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Research paper topic: 65279the Establishment In The 1960s - 982 words
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.. more than 180,000 by the end of the year and to 500,000 by 1968. Johnson did not have the same views as some of the radicals. He wanted to keep the United States in the Vietnam War, while the radicals did not. Richard Nixon was the thirty-seventh president after Lyndon Johnson. Nixon didnt believe in the Vietnam War as highly as Johnson.
In 1973, after four years of war in Vietnam, the administration managed to arrange a cease-fire that would last long enough to allow U.S. departure from Vietnam. Nixon had very different views then the radicals. He thought that all of the protestors were rebels who should have action taken against them. Even though he ordered the departure of all United States troops from Vietnam, he still believed in the war.
John Fitzgerald Kennedy became the 35th president of the United States in 1961 at the age of 43. He was the youngest man and the first Roman Catholic ever elected to the presidency. In 1963 Kennedy was thinking ahead to the presidential campaign of 1964. In order to develop peace between clashing committees of the Democratic party in Texas, he traveled there in November 1963. While driving in a motorcade through Dallas on November 22, he was shot in the head and died within an hour.
Newly sworn in president Johnson appointed the Warren Commission to investigate the assassination. It concluded that the killer, acting alone, was 24-year-old Lee Harvey Oswald. No motive was established. People believed over the years that Kennedy was the victim of a conspiracy (*). Martin Luther King, Jr.
devoted his life to the fight for full citizenship rights of the poor, disadvantaged, and racially oppressed in the United States. King flew to Memphis, Tennessee to assist striking sanitation workers. There, on April 4, 1968, King was Shot and killed. The violent death of King brought an immediate reaction of rioting in black ghettos around the country. Although one man, James Earl Ray, was convicted of King's murder people suspected that he was payed by conspirators (*).
Robert Francis Kennedy was the younger brother of U.S. President John F. Kennedy. He was a U.S. attorney general and a U.S.
senator during his lifetime. After President Lyndon B. Johnson failed to choose Kennedy as his 1964 running mate, he resigned and won a U.S. Senate seat from New York. He focused on the needs of poor minorities and became a sharp critic of the Vietnam War.
In March 1968, Kennedy announced his candidacy for the Democratic presidential nomination. On the night of June 4, 1968 Kennedy was celebrating his victory in the California primary. On that night, Kennedy was fatally shot. Kennedy did not die instantly, instead, he died two days later, on June 6, 1968. His assassin was an immigrant from Jordan named Sirhan B. Sirhan was arrested at the scene and later convicted of first degree murder(*).
The Democratic National Convention of 1968 was planned to be a peaceful convention of democrat views and ideas. Antiwar activists also planned for it to be a peaceful, six day festival protesting the Vietnam War. There were no plans of violence in the six days. When the Chicago mayor at the time, Richard Daley, heard of the protestors coming to the convention, he ordered 7,500 U.S. Army troops and 6,000 National Guardsmen to back up his 12,000 police officers.
It was held from August 26-29, 1968. Riots began to form so the law enforcement took action. The media captured most all of the riots on camera and broadcasted them live on television. Daley was even caught on camera shouting obscenities at Senator Abraham Ribicoff, who accused the police of "Gestapo tactics" (*). The Vietnam War was a crucial factor in the protesting and rioting in the nineteen sixties. The war took place from the mid nineteen fifties until 1975. The two sides fighting were North Vietnam versus South Vietnam aided by the United States.
In 1975, North Vietnam took the victory over South Vietnam and the U.S. This was a great shock to American self confidence. Opposition to the war grew with increased U.S. involvement. College students, members of a traditional pacifist religious groups, longtime peace activists, and citizens of all ages opposed the conflict. Some were motivated by fear of being drafted.
Others out of commitment, and some just joined the crowd just to follow. Although the antiwar movement was frequently associated with the young, support for the war was actually highest in the age group 20-29. The movement probably played a role in convincing Lyndon Johnson not to run for reelection in 1968, and an even larger role in the victory of Richard Nixon over the Democrat Hubert Humphrey. The war changed Americas society. The Civil Rights Movement changed the way people live today.
In 1964, Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Civil Rights Law of race and sexual discrimination. If this didnt take place, people today wouldnt be able to get jobs because of the sex and race. Johnson then signed yet another Civil Rights Law that would affect people today if it didnt come about. It was a law on voting rights.
Many people protested to make these right come about in the nineteen sixties. Contributions were made by Martin Luther King, Jr. and all of the activists of the sixties. If these laws were not passed then people today wouldnt be able to take an active part in the government or get the jobs they wanted. Bibliography Bibliography Raskin, Jonah. "Abbie Hoffman." 1998: 1-2. On-line.
Internet. 6 Feb. 2001. Available: http://www.go.grolier.com Phinney, David. "Rewind: 1968." 1998: 1-5.
On-line. Internet. 5 Feb. 2001. Available: http://www.abcnews.go.com/sections/us/1968/Rewind1 968 DNC.html Mailer, Norman. The Best of Abbie Hoffman.
New York: Four Walls Eight Windows, 1989. Korcz, Keith. "Myths and Facts About the 1960's." 1-4. On-line. Internet. 4 Feb.
2001. Available: http://www.ucs.usl.edu/~kak7409/groovy60s.html Jackson, Leslie. The Sixties. London: Phaidon Press Limited, 1998 Drake, Nicholas. The Sixties: A Decade in Vogue.
New York: Prentice Hall Press, 1983.
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