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Research paper example essay prompt: The Sixties - 1275 words
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The Sixties Why were the sixties a importance to our country's history? The sixties were an exciting, revolutionary, turbulent time of great social and technological change: assassination, unforgettable fashion, new musical styles, Camelot, civil rights, women's liberation, a controversial and decisive war in Vietnam, the anti-war protest to go along with the war, space exploration and the space race, peace marches, flower power, great TV and film and sexual freedom, and of course the great babyboomers. The sixties also showed Communism coming into the Western hemisphere and thus coming to the Cuban Missile Crisis. Movements towards the end to poverty, helping the environment, and the women's rights all came to be in the sixties. Medical breakthroughs were important in the sixties. This essay explains the events and people of the sixties from 1960 to 1970.
One thing in the sixties was the years of the American Camelot. In 1960 a president was elected by the slimmest measure of margin since 1884, John Fitzgerald Kennedy is elected president by just over 100,000 votes(Turbulent Years 23). Some say that John's father bought the election, but the truth is unknown. This election was the first election that was on radio and television. Kennedy and Nixon engaged in the first televised campaign debates. President Kennedy was the youngest man to become president and the youngest president to die in office.
President Kennedy was also the first and only Roman Catholic President in history. During President Kennedy's Presidency, he had to make many decisions about the relationship between the United States and the Soviet Union. In the sixties the Cold War was heating up. Before President Kennedy came into office, a U-2 plane was shot down in the Soviet Union while spying on the Soviet Union, thus cutting all Diplomatic ties between the Soviet Union and the United States. Amongst other problems President Kennedy faced with the Soviet Union, no other was more serious than the Cuban Missile Crisis. In 1960, Soviet Premier Khrushchev supplied Cuba with nuclear missiles that would put the eastern United States within range of nuclear missile attack.
During the summer of 1962, U. S. spy planes flying over Cuba photographed Soviet-managed construction sites and spotted the first missile on October 14. Kennedy consulted with advisors for seven days , discussing the possible means of action. On October 22, Kennedy told the nation about the discovery of the missiles and demanded that the Soviet Union remove the missiles, he also declared the waters around Cuba a quarantine zone.
For several tense days, Soviet vessels en route to Cuba avoided the quarantine zone, while Khrushchev and Kennedy discussed the issue through diplomatic channels. Khrushchev, realizing his weak military position, sent a message to Kennedy in which he agreed to remove the missiles. The following day, before the United States could respond to the first note a second note was sent by Khrushchev to try and negotiate terms. Kennedy responded to the first message and an agreement was met for the Soviet missiles to be dismantled and removed from Cuba. In return Kennedy secretly promised not to invade Cuba and to remove older missiles from Turkey.
These decisions were perhaps Kennedy's greatest moment as president. Many feel that because of Kennedy's aggression that perhaps WWIII or a Nuclear war was avoided. Kennedy was also a strong supporter of civil rights. He was strongly against segregation. President Kennedy helped Dr. Martin Luther King with his fight for civil rights.
Many Black leaders had sided with Kennedy in the presidential race because Kennedy claimed to be a strong believer in civil rights. In the beginning President Kennedy ignored his claims for civil rights but in his later presidency he changed and began trying to pass laws against segregation. November 22, 1963, President and Mrs. Kennedy were in Dallas, Texas. As the motorcade approached an underpass, two shots were fired in rapid succession. One bullet passed through Kennedy's neck, and the other bullet hit the president in the head.
At 1:00PM, he was pronounced dead; he had never regained consciousness. Ninety minutes after Kennedy was fatally shot, Vice-president Johnson was sworn in as president on Air Force One. That afternoon, Lee Harvey Oswald was arrested and charged with murder. On November 24, a Dallas Man, Jack Ruby, shot and killed Oswald before there was a chance to put him on trial. (www.thinkquest.com).
John F. Kennedy was survived by his wife and his two children. Kennedy's death was the fall of the American Camelot. During the sixties, the Civil Rights Movement was in full force. With leaders like Martin Luther King and Malcolm X, the Civil Rights Movement grew to be one of the most important movement in the sixties. The movement was started in the fifties-- and it hit it's peek with Dr.
Martin Luther King. Dr. Martin Luther King was a civil rights activist who sought and fought for civil rights without violence. He lead marches and spoke to millions of people. His most famous speech was titled I have a Dream.
He lead sit-ins and marches as means of peaceful protests. He won awards like the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts. Sadly his life came to an end by a bullet from his assen, James Earl Ray, on April 4, 1968. Important events in the movement involved the many sit-ins, riots, and the Civil Rights Acts of 1964 and 1968 passed. Starting in 1960 sit-ins began all around the south, the people were fighting for the end of segregation. Although most sit-ins were peaceful, they started to send out a very powerful message. In 1962, the Klu Klux Klan began to lash out and bombed four black churches in Georgia Towns.
That same year, James Meridith, a black college student, enters the University of Mississippi as the first black person to enter the college after he was rejected three times because of the color of his skin. Rioting breaks out in Detroit killing people and injuring many in 1965. In 1964, President Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which prohibits discrimination in all public places and creates the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. In 1968, congress passed the Civil Rights Act of 1968. The Black Panther Party is formed in 1966 by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale. Thurgood Marshall was the first black to be nominated for the Supreme Court in 1967.
This movement proved to be a big impact on our country's history. The War on Poverty was also another movement important to the sixties. In March of 1964, President Johnson declares war on poverty. He signs an Economic Opportunity Act in August and appoints R. Sargent Shriver, to head the new Office of Economic Opportunity (OEO). Johnson tried throughout his presidency to get people back on their feet economically and end the poverty in the United States.
Another movement that started in the sixties, was the environmental movement. It started in 1962 with the publishing of Rachel Carson's book Silent Spring. (Holland 127). Her book attacked the use of chemical pesticides. Her book caused such an uproar, President Kennedy ordered the Science Advisory Committee to study the effects of pesticides. (www.onlineethnics.org).
The pesticide that was causing such an uproar was called DDT which was later banned because it was proved to be very harmful to the environment. The Women's Movement to flight in the sixties also. It also began by the publishing of a book. The book was The Feminie Mystique, by Betty Friedans. The book explained how women were being mistreated and what women can to do to be equal to men.
As the sixties unfolded, women began to meet together to compare experiences. (Cayton 846). In 1966, women formed the National Organization for Women. A movement was needed because of the unfairness and discrimination by sex in the work pl ...
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