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Research paper example essay prompt: Bipolar Disorder In Kids - 1604 words
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Bipolar Disorder In Kids Determining Bipolar Disorder in children is harder then adults because of the mistakes doctor's make in their diagnosis. All kids have mood swings - is it Bipolar Disorder? Psychologists of today are having problems diagnosing children with Bipolar Disorder because the symptoms are so different from the adult form of the disorder. In children Bipolar Disorder is called "Child Onset Bipolar Disorder", known as COBPD (My Child 1). In children the cycling from highs to lows are very fast. Children will cycle between mania and depression many times a day. The episodes of mania or depression are short and rarely go on for more then a day at a time (Childhood 1).
Children have longer periods of normal behavior between episodes then adults (Bipolar I Disorder 1). This rapid cycling is called "ultra-ultra rapid cycling" (My Child 1). "Ultra-ultra rapid cycling" is mostly associated with the low states in the morning, and then followed by the afternoon and evening with a high increase in energy (Frequently Asked Questions 1). Children usually have continuous mood changes that are mixes of mania and depression (Sutphen 1). In adult Bipolar Disorder, it is called "Bipolar Affective Disorder", known as manic depressive illness (My Child 1). For adults the change from manic to depressed can take months. They often have periods of normal behavior in between their episodes of mania and depression (Bipolar 1). Bipolar Disorder is a biochemical imbalance that causes major mood changes from the highs of mania, to the very lows of depression (My Child 1). Doctors say "What goes up must come down" with the highs and lows of this disorder, but the cycles are very unpredictable and vary in Determining Bipolar Disorder in children is harder then adults because of the mistakes doctor's make in their diagnosis.
length. The times of depression and mania stages are not equal in time (Basic Terminology 1). In children only about .5% have bipolar disorder. The disorder is most common in males in children (Childhood 1). In adults one percent or about four million people of the population is affected by the disorder (Who Gets Bipolar 1).
Bipolar Disorder affects women equally (Expert 1). The normal range of age that the disorder appears in is between the ages 15 and 25 (Alternative 1). The cause of Bipolar disorder is still a mystery. Doctors know that there is a strong genetic condition that may have something to do with it (Childhood 1). One of the most important things to have when diagnosing a child with bipolar disorder is to have an accurate family history (Facts 1).
With one parent with the disorder they say the chances of each child having it is 15-30%, when both parents have the disorder the risk incr3eases to 50-75% of each child having it. In siblings and fraternal twins there is a 15-25% percent, and in identical twins there is about a 70% chance of having the disorder. (About Early-Onset 4). In adolescents a loss or some other traumatic event might trigger an episode of either depression or mania. Later episodes of mania or depression may occur independently because of any other obvious trigger, such as stress, or the episode may worsen with any additional added stresses.
Puberty is also a time of risk for children (About Early-Onset 3). There are also factors of the person's environment, stressful life events can trigger an episode from anything from a death in the family to losing a job or Determining Bipolar Disorder in children is harder then adults because of the mistakes doctor's make in their diagnosis. having a baby, or moving to a different city (Bailey 1). Nearly anything can trigger a persons change in mood, there might not be any obvious triggers at all (Bipolar 1). On average people with Bipolar Disorder, especially children, usually go through three to four doctors, and go through about eight years trying to find what works before they can obtain a correct diagnosis (Expert 1).
When diagnosing a child with bipolar disorder doctors have to be very careful that they do not make the wrong diagnosis (Childhood 1). It is very tricky to make a bipolar diagnosis in children because of all the other disorders that can go along with it. It is very rare for bipolar disorder to occur in children by itself (Facts 1). Diagnosing cancer in children is better chance of the correct diagnosis then diagnosing children with a form of bipolar disorder (What is it? 1). Bipolar in children is often misdiagnosed as borderline personality disorder, post traumatic stress disorder, or schizophrenia (About Early-Onset 5). Children with bipolar have a 90% chance of also having Oppositional Defiant Disorder, a 90% chance of having Attention Deficit Disorder, s 50-60% chance of having Separation Anxiety Disorder, and a 15-20% chance of having Obsessive- Compulsive Disorder (Redefining 1).
Other disorders that children can have with bipolar disorder are depression, conduct disorder, panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, tourette's syndrome, intermittent explosive disorder, or reactive attachment disorder (About Early-Onset 5). A Bipolar child's symptoms are very different compared to an adults. Some symptoms they can categorize into a manic and depressant state, and others they can not Determining Bipolar Disorder in children is harder then adults because of the mistakes doctor's make in their diagnosis. because of how fast a child goes from high to low. When a child is manic they have severe mood changes, very different to other children their age.
They can get unusually happy or silly, or they can be very angry, agitated, and or aggressive. They have unrealistic highs of self-esteem, and they often think that they have magic powers like they are super heroes. Bipolar children can go for days with little or no sleep, and still have energy. A manic child has an increase in talking, they talk too fast, and say too much at one time, and other people have a hard time understanding and following what they are talking about. Manic children often take part in high risk taking behavior, such as drinking alcohol, abusing drugs, sexual promiscuity, and reckless driving (Bipolar Disorder In Teens 1).
Bipolar children often have defiance of authority, strong frequent cravings for sugary foods such as candy and chocolates and have inappropriate promiscuous behavior (About Early-Onset 2). The depressive side of a child with Bipolar Disorder is similar to an adult's. Children have irritability, constant sadness, and frequent crying. They often have thoughts of suicide, suicide plans, and suicide attempts. They lose interest quickly in activities they used to enjoy and they also have a lose of interest in their friends and families. They have a low energy level when they are depressed, and they often sleep a lot during the day, also poor concentration, and complaints of boredom (Bipolar Disorder In Teens 1).
Very common symptoms of a Bipolar child are rages and explosive temper tantrums that can last for several hours. Major hyperactivity including silliness, Determining Bipolar Disorder in children is harder then adults because of the mistakes doctor's make in their diagnosis. goofiness, and giddiness. Very aggressive behavior, including risk taking behavior. They have low self-esteem and social anxiety.
Other common behaviors that Bipolar children have are bed-wetting especially in boys, night terrors, paranoia, hallucinations and delusions. Obsessional and compulsive behavior. Learning disabilities are apart of being bipolar also, they have poor shirt term memory, and they lack organizational skills. Children often have fascinations with horrible morbid thoughts. They have very manipulative behavior, bossiness and lying. The least common symptoms are bingeing, self- mutilating behaviors, and cruelty to animals (Symptoms of Bipolar 1-2).
When a Bipolar adult is in a manic stage they can either have all the symptoms or only a few. It varies form person to person depending on the age and the severity of the disorder (Marilyn 2). Over 90% of the bipolar adults experience two or more manic episodes in a life time (The Basics 1). Manic episodes can last two weeks, or even up to four to five months (Bipolar Affective Disorder 1). Bipolar adults often spend money beyond their finical capacity, have grandiose thoughts, seductive sexual behavior, loss of judgment and the inability to concentrate.
They may also have extreme hostility that leads to violent behavior by making abusive or obscene statements. When Bipolar adults are manic they are often arrogant, and they have a demanding attitude, they also shout, and throw things when things do not go their way. Bipolar adults move around a lot, they are very talkative about nothing important, and they are also very paranoid, and think that everyone is out to get them (Surveying 4). Adults with Bipolar, during their manic stage Determining Bipolar Disorder in children is harder then adults because of the mistakes doctor's make in their diagnosis. feel a lot better about themselves.
They have elevated moods, and an inflated self-esteem. They have an increase in goal directed social or sexual activities (Bipolar Affective 2). Adults get involved in pleasurable activities that have a high risk of a bad outcome with painful consequences (Criteria 1). Manic patients often feel on top of the world, and nothing - such as bad news, a tragedy, or a horrible event will change the way they feel. The often deglutinate that they have special connections with famous people and even God (Symptoms and Causes 1). Studies done on Bipolar adults show that creative, sensitive, perfectionists and high achievers how a higher incidence of Bipolar Disorder (What is Bipolar Disorder? 1).
Bipolar adults often have excessive irresponsible behavior, they are often very agitated and have poor temper control. Insomnia plays a big part in a bipolar patient's life, they have a decreased need for sleep and extreme restlessness (Marilyn 2). A manic person has a different personality from their normal. They act and dress differently to fit their "new" moods (Children's Mental 1). It ...
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