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Research paper example essay prompt: Pyramids - 1496 words

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.. lt in several stages, the features that indicate the completion dates belong to an earlier phase of construction. The great pyramids include the two huge pyramids at Dahshur, seventeen miles south of Giza, which are usually attributed to Khufu's father Sneferu. Just as the position of the three Giza pyramids reflects that of the three stars of Orion's Belt, so the Bent and Red Pyramids of Dahshur correspond to Aldebaran and Epsilon Tauri respectively, with the Nile representing the Milky Way. The Bent Pyramids is so called because its lower part has a steeper slope than its upper part.

This symbolizes duality, as do the two entrances, which lead to two separate sets of chambers (West). Furthermore, both entrance passages change their angle of descent part-way. The lower part of the pyramid may have been built eighty six thousand, five hundred years ago, when the vernal equinox passed from Cancer into Gemini, and the lower part of the northern descending passage was aligned with Nekkar, the then polestar, in the constellation Bootes (West). The "Second" Pyramid of Giza is unique in having two northern entrances. 6 Again, this is a sign of duality, and there may be a link with Gemini.

the Bottom few courses of this pyramid, up to a height of about thirty feet, are built of gigantic blocks, similar to the core masonry blocks used in the megalithic Giza temples, which were quarried from around the Sphinx. Since the temple alongside the Second Pyramid is linked to a temple near the Sphinx by a causeway, the lower part of the pyramid was probably built at the same time as the Sphinx. Several writers, including the astronomer Sir Norman Lockyer, have suggested that the Spins is half lion, half virgin, and symbolizes the junction of the constellations Leo and Virgo. Significantly, at the same time as the summer solstice passes from Virgo into Leo, the spring equinox passes from Gemini into Taurus. The last time this event occurred was around six thousand, five hundred and eighty years ago, but if we go back a further three processional cycles, we arrive at an epoch eighty four thousand, three hundred and forty years ago. At this time the lower descending passage of the Second Pyramid would have been aligned with Lambda Bootes, the previous polestar of the era (Lockyer). Alnitak, the star represented by the Great Pyramid, coincided with the vernal equinox eighty three thousand, eight hundred and sixty year ago, and at this time the Pyramid's descending passage would have been aligned with the then polestar, Alkaid. The lower part of the Pyramid may date from this time, including the subterranean chamber and the descending passage.

The Second Pyramid may have been completed around eighty three thousand, seven hundred and seventy years ago, when Alnilam, the star that it represents, coincided with the vernal equinox, and its upper descending passage was aligned with Alkaid. Some seventy years later, Mintaka, the star represented by the Third Pyramid, coincided with the equinox and the descending passage pointed at Alkaid. According to an ancient Arab inscription, when the Great Pyramid and Second 7 Pyramid were built, the Lyre was in Cancer. At the dates mentioned here, the celestial meridian of Vega, the brightest star in the Lyre, would have intersected the ecliptic in Cancer and Capricorn. The causeway leading to the Great Pyramid and Second Pyramid point fourteen degrees to the north and south of due east respectively, and at this epoch, this exactly one-third of the angle between due east and the sunrise points at the summer and winter solstices (Lockyer).

The construction of the Red Pyramid of Dahshur may have begun around eighty two thousand, seven hundred and ten years ago, when Aldebaran coincided with the vernal equinox, and the descending passage was aligned with the then polestar, Mizar. The upper part of the Bent pyramid may have been built about two hundred years later, when Epsilon Tauri coincided with the vernal equinox and the upper part of the northern descending passage was aligned with the polestar, Alioth. The combined angle of the lower and upper parts of the unique western descending passage of this pyramid equals the number of degrees that the equinox would have moved through the zodiac during the long period between the pyramid's commencement and completion. The bulk of the Great Pyramid may have been built toward the end of the processional cycle that began eighty six thousand, nine hundred and sixty years ago. What is commonly called the Grand Gallery was in ancient times known to some as the Hall of the Orbit, and Dick suggested that given the extraordinary astronomical knowledge of the Pyramid's builders, it was probably built to lie in the exact plane of the earth's orbit at that time.

The ascending passage to the Hall of the Orbit is inclined at about twenty six point seven degrees Celsius, and the Hall of the Orbit at about twenty six point twenty two degrees Celsius, corresponding to a tilt of the earth's axis of thirty three point fifty four degrees Celsius and thirty three point thirty nine degrees Celsius respectively. The former tilt refers to a date of about sixty seven thousand, eight hundred 8 years ago, and the latter to a date of about sixty six thousand, one hundred and eighty years ago. Sixty seven thousand, eight hundred years ago the summer solstice occurred in Capricorn, the Goat. One of the oldest gods of Egypt is Khnum, who is depicted with a goat's head, and is associated with Capricorn. A goat also appears in the hieroglyphs reading "Khnum-Khufu", sometimes abbreviated to "Khufu", which appears on some of the stone blocks used in the Great Pyramid, and are usually assumed to refer to the fourth-dynasty pharaoh Khufu.

Capricorn is found at the head of the rectangular zodiac in the Temple of Dendera. The present temple dates from the first century BC, but it is built on the site of a succession of earlier temples. It is oriented seventy one point five degrees north of east, and according to an ancient inscription, when the original temple was laid out, the king directed his gaze to Ursa major (Lockyer). the latitude of Dendera is the same as the angle of the ascending passage of the Great Pyramid, and at the date represented by this angle, Dubhe, the brightest star in Ursa Major, was about seventy one point five degrees from the celestial pole. At this time the earth's north pole would have pointed near to the neck of Cygnus. Dick suggests that the Pyramid was built in space towards which the sun appears to be moving.

Astronomers estimate that the solar apex is currently located near the border of the Lyre and Hercules. Far from being an "idle and silly display of royal wealth" (Wake), or "a dead end in massive stone construction" (Blavatsky), the Great Pyramid was a majestic temple of initiation and stands as en enduring monument to the wisdom of the initiated adepts who designed it and supervised its construction. The pyramid shape symbolizes the emanation of matter from spirit; it "conveys the idea that all things had their origin in spirit-evolution having originally begun from above and proceeded downward" (Blavatsky). It is interesting to note that the Great Pyramid was never entirely completed. 9 Pyramids were generally crowned with a granite or basalt capstone, sometimes gilded to represent the sun. The capstone of the Great Pyramid, however, is missing, and there is evidence to suggest that it was never added.

Another novel feature of the Pyramid is the existence of four corner sockets cut into the bedrock a little outside the original corners; the Pyramid was therefore built slightly smaller than the full design. The unfinished Pyramid can be regarded as a symbol of our unfinished evolution (Blavatsky). Similar symbolism can be found on the reverse side of the United States seal, which shows a pyramid without the capstone, with a blazing eye in a triangle above it; the inscription at the top means "he has looked with favor on the beginnings", and the one at the bottom means "a new order of ages". This design, which has appeared on the dollar bill since nineteen thirty five, reflects the desire of the founders of the United States to establish a new order in the west (Judge). The four corners of each side of the truncated pyramid can be interpreted as symbolizing the lower quaternary, the four lower aspects of the sevenfold human constitution, which constitute the limited, personal self.

The eye in the triangle above it is the eye of Hours, standing for the upper triad, the three aspects of our spiritual self. The aim of human evolution is to "so purify the Lower Quaternary that it shall vibrate in unison with the Upper Triad" (Blavatsky). That is, to refine our lower nature so that it can manifest the nobler qualities of our higher self, our inner Buddha or Christ (Blavatsky).

Related: great pyramid, pyramids, human evolution, first century, capricorn

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