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Research paper example essay prompt: A Difficult Century Forming Of The World Government - 1887 words
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A Difficult Century - Forming Of The World Government According to Held, Today, the mechanisms we have for enforcing international law depend too much on whether a powerful geo-political force such as the U.S. is willing to commit resources to the problem. In such a situation, a big state will likely do what it desires, acting in its own interests. Recent developments in Kosovo, Chechnya, Iran and other states in some kind of a conflict have just proven the above statement. Presently the most important developments in international law and relations between states are, almost exclusively, dictated by the Great Powers.
The General Assembly of the UN is probably the only part of UN that represents some kind of democratic current, but it, nevertheless, has almost no authority and certainly no binding power on its member countries. The world needs authoritative global governance, which will enable democratic development in all members, and this will not be an easy task to achieve. The Great Powers would prefer forming of the world government only if they have legislative power big enough to control, up to some extent, the actions of such a government. Today such a control is established by the veto system in the Security Council. Although the veto was used by one some of the permanent members of the Security Council only a couple of times in the nineties, it is still a very powerful weapon able to stop almost any attempt that one of the permanent members is against.
Un will have to undergo some drastic changes if it is to be the world government, and will have to find a way of controlling the Great Powers and direct their political power and influence towards resolving and not creating the worlds conflicts. NATO, as the biggest regional organization, is one of the actors who should at least help, if not carry the one of the main roles, in the changes needed to establish the global governance. Unfortunately the policy that NATO undertook in the last couple of years, especially in the Yugoslavia in 1999, does not contribute to the forming of the world governance. On the contrary, one can perceive the developments in the South-eastern Europe as the spreading of the US political and military influence and not as a start of the global governing process. As Pearson indicates, The United States also sidesteps the authority of the Security Council as it did in the US-led NATO bombing of Yugoslavia And the sidesteps like the one in the case of the NATO campaign in the Yugoslavia are precisely the milestones that can point out that the US are not quite supporting the global government by their actions within NATO policy.
Nevertheless, the actions of the NATO could easily be perceived by the countries in the Southeast Europe as the attempt to create the world government if the NATO policy was the result of the Security Council vote. However, in the cases of campaigns in Yugoslavia, or for example the frequent bombings of Iraq in the no-fly zone by the United States and the UK, The Security Council was not performing the task it was established to do. Nevertheless, the political potential for the creation of the world government exists today more than ever. And although held indicates that Unfortunately, there are no institutions in the world at present that can act as legitimate fore for debate on global political issues  there are organizations that have great potential for achieving this task. In the near future the UN will have to undergo some drastic changes in its body structure, vote system, veto system and so on, and such organizational changes will clearly indicate some kind of development in the global governance.
Forming of the world government will probably take a very long period and should be established throughout the long line of systematic changes in the world of the international law and relations. Along that line some new organizations will most probably be established, such as International Human Rights Court and similar, and in order to support the world government their jurisdiction will be apparently global. Most likely the world government will not be created through forming the new organizations from the beginning. The UN has a very solid base for further development of such ideas as the global governance and this structure should be used in order to further develop the international legislation and global policies. Yet, forming of the world government with the global jurisdiction will require  redefinition of the role of all international organizations, from regional defence alliances, such as NATO, to the traditional relief agencies, such as Red Cross. So although the UN and its supporting organizations and agencies present a solid base for the development of the world government, both UN and supporting agencies will have to undergo a serious reengineering.
This reengineering will have to include restructuring of the NATO, likewise. At the present NATO is one of the positive currents in supporting the development of the world government, which does not mean that NATO does not need to change or at least reorganize. In order to have an effective control of the world, world government will have to have the worlds military as the law enforcement tool. One of the biggest lacks of the international law system today is the deficiency of the enforcement techniques and organizations. Presently, NATO is playing the role of the worlds policemen, in protection of the human rights and democracy, the values on which the world government will be built. But this role of the NATO has to become the official role of the worlds military under the control of the world government.
NATO should reorganize and prioritise its goals and values in order to support the idea of the world government and not the interest of the strongest NATO members. The biggest challenge that lies between NATO and the its effective role in the world is that in the eyes of the common observer NATO is frequently seen not as an organization, but as a tool of the NATO leading countries. The world government will have to combine the useful political and legislative power of the UN, the military power of the NATO as an enforcement mechanism to support the legislation, and the law system of the organizations such as the European Union. These three mentioned organizations should be a base for the development of the world government, but this does not mean that their structure will remain contemporary. It is clear that the current UN structure will not function well if the UN is to become the world government. According to Held, reorganising the veto structure and representational system, compulsory jurisdiction before the International Court, forming of the International Human Rights Court and effective, accountable military force could be the starting points of this reformation.
But before all the organization such as the UN, which strives to be the world government, must develop the sense of belonging to the people of the world. In order to be the world government people of the world must feel that the organization is theirs, and that the people democratically elect the representatives in the world government, and not appointed by the government. One of the most obvious changes that need to be undertaken in the UN is changing the structure of the Security Council. Such an important body must have more permanent members, and they should be chosen in order to cover every major region of the world with at least one representative. In recommendation of the Commission on Global Governance the number of the permanent members should be increased to ten, and the number of the rotating members should also be increased from ten to thirteen. The number of the concurring votes required for the decision making process within the Security Council, should also be increased from nine to fourteen, maintaining present proportionality.
Along with mentioned changes phasing out the veto is more a must than a need of the Security Council. As a transitional phase veto power should not be given to the new permanent members, and the old five permanent members should restrict their use of the veto only to extreme cases in which their national security is in jeopardy. Or as Commission on Global Governance states:  we believe strongly that the veto is an unacceptable feature in global governance. Furthermore, the former and the later change go together; increasing the number of the members of the Security Council and phasing out veto must be a parallel event. To add more permanent members and give them a veto would be regression, not reform. Achieving cost effective budgetary control and more effective executives structure are crucial steps towards development of the UN as the world government.
Some significant steps have already been made, as pointed out on the Archive Site for the State Department:  Un Development Program over the past two years has cut its administration budget by 10%, reduced headquarters staff by 25%, reduced the number of top executive positions by 15%  And although some may argue that these are not crucial or radical changes, and therefore do not bring anything really new, these changes represent the will of the UN administration to change for the better. In the conclusion, no contemporary organization like UN or NATO is ready to establish the world government. With the current structure these organizations are almost completely contrary to what world government must look like. The Security Council, for example, must be drastically reformed in order to be a presentable and indeed global body of the global governing process. The General Assembly of the UN presently has just about no power to enforce its decisions or to bring binding and enforceable legislation to reality.
Taking the current state of the international law and organization one of the possible scenarios in which the world government will be established might with the fallowing steps: Radical reorganising of the UN bodies, such as Security Council and the General Assembly, further expansion of the NATO in order to provide world government with an enforcement mechanism, reorganising organization structure and hierarchy in order to have truly global representation in both NATO and UN, connecting these organizations with the EU. European Union, being one of the most successful unions in the world, presents one of the true steps towards the world government, of course in the long run. Having regional unions, such as the EU, in every world region would help coordinate the economic compatibleness and regional development from the global level. If such a union, mainly in charge of economic cooperation and development of the worlds region, would be supported by the reorganized UN, providing the needed legislation and international law regulations, and worldwide NATO as an enforcing mechanism for the international law, the road to establishing world government is already paved. The examples of Kosovo, Chechnya, Sierra Leone and so on are indicating that world certainly needs the world government, and that state sovereignty needs to be overcome in the light of the more important issues, such as Human Rights.
No one is even considering establishment of the world government as easy or achievable in the near future, but more and more scholars and politicians are realising that it is an inevitable future and the only way out of this difficult century. Political Issues.
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