? Who was "The holy blissful martyr .. That hem hath holpen whan that they were seke? Who said, I preche of no thing but for coveitise? The pilgrimage takes place in April after the drought of March had broken. The Nonne, a Prioresse, wore the "brooch of gold ful sheene." St. Thomas Becket was the "holy blissful martyr." It is The Pardoner who says "I preche of no thing bur for convetise". 10.
Of whom is it said, Ther nas no man nowher so vertuous; He was the beste beggere in his hous? Of whom is it said, But greet harm was it, as it thoughte me, That on his shine a mormal hadde he,? Of whom is it said, And for to festne his hood under his chin / He hadde of gold wrought a ful curious pin; / A love-knotte in the grettere ende ther was? Who had a thumb of gold? Of whom is it said, And gladly wolde he lerne, and gladly teche? The Frere is regarded as "the beste beggere in his hous". The cook is referred to as the one with a "mormal" on his head. The monk is said to have a pin of gold. The Millere had a thumb of gold. The clerk, a student at Oxford, was willing to learn and teach.
11. What character brought along little dogs (small hounds) on the pilgrimage? Of whom is it said, He hadde a paire / Of legges and feet so clene and faire / That al myn herte I gave unto his hoold? Of whom is it said, He was a gentil harlot and a kinde; / A bettre felawe sholde men nought finde? The monk brought along his greyhounds. Janekin the clerk was said to have "feet so clene and faire". The Somnour is thought to be "a gentil horlot". 12.
In whose armor did Sir Lancelot arm himself in Queen Guinevere's chamber? He wore Sir Colgrevance's armor after he killed him with a blow to the head. 13. Who was in the barge in which Sir Bedivere placed King Arthur? His half-sister, Queen Morgause was one of the three ladies in the barge. Part I: 14. Identify the following: Sir Mordred, Sir Gaheris, Joyous Garde. Sir Mordred is the only knight that survived during the attack on Lancelot while he was visiting Guinevere. He is a manipulative person only out for his own gain and helped instigate the attack on Lancelot.
It is said that he later betrays King Arthur. Sir Gaheris is one of the two unarmed knights that is slain by Lancelot during the rescue of Guinevere. His death causes Sir Gawain to lust for revenge and turn against Lancelot, who he held in the highest regard. Joyous Garde is Lancelot's castle in England that he and Guinevere retreat to after her rescue. 15. What vocation did Sir Lancelot follow at the end of his life? Following Guinevere's example of entering a nunnery, Sir Lancelot enters into priesthood.
Part II: 1. "The attitudes toward life of the authors of Beowulf and The Canterbury Tales differ greatly." Discuss this statement, including in your discussion your opinion as to which author has the more affirmative view of life. It is apparent through reading Beowulf and The Canterbury Tales that the authors had distinctly different perceptions of life or at least different ideas of the impressions of life that they wanted to convey to the readers. This is likely due to what we know about the authors. Chaucer had the fortune to be raised in a middle class family and mingled with people of all sorts from various lands, speaking many languages.
He was around every class of person from the lowest peasant to the most noble. This variety gives him a more direct approach to writing about life by giving his representation of how each character would be if they truly existed. On the other hand, the author of Beowulf is widely believed to be a Christian, and possibly a Christian priest. Being a priest in this time would limit his access t ...
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