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Research paper topic: Stalin - 1015 words
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Stalin Stalin (1879-1953) Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili was born on December 21, 1879, in the village of Gori, Georgia. He was born to Vissarion and Yekaterina Dzhugashvili. His father Vissarion, was an unsuccessful cobbler who drank heavily and beat him savagely. When Iosif was 7, he caught smallpox, which scarred him for life, and then he came down with septicemia, which left his left arm slightly crippled for life. He lived in the 1920s a normal life, surrounded by many relatives who spoke their minds freely in the family circle, and he had good personal friends among the Soviet leadership.
His life began to change, though, after the suicide of his second wife Nadezhda Allililuyeva in 1932, who left a letter incriminating him personally and politically. After that he became very paranoid, suspecting otherseven those with whom he had been friends with for years. A complex man, he centered his life completely in his office. Although, he did allow public worship of himself on a scale rarely matched in any country in the 20th Century. In his personal life, he withdrew almost completely, living either in his Kremlin apartment or in his new country house at Kuntsovo, constantly surrounded by officers and bodyguards until his death. Frantic to catch up with the West in 1928, Stalin and his men launched a set of policies known as the five-year plans, designed to turn backward Russia into an industrial and military world power, which he accomplished in only one decade.
Though this was a great success, the peasants paid dearly, most with their lives. Most of starved to death from famine. Those that survived were killed off in Stalins purges to rid him of opposition. I. V.
Stalin (1879-1953) Table of Contents This is divided into sections based on each significant period of Stalin's life. Click on the section headings below to jump ahead to each section. 1. Childhood 2. Early Career 3.
Military Career 4. Rise to Power 5. In Power 6. Summary Stalin's Childhood: (1879-1897) Stalin's birthplace, the village of Gori. Stalin's birth name was Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili.
Stalin was born on December 21, 1879, in Gori, a village in Transcaucasian Georgia, a province of the Russian Empire within the Caucasus mountains. Note: Stalin was not a Russian, contrary to popular belief--Georgians are a distinct minority within the former Soviet Union. Stalin did not even speak Russian especially well; he never was quite able to get rid of his accent. Stalin was the only one of four children to survive infancy. Stalin's father was named Vissarion Dzhugashvili; he was an unsuccessful cobbler.
Who drank heavily and beat the boy savagely. Stalin's mother, Yekaterina Geladze Dzhugashvili, worked as a house servant for various upper-class Georgian families. Stalin was rather sickly as a child; he was badly scarred by smallpox, and septicemia crippled his left arm. Stalin reportedly had an exceptional singing voice and sung in his school choir. Nevertheless, he is described as having been in excellent physical shape as a teenager; throughout much of his life he was muscular and well-built. Stalin was enrolled in a local Orthodox parochial school in Gori in 1888 at the age of 9. When he was 14, his father died in 1890 from wounds he received in a brawl.
Stalin won a free scholarship in 1894 to the Orthodox Russian theological seminary at Tiflis to be educated for priesthood. In his fourth year he joined Mesame Dasi, a secret group supporting Georgian nationalism and socialism. Back to Top Stalin's Early Career: (1897-1917) Stalin was expelled from the seminary in 1899, when he was about to graduate. Stalin first tried tutoring and then clerical work at the Tiflis Observatory, but he abandoned his clerical job in May 1901, when he was about to be arrested. Stalin then became a paid agitator, trying to incite a revolt against the czar. He edited illegal pamphlets and helped distribute them secretly. He organized strikes among the factory workers in Tiflis.
He first called himself Koba, after a legendary Georgian hero meaning The Indomitable. Later he changed his name to David, Soso, Chiijikov, Nijeradze, and finally, Stalin. Stalin was arrested for the first time on April 18, 1902 and imprisoned for eighteen months in Batum; after this incarceration ended Stalin was exiled to Siberia in 1903 for three years. Stalin escaped from this exile in 1904 and reappeared in Tiflis--a pattern that he experiences many times prior to 1917. Stalin and Lenin met for the first time in December of 1905, at a Bolshevik conference in Finland.
Stalin was reportedly highly unimpressed by Lenin at their first meeting--Stalin was expecting him to be a sort of superhero. In June of 1904, Stalin married his first wife, Yekaterina Svanidze. She was a simple peasant girl who was devoted to him. She died on April 10, 1907, leaving a son, Yakov Dzhugashvili. Stalin was expelled from the Georgian Social Democratic Party in 1907 for taking part in a series of bank robberies and other crimes, in order to raise funds for the revolutionary. Shortly thereafter he migrated to Baku (on the Caspian Sea) and founded a Bolshevist group among the Baku socialists. Shortly thereafter, Stalin was arrested for his activities and imprisoned for a short while in Baku.
In 1908 Stalin was sentenced to another two years of exile--he escaped from this exile in the middle of 1909, and was re-arrested in March of 1910. Until 1917, Stalin's life consisted of continual imprisonment, exiles, and escapes. In January of 1912, Stalin was nominated by Lenin to the Central Committee--by now Lenin was quite impressed with Stalin's writings (which he generally worked on while in exile). Stalin was rejected for service in the Russian Army in 1916 (by now Russia was at war with the Central Powers) because of the condition of his left arm. Back to Top Stalin's Military Career: (1917-1921) In March 1917, Stalin immediately left Siberia (where he was still in exile) for Petrograd (modern St. Petersburg) because of the revolution led by Alexander Kerensky which freed all political prisoners.
After returning from exile on March 25, 1917, he joined the editorial board of Pravda, which was then headed by Lev Kamenev. There he helped Lenin prepare the final plans for the history-making Bolshevik revolution. Stalin's name seldom appears in records of the revolut ...
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