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Research paper topic: 100 Years Of History - 1762 words
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100 Years of History CURRENT EVENTS: 1945-1996 1945 On April 12 Harry S. Truman became President of the United States of America., In Washington, D.C. On August 6 at 9:15 a.m. US fighter planes dropped an Atomic Bomb on Hiroshima Japan. In Berlin, Germany on April 30, Adolf Hitler was found dead, Hitler committed suicide.
1946 On October 16 in Nurenburg, 9 Nazi war criminals were hanged for the crimes during WW II. On April 25 Big Four Ministers met in Paris to finalize a treaty with Germany, to end WWII. In Austria Queens New York, on October 22, Chester Carlos tried his experiment that is commonly known as the Xerox machine. 1947 On November 20, in England, Queen Elizabeth gets married to her cousin Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. On November 2, at the Long Beach Harbor, in Los Angeles, the Spruce Goose, the world's largest airplane, flies for the first time.
It got to 70 feet and flew for a mile. On April 7, in the US, Henry Ford dies at the age of 83. 1948 On July 7, in Cleveland, Satchel Paige, a Negro sidearm pitcher, signed a contract to pitch for the all white Cleveland Indians, against the Yankees. In Washington, D.C. on June 24, President Harry S Truman signs a new Draft Act, requiring men 19 to 25 to register for the US military. On January Mohandas K Gahndi was assassinated at 78, in India, he died 20 minutes after being shot.
1949 On the continent of the United States, Albert Einstein presents his gravitational theory to the world, on December 26. On July 27, Captain John Cunningham, a WW II fighter ace, flies the first jet airline, the Comet, from Britain. On October 10 in New York, Jackie Robinson wins the World Series MVP 1950 On January 25 the North Korean Reds invade Southern Korea by crossing the 38 Th parallel, a line set to separate the Korean land given to the Russians after WWII. On July 31 President Truman, from the White House in Washington, D.C., authorizes military build up in Korea, to stop the communist invasion of southern Korea. On August 21, in the US, Negro tennis player, Althea Gibson, becomes the first Negro to be admitted to pro tennis. 1951 On January 15 the UN slows down the attack by North Korea and China in Korea.
On November 28 the UN makes the 38 Th parallel a truce line for North Korea and South Korea, putting an end to the Korean war. In October, in New York the Yankees beat the Mets to win the World Series. 1952 On March 5, in Washington, D.C., Dwight Eisenhower becomes president of the United States by a landslide. In Cuba on March & the US signs a military aid pact with Cuba. On January 1 Illinois defeats Stanford 40-7 at the Rose Bowl in Pasadena, California.
1953 On March 5 in Moscow, Joseph Stalin dies in a hospital, sometime before 10:00 p.m., after suffering from a heart attack. On June 2, in England, Elizabeth the II is crowned queen of England. On September 2 in Newport, Rhode Island, John Fitzgerald Kennedy gets married to Jacqueline Lee Buoveir. 1954 On January 31 in Berlin the Big 4 met to discuss concerns for atomic weaponry. The Nautilus, the first US atomic submarine, is launched from Connecticut, at a harbor in Groton, on January 21. Joe Dimaggio got married to Marilyn Monroe at the San Francisco City Hall, on January 14.
1955 On July 18 in Anaheim, California, Disneyland opens Never Never Land. The Big Four at Geneva on July 23 decided to discuss the problems in Europe at a later date, sometime in October. French tanks, in Morocco, on July 27, halt Moroccan riots, killing 56 people in the process. 1956 On February 24 in Montgomery, Alabama buses are being boycotted, which was started by Rosa parks have gotten about 115 Negroes arrested. In April the Supreme Court rules that Negroes can ride buses with equal rights in Virginia, and will soon be enforced in 12 other southern counties.
On March 22 in Montgomery, Alabama, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., a reverend, and equality movement leader, was arrested and found guilty for orchestrating the bus boycotts. 1957 On January 21 President Eisenhower is sworn in for his second term as president, in Washington, D.C. On January 4 the UN reopened the Suez Canal, after repairing damage done during the Suez Canal incident. On January 10 in Britain, Harold Macmillian replaced Anthony Eden as prime minister of Britain. 1958 On February 1, the US launched its first space satellite from Cape Canaveral Florida.
On February 25 former Cuban President Carlos Prio Socarras was arrested for planning an invasion of the US. Painter Georges Rouault, famous deep faith painter, died at 86 in Paris on Fe 1959 On Mat 28, two Monkeys, that were sent on an American space trip, a seven-pound rebus monkey named Able, and Baker, a 1 pound squirrel monkey, were picked up alive and well after landing in the Atlantic Ocean. On May 27 ex Secretary of State Forester Dulles died of cancer. On May 1 in Brazil, Claire Boothe Luce, resigned as ambassador of Brazil. 1960 On November 9, in Washing ton DC, John F Kennedy is elected president of the United States of America. On November 12 the Discoverer XVII was launched into space from Vandenburgh Air Force Base.
On November 16 Clark Gable died of a heart condition in Hollywood. 1961 On May 25 Alan B Sheppard Jr. was the first American in space for 15 minutes. On May 20, in Montana, freedom riders were beaten by 1,000 white men, 20 with clubs. On November 22 in Montgomery, Alabama, 400 National Guardsmen fight with a white mob, besieging Dr.
king and 1,500 others in Dr. Kings church at the time. 1962 On October 28 a new agreement between Kennedy and Cuban premier Khrushchev put an end to the terrible week, known as the Cuban Missile Crisis. On February 26 Lt. Col John H Glenn Jr., is the first American to orbit earth. On August 5 in Los Angeles, Marilyn Monroe was found dead, with a vial of sleeping pills beside her.
1963 On August 28 200,000 people crowded the Lincoln Memorial to hear Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. give his "I Have a Dream" speech. On November 22, in Dallas, Texas, Lee Harvey Oswald, Assassinated American President John F Kennedy. On November 25 in DC, JFK was buried in Arlington Cemetery as the nation mourns. 1964 Dr.
Martin Luther King Jr. wins the Noble Peace Prize on December 10 On December 16 Massachusetts Senator Edward Kennedy walked out of a hospital after six months, because of a broken spine, received in a plane accident. On December 10 near Jackson, Mississippi, 21 Ku Klux Klan members were arrested 1965 On March 28 25,00 civil rights demonstrators led by Dr. King and Abernathy, walked 50 miles from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama. On March 18 Soviet Aleksei A Leonov Became the first man to leave the spacecraft in space.
On February 15, Nat King Cole Dies. 1966 On March 19 the Gemini 8 piloted by Neil Armstrong and David Scott, made the first two craft space docking with the Agena spacecraft. On June 6, Cape Canaveral sent an unmanned spacecraft to film the moon, the Gemini 9. On November 8, State Attorney General Edward W Brooke, was elected by popular vote, to become the first Negro senator. 1967 On August 30 Thurgood Marshall becomes the first Negro on the supreme court, Washington, D.C.
On August 1 Stokley Carmichael called for a Negro revolution in the United States. On August 25 George Lincoln Rockwell, the US Nazi leader was assassinated. 1968 On April 5 in a Loraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., was assassinated while standing on his hotel room balcony. On September 9, Arthur Ashe becomes the first black tennis player, to win a big male tennis championship. On December 27 James Lovell, William Anders, and Frank Borman, become the first astronauts, to orbit the moon and return safely, the Apollo 8 was launched from Cape Kennedy on December 21.
1969 On July 20, Neil Armstrong became the first man to walk on the moon, after Armstrong returned to Earth he gave his famous speech, "One small step for man, one giant leap for mankind. In April Charles De Gaulle resigned from his office of president of France. On August 17 400,00 people survived traffic jams, food and water shortages, and torrential downpours, this weekend to proclaim the Woodstock Music Festival. The crowd gathered on a 600-acre dairy farm, owned by Max Yauger, to hear musicians like, Richie Havens, Jefferson Airplane, Grateful Dead, Crosby Stills, Nash and Young, Credence Clearwater Revival, the Who, the Band, Janis Joplin, and Jimmy Hendrix, while having bad LSD trips. On March 2, The British and French built Concorde, took its Madien flight from Touluose, France.
The British and French hoped that the jet would go faster than double the speed of light, and cross the Atlantic in three and a half hours. 1970 On May 18 National Guardsmen fired into a crowd of Kent University student protestors. They killed two women, two men and wounded eight others. The protesting students were protesting against the Vietnam war. The Khmer Republic is renamed government of Cambodia in May. Answan High Dam was built.
The dam is 364 feet high and 12,562 feet long. 1971 On July 31 Apollo 13 Astronauts David Scott and James Irwin, took mankind first ride on the moon. They drove a four wheeled moon rover over the rough terrain and craters on the moon. On August 25 violence erupted in Northern Ireland after the government invoked emergency powers of detention to arrest Irish Republican Army leaders. Street fighting, gun battle, bombing occurred killing 21 civilians and two soldiers, while down town Belfast is in shambles.
On March 26 Bangeldash officially became a country. 1972 On September 4, the United States swimmer Mark Spitz, wins a record seven gold medals, in the 72 Munich Olympics. Mark Spitz is Americas most celebrated swimmer, won the 100 and 200-meter freestyle, butterfly events, two freestyle relay teams, and one medley relay team. On September 8 Israeli jets , bombed and strafed Palestinian guerrilla bases, in retaliation for the terrorist assault on the Israeli compound in Munich, on the morning of the 5 Th, where 11 athletes were killed. The longest Apollo moon visit, at the time, ended on December 19. The Apollo 17 which landed on the moon on December 11, gave Eugene A.
Cernan and Harrison H Schimitt, along with Ronald E Evans, a 75 hour stay on the moon. 1973 On December 16 Oerenthal James Simpson (OJ), a Buffalo Bill, set the years rushing mark, and became the first Pro Football player to rush for 2,000 yards. The fourth Arab.-Israeli war started on October 6, Yom Kippur. It was called the Yom Kippur war because it started on the most holiest day in Jewish religion, the day of atonement, Yom Kippur. Because of the Yom Kippur war the OPEC raised the oil prices 130 percent in October to all countries.
1974 On March 15, A federal Grand Jury, in Washington, D.C., concluded that Richard Nixon, President of the United States in 74, was a Co-conspirator in the Watergate scandals. On April 8, in Atlanta Sta ...
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