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Research paper topic: Aids And Std Education - 1571 words
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Aids And Std Education Adults (over the age of 18) from the company and other peope who I know were randomly assigned to receive the survey. The group includes married males and females as well as single male and females. There are 19 female and 31 male subjects. A survey consisting of twenty statements concerning sexually transmitted disease and HIV infection. The survey was designed by myself .
The purpose of the survey is to measure participants awareness of AIDS and sexually transmitted diseases. I am trying to show that people are not well informed about subjects such as condom use, condom use and alcohol, transmission of sexual diseases, and the magnitude of the AIDS problem. Subjects are asked to choose the level with which they agree or disagree with each statement. There are two levels of agreement and two levels of disagreement. See appendix A.
A consent form was signed by all participants. See appendix B. Results t-test*: t (48) = -2.2185, p * .0313 | | | df cv pv Variable N Mean Std Dev. Minimum Maximum Q1 50 1.420 0 .810 1.00 4.00 Q10 49 1.408 0.810 1.00 4.00 Q15 50 1.320 0 .621 1.00 4.00 Q3 48 3.396 0.869 1.00 4.00 Q9 50 3.240 0.822 1.00 4.00 Q6 50 3.220 0.834 1.00 4.00 Q16 50 3.100 0.621 1.00 4.00 Methods Subjects Adults (over the age of 18) from the company and other people who I know were randomly assigned to receive the survey. The group includes married males and females as well as single male and females. There are 19 female and 21 male subjects. Ages ranged from late teens to early fifties, with the majority being in their twenties.
Independent variable Questions 6, 9, 13, and 16 on the survey. I would be comfortable eating lunch with someone with HIV or AIDS. I would be comfortable shaking hands with someone who has AIDS. I am very well informed about HIV, AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases. I would not have unprotected sex with someone unless they got tested first.
Dependent Variable. Awareness and education of AIDS and sexually transmitted disease. Operational Definition Awareness and education of AIDS and sexually transmitted disease equals a total score of 12 or higher on questions 6, 9, 13, and 16 of the survey. Procedures A survey consisting of twenty statements concerning sexually transmitted disease and AIDS was given to fifty subjects. A t test was performed on the results as well as a comparison of male vs.
Female scores on the Awareness and Education variable. DiscussionResults of the survey have shown a need for additional education of males concerning AIDS awareness and education. Females, (89%) did verywell on the variable which was measured for satisfactory knowledge andawareness of AIDS and sexually transmitted disease. Males, (65%) didalso score well on this variable. This leaves us with 35% of the malesneeding more education and 11% of the females needing to increase thereawareness and education. The rather large number of males needingfurther education tend to support my hypotheses that yes more educationis necessary.
I was pleased to see that on the whole, people are betterinformed than I had originally hypothesized as demonstrated by thescores reported for specific question. The lowest score or strongestdisagreement was on the statement that AIDS was no longer a big issue. People also realize that just having one sex partner at a time is notenough to protect you from AIDS as demonstrated by their response tonumber 10. The strongest agreement with statements on the surveyconcerned worrying about children's future.This being the case, why is it that behavior as is described in myresearch does not reflect this knowledge? People know what they need todo to reduce their chances of exposure to AIDS and sexually transmitteddisease but they fail to do it. The research concentrated on studentswho are exposed to much more information about AIDS than adults who areout of the educational system. Further education about the dangers ofunprotected sex is needed as the study suggest, but we also need tounderstand why education is not enough.
We desperately need to develop behaviors which will protect us from sexually transmitted disease andAIDS. Education Needed forAIDS, HIV and Sexually Transmitted Diseases Sexually transmitted diseases are a major health concern for ourcountry. With the spread of AIDS among so many people, both gay and heterosexual, it isimportant that we understand how these diseases spread and what we can do to preventthem. Continuing efforts to educate college students about the dangers of unprotected sex have resulted in little evidence of positive change in sexual behavior (Saywer & Moss,93). During the 1980s, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, thecause of AIDS, emerged as a leading cause of death in the United.States). In 1993, HIV infection became the most common cause of death among persons aged 25-44 years.(Center for Disease Control) Because of the long latency period for HIV a large number ofthese people may have become infected during the ages of 18 to 24 the ages of mostcollege students.
One of the national health objectives for the year 2000 for thecollege age population is a reduction in unintended pregnancy and transmission of SexuallyTransmitted Diseases, including and HIV /AIDS. Studies have shown a need for educationalinterventions and future in-depth studies of college students. An example is a studywhich showed that a group of college males who had a history of sexually transmitteddiseases, high numbers of sexual partners and inconsistent condom use still perceived their riskof HIV/AIDS infection as very low.(Sawyer and Moss, 93). College students are thought to be at high risk for SexuallyTransmitted Diseases because of their high level of sexual activity and their potential formultiple sex partnersStudies have shown that even students who consider themselves in long term relationships often experience casual sex with another partner ( Sawyer and Moss,93). Multiple partners seem to be the norm rather than the exception. Sawyer and Moss (1993),reported that 21% of the men sampled have had 2 to 3 sexual partners,33% 4 to 6 partnersand 39% 7 or more sexual partners.
Another study reported an average of 6 differentlifetime partners among female college students. ( Kusseling, Wenger and Shapiro 95 ) It becomes very obvious that with this type of activity occurring,the need for protection from STD is very important. The most obvious and easiest course ofaction would be for college students to abstain from sex, have a monogamous relationshipwith someone who is not infected, or reduce the risk of infection by using condoms, but this is not happening as the following studies have shown. Nicholas D. Ritchie, PhD, andAdelaide Getty, RN, BHS, CHES (1994).
Francoise S. Kusseling, MOB; Neil S. Wenger, MD, MPH; andMartin F. Shapiro, MD, PhD. (1995). Barbara A De Buono,M.D., M.P.H., Stephen HZinner, M.D., Maxim Daamen, M.D., and William M.
McCormack, M.D. (1989). Anita Raj,M.S., and Robert H Pollack, PhD., (1995). Tina M. Brien,MSEd; Dennis L. Thombs,PhD; Colleen A. Mahoney,PhD; and Larry Wallnau, PhD.
(1993) Robin G Sawyer,Phd, andDonald J. Moss, MD. (1993) Condom use by female college students was reported to be 23%initially and 27% after a six month follow up, in a study of women attending a health clinic ( Kusseling, Wenger and Shapiro 95 ) Another study designed to compare college women's sexualactivity before and after the start of the current HIV and genital herpes virus epidemic,concluded that there had been little change is sexual practices with the exception of increaseduse of condoms which still had not reached the 50% point (DeBuno, Zinner, Daamen, McCormack90). Another study of college females done in 95 showed that 64% did not regularlyuse condoms ( Raj and Pollack ,95 ). In one study done by Sawyer and Moss,(1993 ) ofcollege men reporting to a clinic for treatment of an Sexually Transmitted Diseases 75% of thesubjects reported never or only occasionally using condoms.
One of the reasons that students do not use condoms is becausethey consume alcohol before they engage in sex. The alcohol acts as a disinhibitor effecting the students judgment to have sex and whether or not to use condoms for protection. In onestudy of 243 college students 81% of students over 21 said that they had at least once hadsex because of intoxication. ( Butcher,Manning,O'Neal, 91have sex due to intoxication.Over 18% of students in another study said that they had abandoned safe sextechniques due to alcohol (Meilmand, (1993). The dangerous interaction between alcohol use andhigh risk sexual activities suggested that college HIV prevention efforts should make the connection between the two risk factors explicit.
( Butcher,Manning,O'Neal, 91). Other reasons for the lack of condom use among college students are their lack of confidence in discussing and using condoms. Some of the lack of confidence in discussing condom use is that many students are afraid that their partner willthink that either they have a disease or that they are afraid of catching one from them . Either waythey feel there is a very high chance of rejection if the topic of condoms were brought up.Communication self-efficacy was the best discriminator between those who initiatediscussion about condom use and those who don't. They felt confident in their ability to insist oncondom use and to handle any arguments that might come up.(Brien, Thombs, Mahoney, and Wallnau.
1993). It is important that we recognize the need for education aboutAIDS and sexually transmitted diseases . This study will investigate peoples understanding of AIDS, HIV and sexually transmitted diseases. It will show that more education is necessary to help control the spreadof these diseases . Students have been given the most education aboutAIDS and sexually transmitted diseases yet they do not have an accurateunderstanding of their chances of getting AIDS.
The general populationdoesn't have exposure to all of the AIDS awareness training that thestudents do so I feel that they will know even less. The hypothesis forthis research is the following. People do not have an accurateunderstanding of AIDS, HIV and sexually transmitted diseases. More education is needed for the general population. Education Needed forAIDS, HI ...
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